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Encyclopedia > Millennium Development Goals

The Millenium Development Goals The Millennium Development Goals are eight goals that 192 United Nations member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015. An estimate made by the UNICEF, WHO and the World Bank tell that 2.4 millions child deaths can be prevented for 800$ US each (1.92 billion $ US).[1] The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... A map of UN member states and their dependent territories as recognized by the UN. Regions excluded: Antarctica (regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System), Vatican City (the Holy See is a UN observer), the Palestinian territories (Palestine, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, is a UN observer), and Western Sahara... 2015 (MMXV) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Goals

The United Nations Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000, commits the states to: The Millennium Declaration is a United Nations resolution, adopted at the 8th plenary meeting on September 8, 2000, with nine major development goals. ...

  1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    • Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than one U.S. dollar a day.
    • Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
    • Increase the amount of food for those who suffer from hunger.
  2. Achieve universal primary education
    • Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.
    • Increased enrollment must be accompanied by efforts to ensure that all children remain in school and receive a high-quality education
  3. Promote gender equality and empower women
    • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.
  4. Reduce child mortality
  5. Improve maternal health
  6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
    • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
    • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
  7. Ensure environmental sustainability
    • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources.
    • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water (for more information see the entry on water supply).
    • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020.
  8. Develop a global partnership for development
    • Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory. Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction—nationally and internationally.
    • Address the least developed countries’ special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction.
    • Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States.
    • Deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term.
    • In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth.
    • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.

Extreme poverty is the most severe state of poverty, where people cannot meet basic needs for survival, such as food, water, clothing, shelter, sanitation, education and health care. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Crude death rate by country Mortality rate is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in some population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit time. ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease that is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. ... Sustainable development is defined by its proponents as balancing the fulfillment of human needs with the protection of the natural environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but in the indefinite future. ... A water supply system provides water to the locations that need it. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... Debt relief is the partial or total forgiveness of debt, or the slowing or stopping of debt growth, owed by individuals, corporations, or nations. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Development aid. ... Essential medicines, as defined by the World Health Organization are those drugs that satisfy the health care needs of the majority of the population; they should therefore be available at all times in adequate amounts and in appropriate dosage forms, at a price the community can afford. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ...

References

  1. ^ Report by Kul C. Gautam, Deputy Executive Director, UNICEF

See also

The International Finance Facility (IFF) is a proposal by HM Treasury and Department for International Development of the United Kingdom. ... UN headquarters in New York City The 2005 World Summit, 14–16 September 2005, was a follow-up summit meeting to the United Nations 2000 Millennium Summit, which led to the Millennium Declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). ... The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis & Malaria was established in 2002 to dramatically upscale global financing of interventions against the three pandemics. ... Global Goods Partners is a social enterprise dedicated to alleviating poverty and promoting social justice by strengthening women-led development initiatives for marginalized communities in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. ... Economic development is a sustainable increase in living standards that implies increased per capita income, better education and health as well as environmental protection. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy one of the guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia on one of the following topics: If you are familiar with the subject matter, please expand the article to establish its notability, citing reliable sources. ... OECD Statistics on Public Foreign Aid by country Development aid (also development assistance, international aid, overseas aid or foreign aid) is aid given by developed countries to support economic development in developing countries. ... The Millennium Project is an initiative that focuses on research implementing the organizational means, operational priorities, and financing structures necessary to achieve the Millennium Development Goals or (MDGs). ... Millennium Promise is a non-profit organization dedicated to ending extreme poverty by 2025. ... HungryKids Logo HungryKids aka HungryKids. ... The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time (ISBN 1-59420-045-9) is a 2005 book by American economist Jeffrey Sachs, with a foreword by U2 frontman and humanitarian Bono. ... The arms of the Episcopal Church are based on the St Georges Cross, a symbol of England (mother of world Anglicanism), with a saltire reminiscent of the Cross of St Andrew in the canton in reference to the historical origins of the American episcopate in the Scottish Episcopal Church. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Millennium Development Goals (592 words)
The Millennium Development Goals, which range from halving extreme poverty to putting all children into primary school and stemming the spread of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, all by 2015, have become globally accepted benchmarks of broader progress, embraced by donors, developing countries, civil society and major development institutions alike.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a set of goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges.
Millennium Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations and signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the Millennium Summit in September 2000.
Welcome to the People Speak (644 words)
The MDGs were derived from the Millennium Declaration that 189 leaders unanimously adopted at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000.
The MDGs offer, for the first time, a program of action in which each and every country has roles and responsibilities, and whose progress can be and is being tracked to reach the deadline of 2015.
Above all, developing and developed countries will need to work together, with the realization that our fortunes and fates are tied together.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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