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Encyclopedia > Military officer

In Military (from Latin militarius, miles soldier) as an adjective describes anything related to soldiers and warfare, more specifically to do with land forces, the sea forces equivalent being naval. Used as a noun, it is equivalent to Armed force. See also Armed force Martial art Militaria Military history Military rule... military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region or group of people, such as a nation or a tribe. Sovereignty is generally vested in a government or other political agency, though there are cases where it is held by an individual. A monarch who rules... sovereign power, and as such holds a In law a commission is a patent which allows a person to take possession of a state office and carry out official acts and duties. Although the term commissioned officer is a military term, civilian officers of the government such as judges, justices of the peace, marshals, and cabinet ministers... commission from that power. Commissioned officers are authorized to use Deadly force is that level of force which is inherently likely to cause death or great bodily injury. Firearms, blades and explosives are among those weapons the use of which is considered deadly force. Use of deadly force is often granted to police forces when the person or persons in... deadly force to carry out the lawful orders of their A government is an Alternative meaning: Organisation (band). An organization (also organisation in many Commonwealth countries) is a formal group of people with one or more shared goals. This topic is a broad one. According to management science, most human organizations fall roughly into five types: Pyramids or hierarchies Committees... government, either directly or through orders to enlisted personnel.


Commissioned officers usually study military science at a college, university or military academy and intend to make a career in the military. In contrast, non-commissioned tend to receive much less training and education before they are put to work and often leave the military after the end of their initial term of commitment. In many countries in the past (and in some still today) most non-commissioned personnel were Conscription A conscription crisis is a public dispute about a policy of conscription, or mandatory service in the military. Also known as a draft, a dispute can become a crisis when submission to military service becomes highly controversial and popular revolt ensues. From the point of view of military officials... conscripts, whereas most officers were volunteers.


Officers and enlisted personnel are highly segregated: for example, they typically eat their meals and spend their off-duty time in separate facilities.


There is sometimes a third grade of personnel, small in number, called A warrant officer (WO) or a chief warrant officer (CWO) is a member of a military organization, with a rank subordinate to other commissioned officers and senior to noncommissioned officers. The warrant officer corps began in the 13th century in the nascent British Royal Navy. At that time, nobles assumed... warrant officers. Some warrant officers are commissioned though.


Having officers is one requirement for A combatant (also referred to as an enemy combatant) is a soldier or guerrilla member who is waging war. Under the Geneva Conventions, persons waging war must have the following four characteristics to be protected by the laws of war: In uniform: Wear distinctive clothing making them recognizable as soldiers... combatant status under the The laws of war (Jus in bello) define the conduct and responsibilities of belligerent nations, neutral nations and individuals engaged in warfare, in relation to each other and to protected persons, usually meaning civilians. Contents // 1 Sources of the laws of war 2 Purposes of the laws 3 Conduct of... laws of war, though these officers need not be commissioned.


In the This article is on the country in North America. For other uses, see United States may refer to: The United States of America, a country in North America. The SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. The USS United States, a never-built aircraft carrier. The United Mexican... United States, there are some uniformed commissioned officers who are not members of the United States armed forces Military manpower Military age 18 years of age Availability males & females ages 15-49: 73,597,731 (2004 est.) Reaching military age annually males/females: 2,124,164 (2004 est.) Military expenditures Dollar figure $400 billion (FY2005 est.) Percent of GDP 2.7% (FY2005 est... military. See Uniformed services of the United States : The United States has seven uniformed services. These are broken down into five military services (armed forces) and two services which are considered uniformed but are not military. Military services United States Army United States Navy United States Marine Corps United States Air... uniformed services of the United States, The NOAA Corps is the smallest of the seven Uniformed Services of the United States, having only approximately 300 commissioned officers. It is the uniformed service of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The NOAA Commissioned Corps traces its roots back to the former U.S. Coast and Geodetic... NOAA Corps, and The United States Public Health Service was founded first by President John Adams as a loose network of hospitals to support the health of American seamen. It is the uniformed service of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Members of the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps wear... United States Public Health Service.

Contents

British and American commissioned officer ranks

Many of the militaries of the world base their officer ranks upon the officer ranks of the British and American militaries. Officer ranks are typically differently titled but equivalent in rank between the army and navy. For more information, see The military rank system is a means of categorizing the hierarchy of an armed force. This list compares the military ranks of various countries and organizations as currently in use. Contents // 1 Officer Ranks 1.1 British, US, and Canadian officer ranks 2 Enlisted ranks 2.1 US enlisted ranks... Comparative military ranks.


British Commissioned Officer Ranks

Army/Royal Marines

  • Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. In the United States Army, the rank bore no insignia until 1917 when a gold bar was introduced to contrast with the silver bar of a First Lieutenant. As a result those in the rank have often been referred... Second Lieutenant
  • A Lieutenant is a military or paramilitary officer. The word lieutenant derives from French; the lieu meaning place as in a position or territory; and tenant meaning holding as in holding a position. The British monarchs representative in Ireland and in the counties of the United Kingdom was/is... Lieutenant
  • Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. The word came to English via French from the Latin capitaneus (chief) which is itself derived from the Latin word for head (caput). The term has different meanings both at sea and in the military. Confusion between the three types... Captain
  • For non-military meanings, see major (disambiguation). Insignia of a United States Air Force Major In the US Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and the British Army, a major is a commissioned officer superior to a captain and inferior to a lieutenant colonel. The equivalent rank in the US Navy... Major
  • In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. In the U.S. Navy, the rank of lieutenant colonel is comparable to the rank of commander. The insignia for all four positions is... Lieutenant-Colonel
  • A Colonel is also a non-military honorary title awarded by some The U.S. South Location in the U.S. Population: 99,664,761 Total Area: 2,384,143 km² Largest City (proper): Houston, Texas 2,009,834 Highest Elevation: Guadalupe Peak 2,667 m Lowest Elevation: New Orleans... Colonel
  • Brigadier is a rank in the British military, Australian Army, New Zealand Army and several other Commonwealth armies ranking above Colonel and immediately below Major General . It was introduced in 1928 to replace the rank of Colonel Commandant that had briefly replaced the rank of Brigadier General in 1922. A... Brigadier
  • Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. It is derieved from the older rank of Sergeant Major General. A major general is a high-ranking officer subordinate to a full General. In the United States... Major-General
  • Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. A Lieutenant General ranks immediately below a General and above a Major General. In three branches of the United States military—the Army, Marines and Air Force—a Lieutenant General is a three-star general, named for the... Lieutenant-General
  • General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. The title is used by land and sometimes air forces. In the navies of the world, the equivalent rank is Admiral. Its equivalent rank in the Royal Air Force... General
  • Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. A Marshal or Field Marshal (sometimes incorrectly spelled Marshall) (French: mar chal, Chinese: shuai (Chinese Traditional: 元帥), Dutch: Veldmaarschalk, German: Feldmarschall, Portuguese: marechal, Spanish: mariscal, Persian بز... Field Marshal

The highest rank currently held by a Royal Marines officer is Lieutenant-General, although the rank of General still exists. The position of Captain-General, which is currently held by the HRH The Duke of Edinburgh His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (Philip Mountbatten), styled HRH The Duke of Edinburgh (born June 10, 1921), is the consort of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Originally a Greek citizen, holding the titles... Duke of Edinburgh, is an office similar to that of In the British and other Commonwealth armies, the Colonel-in-Chief of a regiment is its (usually Royal) patron. This position is distinct from that of Colonel of the Regiment. In Britain, the only non-Royal Colonel-in-Chief is the Duke of Wellington, Colonel-in-Chief of the Duke... Colonel-in-Chief, and is not a rank, although the insignia is that of a Field Marshal.


Royal Air Force

  • A Pilot Officers sleeve/shoulder insignia Pilot Officer is the lowest commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries, ranking only above Acting Pilot Officer and Officer Cadet. It ranks immediately below Flying Officer It has a NATO ranking code of... Pilot Officer
  • Flying Officer is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. It ranks above Pilot Officer and immediately below Flight Lieutenant. It has a NATO ranking code of OF-1 and is equivalent to a Lieutenant in the British Army... Flying Officer
  • Flight Lieutenant (pronounced as flight lef-tenant, see Lieutenant) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries. It ranks above Flying Officer and immediately below Squadron Leader It has a NATO ranking code of OF-2, and is equivalent to... Flight Lieutenant
  • A Squadron Leaders sleeve/shoulder insignia Squadron Leader is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. It ranks above Flight Lieutenant and immediately below Wing Commander. It has a NATO ranking code of OF-3, and is equivalent... Squadron Leader
  • Wing Commander (rank) is a rank in the Royal Air Force, equivalent to a Lieutenant Colonel in most Armies, the Royal Marines and the United States Marine Corps. Wing Commander (computer game) is a popular video game from the early to mid 1990s, the most recent being Wing Commander: Secret... Wing Commander
  • Group Captain is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. It ranks above Wing Commander and immediately below Air Commodore It has a NATO ranking code of OF-5, and is equivalent to a Captain in the Royal Navy... Group Captain
  • Air Commodore is the fourth most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the deactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. It ranks above Group Captain and immediately below Air Vice Marshal. It has... Air Commodore
  • An Air Vice Marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Vice Marshal is the third most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. It ranks above Air... Air Vice-Marshal
  • This article is about the Royal Air Force rank. Air Marshal is also the term given to the air police who travel undercover aboard commercial airliners. Air Marshal is the second most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air... Air Marshal
  • Air Chief Marshal is the most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. It ranks above Air Marshal. It has a NATO ranking code of OF... Air Chief Marshal
  • Marshal of the RAF sleeve/shoulder insignia Marshal of the Royal Air Force was the highest rank in the Royal Air Force. In peacetime it was held only by the Chief of the Defence Staff on active duty, and by retired chiefs of staff of the RAF, who were promoted... Marshal of the Royal Air Force

Royal Navy

  • A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. He or she leads a group of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel in duties in weapons, engineering, and naval specialities. The time for promotion to Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is two years after commissioning. Their Army, Air... Sub-Lieutenant
  • A Lieutenant is a military or paramilitary officer. The word lieutenant derives from French; the lieu meaning place as in a position or territory; and tenant meaning holding as in holding a position. The British monarchs representative in Ireland and in the counties of the United Kingdom was/is... Lieutenant
  • In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. The corresponding rank in the British Army, Royal Marines, United States Army, United States... Lieutenant-Commander
  • Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. It is below Captain and above Lieutenant-Commander. The rank evolved in the 18th and early 19th centuries and was originally known as was Master and Commander. A commander in the Royal Navy... Commander
  • Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. The word came to English via French from the Latin capitaneus (chief) which is itself derived from the Latin word for head (caput). The term has different meanings both at sea and in the military. Confusion between the three types... Captain
  • The military rank of commodore is used in some navies for officers who command more than one ship, but are not senior enough to be made admirals. Commodores begin the star ranks: In many navies they are known as One Star officers. (Admirals rank upwards with more stars.) Commodore derives... Commodore
  • The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. Each Naval Squadron would be assigned an Admiral as its head, who would command from the center vessel and direct the activities of the squadron. The Admiral would... Rear-Admiral
  • Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. In the United States Navy, Vice Admirals generally command the numbered fleets around the world that make up the naval components of each of the regional unified commands. Of the five numbered fleets, four... Vice-Admiral
  • The word admiral comes from the Arabic term amir-al-bahr meaning commander of the seas. Crusaders learned the term during their encounters with the Arabs, perhaps as early as the 11th century. The Sicilians and later Genoese took the first two parts of the term and used them as... Admiral
  • Royal Navy Insignia Admiral of the Fleet is a rank of the British Royal Navy and is the most senior Admiral of the naval service, the equivalent to a Fleet Admiral. The rank evolved from the ancient sailing days of British Navy Squadrons. Each British Squadron was designated a colour... Admiral of the Fleet

US commissioned officer ranks

Army / Air Force / Marine Corps

  • Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. In the United States Army, the rank bore no insignia until 1917 when a gold bar was introduced to contrast with the silver bar of a First Lieutenant. As a result those in the rank have often been referred... Second Lieutenant
  • First Lieutenant is a military rank. The rank of Lieutenant has different meanings in different military formations (see comparative military ranks), but in all cases it is common for it to be divided. In the United States Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, First Lieutenant is the second-lowest ranking... First Lieutenant
  • Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. The word came to English via French from the Latin capitaneus (chief) which is itself derived from the Latin word for head (caput). The term has different meanings both at sea and in the military. Confusion between the three types... Captain
  • For non-military meanings, see major (disambiguation). Insignia of a United States Air Force Major In the US Army, Air Force, Marine Corps and the British Army, a major is a commissioned officer superior to a captain and inferior to a lieutenant colonel. The equivalent rank in the US Navy... Major
  • In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. In the U.S. Navy, the rank of lieutenant colonel is comparable to the rank of commander. The insignia for all four positions is... Lieutenant Colonel
  • A Colonel is also a non-military honorary title awarded by some The U.S. South Location in the U.S. Population: 99,664,761 Total Area: 2,384,143 km² Largest City (proper): Houston, Texas 2,009,834 Highest Elevation: Guadalupe Peak 2,667 m Lowest Elevation: New Orleans... Colonel
  • A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. The rank is equivalent to the US Navy rank Rear Admiral (lower half), formerly and still in many other... Brigadier General
  • Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. It is derieved from the older rank of Sergeant Major General. A major general is a high-ranking officer subordinate to a full General. In the United States... Major General
  • Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. A Lieutenant General ranks immediately below a General and above a Major General. In three branches of the United States military—the Army, Marines and Air Force—a Lieutenant General is a three-star general, named for the... Lieutenant General
  • General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. The title is used by land and sometimes air forces. In the navies of the world, the equivalent rank is Admiral. Its equivalent rank in the Royal Air Force... General
  • General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is the most senior rank in the United States Army, and has been held by only a few persons in history. It is equivalent to the rank of field marshal. It is also a military rank in Russia (and the... General of the Army or In the United States Air Force, General of the Air Force is the highest rank, equivalent to a five star General. The rank has only been held by one person in history: Henry H. Arnold. USAF Insignia (Modern Design) The insignia for General of the Air Force was originally the... General of the Air Force
    • in war time only (once awarded, the officer can keep the rank in peacetime)
    • Army and Air Force rank only
  • In the United States Army military hierarchy, General of the Armies is traditionally considered a rank superior to a five-star general. The full title of the military rank is General of the Armies of the United States. The only people in history to hold the title General of the... General of the Armies of the United States
    • Army rank only

Navy / Coast Guard

  • In the military of various countries, ensign is a low rank of commissioned officer. Until 1871 the lowest grade of commissioned officers in infantry regiments of the British army had the title of ensign (now replaced by that of Second Lieutenant). It is the duty of the officers of this... Ensign
  • A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. He or she leads a group of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel in duties in weapons, engineering, and naval specialities. The time for promotion to Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is two years after commissioning. Their Army, Air... Lieutenant, junior grade
    • or simply 'j.g.'
  • A Lieutenant is a military or paramilitary officer. The word lieutenant derives from French; the lieu meaning place as in a position or territory; and tenant meaning holding as in holding a position. The British monarchs representative in Ireland and in the counties of the United Kingdom was/is... Lieutenant
  • In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. The corresponding rank in the British Army, Royal Marines, United States Army, United States... Lieutenant Commander
  • Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. It is below Captain and above Lieutenant-Commander. The rank evolved in the 18th and early 19th centuries and was originally known as was Master and Commander. A commander in the Royal Navy... Commander
  • Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. The word came to English via French from the Latin capitaneus (chief) which is itself derived from the Latin word for head (caput). The term has different meanings both at sea and in the military. Confusion between the three types... Captain
  • The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. Each Naval Squadron would be assigned an Admiral as its head, who would command from the center vessel and direct the activities of the squadron. The Admiral would... Rear Admiral (Lower Half)
  • The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. Each Naval Squadron would be assigned an Admiral as its head, who would command from the center vessel and direct the activities of the squadron. The Admiral would... Rear Admiral (Upper Half)
  • Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. In the United States Navy, Vice Admirals generally command the numbered fleets around the world that make up the naval components of each of the regional unified commands. Of the five numbered fleets, four... Vice Admiral
  • The word admiral comes from the Arabic term amir-al-bahr meaning commander of the seas. Crusaders learned the term during their encounters with the Arabs, perhaps as early as the 11th century. The Sicilians and later Genoese took the first two parts of the term and used them as... Admiral
  • A Fleet Admiral is a generic term for a senior admiral in command of a large group of ships, comprising a Fleet or, in some cases, a group of Fleets. If actually a rank (equivalent to an army Field Marshal), it has a variety of names depending on the country... Fleet Admiral
    • in war time only (once awarded, the officer can keep the rank in peacetime)
    • Naval rank only
  • Admiral of the Navy is a senior-most rank of a naval service, with its origins in the Middle Ages. A United States Admiral of the Navy is considered the equivalent of a six-star rank. In the British Royal Navy, the rank is known as Admiral of the Fleet... Admiral of the Navy
    • Naval rank only

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Department of Defense Rank Insignias - Officers Rank (222 words)
Army, Air Force and Marine Corps officers are called company grade officers in the pay grades of O-1 to O-3, field grade officers in pay grades O-4 to O-6 and general officers in pay grades O-7 and higher.
Warrant officers hold warrants from their service secretary and are specialists and experts in certain military technologies or capabilities.
They derive their authority from the same source as commissioned officers but remain specialists, in contrast to commissioned officers, who are generalists.
Officer (armed forces) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (525 words)
A non-commissioned officer is a military member holding a position of authority who has obtained it by promotion from within the enlisted ranks.
A Warrant Officer may be simply a high-ranking non-commissioned officer whose position has been affirmed by warrant from the bureaucracy directing the force, or may be a separate grade altogether, sometimes actually holding a commission (known as a "Commissioned Warrant Officer").
Officers, non-commissioned officers, and junior ranks in almost every country of the world are segregated along the lines of the Prussian system of messing, where eating facilities, accommodation, and social facilities are kept separate to ensure relations between various ranks stay strictly professional.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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