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Encyclopedia > Military of East Timor

Military of East Timor
from the CIA World Factbook 2002 World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ...

Contents


Military branches

The Forças de Defesa de Timor Leste (Tetum: Forcas Defensa Timor Lorosae English: Timor Leste Defense Force) or FALINTIL-FDTL (often F-FDTL) comprises an Army and a small Naval component; note - plans are to develop a force of 1,500 active personnel and 1,500 reserve personnel over the next five years. The forces were reconstituted from the national liberation movement guerrilla army known as FALINTIL (Portuguese acronym for Armed Forces for the Liberation of East Timor). FALINTIL officially became F-FDTL on February 1, 2001. Few soldiers from the insurgency remain in the forces due to the narrow age requirement.(La’o Hamutuk Bulletin 2005) The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Wars of national liberation were those conflicts fought by indigenous military groups against an imperial power in an attempt to remove that powers influence. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Backronym and Apronym (Discuss) Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations, such as NATO, laser, and ABC, written as the initial letter or letters of words, and pronounced on the basis of this abbreviated written form. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


While F-FDTL has no formal police functions, it has taken on a policing role, particularly during an incident in the Atsabe sub-district of the Ermera District in January 2003.(Amnesty International 2003) Conversely, the National Police (Policia Nacional de Timor-Leste, PNTL) have been involved in border defense operations near the western border.


Army

The land force of the F-FDTL consists of two light infantry battalions, each with an authorised strength of between 600 and 650 personnel. This force was predominantly trained by the Australian and Portuguese militaries. Although small in number, the guerrilla tactics employed by the force, prior to the Indonesian military departing in 1999, were extremely effective against overwhelming numbers on the Indonesian side. Each battalion has three rifle companies, a support company and an HQ company. Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ... Indonesias armed forces (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia, or TNI, formerly ABRI) total about 250,000 members, including the army, navy, marines, and air force. ...


The 1st Battalion was initially manned by veterans of the pre-independence guerrilla force and is based at Baucau, with a contingent in the seaside coastline village of Laga. The 2nd Battalion is manned largely by new recruits, and is at Nicolau Lobato Training Centre, near Metinaro. Look up guerrilla in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Baucau is the second largest city in East Timor, after the capital, Dili. ... Metinaro is a city in Dili District, East Timor. ...


Logistics and service support is provided through Headquarters F-FDTL in Dili. There is also a Military Police Company, which as been in the center of the recent unrest (May 2006). Major Alfredo Reinado, is one of the most important faces of the rebels. The main service rifle of the F-FDTL is the M16A2 with the FN M249 used in a SAW role, the pistol used is the .45 Automatic Colt Pistol. HK 33E (donated by Malaysia) and FN FNC assault rifles. Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... It has been suggested that Gendarmerie be merged into this article or section. ... M16 or M-16 may be: M16 rifle M16 (connector) M16 (knife) M16 (pitrilysin family), a peptidase M16 plotting board M-16 scow Eagle Nebula, a Messier object and open cluster in the Serpens constellation John Bell Williams Airport (M16 IATA airport code), in Raymond, Mississippi NOTE: M16 is sometimes... Caliber: 5. ... ball and hollowpoint . ... This article is about an automatic rifle. ... The FN FNC is an assault rifle designed by Fabrique Nationale de Herstal in the mid-1970s, based upon a failed previous attempt known as the Carabine Automatique Legere. ...


2006 crisis

In late February 2006, it was reported that over one quarter of Army personnel had quit in the last few weeks in protest over conditions and promotion rules. (ABC) 591 soldiers were dismissed for desertion the following month, and on Sunday 26 March 2006 some soldiers looted shops in Dili and threw stones at their opponents. (Radio NZ) More violence developed on 28 April 2006 from a protest march in support of the soldiers. Two people were killed and 34 injured. (Radio Australia) Location of East Timor. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Violence continued to escalate in May 2006. Gun battle in Dili on May 24 led to at least two deaths and 8 injuries [1], prompting President Xanana Gusmão to call for international intervention. Australia, Portugal, Malaysia and New Zealand quickly responded and pledged to send in troops to help maintain order. [2], [3] Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão (born June 20, 1946), born José Alexandre Gusmão, is the first President of East Timor in Southeast Asia. ...


Navy

The navy consists of a total of 65 personnel and two Albatross class patrol vessels, donated by the Portuguese Navy, each ship is armed with a single 20mm Oeirlkon gun:

  • Oecusse
  • Atauro

Statistics

Military manpower:
military age: 18-21 years of age
availability: NA
fit for military service: NA
reaching military age annually: NA


Military expenditures:
dollar figure: $4.4 million (FY03)
percent of GDP: 1%


References

  • La’o Hamutuk Bulletin, An Overview of FALINTIL’S Transformation to F-FDTL and its Implications, Vol. 6, No. 1-2: April 2005.
  • Amnesty International, Briefing to Security Council Members on policing and security in Timor-Leste, 6 March 2003.

See also

  • UNMISET

  Results from FactBites:
 
East Timor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2126 words)
It consists of the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, an exclave of East Timor situated on the northwestern side of the island, surrounded by West Timor.
Indonesian rule in East Timor was marked by extreme violence and brutality one of the worst examples of being the Dili massacre.
East Timor is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), also known as the Lusophone Commonwealth, and a member of the Latin Union.
East Timor information East Timor information (982 words)
the oecussi (ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of timor.
timor comes from the malay word for "east"; the island of timor is part of the malay archipelago and is the largest and easternmost of the lesser sunda islands
popular council for the defense of the democratic republic of east timor or cpd-rdtl [leader antonio-aitahan matak] is largest political pressure group; it rejects current government and claims to be rightful government; kolimau 2000 [leader dr. bruno magalhaes] is another opposition group; dissatisfied veterans of struggle against indonesia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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