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Encyclopedia > Minamoto no Sanetomo
Tree at Hachiman Shrine. Sanetomo was assassinated by an archer hiding behind this tree.
Tree at Hachiman Shrine. Sanetomo was assassinated by an archer hiding behind this tree.

Minamoto no Sanetomo (源 実朝, September 17, 1192 CEFebruary 13, 1219, r. 12031219) was the third shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate and the last head of the Minamoto clan of Japan. Sanetomo was the second son of the founder of the Kamakura shogunate Minamoto no Yoritomo, his mother was Hojo Masako, and his older brother was the second Kamakura shogun Minamoto no Yoriie. Tree Shogun Minamoto no Sanetomo Tsurugaoka Hachiman Shrine Kamakura Kanagawa prefecture Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Tree Shogun Minamoto no Sanetomo Tsurugaoka Hachiman Shrine Kamakura Kanagawa prefecture Japan I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... The Common Era (CE), also known as the Christian Era and sometimes the Current Era, is the period of measured time beginning with the year 1 until the present. ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... Events April 16 - Philip II of France enters Rouen, leading to the eventual unification of Normandy and France. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... In Japanese history, a shogun (将軍 shōgun) was the practical ruler of Japan for most of the time from 1192 to the Meiji Era beginning in 1868. ... This wooden Kongorikishi statue was created during the Kamakura shogunate during 14th century Japan. ... Minamoto (源) was an honorary surname bestowed by the Emperors of Japan of the Heian Period to their sons and grandsons after accepting them as royal subjects. ... Crowds of visitors in Kamakura (Tsurugaoka Hachiman Shrine) Kamakura (Japanese: 鎌倉市; -shi) is a city located in Kanagawa, Japan, about 50 km south-south-west of Tokyo (to which it is linked by the railway line to Yokosuka). ... This page is about the Japanese ruler and military rank. ... Minamoto no Yoritomo (Japanese: 源頼朝) (May 9, 1147 – February 9, 1199) was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan, who ruled from 1192 until 1199. ... Hōjō Masako Hōjō Masako ( 北条 政子) (1156-1225) was the eldest child and eldest daughter of Hōjō Tokimasa by his wife Hōjō no Maki, the first shikken, or regent, of the Kamakura shogunate. ... Minamoto no Yoriie 源頼家 (September 11, 1182 – August 14, 1204) was the second shogun (1202 – 1203) of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. ...


After the death of his father Yoritomo in 1199, Sanetomo's grandfather Hojo Tokimasa usurped all political and military power of the shogunate, relegating the position and title of Seii Taishogun, or shogun, to a mere figurehead. Through hereditary succession, Sanetomo's older brother Yoriie became Seii Taishogun in 1202, to only be stripped of the title a year later and put under house arrest for plotting against the Hojo clan. Shortly thereafter in 1203, Sanetomo became head of the Minamoto clan and was appointed Seii Taishogun. In the next year, 1204, Yoriie was assassinated by the Hojo. Santetomo was never anything more than a puppet for his mother Hojo Masako, who used him as a pawn in her war with Tokimasa- Tokimasa would try to depose his grandson a number of times, beginning in 1205, causing Sanetomo to fear for his life the rest of his days. Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Hojo Tokimasa as portrayed in the 2005 NHK Taiga Drama, Yoshitsune Hojo Tokimasa (北條 時政, Hojo Tokimasa, 1138-1215) was the first Hojo shikken (regent) of the Kamakura bakufu and head of the Hojo clan. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... The Hojo clan (北条氏) in History of Japan is a family of regents of the Kamakura Shogunate. ... // Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ...


Sanetomo, understanding his own powerlessness in comparison to the Hojo and not wanting to meet the same fate as his brother, put all of his time and energy into writing poetry and gaining posts within the powerless but honorary imperial court. Sanetomo was a talented poet, writing over 700 poems between the ages of 17 and 22 while being tutored by Fujiwara no Teika, even having one of his tanka included in the anthology Ogura Hyakunin Isshu (100 Poems by 100 Poets), a noted collection of Japanese poems of the Heian and early Kamakura periods. Sanetomo also achieved the third highest post of the imperial court, Minister of the Right (Udaijin), a type of Vice-Minister, in 1218. Eventually, he lapsed into inactivity and despair, plagued by fear of assassination and tormented by his chronic alcoholism (an addiction which Priest Eisai once tried to break by replacing alcohol with tea). Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create) is traditionally a written art form (although there is also an ancient and modern poetry which relies mainly upon oral or pictorial representations) in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... Monument to Fujiwara no Teika, Ogura, Kyoto Fujiwara no Teika or Sadaie (藤原定家: 1162–September 26, 1241) was a Japanese waka poet, critic, carigrapher, scribe and scholar of the late Heian and early Kamakura periods. ... See Waka (disambiguation) for other usages. ... Monument commemorating 700th anniversary of Teikas death The Hyakunin Isshu (百人一首) is an anthology of waka poems. ... The Heian period (Japanese: 平安時代, Heian-jidai) is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. ... // Events Damietta is besieged by the knights of the Fifth Crusade. ... Tea leaves in a teacup. ...


Sanetomo was assassinated on New Year's Day 1219 by his nephew Kugyo Minamoto (1200-1219) - son of the second Kamakura shogun Yoriie, at the steps of Tsurugaoka Hachiman Shrine in Kamakura, where his nephew served as the chief priest. With his assassination, the Seiwa Genji line of Minamoto came to an end. View down the stairs at Tsurugaoka Hachiman Shrine Tsurugaoka is a shrine in the city of Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. ... The Seiwa Genji (清和源氏) were the most successful and powerful of the many branch families of the Minamoto clan. ...


Minamoto no Sanetomo was succeeded by Kujo Yoritsune as fourth shogun of the Kamakura shogunate. Kujo Yoritsune (九条 頼経 Kujō Yoritsune) (Feburary 12, 1218– September 1, 1256) was the fourth shogun (r. ...

Preceded by:
Minamoto no Yoriie
Kamakura Shogun
1203-1219
Succeeded by:
Kujo Yoritsune

 
 

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