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Encyclopedia > Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve

Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve* of Canada (MANPRC) is located about 225 km east of Sept-Îles off the Middle North Shore in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. This insular territory of approximately 110 km2 is made up of more than 1000 islands and coastal islets that extend over more than 150 km between Île aux Perroquets to the west and the mouth of the Aguanish River to the east.

In virtue of the changes made to the Canada National Parks Act in 2000, the park boundaries have been established at the ordinary high-water mark; so excluding the part of the littoral between the regular high and low water marks. The Parks Canada Agency* gained ownership of Île aux Perroquets in 1999, but this island is still not officially part of the territory of Mingan National Park Reserve of Canada. The same situation holds for Île à Calculot des Betchouanes.

The park represents the geology, fauna and flora of the East St. Lawrence Lowlands natural region within the Parks Canada network. Many features of significant interest such as erosion monoliths, fossils, several rare plants, and a wide variety of seabird species are found there.

The park territory is divided into two physiographically distinct regions: the first includes most of the sedimentary islands and islets, namely 32 islands with a surface area of at least 0.01 km2 located in the West sector of the park known as the "Mingan Archipelago"; the second, igneous or metamorphic geological region includes the vast majority of the islands, islets and reefs (over 900) located in the East sector of the park. Two migratory bird sanctuaries* are found within the boundaries of the park reserve, namely the Betchouane (West sector) and Watshishou (East sector) sanctuaries.

The MANPRC faces six municipalities located on the coast: Longue-Pointe-de-Mingan, Mingan, Ekuanitshit, Havre-Saint-Pierre, Baie-Johan-Beetz and Aguanish. The boundaries of the park's greater regional ecosystem, or of its zone of influence, have been defined within the boundaries of the Mingan region.

Source BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PARK, Parks Canada, [1] (http://parkscanada.pch.gc.ca/pn-np/qc/mingan/plan/plan1b_e.asp)



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