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Encyclopedia > Military Cross
Military Cross



Obverse of the medal. Ribbon: 32mm, three equal parts of white, purple, and white.
Awarded by United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Type Military decoration.
Eligibility British, (formerly) Commonwealth, and allied forces.
Awarded for ... gallantry during active operations against the enemy.[1]
Status Currently awarded.
Description 46mm max height, 44mm max width; ornamental silver cross with straight arms terminating in broad dinials decorated with imperial crowns, suspended from plain suspension bar. (Obverse) Royal cypher in centre; (reverse) plain, but from 1938 year of issue has been engraved on lower limb of cross.
Statistics
Established 28 December 1914
Precedence
Next (higher) Conspicuous Gallantry Cross
Same Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Next (lower) Mention in Despatches

The Military Cross (MC) is the third level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Army and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries. Military Cross (UK, Canada & Australia) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... The Conspicuous Gallantry Cross (CGC) is a second level military decoration of the United Kingdom armed forces. ... The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is the third level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) ratings of the Royal Navy and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries. ... The Distinguished Flying Cross is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdoms Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, for an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy... Mentioned in Dispatches (MID) is a military award for gallantry or otherwise commendable service. ... A military decoration is a decoration given to military personnel or units for heroism in battle or distinguished service. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1999)  -  Ransford Smith Establishment  -  as British Commonwealth 1926   -  as the Commonwealth 1949  Membership 53 sovereign states Website thecommonwealth. ...


The MC, which may be awarded posthumously, is granted to army personnel in recognition of '... gallantry during active operations against the enemy.'


The award was created in 1914 for commissioned officers of the substantive rank of Captain or below and for Warrant Officers. In 1931, the award was extended to Majors. Since the 1993 review of the honours system, as part of the drive to remove distinctions of rank in awards for bravery, the Military Medal, formerly the third level decoration for other ranks, has been discontinued. The MC now serves as the third level award for gallantry for all ranks of the British Army. An officer is a member of a military or naval service who holds a position of responsibility. ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... The Military Medal was (until 1993) a military decoration awarded to personnel of the British Army and other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for bravery in battle on land. ...


Bars are awarded to the MC in recognition of the performance of further acts of gallantry meriting the award. Recipients are entitled to the postnominal letters MC.


Notable awards

The first woman to be awarded the Military Cross was Private Michelle Norris of the Royal Army Medical Corps, while attached to The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment in Iraq. Norris was awarded her medal personally by Queen Elizabeth II on March 21, 2007 as the result of her actions in Iraq on June 11, 2006. Michele Norris Private Michelle Norris is a British soldier and medic noted for heroism in the 2003 Iraq conflict. ... The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace. ... The Princess of Waless Royal Regiment (Queens and Royal Hampshires) is the senior English infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queens Division. ... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (81st in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Notes

  1. ^ Defence FactSheet Accessed December 15, 2006.

Bibliography

  • Mackay, J and Mussel, J (eds) - Medals Yearbook - 2005, (2004), Token Publishing.

See also

This article concerns British and Commonwealth of Nations orders and decorations awarded by the British Sovereign. ... A list of British awards for gallantry in the Iraq War from 2003 onwards. ...

External links

  • Database of Australian Awardees at the Australian Government Honours website

  Results from FactBites:
 
American Red Cross of Central Massachusetts: Press Release: American Red Cross Mobilizing Support for Military Families (644 words)
The Red Cross has served active-duty military personnel and their families for more that a century, and is now also supporting the National Guard and Reserves who are being called to duty and separated from their families.
The Red Cross provides free services, 24 hours a day, including linking military members with their families at home in times of crisis, verifying emergency leave information, securing emergency financial assistance and helping families cope with separation when their loved ones are far from home in defense of our country.
Military families who are in need of Red Cross services are encouraged to call the 24 hour toll free Armed Forces Emergency Services number (1-888-737-4306) or your local Chapter at (508-756-5711).
The Military Cross (257 words)
The Military Cross is a military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom Armed Forces, and formerly also to officers of other Commonwealth countries, for distinguished and meritorious services in battle on land.
Recipients of the Military Cross are entitled to use the post-nominal letters "MC".
On each arm of the cross is an Imperial Crown and in the centre of the cross is the Imperial and Royal Cypher of the reigning sovereign (GV, GVI, or EIIR).
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