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Encyclopedia > Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Flag of Minas Gerais Coat of arms of Minas Gerais
Location of Minas Gerais in Brazil
Capital
(and largest city)
Belo Horizonte
19°49′01, 43°57′21
Demonym Mineiro
Government
 -  Governor Aécio Neves
 -  Vice Governor Antônio Augusto Junho Anastasia
Area
 -  Total 588,528.29 km² (4th)
Population
 -  2006 estimate 20.595.499 (2nd)
 -  2005 census 19.237.450 
 -  Density 32.79 /km² (14th)
GDP 2004 estimate
 -  Total R$166.564.882 (3th)
 -  Per capita R$ 8.771 (11th)
HDI (2000) 0.773 (medium) (10th)
Abbreviation BR-MG
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 -  Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)

Minas Gerais (pronounced IPA: [ˌminɐzʒeˈɾajs] [1]) is one of the 26 states of Brazil, the second most populous and fourth largest by area in the federation. The capital is the city of Belo Horizonte, located near the central area. Image File history File links Bandeira_de_Minas_Gerais. ... Image File history File links Brasao_Estado_MinasGerais_Brasil4. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1701 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Minas Gerais Governor Aécio Neves is one of the youngest among Brazilian state governors Aécio Neves da Cunha (pron. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... There are 27 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... There are 27 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into States of Brazil. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... There are 26 States of Brazil, or Estados in Portuguese, which are the federal states of Brazil, plus the Federal District which holds the capital city, Brasília. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Brazil cover 1 Federal District and 26 states. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Brazil is divided into twenty-six estados (states; singular estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1701 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ...

Contents

Location

Minas Gerais is in the west of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo.It borders on Bahia and Goiás (north), Mato Grosso do Sul (far west), the states of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (south) and the state of Espírito Santo (east). It also shares a short boundary with the Brazilian Federal District. Minas Gerais is situated between 14º13'58' and 22º54'00' ' south latitude and between 39º51'32' ' and 51º02'35' ' longitude west of Greenwich. Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo City Area 248,176. ... Flag of Rio de Janeiro See other Brazilian States Capital Rio de Janeiro Largest City Rio de Janeiro Area 43,696. ... Capital Vitória Largest city Vila Velha Demonym capixaba or espiritossantense Government  -  Governor Paulo Hartung  -  Vice Governor Ricardo Ferraço Area  -  Total 46. ... Flag of Bahia See other Brazilian States Capital Salvador Largest City Salvador Area 564 273 km² Population   - Total   - Density 13 070 250 23. ... Flag of Goiás See other Brazilian States Capital Goiânia Largest City Goiânia Area 341 289 km² Population   - Total   - Density 4 848 725 14. ... Flag of Mato Grosso do Sul See other Brazilian States Capital Campo Grande Largest City Campo Grande Area 358,158. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo City Area 248,176. ... Flag of Rio de Janeiro See other Brazilian States Capital Rio de Janeiro Largest City Rio de Janeiro Area 43,696. ... Capital Vitória Largest city Vila Velha Demonym capixaba or espiritossantense Government  -  Governor Paulo Hartung  -  Vice Governor Ricardo Ferraço Area  -  Total 46. ... The Brazilian Federal District (in Portuguese, Distrito Federal) is set apart for Brasília, the capital of Brazil. ...


History

Minas Gerais was formed mainly by colonists who searched for veins of gold (discovered 1693) and gems, and later diamonds. (The name literally means general mines, a shortening from Minas dos Matos Gerais, or mines of the general woods, this being originally the hinterland to the incipient colonies of São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga and São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro.) These helped to boost occupation of the inner lands and led to the foundation of several new villages. The first capital and seat of the local see was the city of Mariana; it was later moved to Vila Rica. In the late 18th century, Vila Rica was the biggest city in Brazil and one of the biggest of the Americas in population. As the gold mines were exhausted over the 19th century, the city lost its importance; it was later renamed Ouro Preto and remained the state capital until the construction of the all-new, planned city of Belo Horizonte at the turn of the 20th century. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... For other uses, see Gemstone (disambiguation). ... This article is about the mineral. ... Minas dos Matos Gerais is the original name of the current state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Pátio do Colégio in São Paulo. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: ] Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area    - City 1,260 km² Population    - City (2005) 5,613,000 [1]  - Density 4. ... Mariana is the oldest city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Founded at the end of the 17th century, Vila Rica do Ouro Preto (Black Gold) was the focal point of the gold rush and Brazils golden age in the 18th century. ... View of Ouro Preto Vila Rica do Ouro Preto, a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is a former colonial mining town located in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains and has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its outstanding Baroque architecture. ...

Belo Horizonte, the capital of Minas Gerais State.
Belo Horizonte, the capital of Minas Gerais State.

The gold cycle left its mark in cities such as Mariana, Ouro Preto, Diamantina, Sabará, Tiradentes and São João del Rei. The relative isolation from European influence, added to the huge influx of gold and other valuable minerals, helped the local people to develop their own style of art, which became known as Barroco Mineiro. Prime examples of this period are the richly decorated churches at the colonial cities, some of them preserved today as museums. The most important artist of this period was Antônio Lisboa, who became known as Aleijadinho. His statues and paintings are now highly valued by experts as one of the most refined artistic expressions outside Europe at that time. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1701 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... Mariana is the oldest city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... View of Ouro Preto Vila Rica do Ouro Preto, a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is a former colonial mining town located in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains and has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its outstanding Baroque architecture. ... Diamantina is a Brazilian city in the state of Minas Gerais. ... Sabará is a city in Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Tiradentes is a municipality in Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... One of the many ornate churches and the most popular in the city, Igreja São Francisco de Assis. ... Church of the Third Order of St Francis in Ouro Preto. ...

Sanctuary of Bom Jesus of Matosinhos, Congonhas.
Colonial church in Ouro Preto.

In addition to art and architecture, there was an explosion of musical activity in Minas Gerais in the 18th century. Printed copies of European music, as well as accomplished musicians, made the journey to the area, and soon a local school of composition and performance was born and achieved considerable sophistication. Several composers worked in Minas Gerais in the 18th century, mainly in Vila Rica (now Ouro Preto), Sabará, Mariana, and other cities. Some of the names which have survived include José Joaquim Emerico Lôbo de Mesquita, Marcos Coelho Netto, Francisco Gomes da Rocha and Ignacio Parreiras Neves; they cultivated a style related to the classical European style but marked by more a more chordal, homophonic sound, and they usually wrote for mixed groups of voices and instruments. Download high resolution version (430x648, 66 KB)Photographs by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Aleijadinho File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (430x648, 66 KB)Photographs by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Aleijadinho File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Congonhas is a historical city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... View of Ouro Preto Vila Rica do Ouro Preto, a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is a former colonial mining town located in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains and has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its outstanding Baroque architecture. ... The Classical period in Western music occurred from about 1730 through 1820, despite considerable overlap at both ends with preceding and following periods, as is true for all musical eras. ... Homophony is a musical term that describes the texture of two or more instruments or parts moving together and using the same rhythm. ...


During the 18th century, mining exploration was strongly controlled by the Portuguese Crown, which imposed heavy taxes on everything extracted (one fifth of all gold would go to the Crown). Several rebellions were attempted by the colonists, always facing strong reaction by the imperial crown. The most notable one was the Inconfidência, started by group of middle-class colonists, mostly intellectuals and young officers. They were inspired by the American and French Revolutions and Illuminist ideals. The conspiracy failed and the rebels were arrested and exiled. The most famous of them, Joaquim José da Silva Xavier (known as Tiradentes), was hanged by order of Queen Maria I of Portugal, becoming a local hero and a national martyr of Brazil. The Minas Gerais flag—a red triangle on a white background—is based on the design for the national flag proposed by the "Inconfidentes", as the rebels became known. Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ... The Inconfidência Mineira (Minas Conspiracy) of 1789, a Brazilian independence movement, was a result of the confluence of external and internal causes. ... Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, known as Tiradentes (1746-April 21, 1792), was part of the Brazilian seditious movement known as the Inconfidência Mineira. ... Maria I of Portugal (pron. ...


Due to the economic importance of the state and the particular traits of the local population—famed for its reserved and balanced character—Minas Gerais has played an important role on national politics. During the 19th century, politicians such as José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva were instrumental in the establishment of the Brazilian Empire under the rule of Dom Pedro I and later his son, Dom Pedro II. After the installation of the Brazilian Republic, during the early 20th century, Minas Gerais shared the control of the national political scene with São Paulo in what became known as the "Coffee and Milk" political cycle (coffee being the major product of São Paulo, and milk that of Minas Gerais). José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva (June 13, 1763 – April 6, 1838), Brazilian statesman and naturalist, was born at Santos, São Paulo. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Dom Pedro II (pron. ... Café com leite (Portuguese: coffee with milk) was a term that referred to the domination of Brazilian politics under the Old Republic (1889-1930) by the landed gentries of São Paulo (dominated by the coffee industry) and Minas Gerais (dominated by dairy interests). ...


Minas Gerais was also home to two of the most influential Brazilian politicians of the second half of the 20th century. Juscelino Kubitschek was president from 1956 to 1961, and he was responsible for the construction of Brasília as the new capital of Brazil. Tancredo Neves had an extensive political career that culminated with his election in 1984 to be the first civil president after the 1964 military countercoup. However, he died after a series of health complications just as he was about to assume the position. Juscelino Kubitschek and his wife Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (JK) (September 12, 1902-August 22, 1976) was a prominent Brazilian politician who was President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961. ... Nickname: Location of Brasília Coordinates: , Region State Founded 21 April 1960 Government  - Governor Jose Roberto Arruda Area  - City 5,802 km²  (2,240. ... Tancredo de Almeida Neves, more commonly Tancredo Neves (pron. ...


See also the List of Governors of Minas Gerais. As of 2005, the number of governor of the state of Minas Gerais since the proclamation of Republic in 1889 reaches 50. ...


Geography

Minas Gerais is the source of some of the biggest rivers in Brazil, most notably the São Francisco, the Paraná and to a lesser extent, the Rio Doce. The state also holds many hydroelectric power plants, including Furnas. Some of the highest peaks in Brazil are in the mountain ranges in the southern part of the state, such as Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Cervo, that mark the border between Minas and its neighbors São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The most notable one is the Pico da Bandeira, the third highest mountain in Brazil at 2890 m, standing on the border with Espírito Santo state. The state also has huge reserves of iron and sizeable reserves of gold and gemstones, including emerald, topaz and aquamarine mines. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 482 pixelsFull resolution (922 × 555 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) AUTOR: A. G. Freitas Neto LOCAL: Passa-Quatro/MG DATA: 30/12/2003 ORIGEM: Arquivo pessoal OBS: Equipamento: Sony DSC-P72, resolução original: 1280x960 (alterada... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 482 pixelsFull resolution (922 × 555 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) AUTOR: A. G. Freitas Neto LOCAL: Passa-Quatro/MG DATA: 30/12/2003 ORIGEM: Arquivo pessoal OBS: Equipamento: Sony DSC-P72, resolução original: 1280x960 (alterada... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mantiqueira Mountains. ... The São Francisco River is a river in Brazil with a length of 3,160 kilometres. ... The sun rising over the Paraná River, from the north-east of Rosario, Argentina. ... The Doce River is a river in southeast Brazil formed at the junction of the Carmo and Piranga. ... Furnas is a parish in the district of Povoação in the Azores. ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Pico da Bandeira is the third highest mountain in Brazil. ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... For the Gemstone as a mineral see Gemstone. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. ... Aquamarine (Lat. ...


Each region of the state has a distinct character, geographically and to a certain extent culturally.

  • The central and eastern area of the state is hilly and rocky, with little vegetation on the mountains. Around Lagoa Santa and Sete Lagoas a typical Karst topography with caves and lakes is found. Some of the mountains are almost entirely iron ore, which led to extensive mining (in some places at the expense of the environment). Recent advances in environmental policy helped to put limits to mining. To the east of the state capital Belo Horizonte, there is a region known as Vale do Aço (steel valley), mainly the city of Ipatinga which holds a great number of iron and steel processing companies along the course of the Rio Doce. Now that mining is restricted large areas of forest are being removed for timber, charcoal and to clear land for cattle ranching. The original forest cover of these inland hills is very much fragmented.
The capital city of Belo Horizonte.
The capital city of Belo Horizonte.
  • The South of Minas Gerais is hilly and green, with coffee and milk production. This region is notably cooler than the rest of the state, and some locations are subject to temperatures just below the freezing point during the winter. The region is also famed for its mineral-water resorts, including the cities of Poços de Caldas, São Lourenço and Caxambu. Many industries are located at Varginha and Pouso Alegre.
  • The southeast of the state, called Zona da Mata (Forest Zone) was the richest region until the mid 20th century, nowadays the biggest city, Juiz de Fora, remains an important industrial, cultural and educational center, being also the second largest in the Minas state. The day-to-day living in the Zona da Mata however, is better represented by a group of smaller cities like Além Paraíba, Viçosa, Leopoldina, Cataguases, Muriaé, Ubá, Astolfo Dutra and several others. Those cities put together a strong economic presence based mostly on agriculture, textiles and minerals.
  • The West of Minas Gerais, also known as "Triângulo Mineiro" (which means "the Minas Triangle", due to the geographic shape of this region), is composed of a particular type of savanna, known as Cerrado. This region was initially occupied by great free-wheeling beef ranches, which are still important for the economy of the region. Over the 1990s, extensive soy and corn farms occupied most of the farming land available. The main cities of this region are Uberlândia and Uberaba.
  • The North of Minas Gerais is arid, being subject to frequent droughts. Recent irrigation projects use the water from the São Francisco river for agriculture; the river crosses the northern region carrying water from its basin at the central area of the state, which is subject to a regular rainfall pattern. The diamond mines of this region attracted miners but are now exhausted, and the remaining population lives in poor conditions, especially in the valley of the Jequitinhonha River. The main cities of this region are Montes Claros and Teófilo Otoni.

Lagoa Santa is a small city and municipality in southeast Goiás state, Brazil. ... Sete Lagoas (meaning Seven Lakes in Portuguese) is a town in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. ... Karst topography is a three-dimensional landscape shaped by the dissolution of a soluble layer or layers of bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite. ... Alternate meanings: Cave (disambiguation) The outside world viewed from a cave A cave is a natural underground void. ... Lake Clearwater, Ontario, Canada A lake is a large body of water, usually fresh water, surrounded by land. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1701 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... Vale do Aço means steel valley in Portuguese. ... Ipatinga is a city located on Minas Gerais state, Brazil Foundation: 1962 Population: 227,338 Total area: 166,5 km² Zip Code:35160-000 http://www. ... The Doce River (Rio Doce in Portuguese) is a river in southeast Brazil, which has an extension of 853 km. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1701 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... For the several U.S. counties named Coffee, see Coffee County. ... Poços de Caldas is a city and municipality in south-western Minas Gerais state, Brazil, in the microregion of the same name. ... São Lourenço is a Brazilian city in the state of Minas Gerais. ... Caxambu is a Brazilian city in Minas Gerais. ... City location in Minas Gerais Country Region State Minas Gerais Government  - Mayor Mauro Teixeira (PT) Area  - City 395. ... Pouso Alegre is a city and municipality in southern Minas Gerais state, Brazil with a population of 106. ... Zona da Mata is a region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Juiz de Fora is a city in the southeast of Minas Gerais, Brazil close to the state border with Rio de Janeiro. ... Além Paraíba is a city in the southeastern Zona da Mata region of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Viçosa is a Brazilian city in the state of Minas Gerais, located in the Zona da Mata, 275 km in a southwesterly direction from the state capital of Belo Horizonte. ... Cataguases is a city located in the southeastern part of the state of Brazil. ... Location of Astolfo Dutra whitin Minas Gerais Astolfo Dutra is a Brazilian municipality located in the state of Minas Gerais. ... “Savannah” redirects here. ... The cerrado (Portuguese: thick, dense) is a vast area of savanna-like grasslands in Brazil. ... For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (L.) Merr. ... Uberlândia is a city on the Rio Uberabinha in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The São Francisco River is a river in Brazil with a length of 3,160 kilometres. ... Source of the river in Serro The Jequitinhonha River is a river that flows mainly through the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. ... Montes Claros Montes Claros is a city located in the northern region of Minas Gerais state, in Brazil. ... Téofilo Otoni is a city in the Minas Gerais state of Brazil. ...

Demographics

Ouro Preto and its colonial Portuguese architecture.
Ouro Preto and its colonial Portuguese architecture.
Uberlândia at night.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (1187 × 788 pixel, file size: 745 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the town of Ouro Preto Author: Espartaco Madureira Coelho his image was obtained at www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (1187 × 788 pixel, file size: 745 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of the town of Ouro Preto Author: Espartaco Madureira Coelho his image was obtained at www. ... View of Ouro Preto Vila Rica do Ouro Preto, a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is a former colonial mining town located in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains and has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its outstanding Baroque architecture. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Uberlândia is a city on the Rio Uberabinha in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. ...

Ethnic groups

According to the IBGE of 2005, there were 19.256.395 people residing in the state. The population density was 32.79 inh./km². The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 8.857.941 million White people (46.0%), 8.915.710 million Pardo (Brown) people (46.3%), 1.444.229 million Black people (7.5%), 19 thousand Asian or Amerindian people (0.1%).[2] IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the color. ... For other uses, see Pardo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the color. ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...


The majority of the Whites of the state is of Portuguese, Italian and German descent. The Pardos are a mixture of Europeans with the Blacks and Amerindians, varying of clear to dark, being able to have a yellowish or brown skin. The Blacks are of African descent. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Pardos was the catepan of Italy briefly in 1042 following the short term of the brilliant George Maniaches. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of Earth; the term continent here referring to a cultural and political distinction, rather than a physiographic one, thus leading to various perspectives about Europes precise borders. ... Look up black in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Sioux in traditional dress including war bonnet, circa 1908. ... Look up black in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...


Source: PNAD.


Most of Minas Gerais's population is of Northern Portuguese and/or of Black African ancestry; mostly from Angola; descendants of the large influx of settlers who arrived in the region during the gold rush in the 18th century.[3] Map showing Norte Region in Portugal. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... For other meanings, see Gold rush (disambiguation) A California Gold Rush handbill A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Other important ethnic groups are mixed-race Amerindians (mamelucos) and immigrants, mainly Italians, Germans, Spaniards and Syrian-Lebanese peoples. The terms multiracial, biracial and mixed-race describe people whose ancestors are not of a single race. ... The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (provoke indía gnas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ... Mameluco is a term of Portuguese origin describing the first generation offspring of a Caucasian and an Amerindian. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... An Arab Brazilian is a Brazilian-born person of Arab descent, sometimes including other non-Arabic Middle Eastern peoples. ...


Economy

Baruch, 18th century Baroque architecture, by Aleijadinho.
Baruch, 18th century Baroque architecture, by Aleijadinho.

Minas Gerais (or simply Minas, as it is commonly called) is a major producer of milk, coffee and other agricultural commodities, as well as minerals. Electronics are also produced in Minas. The automakers Fiat and Mercedes-Benz have factories there. Tourism is also an important activity for the state: historical cities like Ouro Preto, Mariana, Sabará, Congonhas, Diamantina, Tiradentes, and Sao João del Rey, are a major attractive for visitors interested in their colonial architecture. Other cities, like Araxá, Poços de Caldas, Lambari, Caxambu, and others, attract visitors interested in their mineral watersprings. Download high resolution version (406x612, 96 KB)Photographs by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Aleijadinho File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (406x612, 96 KB)Photographs by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Aleijadinho File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Church of the Third Order of St Francis in Ouro Preto. ... For the several U.S. counties named Coffee, see Coffee County. ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ... Fiat S.p. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... View of Ouro Preto Vila Rica do Ouro Preto, a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is a former colonial mining town located in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains and has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its outstanding Baroque architecture. ... Sabará is a city in Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Araxá is a city and municipality in southwest Minas Gerais state, Brazil. ... Poços de Caldas is a city and municipality in south-western Minas Gerais state, Brazil, in the microregion of the same name. ...


The state has marked economic divisions. The southern part of the state (close to the São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro state borders) has several mid-sized cities with solid industrial bases such as Juiz de Fora, Varginha, Pouso Alegre, and Poços de Caldas, as well as Ipatinga in the east of the state, which is also a modern and major industrial city and Itabira, considered city mother of the Company it is Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, that has actions quoted in Bovespa and NYSE. This article is about the city. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Juiz de Fora is a city in the southeast of Minas Gerais, Brazil close to the state border with Rio de Janeiro. ... City location in Minas Gerais Country Region State Minas Gerais Government  - Mayor Mauro Teixeira (PT) Area  - City 395. ... Pouso Alegre is a city and municipality in southern Minas Gerais state, Brazil with a population of 106. ... Poços de Caldas is a city and municipality in south-western Minas Gerais state, Brazil, in the microregion of the same name. ... Ipatinga is a city located on Minas Gerais state, Brazil Foundation: 1962 Population: 227,338 Total area: 166,5 km² Zip Code:35160-000 http://www. ... Itabira is a city in Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (CVRD) is a global diversified mining company and is also the largest logistics operator in Brazil. ... Bovespa - São Paulo Stock Exchange (Portuguese: Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo). ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world. ...

Uberlândia, the second largest cities of Minas Gerais.

The northeastern region is marked by poverty, but Governador Valadares and Teófilo Otoni attract foreign traders for the semi-precious gems such as topaz and sapphire. The central region of the state (where the capital is located) has big reserves of iron (and to a lesser extent, gold) still being actively mined. The western part, the "Triângulo Mineiro", is less densely populated than the rest of the state, and it is now a focus of biotechnology investment, particularly on the cities of Uberlândia, Uberaba and Patos de Minas, which includes leading research on cattle, soy and corn culture. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Uberlândia is a city on the Rio Uberabinha in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. ... Governador Valadares is a brazilian city of Minas Gerais state. ... Téofilo Otoni is a city in the Minas Gerais state of Brazil. ... For other uses, see Sapphire (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Uberlândia is a city on the Rio Uberabinha in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Patos de Minas is a town in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil, located some 400 km from Belo Horizonte. ... Binomial name Glycine max Soybeans (US) or soya beans (UK) (Glycine max) are a high-protein legume (Family Fabaceae) grown as food for both humans and livestock. ... This article is about the maize plant. ...

Education

Portuguese language is the official language of schools. But English language and Spanish language are part of the official high school curriculum. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1707 × 1141 pixel, file size: 716 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Praça de serviços, prédio da Biblioteca Universitária e, ao fundo, Departamento de Física do ICEx e ICB Foto: Eber Faioli File... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1707 × 1141 pixel, file size: 716 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Praça de serviços, prédio da Biblioteca Universitária e, ao fundo, Departamento de Física do ICEx e ICB Foto: Eber Faioli File... The Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Federal University of Minas Gerais or UFMG) is a public university (and therefore it does not charge any tuition for the enrolled students) located in Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1701 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... Portuguese (  or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain) and northern Portugal from the Latin spoken by romanized Celtiberians about 1000 years ago. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ...


Colleges and universities

  • Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais (UEMG);
  • Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG);
  • Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (PUC-MG);
  • Universidade José do Rosário Vellano (UNIFENAS);
  • Universidade FUMEC (Fundação Mineira de Educação e Cultura);
  • Universidade Salgado de Oliveira (UNIVERSO).

The Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Federal University of Minas Gerais or UFMG) is a public university (and therefore it does not charge any tuition for the enrolled students) located in Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... The Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, PUC-MG) is a private and non-profit Catholic university. ...

Culture

Baroque churches in Mariana.
Baroque churches in Mariana.

Minas Gerais may be called the Profound Brazil by analogy with the France profonde. It has a distinctly more native flavour than cosmopolitan São Paulo, a more traditional slant than flashy Rio de Janeiro, and is more Portuguese than the South and São Paulo with their great influx of Italians and other Central Europeans, the North with its native Indians, or the Northeast with its heavy Afro-Brazilian influence. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (2649 × 1772 pixel, file size: 615 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (2649 × 1772 pixel, file size: 615 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo City Area 248,176. ... Flag of Rio de Janeiro See other Brazilian States Capital Rio de Janeiro Largest City Rio de Janeiro Area 43,696. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ...


The people are considered reserved, prudent, relatively silent to the point of melancholy, but welcoming and family-focused. It is one of the most religious states, with a large proportion of staunch Roman Catholics and a burgeoning Evangelical and neo-Pentecostal population, with pockets of African religions. Kardecist Spiritism is also professed by a significant portion of the population, partly due to the influence of Chico Xavier, the main spiritual icon of Brazil, who lived in Minas Gerais all his life. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal can... Kardecist Spiritism or Kardecism is a spiritualistic doctrine created in the 19th century by Allan Kardec. ... Francisco Cândido Xavier Chico Xavier was a popular medium in Brazil´s spiritism movement. ...


Minas Gerais is also known nationally for its cuisine. The cultural basis of its cuisine is the small farmhouses, and many of the dishes are prepared using locally produced vegetables and meats, especially chicken and pork. Traditional cooking is done using coal- or wood-fired ovens and cast iron pans, making for a particularly tasty flavor; some restaurant chains have adopted these techniques and made this type of food popular in other parts of the country.


Many of the cakes and appetizers of the local cuisine use corn or cassava (known there as mandioca) flour instead of wheat, as the latter didn't adapt well to the local weather. The best-known dish from Minas Gerais is "pão de queijo", a small baked roll (known internationally as "Brazilian cheese rolls") made with cheese and cassava flour that can be served hot as an appetizer or for breakfast. This article is about the maize plant. ... “Yuca” redirects here. ...


Minas Gerais is often recognised abroad as the state where the footballer Pelé was born and raised. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... “Pele” redirects here. ...


Many famous Brazilian writers were born in Minas Gerais: Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Fernando Sabino and João Guimarães Rosa. Aviation pionner Alberto Santos-Dumont was born in Minas Gerais. Carlos Drummond de Andrade (October 31, 1902 - August 17, 1987) was perhaps the most influential Brazilian poet of the 20th century. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... João Guimarães Rosa (27 June 1908 – 19 November 1967) was a Brazilian novelist, probably the greatest Brazilian novelist born in the 20th century. ... This article is about the aviator. ...


Infrastructure

International Airport

Tancredo Neves/Confins International Airport is located in the municipalities of Lagoa Santa and Confins, 38 km from Belo Horizonte, and was opened in January 1984. It was planned from the start for future expansion in steps to meet growing demand. The first step was undertaken with careful concern for the environment, including monitoring by specialized consultants, since the region has a rich archeological heritage. Among the hundreds of caverns in the region, the one at Lapa Vermelha stands out. Located 2.7 km from the airport, the oldest female cranium in the Americans was discovered there, dated at roughly12 thousand years old. The airport’s excellent location is attested to by the fact it has one of the lowest rates of shutdown for bad weather in the country. Confins is certified by the ISO 9001 standard, covering ten processes in the administrative, operational, safety/security and maintenance areas. Starting in March 2005, Confins Airport will receive flights that currently use Pampulha Airport. Tancredo Neves International Airport Located at 45Km from Belo Horizontes downtown, Tancredo Neves International Airport, popularly known as Confins International Airport, is deemed to be one of the finest and best equipped in Latin America, although is also Brazils idlest airport. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sports

The Mineirão Stadium with the Mineirinho arena next to it.

As in the rest of Brazil, football is the most popular sport among locals. Belo Horizonte has two of the most successful teams in the country, and the city also has one of the biggest football stadiums in the world, the Mineirão, opened in 1965. Image File history File links Pampulha. ... Image File history File links Pampulha. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mineirão stadium, established in 1965, officially named for Governor Magalhães Pinto, is the largest soccer staduim in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. ...


The older Independência Stadium hosted a legendary victory of the United States World Cup Team 1950 in a 1-0 triumph over England. See England v United States (1950) and [1] Estádio Independência The Estádio Raimundo Sampaio, usually known as Estádio Independência is a football stadium inaugurated on June 29, 1950 in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, with a maximum capacity of 18,000 people. ... Joe Gaetjens held aloft after scoring the winning goal On June 29, 1950, at the 1950 World Cup in Brazil, the United States national football team defeated the English team 1–0 in group play. ...


Atlético Mineiro, which is also called by its nickname and mascot "Galo" (rooster) is one of the oldest football clubs in the city and was founded in 1908. Atlético Mineiro was the first Brazilian champion, in 1971, and has also won two CONMEBOL Cups (nowadays called Copa Sudamericana) and 39 State Championships. In spite of so much tradition, the team has suffered through very difficult times recently and was relegated to the Brazilian Série B. However, the club won the championship in 2006 and is back to Série A in 2007. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Rooster (disambiguation). ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Atlético Mineiro is a Brazilian football team from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, founded on March 25, 1908. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The Copa CONMEBOL (English: CONMEBOL Cup) was played from 1992 to 1999 and it was the South American equivalent to the European UEFA Cup. ... The Copa Sudamericana (English: South American Cup, Portuguese: Copa Sulamericana) is an international football cup competition played annually by clubs of South America. ... FMF official logo) Campeonato Mineiro is the league played in the Brazilian southeastern State of Minas Gerais and is held by the Minas Gerais Soccer Federation FMF (Federação Mineira de Futebol). ... The Campeonato Brasileiro (Portuguese for Brazilian Championship) is the name of the largest national championship of Brazilian football, organized by the CBF. Brazilian clubs may also compete in other national tournaments of lesser significance, such as the Copa do Brasil, as well as tournaments at the continental, regional, and state... The Série A (informally called Brasileirão) is the main division of Brazilian football. ...


Cruzeiro was founded in 1921 by the members of the local Italian community. Cruzeiro has been one of Brazil´s most successful clubs in the 1990s and early 2000s, winning 4 National Cups, 1 National League, 2 Copa Libertadores, and 2 Supercopa Libertadores, and is also the winner of Taça Brasil in 1966 and 34 State Championships. This article is about the football (soccer) team. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the country. ... The Copa do Brasil (or Brazil Cup) is a knockout competition played by 64 football teams, representing all 26 Brazilian states plus the Federal District. ... The Série A (informally called Brasileirão) is the main division of Brazilian football. ... The Copa Toyota Libertadores (also known as Copa Libertadores de América) (Portuguese: Copa Libertadores da América or Taça Libertadores da América, English: Liberators Cup) is a Football cup competition played annually by the top clubs of South America. ... Supercopa Sudamericana (English: South American Supercup, Portuguese: Supercopa Sulamericana), also known as Supercopa João Havelange was a competition played from 1988 to 1997 by the past winners of Copa Libertadores. ... The Taça Brasil (or Brazilian Trophy) was a Brazilian national football competition disputed before the creation of Campeonato Brasileiro. ... FMF official logo) Campeonato Mineiro is the league played in the Brazilian southeastern State of Minas Gerais and is held by the Minas Gerais Soccer Federation FMF (Federação Mineira de Futebol). ...


The city is also home to América Mineiro, which has its own playing field, the Independência Stadium. It was a major team in Brazil decades ago, but passed three years striving to leave Brazilian League Série C. Things came worse at the beginning of 2007. The team was relegated to the Módulo II of Campeonato Mineiro and didn't even qualify for playing the Série C, being completely out of Campeonato Brasileiro. América Futebol Clube, or América (or América Mineiro), as they are usually called, is a traditional Brazilian football team from Belo Horizonte in Minas Gerais, founded on April 30, 1912. ... Estádio Independência The Estádio Raimundo Sampaio, usually known as Estádio Independência is a football stadium inaugurated on June 29, 1950 in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, with a maximum capacity of 18,000 people. ... The Série C of the Campeonato Brasileiro is the third and lowest division of Brazilian football. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... FMF official logo) Campeonato Mineiro is the league played in the Brazilian southeastern State of Minas Gerais and is held by the Minas Gerais Soccer Federation FMF (Federação Mineira de Futebol). ... The Campeonato Brasileiro (Portuguese for Brazilian Championship) is the name of the largest national championship of Brazilian football, organized by the CBF. Brazilian clubs may also compete in other national tournaments of lesser significance, such as the Copa do Brasil, as well as tournaments at the continental, regional, and state...


Besides football, Belo Horizonte has one of the largest attendances at volleyball matches in the whole country. Crowds usually go to Mineirinho in order to watch either the Brazil national volleyball team or Minas Tênis Clube matches. For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Mineirinho, officially Ginásio Jornalista Felipe Drumond, is an indoor sporting arena located in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. ... The Brazil mens national volleyball team is the national team of Brazil. ...


Minas Tênis Clube is a sport association with various modalities, and its volleyball team has some of the most advanced training facilities in the country. Besides Mineirinho, the clubs also plays on its own ground, the modern Telemig Celular Arena. Both its male and female volleyball teams have already won the Brazilian Superleague of Volleyball titles.


Flag

The flag of the state of Minas Gerais is the oldest one adopted in Brazil that was devised by Brazilians. It was remembered by the Republican Party, which opposed the Brazilian Imperial Government, and adopted unofficially as the flag of the state. Since 1946 it has been the official flag. The Empire of Brazil was a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, it was replaced by a republic in 1889. ...


The sentence "Libertas quæ sera tamen", seen in the flag, is a motto in Latin which translates in Portuguese as Liberdade ainda que tardia and in English as "Freedom, even if delayed". The triangle was said to represent the Trinity and the three ideals of the French Revolution: Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité. Libertas Quae Sera Tamen Latin slogan in Minas Gerais flag, the translation in English is Freedom although late, Liberdade ainda que tardia in portuguese. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the Christian Trinity. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on...


The colors were chosen for their revolutionary meaning: white represented the desire to form a peaceful new nation, discarding all colonial institutions, and red symbolised the flame of liberty.


Cities

In spite of not being the largest state of Brazil, Minas Gerais has the largest number of cities. Of the more than 5,500 municipalities in the country, Minas has 853 of them, a fact explained by the number of inhabitants and for the vast territory (larger than Metropolitan France). The most important cities are: the capital Belo Horizonte, Contagem, Betim, Juiz de Fora, Montes Claros, Uberlândia, Itabira, Ipatinga, Uberaba and Ouro Preto. Municipalities of Minas Gerais, Brazil This is a list of the municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil. ... Metropolitan France Metropolitan France (French: or la Métropole) is the part of France located in Europe, including Corsica (French: Corse). ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1701 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... Contagem is a city in the center of the state of Minas Gerais, in Brazil. ... Betim is a city in Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Juiz de Fora is a city in the southeast of Minas Gerais, Brazil close to the state border with Rio de Janeiro. ... Montes Claros Montes Claros is a city located in the northern region of Minas Gerais state, in Brazil. ... Uberlândia is a city on the Rio Uberabinha in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. ... Itabira is a city in Minas Gerais, Brazil. ... Ipatinga is a city located on Minas Gerais state, Brazil Foundation: 1962 Population: 227,338 Total area: 166,5 km² Zip Code:35160-000 http://www. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... View of Ouro Preto Vila Rica do Ouro Preto, a city in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, is a former colonial mining town located in the Serra do Espinhaço mountains and has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because of its outstanding Baroque architecture. ...


Notes

  1. ^ The presented pronunciation is in Brazilian Portuguese. The European Portuguese pronunciation is /'mi.nɐʒ ʒɨ.'ɾajʃ/.
  2. ^ Demographics
  3. ^ http://www.multirio.rj.gov.br/historia/modulo02/soc_18.html

Brazilian Portuguese (Português Brasileiro in Portuguese) is the group of dialects of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple million Brazilian immigrants, mainly in the United States, Portugal, Canada, Japan, and Paraguay. ... European Portuguese (also named Continental Portuguese or Lusitanian Portuguese) is a group of Portuguese dialects spoken in Portugal. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Minas Gerais - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2110 words)
Minas Gerais is often recognised abroad as the state where the footballer Pelé was born and raised.
Minas Gerais is the source of some of the biggest rivers in Brazil, most notably the São Francisco, the Paraná and to a lesser extent, the Rio Doce.
The flag of the state of Minas Gerais is the oldest one adopted in Brazil that was devised by Brazilians.
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