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Encyclopedia > Mikhail Alekseev
General Mikhail Alekseev
General Mikhail Alekseev

Mikhail Vasiliyevich Alekseeev (Russian: Алексеев, Михаил Васильевич) (November 3, 1857September 25, 1918) was a Russian military officer before and during World War I, and one of the leaders of counterrevolutionary forces in 1917-1918. Image File history File links Alekseev. ... Image File history File links Alekseev. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

Born in Kalinin, his father Vasilii Alekseev was an army captain in the 64th Kazan Regiment. Mikhail Alekseev graduated from the Moscow Infantry School in 1876 and was made an ensign in the 64th Kazan Regiment. He completed studies at the Nicholas General Staff Academy in 1890 and was posted as a senior adjutant in the headquarters of the 1st Army Corps in the St.-Petersburg Military District. He served in this capacity and as a professor at the Academy's Department of Military History from 1898-1904. With the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War, in October 1904 Alekseev was appointed Quartermaster General of the 3rd Manchurian Army. During the war he was awarded a gold sword and the orders of St. Stanislav 1st class with sword and St. Anne 1st class. After the war M.V. Alekseev was named first senior quartermaster of the General Staff’s main directorate, while maintaining his position as professor at the General Staff Academy. In 1908 he was made Chief of Staff of the Kiev military district. In 1912 Alekseev was named commander of the 13th Army corps. At the beginning of World War I in August 1914, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Southwestern front (which held the Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Eighth Armies) where he planned the Russian offensive into Galicia, and given the rank of general-of-infantry. In March 1915 Alekseev became a commander of the Russian Western front. When Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolayevich of Russia stepped down as Russian supreme Commander-in-chief in August 1915 and replaced by Tsar Nicholas II, Alekseev was appointed to Chief of Staff of the General Headquarters (Stavka) and placed in charge of all military operations. He served in this capacity from August 1915 to March 1917. A professor (Latin: one who claims publicly to be an expert) (prof for short) is a senior teacher, lecturer and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... The word department has a number of meanings: It can mean an administrative sector of the government. ... Military history is the recording (in writing or otherwise) of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Greater Manchuria, Russian (outer) Manchuria is region to upper right in lighter Red; Liaodong Peninsula is the wedge extending into the Yellow Sea The Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) was an extremely bloody conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of Russia and Japan in Manchuria and Korea. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Extent of Manchuria according to Definition 1 (dark red), Definition 3 (dark red + medium red) and Definition 4 (dark red + medium red + light red) Manchuria (Manchu: Manju, Simplified Chinese: 满洲; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; pinyin: ) is name given to a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ... The term Chief of Staff can refer to: The White House Chief of Staff, the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. ... A monument to St. ... Military district (Russian: вое́нный о́круг (voyenny okrug)) is a territorial association of military units, formations, military schools, and various local military establishments. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaevich (1856 - 1929) was a Russian general in World War I. A grandson of the Tsar Nicholas I, he was commander in chief of the Russian armies on the main front in the first year of the war, and was later a successful commander in the Caucasus. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Tsar Nicholas II (18 May 1868 to 17 July 1918)1 was the last crowned Emperor of Russia. ... Stavka is an abbreviation for Shtab vierhovnogo komandovania, or General Headquarters of armed forces in late Imperial Russia and in the Soviet Union. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ...

During the February Revolution of 1917, Alekseev tried to save the monarchy and was chosen to convince the Tsar to abdicate the throne in March 1917. From March to May 1917 Alekseev was the Commander-in-chief and later adviser to the Provisional Government. He spoke against the Soviets and democratization of the army, and was one of the initiators of the counterrevolutionary organizations. The February Revolution of 1917 in Russia was the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. ... A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. ... Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one), the act whereby a person in office renounces and gives up the same before the expiry of the time for which it is held. ... This article is about the month of May. ... The Russian Provisional Government was formed in Petrograd after the deterioration of the Russian Empire and the abdication of the Tsars. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Democratization is the transition from authoritarian or semi-authoritarian systems to democratic political systems, where democratic systems are taken to be those approximating to universal suffrage, regular elections, a civil society, the rule of law, and an independent judiciary. ...

On August 30, 1917 Alekseev became Chief of Staff of the Stavka under Commander-in-Chief Alexander Kerensky. His goal was to prevent the Kornilov movement (see Kornilov Affair) from developing into civil war. That same day, Alekseev arrived at the General Headquarters, arrested General Kornilov and his men and sent them to prison in Bykhov (a town in Mogilev oblast in Belarus), from which they would "break away" with the help of General Nikolai Dukhonin. He then resigned his post in protest of Kerensky's policies. Alexander Kerensky Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ке́ренский) (April 22, 1881 (May 2, New Style) - June 11, 1970) was a Russian revolutionary leader, who was instrumental in toppling the Russian Monarchy. ... The Kornilov Affair was the failed military coup by General Lavr Kornilov against the Provisional Government of Aleksandr Kerensky in September, 1917, in between the fall of the Tsars and the October Revolution. ... Lavr Georgiyevich Kornilov (Russian: Лавр Георгиевич Корнилов) (1870-1918) was a Russian army general best known for the Kornilov Affair, an unsuccessful military coup he staged against Kerenskys Provisional Government during the 1917 Russian Revolution. ... Mahilyow, or Mahileu (Belarusian: Магілёў; Russian: Могилёв (Mogilev), Polish Mohylew or Mogilew) is a city in the eastern Belarus, close to the border to Russia with about 300,000 inhabitants. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Nikolay Nikolayevich Dukhonin (1876-1917) was the last commander-in-chief of the Russian Imperial army. ...

After the November Revolution, Alekseev fled to Novocherkassk, where on November 15 he began forming the so called Alekseev's Officer Organization, which would become the basis of the Volunteer Army. In December 1917, Kornilov became the leader of Alekseev's organization, with Alekseev himself dealing with its political and financial affairs. Roads leading to Novocherkassk are graced by triumphal arches, erected to commemorate the Cossack victory over Napoleon. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... The Volunteer Army (Добровольческая армия in Russian, or Dobrovolcheskaya armiya) was a counterrevolutionary army in South Russia during the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...

Alekseev was appointed head of the so called Special Council, which would function as a government under Anton Denikin, after the death of Kornilov in April 1918. Anton Denikin on the day of his resignation in 1920 Anton Ivanovich Denikin (Анто́н Ива́нович Дени́кин) (December 16, 1872 - August 8, 1947) was a Russian army officer before and during World War I. Following the Russian Revolution he was part of the counter-revolutionary White Russian forces in the civil...

Alekseev died of a heart condition in Ekaterinodar. He was first buried in the crypt of the cossack host cathedral, but later his body was taken by his family to Belgrade, Serbia, where it remains. Krasnodar (Russian, Краснодар) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River, and is the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai (Krasnodar region, also known as Kuban, Russian Кубань). ... [[Image:|Location of Belgrade]] Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

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