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Encyclopedia > Mineralization

Mineralization is the process of depositing minerals or naturally occuring inorganic chemicals. This may be a normal biological process which takes place during the life of an organism such as the the formation of bone tissue or egg shells. Alternatively, it may be a process which begins after death and burial within sediments by the total replacement of the organic material with various minerals known as fossilization. Frequently this involves either calcite or quartz, but many other minerals such as pyrite may be involved. Sediment is any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bed or bottom of a body of water or other liquid. ... A fossil Ammonite Fossils (from Latin fossus, literally having been dug up) are the mineralized or otherwise preserved remains or traces (such as footprints) of animals, plants, and other organisms. ... Doubly refracting Calcite from Iceberg claim, Dixon, New Mexico. ... Quartz is the most abundant mineral in the Earths continental crust. ... The mineral pyrite, or iron pyrite, is iron disulfide, FeS2. ...


Mineralization is also used to describe the hydrothermal deposition of economically important metals in the formation of orebodies. Hydrothermal circulation in the oceans is the passage of the water through mid-ocean Ridge (MOR) systems. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily forms ions (cations) and has metallic bonds, and metals are sometimes described as a lattice of positive ions (cations) in a cloud of electrons. ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a mineral deposit containing a metal or other valuable resource in economically viable concentrations. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery (647 words)
A mineral is (generally) an inorganic, naturally occurring, organized crystalline structure composed of a single chemical compound or element.
Mineral crystals form because their component chemicals tend to aggregate together in certain specific arrangements dictated by the shapes and components of the molecules involved (and sometimes varying with temperature and pressure).
Often, minerals are formed as a solution changes in some way which allows or forces the component mineral(s) to solidify.
Mineral (chemistry) - MSN Encarta (185 words)
Mineral (chemistry), in general, any naturally occurring chemical element or compound, but in mineralogy and geology, chemical elements and compounds that have been formed through inorganic processes.
Mineral species are, as a rule, limited to solid substances, the only liquids being metallic mercury and water.
Metalliferous minerals of economic value, which are mined for their metals, are known as ores.
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