FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Mike Harris
Michael Deane Harris
Mike Harris

The Hon. Mike Harris This image is protected by Crown copyright (unless otherwise indicated), which is held by the Queens Printer for Ontario. ...


In office
June 26, 1995 – April 14, 2002
Preceded by Bob Rae
Succeeded by Ernie Eves

Born January 23, 1945
Toronto, Ontario
Political party Ontario PC Party
Spouse Mary Alyce Coward
Janet Harrison
Laura Maguire
Religion Anglican

Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. He is most noted for the "Common Sense Revolution", his government's program of deficit reduction in combination with lower taxes and significant cuts to some government programs. Dalton McGuinty The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Robert Keith Rae, PC , OC, O.Ont , QC , B.A., LL.B, B.Phi. ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party of Ontario, also known as Tories) is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... Dalton McGuinty The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U.S. state of New Jersey in the 1990s. ...

Contents

Background

Harris was born in Toronto and grew up in North Bay, where his father operated a ski hill. Harris first attended Waterloo Lutheran University (now Wilfrid Laurier University) but left after a year. He then worked at his father's ski hill before attending Laurentian University and North Bay Teacher's College, and became an elementary school teacher for a short period of time. He also managed North Bay's Pinewood Park (now Clarion Resort) Golf Course (Harris was never officially a golf professional). Deep powder skiing Alpine skier carving a turn on piste Members of the U.S. Air Force skiing (and snowboarding) at Keystone Resorts 14th Annual SnoFest This article is about snow skiing. ... Wilfrid Laurier University (WLU) is a public university located in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ... Laurentian University (Université Laurentienne), founded in 1960, is a mid-sized bilingual university in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ...


Early political career

He first sought election to public office as a school board trustee in 1975. He entered provincial politics in the 1981 election, and defeated the incumbent Liberal Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) in Nipissing. Harris later claimed that he was motivated to enter politics by an opposition to the policies of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. [citation needed] 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... William Daviss Progressive Conservatives finally won a majority government after winning only minorities in the 1975 and 1977 elections. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is a centrist provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... Nipissing was a Canadian electoral district, which existed from 1892 to 2003. ... The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the head of the Government of Canada. ... Trudeau redirects here. ...


Harris sat as a backbencher in Bill Davis's Ontario Progressive Conservative Party government from 1981 to 1985. He supported Frank Miller's successful bid to succeed Davis as party leader in 1985, and took the role of rival candidate Dennis Timbrell to prepare Miller for the party's all-candidate debates. Miller was sworn in as Premier of Ontario on February 8, 1985, and appointed Harris as his Minister of Natural Resources. A backbencher is a Member of Parliament or a legislator who does not hold governmental office and is not a Front Bench spokesperson in the Opposition. ... For the actor, professor, and waterskiier, see William B. Davis The Honourable William (Bill) Grenville Davis, PC , CC , O.Ont. ... The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party of Ontario, also known as Tories) is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Frank Miller, the Canadian politician. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dennis Roy Timbrell (November 13, 1946—) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Dalton McGuinty The Premier of Ontario is the first minister for the Canadian province of Ontario. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for managing and protecting the natural resources in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


The Tories were reduced to a minority government in the 1985 provincial election, although Harris was personally re-elected without difficulty. He kept the Natural Resources portfolio after the election, and was also named Minister of Energy on May 17, 1985. Time limitations prevented Harris from making many notable contributions in these portfolios, as the Miller government was soon defeated on a Motion of No Confidence by David Peterson's Liberals and Bob Rae's New Democratic Party. A minority government or a minority cabinet is a cabinet of a parliamentary system formed when no political party has won a majority of seats in the parliament, typically by the party that does have a plurality. ... David Petersons Liberals, with support from Bob Raes New Democrats, form a minority government despite having fewer seats than Frank Millers Progressive Conservatives. ... The Ministry of Energy in the Canadian province of Ontario is responsible for managing and improving the provincial energy utilities, Hydro One and Ontario Power Generation. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A motion of no confidence, also called a motion of non-confidence, a censure motion, a no-confidence motion, or simply a confidence motion, is a parliamentary motion traditionally put before a parliament by the opposition in the hope of defeating or embarrassing a government. ... The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is a center-right provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Robert Keith Rae, PC , OC, O.Ont , QC , B.A., LL.B, B.Phi. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ...


An agreement between the Liberals and the NDP allowed a Liberal minority government to govern for two years in exchange for the implementation of certain NDP policies. This decision consigned the Tories to opposition for the first time in 42 years. Miller resigned and was replaced by Larry Grossman, who led the party to a disastrous showing in the 1987 election and announced his resignation shortly thereafter. Harris was again re-elected in Nipissing without difficulty. Lawrence Larry Sheldon Grossman (born December 2, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario; died June 1997) was a politician in Ontario, Canada, and a noted baseball fan. ... Map of the 1987 election, showing the ridings and their popular vote The Ontario general election of 1987 was held on September 10, 1987, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ...


Leadership

The party was not ready to hold a leadership convention in 1987. Grossman, who had lost his legislative seat, remained the official leader of the party until 1990 while Sarnia MPP Andy Brandt served as "interim leader" in the legislature. Harris was chosen as PC house leader, and had become the party's dominant voice in the legislature by 1989. He entered the 1990 leadership race, and defeated Dianne Cunningham in a province-wide vote to replace Grossman as the party's official leader. This page lists the results of leadership conventions within the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (known as the Conservative Party of Ontario before 1942). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Andrew S. (Andy) Brandt (born June 11, 1938 in London, Ontario) is a former politician and public administrator in Ontario, Canada. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dianne Cunningham is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ...


While Harris' victory owed much to the support of longtime caucus members and party activists, the philosophical differences between his core supporters and the traditional leadership of the party were significant. Before Harris, the Ontario PC leadership (typified by figures such as Bill Davis) was Red Tory in nature, being politically centrist and largely responsible for the elaborate welfare state that had been created in Ontario during the party's many decades in power. In contrast, Harris embodied a more conservative Blue Tory ideology and confrontational approach to government, promoting tax cuts, reduced government spending, and aggressive deficit reduction. The Red Tory Tradition: Ancient Roots-New Routes, by Ron Dart Red Tory is a term given to a political philosophy, tradition, and disposition in Canada. ... Blue Tories are, in Canadian politics, members of the former Progressive Conservative Party of Canada and current Conservative Party of Canada who are more ideologically Right wing. ...


Towards power

The 1990 provincial election was called soon after Harris became party leader. With help from past leader Larry Grossman[citation needed], Harris managed to rally his party's core supporters with pledges of tax cuts and spending reductions. Ironically, in the light of later events, Harris was personally endorsed by several local members of the Ontario Secondary School Teachers' Federation (OSSTF)[citation needed]. The party increased its seat total from 17 to 20 out of 130. Despite some early concerns, Harris was again able to retain his own seat. As a result of serious scandals, David Petersons Liberal government was defeated by a large protest vote. ... Lawrence Larry Sheldon Grossman (born December 2, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario; died June 1997) was a politician in Ontario, Canada, and a noted baseball fan. ... The Ontario Secondary School Teachers Federation (OSSTF) is a trade union which represents 50,000 members across Ontario, Canada. ...


On May 3, 1994, Harris unveiled his "Common Sense Revolution" platform. An unusual document in the normally centrist Ontario political environment, it called for significant spending cuts and large tax cuts, as well as elimination of the province's record $11 billion deficit. May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U.S. state of New Jersey in the 1990s. ...


Victory

By 1995, the governing New Democratic Party and incumbent Premier Bob Rae had become extremely unpopular with the electorate, largely due to the state of the Ontario economy and its record debt and deficit amidst a North American recession. Lyn McLeod's Liberals were leading in pre-election polls and were expected to benefit from the swing in support away from the NDP, but they began losing support due to several controversial policy reversals and what was generally regarded as an uninspiring campaign. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... Lyn McLeod (born 1942) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ...


The turning point in the election is often considered to be Harris' performance in the televised leader's debate. Rather than get caught up in the debate between McLeod and Rae, Harris used his camera time to speak directly to the camera to convey his party's Common Sense Revolution platform. The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U.S. state of New Jersey in the 1990s. ...


Harris was elected with a large majority government in the 1995 election. Roughly half of his party's seats came from the suburban belt surrounding Metro Toronto, often called the '905' for its telephone area code. The Ontario general election of 1995 was held on June 8, 1995, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario, Canada. ...


Harris's victory may be credited in part to the way in which he presented himself as a populist, arguing that he and his party represented the interests of "ordinary Ontarians" over those of "special interests". It was primarily in this manner that he was able to build Tory support among working-class voters. The Rae government had previously lost much of its base in organized labour, due in part to the unpopularity of its "Social Contract" legislation in 1993 (which Harris, after some initial vacillations, eventually voted against). Harris' opposition to Rae's affirmative action measures helped him to capture some union support during the election, particularly among male workers. Although there were regional variations, many working-class voters shifted from the NDP to the Tories in 1995 (instead of to the Liberals as expected pre-campaign), enabling the Tories to win a number of working-class ridings, such as Cambridge and Oshawa, which had long supported the NDP[citation needed]. Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the... Social contract theory (or contractarianism) is a concept used in philosophy, political science, and sociology to denote an implicit agreement within a state regarding the rights and responsibilities of the state and its citizens, or more generally a similar concord between a group and its members, or between individuals. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the electoral district, see Cambridge (electoral district). ... Oshawa (estimated 2004 population 150 000; metropolitan population 296 298) is a city on Lake Ontario located approximately 60 km east of downtown Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ...


Common Sense Revolution

Upon election, the Harris government immediately began to implement an often-controversial reform agenda. One of its first major policy decisions after taking office was to cut social assistance rates by 22%. The government argued that too many people were taking advantage of the program, and that it acted as a disincentive for seeking employment. Critics argued that the cuts were too dramatic, and increased the hardship of Ontario's poorest residents. The government also introduced "Ontario Works," popularly known as "workfare," a program that required able-bodied welfare recipients to participate in either training or job placements. Opponents criticized both the rationale and effectiveness of the program, which was significantly scaled back after Harris left office. The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U.S. state of New Jersey in the 1990s. ...


Provincial income taxes were cut by 30% to pre-1990 levels. In addition, a new Fair Share Health Levy was established and charged to high-income earners to help pay for mounting health care costs.


Shortly after assuming office, the Harris government announced that several nurses would be laid off to cut costs in the health sector. The government also implemented a series of hospital closures on the recommendations of a Health Services Restructuring Commission. Harris compared the laid off hospital workers to the people who lost their jobs after the hula hoop fad died down in the early 1960s, commenting "Just as Hula-Hoops went out and those workers had to have a factory and a company that would manufacture something else that's in, it's the same in government, and you know, governments have put off these decisions for so many years that restructuring sometimes is painful" (The Globe and Mail, 6 March 1997). The hula hoop is a toy hoop that promotes physical activity. ... The Globe and Mail is a large English language national newspaper based in Toronto, Canada, and printed in seven cities across Canada. ...


Later in its first term, Harris's government increased health spending to record levels to counter transfer cuts from the federal government, and hired new nurses. It also introduced Telehealth Ontario, a new 24-hour toll-free telephone help line with live connection to registered nurses. Harris also announced funding vehicles such as the Ontario R&D Challenge Fund, the Ontario Innovation Trust and the Premier's Research Excellence Awards.


One part of the Common Sense Revolution was to sell off various government-owned enterprises, the largest of which were to be Ontario Hydro and the Liquor Control Board of Ontario. Neither were actually sold off, but Ontario Hydro was split into five successor companies (the two largest being Ontario Power Generation and Hydro 1, representing generation and distribution of power respectively)with the plan of eventually selling them off. However, public opposition to the sale of these money-making government enterprises postponed the government's plans. While in office, Harris replaced the NDP government's choice of chairman (millionaire businessman and environmentalist Maurice Strong) with Harris' friend and mentor, Bill Farlinger. The government's administrative policies involved the amalgamation of several municipalities. In the largest and most widely-covered of these moves, the individual cities that made up Metro Toronto were merged into a single city (deemed the 'Megacity' by the media and citizens). The Conservatives argued that the move would eliminate duplication of services and increase efficieny. Opposition parties were strongly opposed to the move; the NDP took the unusual step of attempting to filibuster against the bill by reading out the name of every street name in Toronto. Some municipalities, particularly Toronto, also claimed that the government was "downloading" the costs of services that the province had formerly paid for onto local city and municipal governments. Maurice F. Strong, CC , OM (born April 29, 1929, in Oak Lake, Manitoba) is an industrialist and public servant who was the Secretary-General of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), better known as the Earth Summit. ... A megacity is usually defined as a recognized metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. ...


The Harris government also announced several education reforms, most notably the elimination of the fifth year of high school in Ontario (known as the OAC year). This created a double graduating class in 2003 (known as the "double cohort") after Harris had left office. Other education reforms reduced the powers of school boards, and mandated a standardized curriculum and province-wide testing of students. In 1999, it introduced a policy of "teacher testing", requiring teachers to take examinations on a regular basis. The latter initiative was unpopular with teachers, many of whom regarded it as an intrusion on their professional autonomy. The Ontario Academic Credit (OAC) is part of the curriculum(s) codified by the Ontario Ministry of Education in Ontario Schools:  Intermediate and Senior (OS:IS, oh-sis) and its revisions. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A separate controversy occurred shortly after the Harris government took office, involving events at Ipperwash Provincial Park, in which a native protester was killed by police. (See Ipperwash Crisis.) Canadian Forces Camp Ipperwash existed from 1942 until 1995. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 1997, Ontario's teachers held their largest walkout in history, a two-week strike that the Harris government argued was illegal, but were unsuccessful in getting significant changes to government policies. At Queen's Park, the site of the Ontario Legislature, there were several large protests and near-riots. In 1998, Harris was booed during an appearance at the "Mandela and the Children" event, attended by many elementary school children and teachers, at Toronto's SkyDome. 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Queens Park is an historic green space in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (IPA )) (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... The Rogers Centre (until recently called SkyDome), which opened on June 1, 1989, is a huge ballpark in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated next to the CN Tower near the shores of Lake Ontario. ...


Amid the general rise in the North American economy, economic indicators in Ontario improved dramatically. Ontario's growth outpaced most North American jurisdictions during Harris' first term. With a strong economy and the Ontario deficit almost eliminated, Harris was able to portray himself as an effective economic manager and won another majority government.


Second term

In 1999, the Harris government was re-elected, largely by its political base in the 905 area. Later in the same year, Harris announced a program called Ontario's Living Legacy. The initiative added 378 new parks and protected areas, bringing the total in Ontario to 650 and increasing Ontario's protected areas to more than 9.5 million hectares. 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Controversy arose in 2000, when the town water supply of Walkerton became infected by E. coli. Seven people died and hundreds became ill. It was later discovered the local official responsible for water quality, Stan Koebel, had lied, falsified records, failed to test water quality regularly, and when the outbreak occurred had failed to promptly notify the local Medical Officer of Health. In late 2004, Koebel pled guilty to a minor charge in relation to the offence and was sentenced to one year in jail. This article is about the year 2000. ... Walkerton is a small town on the Saugeen River in Bruce County, Ontario, 75 km southwest of Owen Sound. ... Binomial name Escherichia coli T. Escherich, 1885 Escherichia coli (usually abbreviated to E. coli) is one of the main species of bacteria that live in the lower intestines of warm-blooded animals (including birds and mammals) and are necessary for the proper digestion of food. ... Stan Koebel and Frank Koebel were workers at the Walkerton Public Utilities Commission at the time of the Walkerton Tragedy. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Walkerton tragedy had serious ramifications for Harris's government. David Peterson later acknowledged that it could have happened under any Premier's watch, and it was often noted that Koebel's lying and falsification of records had gone unnoticed by governments of different political stripes. Harris's critics, however, argued that his cuts to inspection services had created a situation in which future water safety could not be guaranteed. Harris's handling of the tragedy was also criticized, as he initially attempted to place some of the blame on previous Liberal and NDP governments. The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ...


Harris called a public inquiry which later noted that in addition to Stan Koebel's failure to properly monitor and treat the water supply, deregulation of water quality testing and cuts to the Ministry of the Environment were contributing factors.


Harris's government balanced the provincial budget, although its critics contend that cuts in taxes caused a drop in revenues, which in turn led to renewed budget deficits after Harris resigned. Harris supporters pointed to the fact that government revenues rose from $48 billion in 1995 to $64 billion by 2001, when the budget was balanced. [ref http://www.fin.gov.on.ca/english/budget/bud01/papera.pdf] Harris' government reduced Ontario welfare rolls by 500,000 people; critics contend these cuts led to a rise in homelessness and poverty. Supporters argued that high welfare rates had created disincentives to find entry-level jobs, and that poverty levels remained relatively unchanged between 1995 and 2005. Employment rates increased significantly during the late 1990s, although some Harris critics argued that many of the new jobs were part-time rather than full-time and offered fewer benefits to employees. The Harris government was often blamed by unions, civil rights and religious leaders, opposition parties and special interest groups for what they saw was an increasing level of poverty among Ontarians, particularly in the Toronto area - an area Harris was often accused of punishing for its lack of support. On June 15, 2000 this disquiet spilled over into a full-fledged riot when an organization called The Ontario Coalition Against Poverty (OCAP) marched on Queen's Park to protest the Harris government's policies. What began as a show of support for the poor exploded when some protestors began to throw rocks and debris at police and were charged by mounted officers and chased on foot by baton-wielding constables. In the ensuing melee there were many injuries among the protestors and several among the police. The event shocked Torontonians, but -- seeing the level of discontent in the city with the Progressive Conservatives -- did not surprise them too much. The Ontario Coalition Against Poverty (OCAP) is a group of anti-poverty activists in Ontario, Canada, that uses direct action to fight for the rights of the poor and homeless. ...


The government rewrote labour laws to require secret ballot votes before workplaces could unionize. It also repealed the previous NDP government's law outlawing the hiring of "replacement workers" during strikes.


Other changes brought in by the Harris government include standardized student tests. These were criticized by some educators as forcing schools to teach in a manner simply oriented to test-passing, and not teach in a way to encourage genuine learning. Others valued the tests as a means for parents to measure their children's achievement and that of the school against peers. A new provincial funding formula for school boards stripped the local boards of their taxation powers.


The Harris government also faced controversy when Kimberly Rogers, a Sudbury woman who had been convicted of welfare fraud, died in her apartment while under house arrest in 2001. Her death was ruled a suicide. A subsequent inquest did not assign blame to the government for the woman's death, but recommended that lifetime bans for fraud be eliminated, and that adequate food, housing and medication be provided to anyone under house arrest.[citation needed] Kimberly Rogers (c. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Location City Information Established: 1883 (as Sudbury) 2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Area: 3,354 km² Population:  - City (2001)  - CD Rank  - Municipal Rank 155,219 20th in Canada 26th in Canada Population density: 46. ... Welfare has four primary meanings: Welfare, the good fortune, health, happiness, prosperity, etc. ... In justice and law, house arrest is the situation where a person is confined (by the authorities) to his or her residence. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ...


In 2001, the Harris government introduced a plan to give a tax credit for parents who send their children to private and denominational schools (despite having campaigned against such an initiative in 1999). Supporters claimed it was fair given the public funding of Catholic schools, while opponents were concerned about a potential diversion of resources and students from the public system.


Harris also broke with tradition to place backbench MPPs on Cabinet committees. He appointed more women as deputy ministers than any other premier in Ontario history, including the only two women to head the Ontario public service. A backbencher is a Member of Parliament or a legislator who does not hold governmental office and is not a Front Bench spokesperson in the Opposition. ...


Out of politics

For personal reasons and in the face of declining public approval ratings [1], Harris resigned in 2002 and was succeeded as Tory leader and premier by his long-time friend and Minister of Finance, Ernie Eves. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ...


Later in 2002, Harris joined the Fraser Institute, a right-wing libertarian think tank, as a 'Senior Fellow'. In January of 2003 Harris was named to the Board of Directors of Magna International. The Fraser Institute is a fiscally conservative Canadian think tank. ... Magna International Inc. ...


During his time as Premier, Harris was frequently cited as someone who could "unite the right" in Canada, and lead a merged party of federal Progressive Conservatives and Reform/Canadian Alliance supporters. He made serious steps toward a career in federal politics after stepping down as Premier, weighing in on issues such as the 2003 invasion of Iraq (which he supported) and the value of the Canadian dollar (which he wanted to see increase in relation to the American dollar). In late 2003, he made a speech in Halifax which many believed was the unofficial launch of a campaign to lead the new Conservative Party of Canada. Within weeks, however, he announced that he would not campaign for the position. The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) (In French: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... The Reform Party of Canada was a Canadian federal political party founded in 1987. ... The Canadian Alliance, formally the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, was a Canadian conservative political party that existed from 2000 to 2003. ... Combatants Coalition Forces: United States United Kingdom Poland Australia South Korea Romania Spain Portugal Italy others. ... ISO 4217 Code CAD User(s) Canada Inflation 2. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: (former city) 79. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a right-leaning conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ...


Many believe that heightened media attention on Harris's private life was the reason for his decision. He had recently separated from his wife a second time and was in a relationship with Laura Maguire, the ex-wife of hockey player and referee Kevin Maguire. It was alleged, through court documents relating to a custody battle, that Laura had spent lavishly and neglected her three children while dating Harris[citation needed]. Another important factor was his inability to speak French, a de facto requirement of a national leader in Canada. In the end, Harris decided to stand aside; he later endorsed former Magna International President and CEO Belinda Stronach, in the 2004 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election. Belinda Caroline Stronach, PC, MP (born May 2, 1966 in Newmarket, Ontario) is a Canadian businesswoman, politician, and a Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) in the Canadian House of Commons. ... The 2004 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election took place on March 20, 2004 in Toronto, Ontario, and resulted in the election of Stephen Harper as the first leader of the new Canadian Conservative Party. ...


He later became involved in another minor controversy, after yelling and repeatedly swearing at a party official who asked him for his identification as he voted in the 2004 Ontario Progressive Conservative Party leadership election[citation needed]. On January 23, 2004, Ontario Progressive Conservative Party leader Ernie Eves announced his intention to step down as leader before the fall of 2004. ...


In this leadership race, the party chose John Tory as its leader. While many see Tory as a "Red Tory" and his selection a move away from the Harris legacy, 46% of leadership voters supported the staunchly conservative Jim Flaherty on the final ballot, suggesting a considerable divide in the party. John Tory John H. Tory, LL.B, BA, MPP (born May 28, 1954) is a Canadian businessman and leader of the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party. ... The Red Tory Tradition: Ancient Roots-New Routes, by Ron Dart Red Tory is a term given to a political philosophy, tradition, and disposition in Canada. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Hon. ...


Ipperwash Affair

Main article: Ipperwash Crisis

Shortly after his first election win in 1995, Mike Harris faced his first crisis as Premier. Protesters fighting land claim issues took over a Provincial Park 150 km North West of Toronto. Some thought that it might become a prolonged occupation similar to earlier protests in Quebec. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 1995 Ontario Provincial Police acting Sgt. Kenneth Deane fired on First Nations demonstrators, some of whom were armed, who had occupied the park, killing an unarmed protester named Dudley George. The government and the OPP maintained that there was no political involvement in the shooting, but many were suspicious. In a court case that went all the way to the Supreme Court of Canada, Deane maintained that he was not under orders to shoot and was convicted of criminal negligence causing death. Inside the Legislature, several opposition politicians suggested that the attack may have been ordered by the Premier's office, and called for an independent judicial inquiry. This inquiry was finally called after the government of Dalton McGuinty was elected in 2003. It has not yet delivered a finding. The Ontario Provincial Police (O.P.P.) is the provincial police force for the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Kenneth Tex Deane (October 1961 - February 25, 2006) was a a former Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) officer. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... Anthony OBrien Dudley George (March 17, 1957 – September 7, 1995) was a Ojibwa protestor who was shot and killed near Ipperwash Provincial Park in Ontario in 1995 during the Ipperwash Crisis. ... The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On November 28, 2005, former Attorney General Charles Harnick testified before the inquiry that Harris had shouted "I want the fucking Indians out of the park" at a meeting with Ontario Provincial Police officer Ron Fox, hours before the shooting occurred (Canadian Press, 28 November 2005, 12:45 report). Other witnesses have disputed this account, and Harris himself has denied it under oath. November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ministry of the Attorney General of Ontario is responsible for providing a fair and accessible justice system which reflects the needs of the diverse communities it serves across government and the province. ... Charles A. Harnick (born October 14, 1950 in Toronto, Ontario) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada. ...


On February 14, 2006, Mike Harris took the stand to testify before the Ipperwash Inquiry. Harris was presented with his own political party literature and campaign information surrounding the 'Common Sense Revolution' as lawyers tried to make a connection between his parties implied 'aggressive' attitude towards natives and its subsequent influence over high ranking government officials in finding ways to resolve protests. Harris has consistently denied any wrongdoing in the case, and continued to do so throughout his testimony. February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Inquiry link: Official Ipperwash Inquiry Website


Facts and figures

  • In 1997, Harris was rumored to be polydactyl after a newspaper obtained a photo of him as a youth. Harris was barefoot in the picture and appeared, through the same optical illusion as in a famous Marilyn Monroe photograph[2], to have six toes on one foot. After the rumour surfaced, Harris showed his foot to reporters to prove he had the usual five toes.
  • While premier of Ontario, Harris dated Canadian journalist Sharon Dunn.
  • Harris has been married three times, and has two children.

1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Polydactyly, or polydactylism, is the anatomical abnormality of having more than the usual number of digits on the hands or feet. ... An optical illusion is characterized by visually perceived images that, at least in common sense terms, are deceptive or misleading. ... Marilyn Monroe (June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was an American actress, singer and model. ... International Student Exchange, Ontario (ISE Ontario) is a non-profit organization based in Ontario, Canada that gives students the opportunity to embark on wide variety of student exchange programs. ...

See also

The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U.S. state of New Jersey in the 1990s. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a right-leaning conservative political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Table of offices held

Preceded by
Bob Rae
Premier of Ontario
19952002
Succeeded by
Ernie Eves
Preceded by
Andy Brandt
Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario
19902002
Preceded by
Michael Bolan
M.P.P. for
Nipissing

1981–2002
Succeeded by
Al McDonald


Robert Keith Rae, PC , OC, O.Ont , QC , B.A., LL.B, B.Phi. ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation (1867). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ... Andrew S. (Andy) Brandt (born June 11, 1938 in London, Ontario) is a former politician and public administrator in Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party of Ontario, also known as Tories) is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... This article is about the year. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Nipissing was a Canadian electoral district, which existed from 1892 to 2003. ... Al McDonald is a politician in Canada. ...

Premiers of Ontario Ontario Provincial Flag
Macdonald | Blake | Mowat | Hardy | Ross | Whitney | Hearst | Drury | Ferguson | Henry | Hepburn | Conant | Nixon | Drew | Kennedy | Frost | Robarts | Davis | Miller | Peterson | Rae | Harris | Eves | McGuinty


This is a list of the premiers of the province of Ontario, Canada, since Confederation (1867). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ontario. ... John Sandfield Macdonald John Sandfield Macdonald, QC (December 12, 1812 – June 1, 1872) was the first Premier of the Canadian province of Ontario after the province was created as a result of the confederation of Canada in 1867. ... Dominick Edward Blake, PC, QC (October 13, 1833 – March 1, 1912), (known as Edward Blake) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1871 to 1872 and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada from 1880 to 1887. ... The Honourable Sir Oliver Mowat, QC (July 22, 1820 – 19 April 1903) was a Canadian politician, and premier of Ontario from 1872 to 1896. ... Arthur Sturgis Hardy (December 14, 1837 – June 13, 1901) was a lawyer and Liberal politician who served as Ontarios fourth Premier from 1896 to 1899. ... Sir George William Ross Sir George William Ross (September 18, 1841 – March 7, 1914) was an educator and politician in Ontario, Canada. ... For other persons named James Whitney, see James Whitney (disambiguation). ... Sir William Hearst (February 15, 1864–September 29, 1941) was the Conservative premier of the Canadian province of Ontario from 1914 to 1919. ... Ernest Charles Drury (January 22, 1878-February 17, 1968) was a farmer, politician and writer who served as Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1919 to 1923 as the head of a United Farmers of Ontario - Labour coalition government. ... The Honourable George Howard Ferguson, PC (June 18, 1870-February 21, 1946) was a Conservative politician and Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1923 to 1930. ... George Stewart Henry (July 16, 1871-September 2, 1958) was a farmer, businessman and politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Mitchell Frederick Hepburn (August 12, 1896 - January 5, 1953) was Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1934 to 1942. ... Gordon Daniel Conant (January 11, 1885-January 2, 1953) was Attorney-General of Ontario during the government of Mitchell Hepburn whom he succeeded as Premier. ... Harry Corwin Nixon (April 1, 1891-October 22, 1961) was a Canadian politician and briefly Premier of Ontario. ... Colonel The Honourable George Alexander Drew, PC , CC , QC (May 7, 1894 - January 4, 1973) was a Canadian conservative politician who founded a Progressive Conservative dynasty in Ontario that lasted 42 years. ... Thomas Laird Kennedy (August 15, 1878 - February 13, 1959) was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Honourable Leslie Miscampbell Frost, PC , CC (September 20, 1895-May 4, 1973) was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... For the recipient of the Victoria Cross see John Robarts (VC). ... For the actor, professor, and waterskiier, see William B. Davis The Honourable William (Bill) Grenville Davis, PC , CC , O.Ont. ... This article is about Frank Miller, the Canadian politician. ... The Honourable David Robert Peterson, PC , LL.B , BA (born December 28, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) was the twentieth Premier of the Province of Ontario, Canada, from June 26, 1985 to October 1, 1990. ... Robert Keith Rae, PC , OC, O.Ont , QC , B.A., LL.B, B.Phi. ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ... Dalton James Patrick McGuinty Jr. ...

Leaders of the Ontario PC Party
Macdonald | Cameron | Meredith | Marter | Whitney | Hearst | Ferguson | Henry | Rowe | Drew | Kennedy | Frost | Robarts | Davis | Miller | Grossman | Brandt | Harris | Eves | Tory
Magna International Inc.

Corporate Directors: William Fike | Manfred Gingl | Mike Harris | Edward Lumley | Klaus Mangold | Donald Resnick | Royden Richardson | Frank Stronach | Franz Vranitzky | Siegfried Wolf The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party of Ontario) is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... John Sandfield Macdonald John Sandfield Macdonald, QC (December 12, 1812 – June 1, 1872) was the first Premier of the Canadian province of Ontario after the province was created as a result of the confederation of Canada in 1867. ... Matthew Crooks Cameron (1822-1887) was a politician in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Sir William Ralph Meredith (1840-1923) was a politician in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... George Frederick Marter was a politician in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... For other persons named James Whitney, see James Whitney (disambiguation). ... Sir William Hearst (February 15, 1864–September 29, 1941) was the Conservative premier of the Canadian province of Ontario from 1914 to 1919. ... The Honourable George Howard Ferguson, PC (June 18, 1870-February 21, 1946) was a Conservative politician and Premier of Ontario, Canada, from 1923 to 1930. ... George Stewart Henry (July 16, 1871-September 2, 1958) was a farmer, businessman and politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Honourable William Earl Rowe, PC (May 13, 1894 – February 9, 1984), was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Colonel The Honourable George Alexander Drew, PC , CC , QC (May 7, 1894 - January 4, 1973) was a Canadian conservative politician who founded a Progressive Conservative dynasty in Ontario that lasted 42 years. ... Thomas Laird Kennedy (August 15, 1878 - February 13, 1959) was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Honourable Leslie Miscampbell Frost, PC , CC (September 20, 1895-May 4, 1973) was a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... For the recipient of the Victoria Cross see John Robarts (VC). ... For the actor, professor, and waterskiier, see William B. Davis The Honourable William (Bill) Grenville Davis, PC , CC , O.Ont. ... This article is about Frank Miller, the Canadian politician. ... Lawrence Larry Sheldon Grossman (born December 2, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario; died June 1997) was a politician in Ontario, Canada, and a noted baseball fan. ... Andrew S. (Andy) Brandt (born June 11, 1938 in London, Ontario) is a former politician and public administrator in Ontario, Canada. ... Ernest Eves (born June 17, 1946) was the twenty-third Premier of the province of Ontario, Canada, from April 15, 2002, to October 23, 2003. ... John Tory John H. Tory, LL.B, BA, MPP (born May 28, 1954) is a Canadian businessman and leader of the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party. ... Magna International Inc. ... Corporate redirects here. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer of the company charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... The Honourable Edward C. Lumley, PC (born July 8, 1934) is a corporate executive and former Canadian politician. ... Frank Stronach, CM (born September 6, 1932 as Franz Strohsack) is an Austrian and Canadian businessman. ... Franz Vranitzky ~1990, Austrian Chancellor 1986-96. ...

Annual Revenue: $24.4 billion CAD ( 15% FY 2004) | Employees: 81,000 | Stock Symbol: TSX: MG | Website: www.magna.ca ISO 4217 Code CAD User(s) Canada Inflation 2. ... Image File history File links Green_Arrow_Up. ... A fiscal year (or financial year or accounting reference date) is a 12-month period used for calculating annual (yearly) financial reports in businesses and other organizations. ... The Toronto Stock Exchange (also known as the TSX) is Canadas largest stock exchange, North Americas third largest stock exchange, and the sixth largest in the world. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mike Harris - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2675 words)
Harris later claimed that he was motivated to enter politics by an opposition to the policies of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.
Harris was chosen as PC house leader, and had become the party's dominant voice in the legislature by 1989.
Harris was barefoot in the picture and appeared, through the same optical illusion as in a famous Marilyn Monroe photograph[1], to have six toes on one foot.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m