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Encyclopedia > Military junta

A military junta is government by a committee of military leaders. The term derives from the Spanish junta meaning committee, specifically a board of directors. It originally referred to an executive body that came to power after a military coup in 20th century Latin America. Often it becomes a military dictatorship, though the terms are not synonymous. A committee is a (relatively) small group that can serve one of several functions: Governance: in organizations too large for all the members to participate in decisions affecting the organization as a whole, a committee (such as a Board of Directors) is given the power to make decisions. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer (that is, someone who works for the company) charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military; it is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military. ...

Well-known military juntas

The two Nigerian Military Juntas of 1966-1979 and 1983-1998 were a pair of military dictatorships in the African country of Nigeria that were led by the Nigerian Military, having a chairman or president in charge. ... The Phoenix rising from its flames and the silhouette of the soldier bearing a rifle with fixed bayonet was the emblem of the Junta. ... A Military Joint or Junta Militar ruled Brazil from August 31 to October 30, 1969, between the sudden illness of the President Artur da Costa e Silva and the oath of Emílio Garrastazú Médici. ... This is a list of the Government Juntas that have ruled Chile as an executive government, since its independence: Government Junta of the Kingdom of Chile (1810), also known as the First Junta Government Junta of Chile (August, 1811), also known as the Executive Junta or Second Junta Government Junta... Derg party badge, c1979. ... The Junta of National Reconstruction ruled Nicaragua between 1979 and 1984. ... The Revolutionary Government Junta (Spanish: Junta de Gobierno Revolucionario, JRG) ruled El Salvador between October 15, 1979 and May 2, 1982. ... The State Peace and Development Council (Burmese: ; IPA: ; abbreviated SPDC) is the official name of the military regime of Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). ... This article focuses on the military junta that overthrew the elected civilian government of Thailand in the 2006 Thailand coup. ...

Failed military juntas

  Results from FactBites:
Junta - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (241 words)
In modern English usage, junta (pronounced HUN-ta or HOON-ta) typically refers to a military dictatorship, particularly the Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, the infamous military dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983.
In the history of Spain, junta was the name chosen by several local administrations forming in Spain during the Peninsula War as a patriotic alternative to the official administration topped by the French invaders.
Junta is an album by the popular US band Phish (though pronounced jun-tah as if it were originally an English word).
  More results at FactBites »



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