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Encyclopedia > Military production during World War II
During World War II women worked in factories throughout much of the Western and Eastern United States.
During World War II women worked in factories throughout much of the Western and Eastern United States.
US propaganda during World War II, urging citizens to increase production.

Military production during World War II was a critical component to military performance during the war. Over the course of the war the Allied countries outproduced the Axis countries in most categories of weapons. Download high resolution version (957x742, 131 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: World War II Rosie the Riveter Categories: U.S. history images ... Download high resolution version (957x742, 131 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: World War II Rosie the Riveter Categories: U.S. history images ... This picture is saying help stop a powerful monster by putting your life on the line to save our country. ... This picture is saying help stop a powerful monster by putting your life on the line to save our country. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Axis powers. ...

Contents

GDP - Gross domestic product

This chart shows the relationship in GDP between the Allied and the Axis during 1938-1945.
This chart shows the relationship in GDP between the Allied and the Axis during 1938-1945.

This table shows the relationships in GDP (Gross domestic product) between a selection of Allied and Axis countries, from 1938 to 1945, counted in billion international dollars and 1990 prices. This article is about GDP in the context of economics. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x630, 20 KB) Summary This table shows the relationship in GDP (Gross Domestic Product) between the Allies and the Axis, from 1938 to 1945, counted in international dollars and 1990 prices. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x630, 20 KB) Summary This table shows the relationship in GDP (Gross Domestic Product) between the Allies and the Axis, from 1938 to 1945, counted in international dollars and 1990 prices. ... This article is about GDP in the context of economics. ...

Country 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Austria 24 27 27 29 27 28 29 12
France[1] 186 199 164 130 116 110 93 101
Germany 351 384 387 412 417 426 437 310
Italy[2] 141 151 147 144 145 137 117 92
Japan[3] 169 184 192 196 197 194 189 144
Soviet Union[4] 359 366 417 359 274 305 362 343
UK 284 287 316 344 353 361 346 331
USA[5] 800 869 943 1 094 1 235 1 399 1 499 1 474
Allied Total:[6] 1 629 1 600 1 331 1 596 1 862 2 065 2 363 2 341
Axis Total:[7] 685 746 845 911 902 895 826 466
Allied/Axis GDP:[8] 2.38 2.15 1.58 1.75 2.06 2.31 2.86 5.02

Notes on the table (remember that the distribution values are rough estimates): This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  1. ^  France-Axis distribution: 1940: 56%, 1941-43: 100%, 1944: 58%.
  2. ^  Italy distribution: 1938-1943: 100% Axis, 1944-1945: 100% Allies
  3. ^  Japanese values are included in Axis totals for all years in order to illustrate potential contribution
  4. ^  Soviet Union-Allies distribution: 1939: Only 67% due to the pact with Germany, but none to Axis. During 1940 Soviet Union is not counted at all. 1941: 44% is distributed to the Allies (after Operation Barbarossa), 1942-1945: 100%.
  5. ^  US values are included in Allied totals for all years in order to illustrate potential contribution & Lend-Lease
  6. ^  The Allied total is not the immediate sum of the table values; see the distribution rules used above.
  7. ^  The Axis total is not the immediate sum of the table values; see the distribution rules used above.
  8. ^  Allied/Axis GDP: This row shows the relation in GDP between the Allies and the Axis; i.e. 2.00 means the Allied production was 2 times larger than the Axis. Please note that only a selection of countries are included in the table. The distribution of values into alliances is described in the previous notes.

Table data source: Harrison, Mark, "The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison", Cambridge University Press (1998). The Lend-Lease program was a program of the United States during World War II that allowed the United States to provide the Allied Powers with war material without becoming directly involved in the war. ...


Summary of production

 System Allies Axis Tanks and SP guns 227,235 52,345 Artillery 914,682 180,141 Mortars 657,318 100,000+ Machineguns 4,744,484 1,058,863 Military trucks 3,060,354 594,859 Military aircraft total 633,072 278,795 Fighter aircraft 212,459 90,684 Attack aircraft 37,549 12,539 Bomber aircraft 153,615 35,415 Reconnaissance aircraft 7,885 13,033 Transport aircraft 43,045 5,657 Training aircraft 93,578 28,516 Aircraft carriers 155 16 Battleships 13 7 Cruisers 82 15 Destroyers 814 86 Convoy escorts 1,102 - Submarines 422 1,337 Merchant shipping tonnage 33,993,230 5,000,000+ 

Production by country

Vehicles and ground weapons

Tanks and self-propelled guns

  1. Soviet Union = 105,251 (92,595)
  2. United States = 88,410 (71,067)
  3. Germany = 46,857 (37,794)
  4. United Kingdom = 27,896
  5. Canada = 5,678
  6. Japan = 2,515
  7. Italy = 2,473
  8. Hungary = 500

Note: Number in parenthesis equals the number of tanks and self-propelled guns equipped with main weapons of 75 mm calibre or larger. Smaller producing countries do not have this differentiation. Image File history File links T34_1. ... Image File history File links T34_1. ... Soviet redirects here. ... The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank first produced in 1940. ...


Artillery

Artillery includes anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons with calibres above 37 mm. American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... Anti-tank, or simply AT, refers to any method of combating military armored fighting vehicles, notably tanks. ...

  1. Soviet Union = 516,648
  2. United States = 257,390
  3. Germany = 159,147
  4. United Kingdom = 124,877
  5. Japan = 13,350
  6. Canada = 10,552
  7. Italy = 7,200
  8. Other Commonwealth = 5,215
  9. Hungary = 447

Mortars (over 60 mm)

  1. Soviet Union = 200,300
  2. United States = 105,054
  3. United Kingdom = 102,950
  4. Germany = 73,484
  5. Commonwealth = 46,014

US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ...

Machineguns

Machineguns do not include sub-machineguns, or machine guns used for arming aircraft.

  1. United States = 2,679,840
  2. Soviet Union = 1,477,400
  3. Germany = 674,280
  4. Japan = 380,000
  5. United Kingdom = 297,336
  6. Canada = 251,925
  7. Other Commonwealth = 37,983
  8. Hungary = 4,583

Military trucks

  1. United States = 2,382,311
  2. Canada = 815,729
  3. United Kingdom = 480,943
  4. Germany = 345,914
  5. Soviet Union = 197,100
  6. Japan = 165,945
  7. Italy = 83,000

This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Panzer III is the common name of a medium tank that was developed in the 1930s by Nazi Germany and used extensively in World War II. The official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen III (abbreviated PzKpfw III). ...

Aircraft

Military aircraft of all types

  1. United States = 324,750
  2. Germany = 189,307
  3. Soviet Union = 157,261
  4. United Kingdom = 131,549
  5. Japan = 76,320
  6. Canada = 16,431
  7. Italy = 11,122
  8. Other Commonwealth = 3,081
  9. Hungary = 1,046
  10. Romania = 1,000

Fighter aircraft

  1. United States = 99,950
  2. Soviet Union = 63,087
  3. Germany = 55,727
  4. United Kingdom = 49,422
  5. Japan = 30,447
  6. Italy = 4,510

Attack aircraft

  1. Soviet Union = 37,549
  2. Germany = 12,539

Bomber aircraft

American Boeing B-17
  1. United States = 97,810
  2. United Kingdom = 34,689
  3. Soviet Union = 21,116
  4. Germany = 18,235
  5. Japan = 15,117
  6. Italy = 2,063

Big Yank, Boeing B-17. ... Big Yank, Boeing B-17. ... A B_17 nicknamed Sally B in England in 2001 The B_17 Flying Fortress was the first mass_produced, four_engine heavy bomber. ...

Reconnaissance aircraft

  1. Germany = 6,299
  2. Japan = 5,654
  3. United Kingdom = 3,967
  4. United States = 3,918
  5. Italy = 1,080

Transport aircraft

  1. United States = 23,929
  2. Soviet Union = 17,332
  3. Germany = 3,079
  4. Japan = 2,110
  5. United Kingdom = 1,784[1]
  6. Italy = 468

Training aircraft

  1. United States = 57,623
  2. United Kingdom = 31,864
  3. Japan = 15,201
  4. Germany = 11,546
  5. Soviet Union = 4,061
  6. Italy = 1,769

Naval ships

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (740x605, 121 KB) USS Intrepid (CV-11) operating in the Philippine Sea in November 1944. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (740x605, 121 KB) USS Intrepid (CV-11) operating in the Philippine Sea in November 1944. ... Essex was a class of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy, which constituted the 20th centurys most numerous class of heavy warships, with 24 ships built. ...

Aircraft carriers

  1. United States = 22 (141)
  2. Japan = 16
  3. United Kingdom = 14
  4. Germany = 0 None completed by the end of the war. One was in production , see German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin .
  5. Italy = 0 None completed by the end of the war. One was in production , see Italian aircraft carrier Aquila .

Figure in parentheses indicates merchant vessels converted to Escort carriers. Graf Zeppelin was an aircraft carrier of the Kriegsmarine, named like the famous airship in honour of Graf (Count) Ferdinand von Zeppelin. ... Aquila (Italian for Eagle) was an Italian aircraft carrier designed and built during the World War II. It was a modification of the liner Roma. ... The escort aircraft carrier or escort carrier, was a small aircraft carrier developed by the U.S. Navy in the early part of World War II to deal with the U-boat crisis of the Battle of the Atlantic. ...


Battleships

  1. United States = 8
  2. United Kingdom = 5
  3. Italy = 3
  4. Japan = 2
  5. Germany = 2

Cruisers

  1. United States = 48
  2. United Kingdom = 32
  3. Japan = 9
  4. Italy = 6
  5. Soviet Union = 2

Destroyers

  1. United States = 349
  2. United Kingdom = 240
  3. Japan = 63
  4. Soviet Union = 25
  5. Germany = 17
  6. Italy = 6

Convoy escorts

  1. United States = 498
  2. United Kingdom = 413
  3. Canada = 191
  4. Germany = 23

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (889x626, 119 KB) Summary This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (889x626, 119 KB) Summary This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. ... The United States Navy commissioned 175 Fletcher-class destroyers between 1942 and 1944. ...

Submarines

  1. Germany = 1,337
  2. United States = 422[citation needed]
  3. Japan = 167
  4. United Kingdom = 167
  5. Soviet Union = 52
  6. Italy = 28

Merchant tonnage

  1. United States = 33,993,230
  2. United Kingdom = 6,378,899
  3. Japan = 4,152,361
  4. Commonwealth = 2,702,943
  5. Italy = 469,606

Materials

Coal

In millions of metric tons

  1. Germany = 2,420.3
  2. United States = 2,149.7
  3. United Kingdom = 1,441.2
  4. Soviet Union = 590.8
  5. Japan = 184.5
  6. Canada = 101.9
  7. Italy = 16.9
  8. Hungary = 6.6
  9. Romania = 1.6

Iron Ore

In millions of metric tons

  1. United States = 396.9
  2. Germany = 240.7
  3. United Kingdom = 119.3
  4. Soviet Union = 71.3
  5. Japan = 21.0
  6. Hungary = 14.1
  7. Romania = 10.8
  8. Italy = 4.4
  9. Canada = 3.6
See also: Swedish iron ore during World War II

The Swedish iron ore was important to the German war effort during World War two, as Germany had an inadequate domestic supply, and other sources were cut off by the British sea blockade. ...

Crude Oil

In millions of metric tonnes A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ...

  1. United States = 833.2
  2. Soviet Union = 110.6
  3. United Kingdom = 90.8
  4. Germany = 33.4 (including 23.4 synthetic)
  5. Romania = 25.0
  6. Canada = 8.4
  7. Japan = 5.2
  8. Hungary = 3.2

References

  1. ^ By agreement, the UK drew most of its transport aircraft, excepting converted bombers, from the US allowing it to concentrate on production of bombers
  • GDP values: Harrison, Mark, "The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison", Cambridge University Press (1998).
  • Milward, Alan S., "War, economy, and society, 1939-1945", University of California Press (1979).
  • Overy, Richard, "Why the Allies Won (Paperback)", W. W. Norton & Company; Reprint edition (1997).
  • Barnett, Correlli, "The audit of war : the illusion & reality of Britain as a great nation", Macmillan, (1986).

See also

Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This page details tank production by the United States of America during World War II. Light tanks Stuart series The USA began 1940 with the M1 and M2 Combat Cars (later designated M1 Light Tank). ... This article lists German AFV production during World War II. Where figures for production in 1939 are given, they refer to September 1939 onwards; that is, they only count wartime production. ... This article lists Soviet tank production during World War II. Light tanks The SU-76 was a 76 mm gun mounted on a lengthened version of the T-70 chassis. ... World War II aircraft production by country and year. ... Categories: World War II American equipment ... Italian aircraft production 1935 to 1945. ... J. Howard Millers We Can Do It! - Many women first found economic strength in World War II-era manufacturing jobs. ...

External links


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