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Encyclopedia > Military Police (Brazil)
A group of Polícia Militar troops from São Paulo

In Brazil, the Military Police (Portuguese: Polícia Militar, or PM) is the name of the preventive state police forces in Brazil. Each of the States of Brazil has their own corps of military police, which carries out preventive police duties, while the "Civil Police" carries out detective work, forensics and criminal investigation. The exact balance of the policing workload varies from state to state. For instance, in the State of Rio de Janeiro, where the military police has a particularly bad reputation, its duties are much more limited. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1195 KB) Autódromo José Carlos Pace, Interlagos, Brasil. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1195 KB) Autódromo José Carlos Pace, Interlagos, Brasil. ... // United States See also: List of U.S. state law enforcement agencies In the United States, state police are a police body unique to each U.S. state, having statewide authority to conduct law enforcement activities and criminal investigations. ... Brazil is divided into twenty-six estados (states; singular estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ...


Although the name literally means military police, implying a gendarmerie, the state military police forces have no explicit military duties, and are controlled by states rather than a ministry of defence, so might be considered an effectively civilian preventive police force. It has been suggested that Gendarmerie be merged into this article or section. ... A gendarmerie (pronounced ) is a military body charged with police duties among civilian populations. ...


The Brazilian Military Police services in each state should not be confused with the provost forces that police within the Brazilian military: The Army Police (Polícia do Exército), the Naval Police (Polícia da Marinha), and the Aeronautical Police (Polícia da Aeronaútica). Provosts are military police whose duties are policing within the Armed Forces, as opposed to Gendarmerie duties in the civilian population. ...


There is also a joint "Força Nacional de Segurança" ("National Security Force"), created under the presidency of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, which has been formed by the state corps. This force is composed of the most qualified personnel from all the states, only to be used when the Governor of the State asks for help to control a significant security crisis. It was used for the first time during riots in the state of Espírito Santo. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Flag of Espírito Santo See other Brazilian States Capital Vitória Largest City Vila Velha Area 46,184 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3 097 232 58. ...


Organization

The state corps are divided into battalions (Batalhões de Polícia Militar, BPM); the battalions are divided into companies (Companhias, Cia.); and the Companies are divided into "advanced posts" (Destacamento Policial Militar, DPM). Each of the state corps has its own uniform, coat of arms and anthem. Each battalion in the corps also have their own coat of arms. In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... A company in the broadest sense is an aggregation of people who stay together for a common purpose. ... A uniform is a set of standard clothing worn by members of an organisation whilst participating in that organisations activity. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ...


Actions

The state corps have special units for riot control and organized crime combat, Batalhão de Choque (Riot Battalion) and Batalhão de Missões Especiais (Special Missions Battalion). It also has an internal intelligence unit, called P-2, investigation services, and an internal organization who punish members involved with crime, and members who make some excess in actions. Some corps also have cavalry units, Cavalaria. In some states, these units have different names.


Ranks

  • Soldado (Private)
  • Cabo (Corporal)
  • 3º Sargento (3rd Sergeant)
  • 2º Sargento (2nd Sergeant)
  • 1º Sargento (1st Sergeant)
  • Sub-Tenente (Sub Lieutenant)
  • Cadete (Cadet, years 1-3)
  • Aspirante (Student Officer, in training)
  • 2º Tenente (2nd Lieutenant)
  • 1º Tenente (1st Lieutenant)
  • Capitão (Captain)
  • Major
  • Tenente-Coronel (Lieutenant-Colonel)
  • Coronel (Colonel)

Polícia Militar Corps

  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Acre (PMAC)
  • Polícia Militar de Alagoas (PMAL)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Amapá (PMAP)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Amazonas (PMAM)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado da Bahia (PMBA)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Ceará (PMCE)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Espírito Santo (PMES)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Goiás (PMGO)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Maranhão (PMMA)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Mato Grosso (PMMT)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul (PMMS)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Minas Gerais (PMMG)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Pará (PMPA)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado da Paraíba (PMPB)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Paraná (PMPR)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Pernambuco (PMPE)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Piauí (PMPI)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (PMRJ)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte (PMRN)
  • Brigada Militar do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Rondônia (PMRO)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Roraima (PMRR)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Santa Catarina (PMSC)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de São Paulo (PMSP)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Sergipe (PMSE)
  • Polícia Militar do Estado de Tocantins (PMTO)
  • Polícia Militar do Distrito Federal (PMDF)

The logo of Polícia Militar of Espírito Santo. ... The Polícia Militar do Estado de Goiás was created on July 28, 1858 by the President of the province, Januário da Gama Cerqueira, with Resolution 13. ... The Polícia Militar do Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo State Military Police) is the states law enforcement agency. ...

See also

In Brazil there are two or three levels of policing: the Brazilian Federal Police, the Brazilian Federal Highway Police and state police operate everywhere, and 147 cities also have City Guards. ... The Polícia Federal or Departamento de Polícia Federal or the Brazilian Federal Police is the police of the federal government of Brazil, whose main assignments are: the investigations of crimes against the Federal Government or its organs and companies, the combat of international drug trafficking, and immigration and... It has been suggested that Gendarmerie be merged into this article or section. ... Military branches: Brazilian Army, Brazilian Navy (includes naval air and marines), Brazilian Air Force, Federal Police (paramilitary) Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (compulsory) Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 47,732,285 (2000 est. ...

External links

  • Brazilian Federal Police Official web site, in Portuguese
  • Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil Official web site, in Portuguese
  • Civil Police of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil Official web site, in Portuguese
  • Military Police of Goiás State, Brazil Official web site, in Portuguese
Military of Brazil
Brazilian Air Force | Brazilian Army | Brazilian Navy
Military history of Brazil | Military ranks of Brazil | Brazil and weapons of mass destruction | Brazilian Marine Corps | Brazilian Military Police

 
 

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