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Encyclopedia > Military of Iran
Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Service branches '
Headquarters Tehran
Leadership
Supreme Commander Âyatollâh Ali Khamenei
Minister of Defense Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar
Expenditures
Budget $6.3 billion (2005)
Percent of GDP 3.5% (2005)
Industry
Domestic suppliers Defense Industries Organization

Iran Aviation Industries Organization
Iran Electronics Industries (IEI) Image File history File links Artesh_Logo. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Army is the ground force of Islamic Republic of Iran Military. ... Image File history File links Iran_Air_Force_roundel. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF) (Persian: ) is the aviation branch of the Iranian armed forces. ... One of Irans 6 Kilo class submarines The Iranian Navy has traditionally been the smallest branch of Irans armed forces and is designed solely for securing its own ports and coast, with little in the way of striking power. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Ground Forces of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution are the force which the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, also known as Islamic Revolutionary Guards, maintain in parallel to the regular army of Iran. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (AFAGIR), also known as the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Air Force (IRGC AF), is the air force within the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (Islamic Revolutionary Guards). ... The Quds Force (Persian: , translit. ... Basij (also Bassij or Baseej, Persian: ‎), is an Islamic Republic paramilitary force that was founded by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in November of 1979 to provide volunteers for human wave attacks in the Iran-Iraq War. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ayatollah (disambiguation). ... Grand Âyatollâh   (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای, pronounced []) (born 17 July 1939), also known as Seyyed Ali Khamenei,[3] has been Supreme Leader of Iran since 1989 and before that was president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ... Mostafa Mohammad Najjar (Persian: ) is the defense minister of Iran. ... The Defense Industries Organization (DIO), (Iranian name: Sasadjah (Sazemane Sanaye Defa)), is a conglomerate of state run Iranian companies whose function is to provide Iran with the necessary military manufacturing capacity and technical abilities. ... The Iran Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) was established in 1966 for the purpose of planning, controlling, and managing the military aviation industry of Iran. ... The Iran Electronics Industries (in Persian: صنایع الکترنیک ایران) also known as (صاایران) or (Sana-ey Electronik-e Iran) was established in Iran in 1972. ...

Related articles
History Military history of Iran

Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran
Dhofar Rebellion
Siege of Abu Musa and the Greater and Lesser Tunbs
Iran-Iraq War
Operation Praying Mantis Operation Prime Chance Ancient Iranian Women-Warriors. ... Combatants Allies (UK, India and USSR) Persia/ Iran The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia was the invasion of Iran by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, codenamed Operation Countenance, from August 25 to September 17 of 1941. ... Combatants Sultanate of Muscat and Oman (with British, Iranian and Jordanian assistance) Dhofar Liberation Front (DLF) Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman and the Arabian Gulf (PFLOAG) Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman (PFLO) Strength Sultan of Omans Armed Forces (10000) Firqats irregular groups (1800) Iranian army... Combatants  Iran Emirate of Sharjah Commanders Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Sheikh Khalid III ibn Muhammad al-Qasimi Casualties 4 KIA 1 WIA None // The island of Abu Musa had been a part of Iran from antiquity until the early 20th century,[1]. The Tunbs where were in the dominions of the... Belligerents Iran Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Iraq Peoples Mujahedin of Iran Soldiers and volunteers from different Arab countries. ... Iranian frigate IS Sahand (74) attacked by aircraft of U.S. Navy Carrier Air Wing 11 in retaliation for the mining of the guided missile frigate USS . ... Combatants United States Special Operations Command Iranian Navy An aerial view of the leased barge Hercules with three Mark III patrol boats and the tugboat Mister John H tied up alongside in the northern Persian Gulf. ...

Ranks Air Force Ranks Insignia

Army Ranks Insignia
Navy Ranks Insignia
IRGC Ranks Insignia See Also Military of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran ... See also Military of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran Categories: | ... See Also Military of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran ... See Also Military of Iran The Islamic Republic of Iran ...

The Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: نيروهای مسلح جمهوری اسلامی ايران) include the IRIA (Persian: ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران) , the IRGC (Persian: سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی), and the Police Force[1] (Persian: نيروی انتظامی جمهوری اسلامی ایران). Farsi redirects here. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Army is the ground force of Islamic Republic of Iran Military. ... Farsi redirects here. ... The Islamic Revolutions Guards Corps (IRGC) (Persian: , Sepáh e Pásdárán e Enqeláb e Eslámi; literally: Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution), more commonly known in Iran as Sepah (Corps), also known as the Revolutions Guards (Pásdárán e... Farsi redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ...


These forces total about 545,000 active personnel.[2] Both fall under the commands of the Ministry's of Defense & Armed Forces Logistics.[3]

The Basij is a paramilitary volunteer force controlled by the Islamic Revolutionary Guards; it has a claimed membership of 12.6 million, including women and children, of which perhaps 1 million are combat capable. There are a claimed 2,500 battalions of which some are full-time personnel.[6] Globalsecurity.org says that there are 90,000 full-time Basij personnel.[7] The Islamic Republic of Iran Army is the ground force of Islamic Republic of Iran Military. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Army is the ground force of Islamic Republic of Iran Military. ... One of Irans 6 Kilo class submarines The Iranian Navy has traditionally been the smallest branch of Irans armed forces and is designed solely for securing its own ports and coast, with little in the way of striking power. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF) (Persian: ) is the aviation branch of the Iranian armed forces. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Army is the ground force of Islamic Republic of Iran Military. ... One of Irans 6 Kilo class submarines The Iranian Navy has traditionally been the smallest branch of Irans armed forces and is designed solely for securing its own ports and coast, with little in the way of striking power. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF) (Persian: ) is the aviation branch of the Iranian armed forces. ... Aircraftman (AC) (or Aircraftwoman (ACW)) is the lowest rank in the Royal Air Force, ranking below Leading Aircraftman and having a NATO rank code of OR-1. ... The Islamic Revolutions Guards Corps (IRGC) (Persian: , Sepáh e Pásdárán e Enqeláb e Eslámi; literally: Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution), more commonly known in Iran as Sepah (Corps), also known as the Revolutions Guards (Pásdárán e... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (AFAGIR), also known as the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Air Force (IRGC AF), is the air force within the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (Islamic Revolutionary Guards). ... The Ground Forces of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution are the force which the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, also known as Islamic Revolutionary Guards, maintain in parallel to the regular army of Iran. ... The Quds Force (Persian: , translit. ... For other uses, see Special forces (disambiguation). ... Basij (also Bassij or Baseej, Persian: ‎), is an Islamic Republic paramilitary force that was founded by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in November of 1979 to provide volunteers for human wave attacks in the Iran-Iraq War. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia The term Militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency, law enforcement, or paramilitary service, and those engaged in such activity, without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. ... Basij (also Bassij or Baseej, Persian: ‎), is an Islamic Republic paramilitary force that was founded by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in November of 1979 to provide volunteers for human wave attacks in the Iran-Iraq War. ... GlobalSecurity. ...


Iran's military was called the Middle East's most powerful by General John Abizaid chief of United States Central Command (U.S. forces' commander in the region). He did not count the Israel Defense Forces, because it does not fall in his area of operations. [8] This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... John Philip Abizaid (born April 1, 1951) is a retired General in the United States Army and former Commander of the United States Central Command (CENTCOM), overseeing American military operations in a 27-country region, from the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, to South and Central Asia, covering much... The United States Central Command (CENTCOM) is a theater-level Unified Combatant Command unit of the U.S. armed forces, established in 1983 under the operational control of the U.S. Secretary of Defense. ... Emblem of the IDF The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...

Contents

History

With thousands of years of recorded history, and due to an unchanging geographic (and subsequently geopolitical) condition , Iran (previously known as Persia in the West until 1935) has had a long, varied, and checkered military culture and history, ranging from triumphant and unchallenged ancient military supremacy affording effective superpower status in its day, to a series of near catastrophic defeats (beginning with the destruction of Elam) at the hand of previously subdued peripheral nations (including Greece, Arabia, and the Asiatic nomadic tribes at the Eastern boundary of the lands traditionally home to the Iranian people). Ancient Iranian Women-Warriors. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Iranian peoples are peoples who speak an Iranian language and/or belong to the Iranian stock. ...


In its time, Iran has rapidly dispatched ancient powers such as Babylon; its kings have sat enthroned as Pharaoh in Egypt; repeatedly held off, sometimes defeated, the otherwise successful armies of Rome (most memorably recording the submissive demeanor of a captured Roman Caesar); and apparently affected even a presumably hostile Greek historian to dedicate an entire book considering in detail the pseudo-military culture of the ancient Persians of Shahanshah Darius the Great. For other uses, see Babylon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Seal of Darius I, showing the king hunting on his chariot, and the symbol of Ahuramazda Darius the Great (Pers. ...


Iranian military actions and martial culture have also left Iran with a rich legacy of contributions to military arts, weapons, tactics, strategy, and conduct of the mankind. The word navy is a term derived from Persian Naavs (ships) of Achaemenid military expeditions against ancient Greece. Those very same expeditions entailed crossings of entire armies from Asia to Europe over military bridges constructed by extending a floating platform of ships from the Asian land mass to Europe. Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


One of the earliest and most effective manifestations of light cavalry equipped with stand-off weapons were the bow and arrow equipped Parthian Cavalry. Parthia at its greatest extent under Mithridates II (123–88 BC) Capital Ctesiphon, Ecbatana Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Parthia, 247 BC]] History  - Established 247 BC  - Disestablished 220 AD Parthian votive relief. ...


The first Knights complete with shinning armor and plumed helmets were Sassanid Iranian nobles, and European heraldry is directly traceable to the Iranian Knights and overall culture of (lone) heroes and mythic figures such as Rostam, Zal, Bahram, etc. For other uses, see Knight (disambiguation) or Knights (disambiguation). ... The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Rostam Slaying the Dragon- A miniature Painting by Master Mahmoud Farshchian. ... Zål (زال in Persian) was a mythical warrior of ancient Iran. ... Bahram or Vahram (Persian: ‎ ​), meaning smiting of resistance or victorious, may refer to: Bahrām, the Zoroastrian divinity that is the hypostasis of victory. ...


And it was the sovereign head of the Iranian Army that marched un-opposed into Babylon that decreed the first codec of the rights of conquered people and nations.


And this is the same country that suffered completely unexpected and decisive defeats at the hands of Alexander the Great, and later Muslim Arabs, seemingly at the height of its might. And later on felt the full force of the brutally violent and destructive West-ward Mongol tribes. For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ...


Combat history and operations

Combatants Allies (UK, India and USSR) Persia/ Iran The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia was the invasion of Iran by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, codenamed Operation Countenance, from August 25 to September 17 of 1941. ... Combatants Sultanate of Muscat and Oman (with British, Iranian and Jordanian assistance) Dhofar Liberation Front (DLF) Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman and the Arabian Gulf (PFLOAG) Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman (PFLO) Strength Sultan of Omans Armed Forces (10000) Firqats irregular groups (1800) Iranian army... Combatants  Iran Emirate of Sharjah Commanders Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Sheikh Khalid III ibn Muhammad al-Qasimi Casualties 4 KIA 1 WIA None // The island of Abu Musa had been a part of Iran from antiquity until the early 20th century,[1]. The Tunbs where were in the dominions of the... Belligerents Iran Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Iraq Peoples Mujahedin of Iran Soldiers and volunteers from different Arab countries. ... Iranian frigate IS Sahand (74) attacked by aircraft of U.S. Navy Carrier Air Wing 11 in retaliation for the mining of the guided missile frigate USS . ... Polish wz. ... USS (FFG-58) is one of the final ships in the United States Navys Oliver Hazard Perry class of guided missile frigates. ... Combatants United States Special Operations Command Iranian Navy An aerial view of the leased barge Hercules with three Mark III patrol boats and the tugboat Mister John H tied up alongside in the northern Persian Gulf. ... Polish wz. ... A sea lane is regularly used route for ocean-going vessels. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...

Leadership

One of Iran's 3 Kilo class submarines
One of Iran's 3 Kilo class submarines
Iran has 29 Tor-M1 mobile air defense systems.
Iran has 29 Tor-M1 mobile air defense systems.

Kilo class submarine File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kilo class submarine File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 768 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 9K331M Tor-M1 SAM system MAKS, Zhukovski, 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 768 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 9K331M Tor-M1 SAM system MAKS, Zhukovski, 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... A 9K330 TELAR. Photo from Field Artillery Magazine. ... For other uses, see Ayatollah (disambiguation). ... Grand Âyatollâh   (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای, pronounced []) (born 17 July 1939), also known as Seyyed Ali Khamenei,[3] has been Supreme Leader of Iran since 1989 and before that was president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ...  [1] (born October 28, 1956)[2] is the sixth and current President of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Mostafa Mohammad Najjar (Persian: ) is the defense minister of Iran. ... A defence minister ( Commonwealth English) or defense minister ( American English) is a cabinet portfolio (position) which regulates the armed forces in a sovereign nation. ... Ataollah Salehi is a Major General in the Iranian Armed Forces and is the current General Commander of the Armed Forces of Iran. ... General Abdorrahim Musavi is the Chief of the Joint Staff in the Iranian army. ... // Introduction The Iranian Army is the national army of Iran and called the Artesh. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF) (Persian: ) is the aviation branch of the Iranian armed forces. ... The Islamic Republic of Iran Navy is the naval force of Iran. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Major General Mohammad Ali Jafari (born 1957 in Yazd) is the head of Irans Revolutionary Guards. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The Islamic Revolutions Guards Corps (IRGC) (Persian: , Sepáh e Pásdárán e Enqeláb e Eslámi; literally: Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution), more commonly known in Iran as Sepah (Corps), also known as the Revolutions Guards (Pásdárán e... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mohammad Mehdi Zahedi (Born in 1953 Kerman) is an Iranian politician and the minister of science and technology in Mahmoud Ahmadinejads cabinet. ... The Ground Forces of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution are the force which the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, also known as Islamic Revolutionary Guards, maintain in parallel to the regular army of Iran. ... The Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (AFAGIR), also known as the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Air Force (IRGC AF), is the air force within the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (Islamic Revolutionary Guards). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Basij (also Bassij or Baseej, Persian: ‎), is an Islamic Republic paramilitary force that was founded by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in November of 1979 to provide volunteers for human wave attacks in the Iran-Iraq War. ... The Quds Force (Persian: , translit. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ...

Budget

See also: Economy of Iran

Iran's 2005 defense budget was estimated to be $6 billion by London's International Institute for Strategic Studies. This was $91 per capita, a lower figure than other Persian Gulf nations, and lower as a percentage of gross national product than all other Gulf states except the United Arab Emirates.[15] The economy of Iran is a transition economy where a continuing strong labour force growth unmatched by commensurate real economic growth is driving up unemployment to a level considerably higher than the official estimate of 11%.[8] According to experts, annual economic growth above five per cent would be needed... The International Institute for Strategic Studies is a British think tank based in London. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


Defense industry

The United States delivered 79 F-14 Tomcat fighter jets to Iran before 1979.
The United States delivered 79 F-14 Tomcat fighter jets to Iran before 1979.

Under the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iran's military industry was limited to assembly of foreign weapons. In the assembly lines that were put up by American firms, such as Bell, Litton and Northrop, Iranian workers put together a variety of helicopters, aircraft, guided missiles, electronic components and tanks. [16] Irans military industry has taken great strides in the past 25 years, and now manufactures many types of sophisticated arms and equipment. ... From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran used to be equipped with the very latest Western hardware. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sailors prepare an F-14 Tomcat for flight on the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ... Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, GCB (Persian: ) (October 26, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shahanshah (King of Kings), and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans) until his overthrow by the Islamic Revolution, was the monarch of Iran from September... Bell Helicopter Textron is an American helicopter and tiltrotor manufacturer headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. ... Litton Industries was a large defense contractor in the United States, bought by the Northrop Grumman Corporation in 2001. ... The Northrop Corporation was a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States. ...


In 1973 the Iran Electronics Industries (IEI) was established. [17] The company was set up in a first attempt to organize the assembly and repair of foreign-delivered weapons. [18] The Iranian Defense Industries Organization was the first to succeed in taking a step into what could be called a military industry by reverse engineering Soviet RPG-7, BM21, and SAM-7 missiles in 1979. [19] The Iran Electronics Industries (in Persian: صنایع الکترنیک ایران) also known as (صاایران) or (Sana-ey Electronik-e Iran) was established in Iran in 1972. ... The Defense Industries Organization (DIO), (Iranian name: Sasadjah (Sazemane Sanaye Defa)), is a conglomerate of state run Iranian companies whose function is to provide Iran with the necessary military manufacturing capacity and technical abilities. ... Soviet redirects here. ... The RPG-7 (Russian: ) is a widely-produced, portable, shoulder-launched, anti-tank rocket propelled grenade weapon. ... BM-21 battery. ... A soldier posing with a Strela launcher The 9K32 Strela-2 (Russian 9К32 стрела-2 - arrow, NATO reporting name SA-7 Grail) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system similar to the US Army REDEYE, with a high explosive warhead and passive infrared...


Nevertheless, most of Iran's weapons before the Islamic revolution were imported from the United States and Europe. Between 1971 and 1975, the Shah went on a buying spree, ordering $8 billion in weapons from the United States alone. This alarmed the United States Congress, which strengthened a 1968 law on arms exports in 1976 and renamed it the Arms Export Control Act. Still, the United States continued to sell large amounts of weapons to Iran until the 1979 Islamic Revolution. [20] Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ... Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ...


After the Islamic revolution, Iran found itself severely isolated and lacking technological expertise. Because of economic sanctions and a weapons embargo put on Iran by the United States, Iran was forced to rely on its domestic arms industry for weapons and spare parts since there were very few countries willing to do business with Iran. [21] The Islamic Revolutionary Guards were put in charge of creating what is today known as the Iranian military industry. Under their command Iran's military industry was enormously expanded, and with the Ministry of Defense pouring investment into the missile industry, Iran soon accumulated a vast arsenal of missiles. [22] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Irans military industry has taken great strides in the past 25 years, and now manufactures many types of sophisticated arms and equipment. ... Despite earlier roots, Iran started its missile development program in earnest during its long and costly war with Iraq. ...


Since 1992, it also has produced its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, guided missiles, submarines, and a fighter plane.[23] The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... East German BRDMs on parade during celebrations of the 40th anniversary of East Germany in 1989 Armoured personnel carriers (APCs) are light armoured fighting vehicles for the transport of infantry. ... This article or section should be merged with Missile guidance A guided missile is a military rocket that can be directed in flight to change its flight path. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ...


In recent years, official announcements have highlighted the development of weapons such as the Fajr-3 (MIRV), Hoot, Kowsar, Fateh-110, Shahab-3 missile systems and a variety of unmanned aerial vehicles, at least one of which Israel claims has been used to spy on Israel. [24] In 2006, Iran spied on the American aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan for 25 minutes without being detected before returning safely to its base.[25][26][27] The Iranian-made Fajr-3 (meaning dawn in Persian) is believed to be a medium-range ballistic missile[citation needed] with an unknown range. ... Hoot (Persian: حوت - Fish) is an Iranian underwater missile that travels at approximately 360 km/h, several times faster than a conventional torpedo. ... Kowsar missile Kowsar is a medium-range, land-based anti-ship missile made by Iran. ... The Fateh-110, is a single-stage solid-propellant, surface-to-surface missile with at least a 200 km range, and it is produced domestically within Iran, including the solid fuel propellant. ... Shahab-3 Type Ballistic missile Nationality Iran Era modern Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder Date of design Production period Service duration Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter between 1,32 and 1,35 metres Wing span Length 16 metres Weight between 15 852 and 16... Unmanned Aerial Vehicle over Iraq. ... USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76), the ninth and penultimate Nimitz-class supercarrier, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for former President of the United States Ronald Reagan. ...


Balistic programme

Main article: Iran's missile forces

On November 2, 2006, Iran fired unarmed missiles to begin 10 days of military war games. Iranian state television reported "dozens of missiles were fired including Shahab-2 and Shahab-3 missiles. The missiles had ranges from 300 km to up to 1300 km. Iranian experts have made some changes to Shahab-3 missiles installing cluster warheads in them with the capacity to carry 1,400 bombs." These launches come after some United States-led military exercises in the Persian Gulf on October 30, 2006, meant to train for blocking the transport of weapons of mass destruction [28]. Iran is also believed to have started the development of an ICBM/IRBM missile project, known as Ghadr-110 with a range of more than 3000 km; the program is paralleled with advancement of a satellite launcher named IRIS. Despite earlier roots, Iran started its missile development program in earnest during its long and costly war with Iraq. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... War games may refer to: WarGames, a 1983 film directed by John Badham WarGames (game), a Colecovision video game War Game (book and film), Childrens book and animated short film The War Game, a 1965 BBC film for television The War Games, a Doctor Who serial War Games, a... Shahab-2 Type Ballistic missile Nationality Iran Era modern Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder Date of design 1990 Production period since 1990 Service duration since 1990 Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ... Shahab-3 Type Ballistic missile Nationality Iran Era modern Launch platform Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder Date of design Production period Service duration Operators Iran Variants Number built Specifications Type Diameter between 1,32 and 1,35 metres Wing span Length 16 metres Weight between 15 852 and 16... A B61 nuclear bomb in various stages of assembly; the nuclear warhead is the bullet-shaped silver cannister in the middle-left of the photograph. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Xzibit album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ... The Ghadr-110 is an intermediate-range ballistic missile developed and designed by Iran. ... The IRIS solid propellant rocket is the expected product of an Iranian program to develop indigenous launch capability. ...


Weapons of mass destruction

Israel and some western nations have alleged that Iran is developing nuclear weapons. [29] The United Nations' International Atomic Energy Agency, in its February 2006 report on Iran's nuclear program, said it had no evidence of this. Recently, the United States of America released an intelligence report that the Islamic Republic of Iran is not developing a nuclear detonation device. However Iran is currently attempting to create the radioactive fuel that could potentially be used in a nuclear weapon[30] [31] This article is about Iran and weapons of mass destruction. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... UN redirects here. ... The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes. ...


Iran ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997. Iranian troops and civilians suffered tens of thousands of casualties from Iraqi chemical weapons during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq War. As a result, Iran has publicly stood against the use of chemical weapons, making numerous vitriolic comments against Iraq's use of such weapons in international forums. Dressing the wounded during a gas attack by Austin O. Spare, 1918. ... Belligerents Iran Patriotic Union of Kurdistan Iraq Peoples Mujahedin of Iran Soldiers and volunteers from different Arab countries. ...


Even today, more than eighteen years after the end of the Iran-Iraq war, about 30,000 Iranians are still suffering and dying from the effects of chemical weapons that several western governments provided Iraq with during the war. The need to manage the treatment of such a large number of casualties has placed Iran’s medical specialists in the forefront of the development of effective treatment regimes for chemical weapons victims, and particularly for those suffering from exposure to mustard gas. [32] Airborne exposure limit 0. ...


Iran ratified the Biological Weapons Convention in 1973.[33] Iran has advanced biology and genetic engineering research programs supporting an industry that produces world-class vaccines for both domestic use and export.[34] The dual-use nature of these facilities mean that Iran, like any country with advanced biological research programs, could easily produce biological warfare agents.


References

  1. ^ سایت اطلاع رسانی نیروی انتظامی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
  2. ^ IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p.187
  3. ^ وزارت دفاع جمهوری اسلامی ایران
  4. ^ IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p.187
  5. ^ IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p.187
  6. ^ IISS Military Balance 2008, p.244
  7. ^ GlobalSecurity.org, [1]
  8. ^ Iran Favors Asymmetric Strategy In Joust With US
  9. ^ [www.iranfocus.com/modules/news/article.php?storyid=5206 Iran’s top military commanders die in plane crash]
  10. ^ a b [2]
  11. ^ Iran to hold large-scale naval war games
  12. ^ Niruyeh Moghavemat Basij Mobilisation Resistance Force
  13. ^ Iran Revolutionary Guards expect key changes in high command
  14. ^ Iran: New chief appointed for secretive military unit
  15. ^ Iran's defense spending 'a fraction of Persian Gulf neighbors'
  16. ^ Dar Al Hayat
  17. ^ [3]
  18. ^ NTI: Country Overviews: Iran: Missile Chronology
  19. ^ NTI: Country Overviews: Iran: Missile Chronology
  20. ^ A Code of Conduct for Weapons Sales Video Transcript
  21. ^ http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htproc/articles/20041103.aspx
  22. ^ Dar Al Hayat
  23. ^ FOXNews.com - Iran Launches Production of Stealth Sub - U.S. & World
  24. ^ British Broadcasting Corporation, Hezbollah drone flies over Israel, 7 December 2004
  25. ^ 5 minutes video
  26. ^ RIAN, Iranian drone plane buzzes U.S. aircraft carrier in Persian Gulf, May 30, 2006
  27. ^ Iran Uses UAV To Watch US Aircraft Carrier On Gulf Patrol
  28. ^ [4][dead link]
  29. ^ BBC NEWS | Middle East | Q&A: Iran and the nuclear issue
  30. ^ 'No proof' of Iranian nuclear weapons programme | World news | guardian.co.uk
  31. ^ [5]
  32. ^ Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, [6]
  33. ^ Signatories of the Biological Weapons Convention
  34. ^ Razi Institute produces dlrs 100 m worth of vaccines, serums a year. Retrieved on 2006-04-22.

The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs. ... The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs. ... The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs. ... The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) is a British research institute (or think tank) in the area of international affairs. ... GlobalSecurity. ... This article is an overview article about the Crown chartered British Broadcasting Corporation formed in 1927. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Iran Portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Motto: Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« 1 Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic Anthem: SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Â² Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian, Constitutional status for regional languages such as Azeri and Kurdish [1] Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President... Introduction From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran used to be equipped with the very latest Western hardware. ... As of 2005 // Kilo class (3) SSI (3) Damavand Battle [UK] 1 Babr&pallang Allen M. Sumner [USA] 2 no active Alvand (Saam) class (Vosper Mk5 type) light patrol frigates Displacement: 1,540 tons full load Dimensions: 94. ... Here you may find of a partial list of aircraft in the possession of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force. ...

External links

This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Raw Story | Study: US preparing 'massive' military attack against Iran (1811 words)
Plesch and Butcher examine "what the military option might involve if it were picked up off the table and put into action" and conclude that based on open source analysis and their own assessments, the US has prepared its military for a "massive" attack against Iran, requiring little contingency planning and without a ground invasion.
Iran was unable to prevent sabotage of its offshore-to-shore crude oil pipelines in 2005.
Iran has a weak air force and anti aircraft capability, almost all of it is 20-30 years old and it lacks modern integrated communications.
The Raw Story | US military, intelligence officials raise concern about possible preparations for Iran strike (1279 words)
Concern is building among the military and the intelligence community that the US may be preparing for a military strike on Iran, as military assets in key positions are approaching readiness,
According to military and intelligence sources, an air strike on Iran could be doable in June of this year, with military assets in key positions ready to go and a possible plan already on the table.
Military and intelligence sources say that MEK assets were responsible for this attack, but did not know if the US military was involved or if US military assets were part of the ambush.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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