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Encyclopedia > Mike Wallace (journalist)
Mike Wallace
Born May 9, 1918 (age 88)
Brookline, Massachusetts

Mike Wallace (born Myron Leon Wallace on May 9, 1918) is a former American game show host, television personality, and journalist. He is best known as a television correspondent for CBS's 60 Minutes, having been with that program since it first began in 1968 to his departure in 2006. During his career at 60 Minutes, he has interviewed a wide range of newsmakers, including Johnny Carson, Ted Turner, Deng Xiaoping, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, Ayatollah Khomeini, Kurt Waldheim, Malcolm X, Jeffrey Wigand, Yasser Arafat, Ayn Rand, Menachem Begin, Anwar Sadat, Manuel Noriega, Vladimir Putin, and Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...   Settled: 1638 â€“ Incorporated: 1705 Zip Code(s): 02445, 02446, 02447, 02467 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Game show host is a profession involving the hosting of gameshows. ... A celebrity is a person who is widely recognized in a society. ... Journalism is a discipline of writing. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... 60 Minutes is an investigative television newsmagazine on United States television, which has run on CBS News since 1968. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For other people named John Carson, see John Carson (disambiguation). ... Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American media mogul and philanthropist. ... Deng Xiaoping   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904–February 19, 1997) was a leader in the Communist Party of China (CCP). ... His Majesty Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (اعلیحضرت محمدرضا شاه پهلوی; October 26, 1919 – July 27, 1980) also knows as Aryamehr, was the last Shah of Iran, ruling from 1941 until... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political... Kurt Josef Waldheim (born December 21, 1918) is an Austrian diplomat and conservative politician. ... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... Dr. Jeffrey Wigand was vice president of research and development at Brown & Williamson, and became known as a whistleblower when, on the CBS news program 60 Minutes, he exposed his companys practice of impact boosting — intentionally manipulating the effect of nicotine in cigarettes. ... This article is about the Palestinian leader. ... It has been suggested that The Ayn Rand Collective be merged into this article or section. ...   (August 16, 1913 – March 9, 1992) (Hebrew: מְנַחֵם בְּגִין) was a Polish-Jewish head of the Zionist underground group the Irgun, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and the first Likud Prime Minister of Israel. ... Muhammad Anwar Al-Sadat (محمد أنورالسادات in Arabic) (December 25, 1918 – October 6, 1981) was an Egyptian politician and served as the third President of Egypt from September 28, 1970 until his assassination on October 6, 1981. ... General Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno (born February 11, 1938) is a Panamanian general, the de facto military leader of Panama from 1983 to 1989. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the incumbent President of Russia. ...   (Persian: ‎ ​, IPA: ), transcribed into English as Mahmud or Mahmood, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmady Nejad) (born October 28, 1956) is the current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...

Contents

Life and career

Mike Wallace—whose actual birth surname is Wallach (changed to conceal his Jewish heritage)—was born in the Boston suburb of Brookline, Massachusetts to Russian-Jewish parents. He went on to the University of Michigan, graduating in 1939 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. His first job in radio was as newscaster and continuity writer for WOOD Radio in Grand Rapids, Michigan. This job lasted until 1940 when he joined WXYZ Radio in Detroit, Michigan as an announcer. He then went on to became a freelance radio worker in Chicago, Illinois. Wallace joined the U.S. Navy in 1943, serving as a communications officer during World War II. After the war, he returned to Chicago. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ...   Settled: 1638 â€“ Incorporated: 1705 Zip Code(s): 02445, 02446, 02447, 02467 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (UM or U of M) is a coeducational public research university in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... Nickname: Location of Grand Rapids within Kent County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Kent  - Mayor George Heartwell Area    - City 45. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area    - City 370. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... USN redirects here. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000,000 Civilian dead: 4,000,000 Total dead 12,000,000 World War II (abbreviated WWII), or the Second World War, was a worldwide conflict...


Early in his career, Wallace announced for the radio action shows Ned Jordan, Secret Agent, and The Green Hornet. It is sometimes reported that Wallace announced for the The Lone Ranger, but Wallace has denied that he ever held that particular job [1]. Edward S. Ned Jordan, ca. ... Secret Agent is a 1936 British film directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on a novel by W. Somerset Maugham. ... Al Hodge as Britt Reid in The Green Hornet, 1938 The Green Hornet was an American radio program that ran on WXYZ (Detroit), the Mutual Network and the NBC Blue (later ABC) Network from January 31, 1936 to December 5, 1952. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


He has been married four times and has two sons and a daughter. His oldest son, Peter, died in a mountain climbing accident in 1962. His other son, Chris Wallace, works as a moderator of Fox News Sunday, a syndicated television show which runs throughout Fox's network of affiliates. He has four grandchildren and recently became a great-grandfather. Mountaineering is an umbrella term that can variously be used to describe the actions of climbing, hillwalking and scrambling. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


During the 1950s, Wallace hosted a number of game shows, such as The Big Surprise, Who's the Boss? and Who Pays?. It was not uncommon during that period for journalists to also host game shows; Douglas Edwards, John Daly, John Cameron Swayze, and Walter Cronkite hosted game shows as well. Wallace also hosted the pilot episode for Nothing But the Truth, which was helmed by Bud Collyer when it aired under the title, To Tell the Truth. Wallace occasionally served as a panelist on To Tell the Truth in the 1950s. He also did commercials for a variety of products, including Fluffo (brand) shortening. The Big Surpise was a television quiz show broadcast in the United States by NBC from 1955 to 1957. ... Douglas Edwards (born July 14, 1917 — October 13, 1990) was Americas first network news television anchor, anchoring the CBS Evening News broadcast from 1948-1962. ... John Charles Daly on Whats My Line? John Charles Daly (full given name John Charles Patrick Croghan Daly, generally known as John Daly, February 20, 1914 – February 24, 1991), a native of Johannesburg, South Africa, was a journalist, game show host, radio personality, actor, and author. ... John Cameron Swayze (April 4, 1906-August 15, 1995), was a popular news commentator and game show panelist in the United States, during the 1950s. ... Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr. ... Bud Collyer on Beat The Clock, 1957 Bud Collyer (b. ... To Tell the Truth is an American television game show that has been seen in various forms on and off since 1956. ...


During that period, Wallace also hosted two late-night interview programs, Night Beat (broadcast in New York only on WABD) and The Mike Wallace Interview on ABC. His interviews were so hard-hitting (uncommon for television at the time) that his nickname became "Mike Malice". WNYW, Fox 5 New York is the flagship television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. ...


By the early 1960s, Wallace's primary income stream came from commercials for Parliament cigarettes. After his elder son's death, however, Wallace decided to get back into news, and was offered the opportunity to host an early version of The CBS Morning News, which he handled from 1963 to 1966. Parliament is a brand of cigarette manufactured by Phillip Morris. ... The Early Show is an American television morning news talk show broadcast by CBS from New York City, 7 to 9 a. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


On March 14, 2006, Wallace announced his retirement from 60 Minutes after 37 years with the program. He will continue working for CBS News as a "Correspondent Emeritus" [2]. For the Lebanese political coalition, see March 14 Alliance. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Awards

Wallace's professional honors include 19 Emmy Awards, three Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Awards, three George Foster Peabody Awards, a Robert E. Sherwood Award, a Distinguished Achievement Award from the University of Southern California School Of Journalism and a Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award in the international broadcast category. In September 2003, Wallace received a Lifetime Achievement Emmy—his 20th Emmy Award.


Depression

Wallace suffered from major clinical depression triggered by accusations of libel and a related lawsuit. He has been treated by a psychiatrist and has taken different medications to treat this condition. On his battle with depression, Wallace said: Clinical depression (also called major depressive disorder, or sometimes unipolar when compared with bipolar disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... In English and American law, and systems based on them, libel and slander are two forms of defamation (or defamation of character), which is the tort or delict of making a false statement of fact that injures someones reputation. ... It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ...

"At first I couldn't sleep, then I couldn't eat. I felt hopeless and I just couldn't cope… and then I just lost all perspective on things. You know, you become crazy. I had done a story for 60 Minutes on depression previously, but I had no idea that I was now experiencing it. Finally, I collapsed and just went to bed" (Source: CBS Cares interview below).

He revealed on a May 21, 2006 episode of 60 Minutes that he once attempted suicide with an overdose of pills. In recent years, Wallace has gone public with his long-standing fight against depression, testifying for Senate hearings on the topic. He has also been interviewed on the illness on Larry King Live and for various documentaries. Speaking on the issue, he has urged those who suffer depression to seek treatment. May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the willful act of killing oneself. ... A drug overdose occurs when a chemical substance (i. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is... Larry King Live is a nightly CNN interview program hosted by broadcaster and writer Larry King. ...


Criticism

Mike Wallace interviewed Gen. William Westmoreland for the CBS special The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception [3]. Westmoreland then sued Wallace and CBS for libel. In February 1985, while the case was still in court, CBS offered an apology to settle with Westmoreland after their internal investigation determined that the producers of the show had not used the proper standards of fairness. Westmoreland accepted the apology to settle the case. General William Westmoreland William Childs Westmoreland (March 26, 1914 – July 18, 2005) was a U.S. Army General who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War at its peak from 1964 to 1968 and who served as US Army Chief of Staff from 1968 to 1972. ... In English and American law, and systems based on them, libel and slander are two forms of defamation (or defamation of character), which is the tort or delict of making a false statement of fact that injures someones reputation. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Wallace has also been criticized for his tactics, which include conducting interviews under deceptive or "ambush" circumstances in order to embarrass his quarry. Jailed former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega called Wallace "the epitome of sabotage journalism". Dan Rather called him a "Michigan Asshole" on Larry King Live. General Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno (born February 11, 1938) is a Panamanian general, the de facto military leader of Panama from 1983 to 1989. ...


Wallace was played by actor Christopher Plummer in the 1999 feature film, The Insider. The screenplay was based on the Vanity Fair article, "The Man Who Knew Too Much" by Marie Brenner, which accused Wallace of capitulating to corporate pressure to kill a story about Jeffrey Wigand, a whistle-blower trying to expose the activity of "big tobacco". Wallace, for his part, disliked his on-screen portrayal and maintains he was in fact very eager to have Wigand's story aired in full. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Insider is a 1999 film which tells the true story of a 60 Minutes television series exposé of the tobacco industry, as seen through the eyes of a real tobacco executive, Jeffrey Wigand. ... Vanity Fair is a glossy American glamour magazine monthly that offers a mixture of articles on high-brow culture, jet-set and entertainment-business personalities, politics, and current affairs. ... The Man Who Knew Too Much was an influential article on Tobacco industry Whistle-Blower Jeffrey Wigand written by journalist Marie Brenner for the May 1996 issue of Vanity Fair magazine. ... Dr. Jeffrey Wigand was vice president of research and development at Brown & Williamson, and became known as a whistleblower when, on the CBS news program 60 Minutes, he exposed his companys practice of impact boosting — intentionally manipulating the effect of nicotine in cigarettes. ... A whistleblower is someone in an organization who witnesses behavior by members that is either contrary to the mission of the organization, or threatening to the public interest, and who decides to speak out publicly about it. ...


Trivia

  • In 2004, Mike Wallace, then 86, made headlines following a dispute with New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission inspectors. Upon finding the two inspectors interviewing his driver, who they alleged was double-parked, Wallace allegedly lunged at one of them and was subsequently arrested. He was released after receiving a court summons to answer charges for disorderly conduct. A restaurant manager who witnessed the scene said the officers "manhandled" Wallace. When asked for comment by the hordes of paparazzi that responded to the incident, Wallace appears in several tabloid television shows including Inside Edition and A Current Affair as stating frustratedly "The whole thing was just asinine."[citation needed].
  • While still a student at the University of Michigan, Mike Wallace appeared as a guest panelist on the popular radio quiz show Information Please on February 7, 1939. He was still using the name Myron Wallace and was described as a "bearded youth" and "representing the spirit of youth." This episode is circulating today.

Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... Paparazzi is a plural term (paparazzo being the singular form) for photographers who take candid photographs of celebrities, usually by relentlessly shadowing them in their public and private activities. ... A WNYW-TV full screen segment intro from 2005. ... WJLA, Washington, DC Inside Edition promo featuring Bill OReilly, 1993. ... A Current Affair logo A Current Affair is a television magazine that ran from 1986 to 1996 before reappearing in 2005. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Information Please was an American radio quiz show, created by Dan Golenpaul, which aired from May 17, 1938 to June 25, 1948. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Quotations

"Who gave George Bush the duty to free people around the world?" [4]


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Between You And Mike Wallace, '60 Minutes' Newsman Publishes Highlights Of His Interviews - CBS News (659 words)
In that long-ago interview, Wallace reached a more personal side of the great lady when he asked about the opposition that she and her husband had met while in the White House.
She grew tearful on camera when Wallace told her that her own mother had said of her, "you haven't got time to be close to anyone." Streisand has refused Wallace's interview requests ever since.
Wallace's career as a newsman began in the 1940s when he was a radio newswriter and broadcaster for the Chicago Sun.
Wallace, Mike (1597 words)
While his journalistic credentials and tactics have been questioned at times, his longevity, celebrity, and ability to land big interviews made him one of the most important news figures in the history of television.
Wallace, however, studied broadcasting at the University of Michigan and began an acting and announcing career in 1939.
Wallace's move into interviewing at the network level came in the form of two husband-and-wife talk shows, All Around the Town and Mike and Buff, which CBS adapted from a successful Chicago radio program.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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