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Encyclopedia > Mingburnu

Jalal ad-Din Manguberdi (also جلال الدین منکبرنی Jalāl al-Dīn Menguberdī or Mankburny) was the last ruler of the Khwarezmid Empire. Following the defeat of his father, Ala ad-Din Muhammad II by Genghis Khan in 1220, Jelal ad-Din Mingburnu came to power but he rejected the title shah that his father had assumed and called himself simply sultan. Due to the Mongol invasion and sacking of Samarkand, he was forced to flee to India with an escort of only five thousand men. At the river Indus however, the Mongols caught up with him and killed his forces and thousands of refugees at the Battle of Indus. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Khwarezmid Empire (also known as the Khwarezmian Empire) was a Muslim Iranian state in the 11th century in Khwarezmia that lasted until the Mongol invasion in 1220. ... Ala ad-Din Muhammad II (علاءالدين محمد Ê¿Alā al-DÄ«n Muḥammad) was the ruler of the Khwarezmid Empire from 1200 to 1220. ... This article is about the person. ... // The world in 1220 Middle Ages in Europe Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Events Mongols first invade Abbasid caliphate - Bukhara and Samarkand taken End of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, destroyed by Genghis Khans Mongolian cavalry Dominican Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope... Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... Samarkand (Tajik: Самарқанд, Persian: ‎ , Uzbek: , Russian: ), population 412,300 in 2005, is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. ... The Indus River (Urdu: Sindh; Sindhi: Sindhu; Sanskrit and Hindi: सिन्धु ; Persian: حندو ; Pashto: ّآباسنFather of Rivers; Tibetan: Lion River; Chinese: Yìndù; Greek: Ινδός Indos) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian subcontinent and has given the country India its... Battle before: Battle of Parwan The Battle of Indus was fought at the river Indus in todays Pakistan in the year 1221 between Jelal ad-Din Mingburnu, the sultan of the Khwarezmid Empire and his only remaining forces of five thousand, and the Mongolian horde of Chinggis Khan. ...


Jelal ad-Din Mingburnu spent three years in exile in India before returning to Persia. He gathered an army and recaptured his empire. He never consolidated his power however, and he spent the rest of his days struggling against Mongols, pretenders to the throne and the Seljuk Turks of Rum. He lost his power over Persia in a battle against the Mongols in the Alborz Mountains and fled to the Caucasus, where he captured the cities of Tabriz and Tbilisi. He had a brief victory over the Seljuks and captured the town Akhlat, but was later defeated by sultan Kayqubad I at the Battle of Yassi Chemen in 1230. He was murdered in 1231 by an assassin hired by the Seljuks or possibly by Kurdish highwaymen. The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان SaljÅ«qiyān; in Arabic سلجوق SaljÅ«q, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Sultanate controlling virtually all of Anatolia Capital Ä°znik Konya Political structure Empire Sultans  - 1060-1077 Kutalmish  - 1303-1308 Mesud II History  - Division from the Great Seljuq Empire 1077  - Internal struggles 1307 The Seljuk Sultanate of Rum was the Seljuk Turkish sultanate that ruled in direct lineage from 1077 to 1307... Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Â² Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Unification  -  Unified by Cyrus the Great 559 BCE   -  Parthian (Arsacid) dynastic empire (first reunification) 248 BCE-224 CE   -  Sassanid dynastic empire 224–651 CE   -  Safavid dynasty... Alborz Mountains Mount Damavand, Irans tallest mountain is located in Alborz mountain range. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... Ahlat is a district of Bitlis Province of Turkey Categories: | ... Kızıl Kule (Red Tower) built in Alanya by Alâeddin Keykubad I. Kayqubad I (Arabic/Persian: , Alā al-DÄ«n Kayqubād bin Kaykāūs; Turkish: ) was the Anatolian Seljuk Sultan who reigned from 1220 to 1237). ... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... // Events Ardengus becomes bishop of Florence. ... Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts...


Jelal ad-Din Mingburnu's followers remained loyal to him even after his death and raided the Seljuk lands of Jazira and Syria for the next several years, calling themselves the Khwarezmiyyas. Ayyubid sultan Salih Ayyub later hired them as mercenaries against his uncle Salih Ismail and they captured Jerusalem in 1244. The Khwarezmiyyas served as Mameluks of Egypt before they were finally beaten by Mansur Ibrahim some years later. Al Jazira (Arabic, الجزيرة) is the traditional Arabic name for the region of northeastern modern-day Syria and northwestern modern-day Iraq. ... The Ayyubid Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Egypt, Iraq in the 12th and 13th centuries. ... Al-Malik as-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub (died November 1249) was the Ayyubid ruler of Egypt from 1240 to 1249. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year 1244. ... An Ottoman Mamluk, from 1810 Mamluks (or Mameluks) (the Arabic word usually translates as owned, singular: مملوك plural: مماليك) comprised slave soldiers used by the Muslim Caliphs and the Ottoman Empire, and who on more than one occasion seized power for...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mingburnu at AllExperts (373 words)
Following the defeat of his father, Ala ad-Din Muhammad II by Chinggis Khan in 1220, Jelal ad-Din Mingburnu came to power but he rejected the title shah that his father had assumed and called himself simply sultan.
He was murdered in 1231 by an assassin hired by the Seljuks or possibly by Kurdish highwaymen.
Jelal ad-Din Mingburnu's followers remained loyal to him even after his death and raided the Seljuk lands of Jazira and Syria for the next several years, calling themselves the Khwarezmiyyas.
US Bazaar.com : Encyclopedia Pages : Khwarezmid Empire (731 words)
The son of Ala ad-Din Muhammad, Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, became the new Sultan (he rejected the title Shah) but he had to flee to India.
He had a brief victory capturing the town Ahlat, but was later defeated by Sultan Kay Qubadh I at the Battle of Yassi Chemen in 1230, and murdered in 1231 by an assassin who was a Kurd [1].
Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu's followers remained loyal to him even after his death and raided the Seljuk lands of Jazira and Syria for the next several years, calling themselves the Khwarezmiyyas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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