FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Military campaign

In the military sciences, a military campaign encompasses related military operations, usually conducted by a defense or fighting force, directed at gaining a particular desired state of affairs, usually within geographical and temporal limitations. Military science concerns itself with the study of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... Planning, calculating, or the giving or receiving of information. ...

Contents

Campaign variations

Military campaigns are usually a connected series of battles (or instances of combat in warfare between two or more parties wherein each group seeks to defeat the others) and the maneuvers that are conducted by a military force (regular or irregular) seeking victory in a war. Military campaigns are more often undertaken by permanent, professional force of soldiers or guerrillas—trained units as distinguished from the operation by militia or other temporary forces. A military campaign can be, more loosely though, any designated military operation in a geographical theater. Generally, a battle is an instance of combat in warfare between two or more parties wherein each group will seek to defeat the others. ... “Fights” redirects here. ... A belligerent is an individual, group, country or other entity which acts in an aggressive or hostile manner, such as engaging in combat. ... A maneuver (spelled manoeuvre in Commonwealth English) is a tactical or strategical move or action. ... // A military or military force (n. ... The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... Irregular soldiers in Beauharnois, Quebec, 19th century. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Military campaigns are guided by strategy, taking account of various actions undertaken in arctic warfare, ski warfare, desert warfare, jungle warfare, naval warfare, sub-aquatic warfare, mountain warfare, urban warfare, air warfare, and space warfare. As air power has become an increasingly powerful element of military campaigns, air superiority is increasingly focused on by military planners. The order of battle is a tool used by military planners to list and analyze enemy military units. A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal, most often winning. Strategy is differentiated from tactics or immediate actions with resources at hand. ... Arctic warfare is a term used to describe conflict that takes place in an exceptionally cold climate. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Desert warfare is combat in deserts. ... Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain. ... Naval warfare is combat in and on seas and oceans. ... Captain John Ericsson invented sub-aquatic warfare. A ship would have the majority of its hull underneath the water The first example is probably the U.S. Moniter which existed during the Civil War Time era. ... Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains. ... Urban warfare is a modern warfare conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities. ... Aerial warfare is the use of aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of warfare. ... Space warfare is combat that takes place in outer space. ... Air superiority is the dominance in the air power of one side air forces of another side during a military campaign. ... An order of battle (often abbreviated as ORBAT, OOB, or OB) is an organizational tool used by military intelligence to list and analyze enemy military units. ...


A military campaign, technically, is a series of related individual military operations. A military campaign here is used predominantly to refer to what one side does, and is useful for distinguishing between "the war" as a whole, and "the parties" to the war. The end of a military campaign predominantly results in one of the belligerent entities being successful in the struggle against an opponent entity (such as the removal of a regime, occupation of territory, and/or the end of hostilities). In a conventional war, the end of a military campaign sometimes lead to smaller armed conflicts (often called riots, rebellions, insurgencies, coups, etc.).


It can alternatively connote a connected series of military operations forming a distinct phase of a war. [1] A military campaign here is series of battles linked by a defined time, action, and geography within a larger timeline or framework (i.e., the North Africa Campaign of World War II). The battle in the North African desert during World War II from 1940-1943. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Evaluations

A military campaign is judged successful if the desired state of affairs were brought about through combat and noncombat operations. This is usually determined when one of the belligerent entities defeats the opposing entity. The manner in which a force terminates it's operations, though, influences the perception of the campaign's success. The end of a campaign is mostly followed by the transition of military authority to a civil authority and the redeployment of forces.


Ongoing military campaigns, inside and outside of individual wars, are sometimes metaphorically characterized as quagmires, because of various factors (such as a small hope of victory, poorly-defined objectives and/or no clear exit strategy). It is usually used pejoratively to describe, in the user's opinion, ill-fated operations. Its use in political debates emerged during the Vietnam War. Activists, commentators, and pundits that use the term may choose it specifically to allude to the Vietnam conflict and the Iraq War. Look up metaphor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A word or phrase is pejorative if it implies contempt or disapproval. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ...


References

  • ^  "campaign". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. 2005.

See also

General
Military decorations
  • Campaign medal - a military decoration which is awarded to a member of the military who serves in a designated military operation or performs duty in a geographical theater.
  • Campaign clasp - an attachment to a military award consisting of a metal bar which is pinned to the upper cloth portion of an award medal.
  • Campaign streamer - a long streamer attached to the headpiece of a military flag, denoting participation of that military service in a particular campaign.
Lists and examples

  Results from FactBites:
 
H. Thomas Hayden: Civil-Military Campaign? (1040 words)
The RD Campaign Plan totally included all military operations, and made sure that any kind of counterinsurgency or major combat operation in any province would first consider the impact on the Revolutionary Development Program.
Unfortunately, the TET Offensive of 1968 set the RD Campaign Plan on its rear end and a new Accelerated Campaign Plan was developed.
It cannot over emphasize that the military and foreign service personnel be trained in the language, culture, religion, and history of their area of operation.
Military campaign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (706 words)
Military campaigns are usually a connected series of battles (or instances of combat in warfare between two or more parties wherein each group seeks to defeat the others) and the maneuvers that is conducted by a military force (regular or irregular) seeking victory in a war.
The end of a military campaign predominantly results in one of the belligerent entities being successful in the struggle against an opponent entity (such as the removal of a regime, occupation of territory, and/or the end of hostilities).
Campaign clasp - an attachment to a military award consisting of a metal bar which is pinned to the upper cloth portion of an award medal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m