FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Military unit

A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. It may consist of any number of soldiers, ships, vehicles, or aircraft. Armies, navies, and air forces, are organised hierarchically into groups of various sizes for functional, tactical and administrative purposes. Armed forces are the military forces of a state. ... A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment (such as a uniform and weapon) to defend that country or its interests. ...


Technically, a unit is a homogeneous military organisation, such as a battalion (infantry), or regiment (cavalry), and its administrative and command functions are considered to be at the unit level. Smaller organisations (companies, platoons, sections), are minor units, as opposed to battalions and regiments, which are major units.


Larger military organisations (brigades and higher) are formations. A formation is a collection of separate units, each with their own command structures. This article is about the military unit. ...


The specific composition of a military organisation is sometimes called an "Order of Battle" or Orbat for short. An order of battle (often abbreviated as ORBAT, OOB, or OB) is an organizational tool used by military intelligence to list and analyze enemy military units. ...


Hierarchy of military organization

This article gives an overview of some of the terms used to describe military units in armed forces across the world. Whilst it is recognized that there will be differences between armies of different nations, it seems that a large proportion are modelled on the British and/or American models. Readers interested in the detailed specifics of a national army (including the British and American) should consult the relevant entry for that country.

Symbol Name No. of personnel No. of subordinate units Officer in command
XXXXXX region or theatre many 2+ army groups general or field marshal
XXXXX army group many 2+ armies general or field marshal
XXXX army or Red Army front 50-60,000+ 2+ corps general or field marshal
XXX corps or Red Army army 30,000+ 2+ divisions lieutenant general
XX division 10,000–20,000 2-4 brigades or regiments major general
X brigade 2000–5000 2+ regiments or 3–6
battalions or Commonwealth regiments
brigadier general, brigadier or colonel or major general
III regiment or group 2000–3000 3–4 battalions colonel
II battalion or Commonwealth regiment 300–1000 2–6 companies or squadrons lieutenant colonel
I company or squadron 60–250 2–6 platoons or troops captain or major
••• platoon or troop 30–40 2+ squads or sections first or second lieutenant
•• section or patrol 8–12 2+ fireteams corporal to staff sergeant
squad or crew 8–12 2+ fireteams corporal to staff sergeant
Ø fireteam 4–5 n/a lance corporal to sergeant
Ø fire and maneuver team 2 n/a any


Rungs may be skipped in this ladder: for example, in the UK the battalion can be a regiment-sized formation, though in some arms, such as the infantry, it is a purely administrative grouping of battalions. Likewise, only large military powers may have organizations at the top levels (for example, today, Canada's largest organization is at the division level). Theater in military terms, is a geographic location used for military operations. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... An army-group is a military organization (formation) consisting of several armies, and is supposed to be self-sufficient for indefinite periods. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Army (from French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... A corps (a word that immigrated from the French language, pronounced IPA: , but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body; plural same as singular) is either a large military unit or formation, an administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery or signals... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Brigade is a term from military science which refers to a group of several battalions (typically two to four), and directly attached supporting units (normally including at least an artillery battery and additional logistic support). ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Brigadier is a rank in the British Army, Royal Marines, Australian Army, New Zealand Army, and several other armies, ranking above Colonel and immediately below Major-General. ... Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... A regiment is a military unit, larger than a company and smaller than a division. ... Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO code In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... A regiment is a military unit, larger than a company and smaller than a division. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... // US Army In the United States military, infantry companies are usually made up of three rifle platoons and a heavy weapons platoon; tank companies are usually made up of three tank platoons and a command element. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Major is a military rank denoting an officer of mid-level command status. ... Platoon is a term from military science. ... A troop is a military unit, originally a small force of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron and headed by the troop leader. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... A section is an infantry unit in the British Army consisting of eight soldiers, including a Corporal as section commander, a Lance-Corporal as second-in-command, and six privates. ... In military tactics, to patrol, or conduct a patrol, is to conduct reconnaissance of a designated area or route. ... Corporal is a rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Code OR-4) in use by several militaries, police forces or other uniformed organizations around the world. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ... A squad is a small military unit subordinate to an infantry platoon. ... A crew comprises a body or a class of people who work at a common activity, generally in a structured or hierarchical organization. ... Corporal is a rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Code OR-4) in use by several militaries, police forces or other uniformed organizations around the world. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ... A fireteam is a small military unit of infantry. ... Lance Corporal (LCpl or L/Cpl) is a military rank used by some elements of the British, Commonwealth, and U.S. armed forces. ... This article is about the rank of sergeant. ... A fire team of a usually pertaining to a squad. ...


Army, army group and theatre are all large formations which vary significantly between armed forces in size and hierarchy position. Army (from French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... An army-group is a military organization (formation) consisting of several armies, and is supposed to be self-sufficient for indefinite periods. ... Theater in military terms, is a geographic location used for military operations. ...


Different arms and countries may also use traditional names, creating considerable confusion: for example, a British or Canadian armoured regiment (battalion) is divided into squadrons (companies) and troops (platoons), whereas an American cavalry squadron (battalion) is divided into troops (companies) and platoons. A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... A troop is a military unit, originally a small force of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron and headed by the troop leader. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Company (military unit) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (837 words)
In the United States military, infantry companies are usually made up of three rifle platoons and a heavy weapons platoon; tank companies are usually made up of three tank platoons and a command element.
Company-sized units usually consist of four to six platoons, (each commanded by a Lieutenant) Although there are examples of Combat Service and Combat Service Support companies that have seven or more platoons.
There are some special units that have platoons commanded by Captains, such as some aviation platoons and many special forces units.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m