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Encyclopedia > Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev
Portrait of Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev
Portrait of Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev

Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev (Лазарев, Михаил Петрович in Russian) (November 3, 1788April 11, 1851) was a Russian fleet commander and explorer, and Admiral (1843). Image File history File links Lazarevpetrovich. ... Image File history File links Lazarevpetrovich. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A rare occurance of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents


Education and Early Career

Lazarev hailed from an ancient Armenian family. In 1800, he enrolled in Russia's Naval College. Three years later he was sent to the British fleet, where he would stay for a continuous five-year navigation. In 18081813, Lazarev served in the Baltic Fleet. He took part in the Russo-Swedish War of 1808-1809 and Patriotic War of 1812. 1800 (MDCCC) was an common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... There are several traditions of navigation. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... A sailor of the Baltic Fleet during World War II The Baltic Fleet (Russian: Балтийский флот, in the Soviet period - The Red Banner Baltic Fleet - Краснознамённый Балтийский флот) is located at the Baltic Sea and headquartered in Kaliningrad, the other major base is at Kronstadt, located in the Gulf of Finland. ... The invasion of the Russian Empire led by Napoleon in 1812 was a critical turning point in the Napoleonic wars. ...


Career as an Explorer

Lazarev first circumnavigated the globe in 18131816, on board on the vessel Suvorov; the expedition began at Kronstadt and reached Alaska. During this voyage, Lazarev discovered the Suvorov Atoll. To circumnavigate a place, such as an island, a continent, or the Earth, is to travel all the way around it by boat or ship. ... A globe This article is on a planet-representation device. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1888 map of Kronstadt bay Kronstadt (Russian: ), or Kronshtadt, Cronstadt, is a strongly fortified Russian seaport town, located on Kotlin Island, near the head of the Gulf of Finland, at , . It lies thirty kilometers west of Saint Petersburg, of which it is the chief port. ... Official language(s) English Capital Largest city Juneau Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi  (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Map of Cook Islands with Suwarrow near the middle Suwarrow (also called Suvorov or Suvarov) is a low coral atoll in the Cook Islands in the Pacific Ocean. ...


As a commander of the ship Mirny and Fabian von Bellingshausen's deputy on his world cruise in 1819-1821, Lazarev took part in the discovery of Antarctica and numerous islands. On January 28, 1820 (New Style) the expedition discovered the Antarctic mainland approaching the Antarctic coast at a point with coordinates 69°21′28″S, 2°14′50″W and seeing ice-fields there. Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen (Беллинсгаузен, Фаддей Фаддеевич, Faddey Faddeyevich Bellinsgauzen in Russian) (September 20, 1778 - January 13, 1852) served as a naval officer of the Russian Empire and commanded the second expedition to circumnavigate Antarctica. ... To circumnavigate a place, such as an island, a continent, or the Earth is to travel all the way around it by boat or ship. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ...


In 1822-1825, Lazarev circumnavigated the globe for the third time on his frigate Kreyser, conducting broad research in the fields of meteorology and ethnography. 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Frigate is a name which has been used for several distinct types of warships at different times. ... Satellite image of Hurricane Hugo with a polar low visible at the top of the image. ... Ethnography (from the Greek ethnos = nation and graphein = writing) refers to the qualitative description of human social phenomena, based on fieldwork. ...


Wartime Commands

In 1826, Lazarev became commander of the ship Azov, which would sail to the Mediterranean Sea as a part of the squadron under the command of Admiral Login Petrovich Geiden and participate in the Battle of Navarino in 1827. Lazarev received the rank of Rear Admiral for his excellence during the battle. The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Satellite image The Mediterranean Sea is a part of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... Login Petrovich Geiden or Heyden was a Dutch admiral in Russian service. ... Combatants United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Restored Kingdom of France, Imperial Russia Ottoman Empire, Egypt Commanders Edward Codrington, Henri de Rigny, Login Petrovich Geiden Ibrahim Pasha Strength 7 battleships, 10 frigates, 4 brigs, 2 schooners, 1 cutter 3 battleships, 17 frigates, 30 corvettes, 28 brigs, 5 schooners, 5... Naval Battle of Navarino by Carneray 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Military rank, or simply rank, is a system of grading seniority and command within military organizations. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ...


In 18281829, he was in charge of the Dardanelles blockade. 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Map of the Dardanelles The Dardanelles (Turkish: Çanakkale Boğazı, Greek: Δαρδανελλια), formerly known as the Hellespont, is a narrow strait in northwestern Turkey connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara. ... A blockade is any effort to prevent supplies, troops, information or aid from reaching an opposing force. ...


In 1830, Lazarev returned to Kronstadt and became a commander of naval units of the Baltic Fleet. Two years later, he was made Chief of Staff of the Black Sea Fleet. Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A sailor of the Baltic Fleet during World War II The Baltic Fleet (Russian: Балтийский флот, in the Soviet period - The Red Banner Baltic Fleet - Краснознамённый Балтийский флот) is located at the Baltic Sea and headquartered in Kaliningrad, the other major base is at Kronstadt, located in the Gulf of Finland. ... The term Chief of Staff can refer to: The White House Chief of Staff, the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. ... Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ...


In February-June of 1833, Lazarev led a Russian squadron to the Bosporus and signed the Treaty of Hunkar-Iskelesi with Turkey. In 1833, Lazarev was appointed Commander of the Black Sea Fleet, the Black Sea ports, and also military governor of Sevastopol and Nikolayev. 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Bosporus - photo taken from International Space Station. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... Sevastopol (Russian and Ukrainian: Севастополь; Crimean Tatar: ), formerly known as Sebastopol, is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimean peninsula. ... Mykolayiv (Ukrainian Миколаїв), also known by its Russian name Николаев (Nikolaev or Nikolayev) is a city in Southern Ukraine with the population of 514,000 (2001 estimation). ...


Influence and Legacy

Admiral Lazarev was influential both in technical matters and as a mentor to younger officers. He advocated the creation of a steam-powered fleet, but Russia's technical and economical backwardness was a major hindrance to this. He also tutored a number of the Russian fleet commanders, including Pavel Nakhimov, Vladimir Kornilov,Vladimir Istomin, and Grigory Butakov. A steam engine is an external combustion heat engine that makes use of the thermal energy that exists in steam, converting it to mechanical work. ... Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov (June 23, 1802 - June 28, 1855) was one of the most famous admirals in Russian naval history, best remembered as the commander of naval and land forces during the Siege of Sevastopol (Sevastopol) in the Crimean War. ... Vladimir Ivanovich Istomin (Владимир Иванович Истомин in Russian) (1809 - March 7(19), 1855) was a Russian rear admiral (1853) and hero of the Siege of Sevastopol. ...


An atoll in the Pacific Ocean, capes in the Amur estuary and on the Unimak Island, an island in the Aral Sea, a bay and a port in the Sea of Japan and other locations bear Lazarev's name. An atoll is a type of low, coral island found in tropical oceans and consisting of a coral-algal reef surrounding a central depression. ... The bay at San Sebastián, Spain A headland is an area of land adjacent to water on three sides. ... The Amur River (Russian: Амур; Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江; Hanyu Pinyin: , or Black Dragon River; Mongolian: Хара-Мурэн, Khara-Muren or Black River; Manchu: Sahaliyan Ula, literal meaning Black River) is one of the world’s ten longest rivers, forming the border between the Russian Far East and Manchuria in China. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits and services. ... Unimak Island is the largest island in Alaskas Aleutian Islands chain. ... Map of area around the Aral Sea. ... In geography, a bay or gulf is a collection of water that is surrounded by land on three sides. ... The Sea of Japan (East Sea) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean. ...


External links

  • A map of his Antarctic expedition (in Russian), attention - all dates there are Julian

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (470 words)
Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev (Лазарев, Михаил Петрович in Russian) (November 3, 1788 — April 11, 1851) was a Russian fleet commander and explorer, and Admiral (1843).
In 1808—1813, Lazarev served in the Baltic Fleet.
Lazarev received the rank of Rear Admiral for his excellence during the battle.
Political/Civilian Events between 1830-1852 (1881 words)
Russian composer Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky is born in Karevo.
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov, Russian poet and romantic novelist, dies after a duel.
Mikhail Glinka's second opera 'Ruslan and Ludmila' is first performed at the Bolshoi Theater.
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