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Encyclopedia > Military of Russia
Military of Russia
Military manpower
Military age 18 years of age
Availability males age 15-49: 36 million (2003 est.)
Fit for military service males age 15-49: 24 million (2003 est.)
Reaching military age annually 1.243 million (2003 est.)
Active troops 960,600 (Ranked 5th)
Military expenditures
Dollar figure $18 billion (2005 est.)
Percent of GDP 2.75 (2000 est.)

Contents

This is a list of countries ranked in order of active troops in each nation. ...


History

Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Russians have discussed rebuilding a viable, cohesive fighting force out of the remaining parts of the former Soviet armed forces. A new Russian military doctrine, promulgated in November 1993, implicitly acknowledges the contraction of the old Soviet military into a regional military power without global imperial ambitions. In keeping with its emphasis on the threat of regional conflicts, the doctrine calls for a Russian military that is smaller, lighter, and more mobile, with a higher degree of professionalism and with greater rapid deployment capability. Such a transformation has proven difficult.


The challenge of this task has been magnified by difficult economic conditions in Russia, which have resulted in reduced defense spending. This has led to training cutbacks, wage reductions, and severe shortages of housing and other social amenities for military personnel, with a consequent lowering of morale, cohesion, and fighting effectiveness. Brutal relationships, up to widespread torture, between fresh conscripts and those who have served longer (Russian military is based on compulsory 24-month service) has led to a large number of suicides and poor discipline and morale.


Resources

The available manpower for the various branches of the Russian armed forces was estimated at 38.9 million in 2001. According to Russian reports, in FY 2002, there will be about a 40% increase in arms procurement spending. However, even this increase is not enough to make up for the budget shortfalls of the previous decade. Russia's struggling arms producers will, therefore, intensify their efforts to seek sales to foreign governments.


About 70% of the former Soviet Union's defense industries are located in the Russian Federation. A large number of state-owned defense enterprises are on the brink of collapse as a result of cuts in weapons orders and insufficient funding to shift to production of civilian goods, while at the same time trying to meet payrolls. Many defense firms have been privatized; some have developed significant partnerships with United States firms. Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or, especially in India, disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership and/or transferring the management of a service or activity from the government to the private sector. ...


Nuclear weapons

More realistically, the Russian military doctrine, then and now, has called for the reliance on the country's strategic nuclear forces as the primary deterrent against attack by a major power (i.e. NATO forces or the People's Republic of China). In keeping with this dictum, the country's nuclear forces have received adequate financing throughout the lean 1990s while the rest of the military was cash-starved and decayed. The number of intercontinental ballistic missiles and warheads on active duty has declined over the years, in part in keeping with arms limitation agreements with the USA and in part due to insufficient spending on maintenance. Still, Russia maintains the largest or second largest nuclear arsenal in the world along with the US (depending on the definitions). The ICBMs it has on duty would be more than sufficient to wreak global havoc, hence serving as a very credible deterrent. See also: Russia and weapons of mass destruction The flag of NATO NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on April 4, 1949. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... Mutual assured destruction (MAD) is the doctrine of military strategy in which a full scale use of nuclear weapons by one of two opposing sides would result in the destruction of both the attacker and the defender. ... Russia possesses one of the two largest stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction in the world (the United States possess the other). ...


Interestingly, because of the American awareness of the danger of Russian nuclear technology falling into the hands of terrorists or rogue officers who might want to use it to threaten or attack the West, the Pentagon has actually provided considerable financial assistance to the Russian nuclear forces over the years. This money went in part to finance decommissioning of warheads under bilateral agreements, but also to improve security and personnel training in Russian nuclear facilities. This may be one of the big reasons why no terrorist nuclear incidents have so far occurred in the world despite existence of many terrorist organizations and rogue states' intelligence services who would have been interested in acquiring nuclear technology from Russia. A pre-9/11 view of The Pentagon, looking east with the Potomac River and Washington Monument in the distance. ...


Organization

The Russian military is divided into the following branches: ground forces, Navy, Air Force. There are also three independent troops (something like Corps): Strategic missile troops, Space troops, Airborne troops. The Anti-air Defense troops are subordinated to the Air Force. Structure of the Ground forces At present ground forces organizationally consists of: military districts of command (Moscow, Leningrad, North-Caucasian, Volga-Ural, Siberian and Far-Eastern) armies army corps motorized rifle (tank), artillery and machine-gun artillery divisions fortified regions brigades idividual military units military establishments enterprises and organizations Motorised... Russian Navy Jack Russian Navy Ensign The Russian Navy (Russian: Военно Морской Флот (ВМФ) - Voyenno Morskoy Flot (VMF) or Military Maritime Fleet) is the naval arm of the Russian armed forces. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about a military unit. ... Strategic Missile Troops, Strategic Rocket Forces RVSN - Raketnye Vojska Strategicheskogo Naznachneiya The Strategic Rocket Forces were the main Soviet force used for attacking an enemys offensive nuclear weapons, its military facilities, and its industrial infrastructure. ... The Vozdushno-Desantnye Vojska or VDV (ВДВ), English for Airborne Troops, is a Russian military corps. ...


The Ground Forces are divided into six military districts: Moscow, Leningrad, North Caucasian, Privolzhsk-Ural, Siberian and Far Eastern. Military district (Russian: вое́нный о́круг (voyenny okrug)) is a territorial association of military units, formations, military schools, and various local military establishments. ...


The Navy consists of several fleets: Baltic, Pacific, North and Black Sea.


The Ministry of Defense is in charge of the military, and the President of Russia acts as the Supreme Commander. Since the Soviet time, the General Staff was acting as the main commanding and supervising body of the military forces, but curently its role is being reduced to a Ministry's department of strategic planning and the Minister is gaining executive authority over the troops. The other departments include Main personnel directorate and Auxillary troops, Railroad troops and Construction troops. List of Presidents of Russia Boris Yeltsin1 ( July 10, 1991 – December 31, 1999) two terms. ...


Related articles

The following is a table of Ground Force, Air Force and Naval ranks of the Military of Russia. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Joseph Stalin and Kliment Voroshilov salute a military parade in Red Square above the message Long Live the Worker-Peasant Red Army—Loyal Sentinel of the Soviet Borders! The military history of the Soviet Union began in the days following the 1917 October Revolution that brought the Bolsheviks to power. ...

External links

  • Russia Military Guide Includes satellite photos of bases.]
  • Russian Military Forum has 1000s of pictures of russian army and military bases and intelegence reports.]
  • Camouflage uniforms used by Russian Federation armed forces (kamouflage.net)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1362 words)
The Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces is the President of the Russian Federation, and the Ministry of Defense serves as administrative body of the military.
The ranks of the Russian military are also open to non-Russian citizens of the Commonwealth of Independent States, of which Russia is the largest member.
More realistically, the Russian military doctrine, then and now, has called for the reliance on the country's strategic nuclear forces as the primary deterrent against attack by a major power (such as NATO forces or the People's Republic of China).
Military Journalism, Russia, New Book (3569 words)
These military journalists found themselves between a rock and a hard place in the civilian media — by writing the whole truth about "military reform" and "reformers," they ran the risk of angering their military administration, but "loyal" materials would never see the light of day in the civilian press.
Military information in the independent media is popular, but demand is greatest for scandals — murders, desertions, theft, bribes, etc. In part, this is because today's consumer market for high-quality military information in the country is limited and often uses other sources instead of the open press.
Russia's officials are not fond of military journalists — not because journalists lack professionalism or curiosity, not because they make simplifications that impair deep analysis, but rather because they show excessive professionalism and seek to understand the essence of the problem instead of limiting themselves to superficial commentary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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