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Encyclopedia > Military of Iraq
Iraqi soldiers from the 2nd Iraqi Army Brigade, train on cordon and search procedures at Diyala Regional Training Facility in August 2005.
Iraqi soldiers from the 2nd Iraqi Army Brigade, train on cordon and search procedures at Diyala Regional Training Facility in August 2005.

The military of Iraq is the armed forces of Iraq, consisting of the New Iraqi Army, the Iraqi Air Force, and the Iraqi Coastal Defense Force. Iraq is currently rebuilding its military after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3008x1960, 1472 KB) 08/04/05 - Iraqi soldiers from the 2nd Iraqi Army Brigade, train on cordon and search procedures at Diyala Regional Training Facility on Forward Operating Base Normandy, Iraq, on Aug. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3008x1960, 1472 KB) 08/04/05 - Iraqi soldiers from the 2nd Iraqi Army Brigade, train on cordon and search procedures at Diyala Regional Training Facility on Forward Operating Base Normandy, Iraq, on Aug. ... Diyala (Arabic: ديالى) is one of the constituent governorates of the nation of Iraq. ... The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... The Iraqi Army is a component of the Iraqi Security Forces tasked with assuming responsibility for all Iraqi land-based military operations following the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. ... The Iraqi Air Force (IQAF) is the military branch in Iraq responsible for aerial warfare. ... The Iraqi Coastal Defense Force is the branch of the military of Iraq responsible for all coastal and naval defense units. ... This article regards the 2003 invasion of iraq. ...

Contents

History

The Iran-Iraq War ended with Iraq supporting the largest military of the Middle East, with more than 70 army divisions and over 700 aircraft within its air force. Losses during the invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent ejection of Iraqi forces from Kuwait by a United Nations coalition resulted in the reduction of Iraq's ground forces to 23 divisions and the air force to less than 300 aircraft. Military and economic sanctions prevent Iraq from rebuilding its military power, however, Iraq still maintained a standing military of about 375,000 troops. It was during the late 80's until 1991 the worlds 4th biggest, smaller only than the armed forces of USA, Soviet Union and China.[citation needed] League, and the UN, without any success. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Army (From Latin armata (act of arming) via Old French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... An Air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ...


In the 1980s and 1990s, Iraq had an arsenal of chemical and biological weapons. During new weapons inspections in 2003, United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix, searched Iraqi sites again, but found no new weapons. In March 2003, an American-led coalition invaded and occupied Iraq. After a year-long investigation by an American weapons inspections team, headed by David Kay, found that no large stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction (though a clandestine network of UN-inspected and sealed laboratories did exist). The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from the late 1980s and shortly after the year 2000. ... The issue of Iraqs disarmament reached a crisis in 2002-2003, when George W. Bush demanded a complete end to alleged Iraqi production and use of weapons of mass destruction. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (born 28 June 1928 in Uppsala, Sweden) is a Swedish diplomat and politician. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A military alliance is an agreement between two, or more, countries; related to wartime planning, commitments, or contingencies; such agreements can be both defensive and offensive. ... This article regards the 2003 invasion of iraq. ... This article deals with the post-invasion period in Iraq and its occupation. ... David Kay Dr. David A. Kay (born c. ...


Order of battle (pre-2003)

Before January 10, 2003, the Iraqi Army fielded at least 11 infantry, 3 mechanized, and 3 armored divisions. In addition, the Iraqi Republican Guard fielded 3 armored divisions, 2 mechanized divisions, and 1 motorized infantry division, while the Special Republican Guard fielded 6 brigades, including two tank brigades and an anti-aircraft brigade.. January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... Mechanized military units are otherwise slow-moving or immobile military units that have had trucks or other ground transport systems added to their formation to add to or improve their mobility. ... The German Leopard 2A6 tank is a modern main battle tank. ... Iraqi President Saddam Hussein talks with elite Republican Guard officers in Baghdad on March 1, 2003. ... The German Leopard 2A6 tank is a modern main battle tank. ... Mechanized military units are otherwise slow-moving or immobile military units that have had trucks or other ground transport systems added to their formation to add to or improve their mobility. ... Iraqi President Saddam Hussein talks with elite Republican Guard officers in Baghdad on March 1, 2003. ...

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein talks with elite Republican Guard officers in Baghdad on March 1, 2003. ... The Tigris River (Arabic: دجلة Dijla, Hebrew: חדקל ḥiddeqel, Kurdish: Dîjle, Pahlavi: Tigr, Old Persian: Tigrā-, Syriac: ܕܩܠܬ Deqlath, Turkish: Dicle, Akkadian: Idiqlat) is the eastern member of the pair of great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from the mountains of Anatolia through Iraq (the name Mesopotamia... Baghdad ( translit: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... The Special Republican Guard was formed from the Iraqi Republican Guard founded in either 1992 or 1995 in the nation of Iraq. ... In the days leading up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the Iraqi Regular Army consisted of 300,000 troops, organized into 5 corps. ... Special forces or (sometimes colloquially and incorrectly) special operations forces (general term) are military units formed and trained to conduct missions of unconventional warfare, counter-terrorism, reconnaissance, direct action, and foreign internal defense. ... Fedayeen Saddam (فدائيي صدام) was a paramilitary organization loyal to the former Baathist regime of Saddam Hussein. ...

Iraq equipment

Number of equipment as of 2003 is presented inside parenthesis.


Tanks (Total: 2,200)


The Iraqi tank forces consist mainly of old Soviet design. The Type-69/59 are Chinese copies of the Soviet T-55/54 tanks. (see List of Soviet tanks) Motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Russian: Workers of the world, unite!) Anthem: The Internationale (1922-1944) Hymn of the Soviet Union (1944-1991) Capital (largest city) Moscow None; Russian de facto Government Federation of Soviet Republics  - Last President Mikhail Gorbachev  - Last Premier Ivan Silayev Establishment October Revolution   - Declared 30... List of Soviet tanks. ...

AIFV/APCs (Total: 3,800) The T-72, a Soviet main battle tank entered production in 1971. ... The T-62 Soviet main battle tank is a further development of the T-54/55 series. ... The T-54 and T-55 tank series was the Soviet Unions front-line main battle tank from 1947 until 1962, and remains in service throughout the world to this day, especially by former client states of the Soviet Union. ... The Chinese Type 69 and Type 79 tanks were developments of the Type 59, which in turn was a copy of the Soviet T-54/55 series of tanks. ... The Chinese Type 59 Main Battle Tank is a copy of the ubiquitous Russian T-55/54 medium tank. ...

  • AML-60/-90 (300+)
  • BMP-1/-2 (900)
  • BRDM-2 (1300+)
  • EE-9 (600+)
  • EE-3 (300+)
  • FV-601 (100+)
  • FV-701 (90+)
  • PT-76 (100)
  • MT-LB (1,500+)
  • YW-531 (1,000+)

Towed Artillery (Total: 1,900) United Nations Panhard AML. The Panhard AML( called the AML 245 by Panhard) 60/90 is a light armoured car with permanent 4x4 drive which gives it exceptional mobility. ... The BMP-1 is a Soviet infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1960s. ... The BRDM-2 (Boyevaya Razvedyvatelnaya Dozornaya Mashina, Боевая Разведывательная Дозорная Машина, literally Combat Reconnaissance/Patrol Vehicle †) is an armored scout car used by Russia and the former Soviet Union. ... The PT-76 is a Soviet amphibious tank (Plavayushiy Tank) which was introduced in 1954. ... The MT-LB is a Soviet multi-purpose fully-amphibious armoured personnel carrier which was first introduced in the 1970s. ...

  • M-56 105 mm
  • D-74 122 mm
  • D-30 122 mm (100+)
  • M-1938 122 mm (400+)
  • M-46 (130)

Multiple Rocket Launchers (Total: 200) M56 or M-56 may be: M56 howitzer, a Yugoslav copy of the M101A1 M56 motorway, in England M56 rifle, a Yugoslav weapon Globular Cluster M56, a Messier object and globular cluster in the Lyra constellation Volvo M56 transmission, a 5 speed gearbox Category: ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... M46 or M-46 may be: M46 Patton tank, circa 1949 Open Cluster M46, a Messier object and open cluster in the Puppis constellation discovered in 1771 Volvo M46 transmission, a four-speed gearbox with electric overdrive, used in new cars from 1975 through 1991. ...

  • BM-21 MRL 122 mm
  • ASTROS II MRL 127 mm (60+)
  • BM-13/-16 MRL 132 mm
  • ASTROS SS-30 MRL 180 mm
  • Ababeel-50 MRL 262 mm (50+)
  • ASTROS SS-60 300 mm

Surface-to-Surface Missiles BM-21 battery. ... ASTROS II (Artillery SaTuration ROcket System) is a self-propelled multiple rocket launcher produced in Brazil by the Avibrás company. ... BM-13 Katyusha RS-132 rockets mounted underneath the wing of LaGG-3 fighter Damage caused to a German tank Pz Kpfw 38(t) by direct hit of RS-132 The 82mm BM-8 and 132mm BM-13 Katyusha rocket launchers were built and fielded by the Soviet Union in...

Fighters Polish missile wz. ... Al Hussein or al-Husayn is a designation of an Iraqi missile During 1988-90, the Iraqis made strides in their indigenous rocket program, which was centered on upgrading the performance of the Scud. ... Al-Samoud (الصمود, alternately Al-Samed) of the former Iraq regime is a liquid-fuel missile which is essentially a scaled-down Scud, though parts are also derived from the Russian SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile. ...


The J-7 is a Chinese copy of the MiG-21.

  • Dassault Mirage F1
  • Su-20/Su-22
  • Sukhoi Su-25
  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21
  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23
  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25
  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29
  • J-7

Surface-to-Air Missiles The Dassault Mirage F1 is a single-seat air-superiority fighter and attack aircraft built by Dassault of France. ... Two aircraft share the designation Su-17. ... Su-25SM The Su-25 (NATO reporting name Frogfoot) is a battlefield attack, close air support, and anti-tank aircraft designed by the Soviet Union. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... now. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Foxbat) is a high-speed interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft designed by the Soviet Unions Mikoyan-Gurevich bureau. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... The Chengdu J-7 (export versions are designated F-7) is a Peoples Republic of China-built fighter jet derived from the Russian MiG-21. ...

  • Crotale
  • Roland
  • SA-2 Guideline
  • SA-3 Goa
  • SA-7 Grail
  • SA-6 Gainful
  • SA-8 Gecko
  • SA-9 Gaskin
  • SA-13 Gopher

For the French missile system, see Crotale Crotales are percussion instruments consisting of small, tuned metal disks, each about 4 in diameter with a flat top surface and a nipple on the base. ... Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste. ... An S-75 missile on camoflaged launcher An S-75 missile in elevated position An North Vietnamese S-75 site An S-75 missile in transit A Fan Song radar (left) and what looks like a Low Blow to the right The SA-2 Guideline is the NATO reporting name... Two S-125 dual missile launcher trailers. ... A soldier posing with a Strela launcher. ... A 3M9 TEL with missiles erected. ... An SA-8 9K33M3 TELAR w/Land Roll radars. ... A 9K31 transporter erector launcher. ... An SA-13 TELAR. Photo by GulfLINK. The ZRK-BD 9K35 Strela-10 (Russian 9К35 Стрела-10 - arrow, NATO reporting name SA-13 Gopher) is a highly mobile, visually aimed, optical/infra-red guided, low-altitude, short-range surface to air missile system. ...

Statistics

Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Border Guard Force (Historical - Republican Guard, Air Defense Force, Fedayeen Saddam) Army (From Latin armata (act of arming) via Old French armée) can, in some countries, refer to any armed force. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... An Air force is a military or armed service that primarily conducts aerial warfare. ... Republican Guard is the organization of a republic which serves to protect the President and the government. ... Fedayeen Saddam (فدائيي صدام) was a paramilitary organization loyal to the former Baathist regime of Saddam Hussein. ...


Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age


Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 5,674,990 (2000 est.)


Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 3,176,826 (2000 est.)


Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 266,736 (2000 est.)


Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA


Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA%


Current order of battle

New Iraqi Army

1 Div: Fallujah (aka IIF) -1 Bde -2 Bde -3 Bde -4 Bde The Iraqi Army is a component of the Iraqi Security Forces tasked with assuming responsibility for all Iraqi land-based military operations following the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. ...


2 Div: Mosul -1 Bde -2 Bde -3 Bde -4 Bde


3 Div: Yethrib -1 Bde -2 Bde -3 Bde


4 Div: Tikrit -1 Bde -2 Bde -4 Bde


5 Div: Balad -1 Bde -2 Bde -(3 Bde forming)


6 Div: Bagdad (Div certified) -1 Bde -2 Bde -3 Bde -5 Bde


7 Div: West Al Anbar Province -1 Bde -2 Bde -(3 Bde forming)


8 Div: Al Kut (Div certified) -1 Bde -2 Bde -3 Bde


9 Mech Div: Taji (77 T72/10 T55/32 MTLB/100 BMP1/(180 M113 enr)) -1 Mech Bde -2 Arm Bde -(3 Mech Bde planned)


10 Div: Basrah -1 Bde -2 Bde -(3 Bde forming)


Division unidentified or independent units: SOF Bde (Iraqi 36th Commando Battalion, CT Bn, Support Bn) 1 Cdo Bde 2 Bde 3 Bde 4 Bde 40 Bde 41 Bde 201 Bn 202 Bn 203 Bn 205 Bn Emblem of the Iraqi 36th Commando Battalion. ...


Iraqi Air Force

  • Iraqi 2nd Squadron
  • Iraqi 3rd Squadron
  • Iraqi 4th Squadron
  • Iraqi 23rd Squadron
  • Iraqi 70th Squadron

The Iraqi Air Force (IQAF) is the military branch in Iraq responsible for aerial warfare. ...

Iraqi Navy

  • Iraqi Patrol Boat Squadron
  • Iraqi Naval Infantry Regiment
  • Iraqi Riverine Patrol Service

The Iraqi Navy is being reconstructed by the British-US Coalition forces in Iraq. ...

References and links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Iraq: the military response, by Faleh A Jabar (2572 words)
The high military command were divided: some feared that angry, hungry, demobilised soldiers would disrupt civilian life causing crime and disorder; others feared the army would implode if kept under arms for any length of time.
The 1991 uprising, in which sections of the military were key players, ignited its first sparks, marked the first partial disintegration of the army.
Even in the south, the military insurrection was one of desperation rather than a movement with clearly defined political aims.
Military Reporters and Editors (2521 words)
The general, who commanded the 101st Airborne Division and, later, the training of Iraqi military personnel, discussed his thoughts of the media's coverage of the war and why it's important for the military to understand and work with journalists.
Military Reporters & Editors is pleased to announce that Greg Jaffe of the Wall Street Journal is the recipient of this year's Joseph L. Galloway Award for Distinguished Journalism.
Jaffe reports on the efforts of an amputee to return to combat; the strain on military families during wartime; the psychological toll on soldiers who have come home; and a fascinating examination of the morality of killing in combat.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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