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Encyclopedia > Milford Sound
Panorama of Milford Sound on a beautiful day. Mitre Peak (centre) rises 1,692 m above the sound.
Panorama of Milford Sound on a beautiful day. Mitre Peak (centre) rises 1,692 m above the sound.
Location of Milford Sound.
Location of Milford Sound.

Milford Sound, also known as Piopiotahi in Maori, is located in the south west of New Zealand's South Island. Although called Milford Sound, it is more accurately classified as a fjord. Milford Sound, the most famous tourist site of New Zealand,[1] is situated within the Fiordland National Park which is in turn part of the Te Wahipounamu World Heritage site. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (4878x1766, 1884 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Milford Sound ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (4878x1766, 1884 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Milford Sound ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Image File history File links Location map of Milford Sound, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Location map of Milford Sound, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... // For other uses of sound, see sound (disambiguation). ... Fjord in Sunnmøre, Norway Fjords are very long inlets from the sea with high steeply sloped walled sides. ... Milford Sound: Mitre Peak, the mountain at left, rises 1692 meters above the Sound. ... Known to Māori as Te Wāhipounamu (the place of greenstone), the South West New Zealand World Heritage site incorporates: Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park Westland National Park Fiordland National Park Mount Aspiring National Park The total area covers 26,000 km2. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


Milford Sound is named for Milford Haven in Wales, and the Cleddau River which flows into it is similarly named for its Welsh namesake. The Maori name for the sound, Piopiotahi, means first native thrush. Milford Haven is a natural harbour in Pembrokeshire, south Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... The River Cleddau (Welsh: ) is to be found in south west Wales, in Pembrokeshire. ... Māori (or Maori) is a language spoken by the native peoples of New Zealand and the Cook Islands. ...

Contents

Geography

Milford Sound runs 15 kilometres inland from the Tasman Sea and is surrounded by sheer rock faces that rise 1200 metres or more on either side. Among the peaks are The Elephant at 1517 m (4977 ft), said to resemble an elephant's head,[2] and Lion Mountain, 1302 m (4271 ft), in the shape of a crouching lion.[3] Lush rain forests cling precariously to these cliffs, while seals, penguins, and dolphins frequent the waters. fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... Families Odobenidae Otariidae Phocidae Pinnipeds (fin-feet, lit. ... This article is about penguin birds. ... This article is about the dolphin mammal. ...


With a mean annual rainfall of 6813 mm on 182 days a year,[4] a high level even for the West Coast, Milford Sound is known as the wettest place in New Zealand and one of the wettest in the world. Rainfall can reach 250 mm during a span of 24 hours.[5] The rainfall creates dozens of temporary waterfalls (as well as a number of major, more permanent ones) cascading down the cliff faces, some reaching a thousand meters in length. Smaller falls from such heights may never reach the bottom of the sound, drifting away in the wind. The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... Tower Fall in Yellowstone National Park A waterfall is usually a geological formation resulting from water, often in the form of a stream, flowing over an erosion-resistant rock formation that forms a sudden break in elevation. ...


Accumulated rainwater can at times cause portions of the rain forest to lose their grip on the sheer cliff faces, resulting in tree avalanches into the Sound. The regrowth of the rain forest after these avalanches can be seen in several locations along the Sound.


Tourism

Cliffs & waterfalls after dry spell. Two-story tour boat for size comparision.
Cliffs & waterfalls after dry spell. Two-story tour boat for size comparision.
Mitre Peak, Milford Sound.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 234 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 234 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (567x859, 155 KB)Mitre Peak, Milford Sound, New Zealand. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (567x859, 155 KB)Mitre Peak, Milford Sound, New Zealand. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...

Overview

The beauty of this landscape draws thousands of visitors each day, with over 550,000 in total per year.[6] This makes the Sound one of New Zealand's most visited tourist spots, and also the most famous New Zealand tourist destination,[1] even with its remote location and the long journey from the nearest population centres. Almost all tourists going to the sound also take one of the boat tours which usually last between 1-2 hours. They are offered by several companies, departing from the Milford Sound Visitors' Centre.


Hiking ('tramping', in New Zealand English) and canoeing are also possible. A small number of companies also provides overnight boat trips. There is otherwise only limited accommodation at the sound, and only a very small percentage of tourists stay more than the day. Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Canoeing is the recreational or sporting activity of paddling a canoe or kayak. ...


An underwater tourist observatory found in one of the bays of the Sound provides viewing of black coral, usually only found in much deeper waters.[citation needed] A dark surface layer of fresh water, stained by tannins from the surrounding forest, allows the corals to grow close to the surface here. Genera Antipathes Aphanipathes Bathypathes Cirripathes Leiopathes Parantipathes Stichopathes Taxipathes Black coral is a term given to a group of deep water, tree-like tropical coral related to sea anemone. ...


Transport

Main article: Transport in Milford Sound

Milford Sound is located about five hours' drive from Queenstown and Invercargill , many tour buses to the Sound depart from there, with some tourists also departing from the closer (and much smaller) tourism centre of Te Anau. There are also scenic flights by light aircraft and helicopter tours to and from Milford Sound Airport. The drive to Milford Sound itself passes through unspoiled mountain landscapes before entering the 1.2-kilometer Homer Tunnel which emerges into rain-forest carpeted canyons that descend to the sound. The mountain road is very winding, and while of high standards, very prone to avalanches and closures during the winter half of the year. The goal of over half a million people per year. ... Queenstown is a resort town in Otago in the south-west of New Zealands South Island. ... Invercargill is the southernmost city in New Zealand, and one of the most southern settlements in the world. ... On Lake Te Anau Te Anau is a town in wide range of accommodation, with over 3000 beds available in summer. ... Glenorchy Airs Gippsland Aeronautics GA 8 Airvan on the ground at Milford Airfield. ... Cars waiting for green light outside Homer Tunnel The Homer Tunnel is a road tunnel in Fiordland, South Island, New Zealand linking Milford Sound to Te Anau and Queenstown. ... A Himalayan avalanche near Mount Everest. ...


The long distance to the Sound means that tourist operators from Queenstown all depart very early in the day, arriving back only late in the evening - this ensures that most tourists visit Milford Sound within a few hours around midday, leading to some congestion on the roads and at the tourist facilities during the main season. This peak time demand is also the reason for the large number of tour boats available at the Sound at the same time.[6]


Over the years, various options of short-cutting the distance to Milford Sound from Queenstown have been mooted, including a gondola route, a new tunnel from Queenstown, or a monorail from near Lake Wakatipu to Te Anau Downs. All would reduce the current round trip duration (which has to travel via Te Anau), thus allowing tourism to be spread out over more of the day. While the Gondola is considered to be out of the running after the DOC refused it for environmental reasons, the two other options are aiming to start consenting processes in 2007.[6] Northern end Near Walter Peak Lake Wakatipu Lake Wakatipu Lake Wakatipu is an inland lake on the South Island of New Zealand. ... On Lake Te Anau Te Anau is a town in wide range of accommodation, with over 3000 beds available in summer. ... The Department of Conservation (In Māori, Te Papa Atawhai), commonly known by its acronym, DOC, is the state sector organisation of New Zealand which deals with the conservation of New Zealand’s natural and historic heritage. ...


Milford Sound can also be reached on foot as the final destination of the several-day Milford Track. A typical cloudy yet beautiful day on the Milford Track The Milford Track is New Zealands most famous tramping route and is one of the most famous walking tracks in the world. ...


Other aspects

On 8 February 2004 a spill of 13,000 litres of diesel fuel was discovered, resulting in a 2 kilometre oil spill which closed the sound for two days while intensive cleanup activities were completed. Apparently a hose was used to displace the fuel from the tanks of one of the tour vessels, and various government officials claimed it appeared to be an act of ecoterrorism motivated by rising numbers of tourists to the park,[7] though more details did not become known. The spill has been removed and damage to the park's wildlife appears to have been minimal. is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Subsequent to an Oil Spill An oil spill is the unintentional release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment as a result of human activity. ... The term eco-terrorism is a neologism which has been used to describe acts of violence (as in violence against property), sabotage and/or property damage which are ostensibly motivated by concern for the natural environment. ...


Near Milford Sound are also locations used to film some of the scenes of the Argonath in The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring [8]. In J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings, The Argonath, also known as The Gates of Argonath or The Pillars of the Kings, is a fictional monument comprising two enormous pillars, carved in the likenesses of Isildur and Anárion, standing upon either side of the River...


Gallery

See also

Typical view of the Doubtful Sound. ... Fiordland is a region of New Zealand that is situated on the south-western corner of the South Island. ... The goal of over half a million people per year. ... Glenorchy Airs Gippsland Aeronautics GA 8 Airvan on the ground at Milford Airfield. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Real Journeys rapt with Kiwi Must-Do's - Scoop Independent News, Tuesday 13 February 2007
  2. ^ The Elephant (from the mitrepeak.com cruise website)
  3. ^ Lion Mountain (from the mitrepeak.com cruise website)</
  4. ^ Otago Climate (from the Otago Regional Council website, retrieved 2006-12-26)
  5. ^ Year 2004 (pdf-format, from the New Zealand National Climate Summary, Retrieved 2006-12-26)
  6. ^ a b c Over And Under: Linking Queenstown and Milford Sound - e.nz magazine, IPENZ, May/June 2007
  7. ^ Police probe Milford diesel spill 'terrorism' - New Zealand Herald, Tuesday 10 February 2004
  8. ^ The Lord of the Rings Location: Milford Sound (from travel website jasons.com)

Otago is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... The Institution of Professional Engineers New Zealand (IPENZ) is New Zealands engineering society, representing all those who use a systematic process of analysis, design/synthesis and implementation, strive to operate in a responsible way, are governed by a code of ethics set by their peers, and engage in continuing... The New Zealand Herald is a daily broadsheet newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Milford Sound - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (558 words)
Milford Sound (Piopiotahi) is located on the south west corner of the South Island of New Zealand.
Milford Sound is located about five hours' drive from Queenstown; many tour buses to the Sound depart from there, as well as much pricier helicopter tours.
Milford Sound is named for Milford Haven in Wales, and the Cleddau River which flows into it is similarly named for a Welsh namesake.
Fiordland | Milford Sound (414 words)
The road to Milford Sound is considered to be one of the world’s finest alpine drives.
Visitors to Milford normally opt for a cruise of the sounds by launch, and the experience for most is unforgettable.
With the exception of the Milford Deep Shuttle, all departures on the sound visit the Observatory as part of a Milford Sound Cruise.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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