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Encyclopedia > Mikan
Mikan is also a surname (e.g., George Mikan). In Japanese, mikan is also a general term for citrus.
Citrus unshiu Marc.
A mikan grove
A mikan grove
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. unshiu
Binomial name
Citrus unshiu
A basket of mikan
A basket of mikan
Cross section
Cross section

Citrus unshiu Marc. is a seedless and easy-peeling citrus mutant of Chinese origin, but introduced to the West via Japan. In Japan, it is known as unshu mikan (Japanese: 温州蜜柑, unshū mikan, lit. Wenzhou sweet citrus). In China, it is known as Wenzhou migan (Chinese: 温州蜜柑; pinyin: Wēnzhōu Mìgān; literally "Wenzhou honey citrus"). It is also often known as "Seedless mandarin (Chinese: 无核桔; pinyin: wúhé jú). Mikan ) is the thirty-fifth single of J-pop idol group Morning Musume. ... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... George Lawrence Mikan, Jr. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... Image File history File links MIKAN_field. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Orders See text The botanical Sub-class Rosidae is a large dicotyledonous flowering plant taxon, containing over 58,000 species grouped within 108 families. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Genera About 160 genera; selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 205 KB) ファイルの概要 ライセンス File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mikan User talk:JoanneB/Archive2006/May ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 205 KB) ファイルの概要 ライセンス File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mikan User talk:JoanneB/Archive2006/May ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3113x3017, 1129 KB) 温州蜜柑の水平方向断面写真。2005. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3113x3017, 1129 KB) 温州蜜柑の水平方向断面写真。2005. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... This article is about biological mutants. ... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Binomial name The Mandarin orange or mandarin (瓯柑) is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...


It is commonly called mikan in Japan, satsuma in the UK, naartjie in Africa and mandarin or tangerine in Canada. In the United States, satsumas are most frequently marketed as tangerines. It is less commonly called satsuma tangerine, satsuma orange, or satsuma mandarin.[citation needed]


Its fruit is sweet and usually seedless, about the size of other mandarin oranges (Citrus reticulata), smaller than an orange. One of the distinguishing features of the satsuma is the distinctive thin, leathery skin dotted with large and prominent oil glands, which is lightly attached around the fruit, enabling it to be peeled very easily in comparison to other citrus fruits. The satsuma also has particularly delicate flesh, which cannot withstand the effects of careless handling. The uniquely loose skin of the satsuma, however, means that any such bruising and damage to the fruit may not be immediately apparent upon the typical cursory visual inspection associated with assessing the quality of other fruits. In this regard, the satsuma is often categorised by citrus growers as a hit-and-miss citrus fruit, the loose skin particular to the fruit precluding the definitive measurement of its quality by sight and feel alone. Binomial name The Mandarin orange or mandarin (瓯柑) is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ...


The Chinese and Japanese names reference Wenzhou, a city in the Zhejiang Province of China known for its citrus production. However, it has also been grown in Japan since ancient times, and the majority of cultivars grown in China today were cultivated in Japan and reverse-introduced into China in modern times. Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


In the UK and the U.S., mikan are commonly available in the winter months (December through January). They are widely available in the U.S. and commonly eaten regardless of region.


Clementines are not the same variety as the unshiu or satsuma mandarin. For other uses, see Clementine (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

The mikan originates from Wenzhou, a city in Zhejiang province in China. Recorded cultivation of the "Wenzhou Migan" date back some 2400 years. It was listed as a tribute item for Imperial consumption in the Tang Dynasty. The best record of the cultivation of this variety in ancient China is from the Jijia Julu (Chinese: 记嘉桔录; literally "Citrus Records of Jijia"), written by Han Yan, the governor of the region and published in 1178[1]. This book records the various citrus varieties then grown in Wenzhou, cultivation, pest control, storage, and processing of each variety. Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Events June 18 - Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed The Sung Document written detailing the discovery of Mu-Lan-Pi (suggested by some to be California) by Muslim sailors The Chronicle of Gervase of Canterbury written The Leaning Tower of Pisa begins to... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ...


The mikan was introduced to Japan by the Buddhist monk Chie (智慧), who passed through Wenzhou on his way back from Wutai Mountain. This was further developed into new cultivars, with one mutation recorded as early as 1429 [2]. Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Wutai Shan (Mount Wuitai), which means Five Terrace Mountain, is one of the four sacred mountains in Chinese Buddhism. ... January 10 - Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, founds the European Order of the Golden Fleece February 12 - Battle of Rouvray (or of the Herrings). English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army of William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk at...


In 1916, a number of Japanese cultivars were introduced to Wenzhou. These, and new cultivars developed from them, now dominate orchards in Wenzhou. The traditional centre of mikan production in Wenzhou is in the town of Wushan, in the Ouhai District of Wenzhou. Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Ouhai District (瓯海区) is a ward of the Wenzhou urban area (溫州市区), (equivalent to a Western city) in the prefecture-level city (equivalent to provincial subregion) of Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Pinyin: Wēnzhōu). ... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Export of the mikan to the West

In 1876 during the Meiji period, mikan were brought to the United States from the Satsuma Province in Kyūshū, Japan by a spouse of a member of the U.S. Embassy. While the species originates from Japan, it does not originate from the Satsuma Province in particular. The towns of Satsuma, Alabama, Satsuma, Florida and Satsuma, Louisiana were named after this fruit. Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Meiji period ), or Meiji era, denotes the 45-year reign of Emperor Meiji, running, in the Gregorian calendar, from 23 October 1868 to 30 July 1912. ... Satsuma (薩摩国; -no Kuni) was an old province of Japan that is now the western half of Kagoshima prefecture on the island of Kyushu. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Satsuma is a city located in Mobile County, Alabama. ... Satsuma is a town in Louisiana. ...


Popular Culture

  • The satsuma played an important part in the 2005 Christmas episode of Doctor Who, The Christmas Invasion, in which the Tenth Doctor (played by David Tennant) saves the world from aliens by using the fruit.
  • Sex Machineguns has a song called "Mikan no Uta" which is about the Mikan.
  • Comedian Eddie Izzard refers to the 'civil war' between orange varieties, including the satsuma, in his Definite Article routine.
  • In One Piece, Nami's foster mother Belle-Mère owned a mikan farm, and at the end of the Arlong arc Nami took three of the trees and planted them onboard the Going Merry. Nami also has a tattoo of a mikan and a pinwheel on her right arm.
  • Mikan a fictional character from the popular manga To-LOVE-Ru.
  • Mikan Sakura is also a fictional character from the anime and manga series Alice Academy.

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Christmas Invasion is a 60-minute special episode of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... David Tennant is the stage name of David John McDonald (born 18 April 1971), a Scottish actor from Bathgate, West Lothian, best known for portraying the tenth incarnation of the Doctor in the television series Doctor Who. ... Sex Machineguns album cover for Heavy Metal Thunder (2005) The Sex Machineguns are a Japanese Speed Metal/Power Metal band who released their first commercial single and album in 1998. ... Edward John Eddie Izzard (born February 7, 1962) is an English[1] stand-up comedian and actor, known for his cross-dressing. ... Definite Article is the title of British comedian Eddie Izzards 1996 performance released on video and CD. The video/DVD and CD performances were both recorded on different nights at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, England. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump Original run August 4, 1997 – (ongoing) Volumes 47 volumes with 478 chapters TV anime Director Konosuke Uda Munehisa Sakai Studio Toei Animation Network Fuji TV GMA 7 Original run October 20, 1999 – (ongoing) Episodes Japanese: 330 of 334 (current) English: 110 of 113... Nami or NAMI can mean: National Alliance on Mental Illness Nami (One Piece) Nami Tamaki Nami (Musician), Iranian electronic musician This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The following is a list of minor characters in the manga and anime series One Piece: // The elderly gatekeeper of Skypiea. ... The Going Merry ), known in the 4Kids version of the anime and English version of the manga as Merry Go [1], (It will be called Going Merry in FUNimations upcoming dub) was a fictional caravel used by the Straw Hat Pirates in the anime and manga One Piece. ... To-LOVE-Ru (a double entendre with the word trouble) is a manga written by Hasemi Saki, and illustrated by Kentaro Yabuki, creator of Black Cat. ... Mikan Sakura ) is a fictional character from the manga and anime series Alice Academy. ... Serialized in Hana to Yume Original run 19 February 2003 – ongoing No. ...

See also

For other uses, see Clementine (disambiguation). ... Binomial name The Mandarin orange or mandarin (瓯柑) is a small citrus tree (Citrus reticulata) with fruit resembling the orange. ... Binomial name Citrus reticulata Blanco For other uses, see Tangerine (disambiguation). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Mikan

  Results from FactBites:
 
George Mikan: Information from Answers.com (1356 words)
Mikan was born in Joliet, Illinois to Croatian parents, and played college basketball at DePaul University from 1941 to 1945 under coach Ray Meyer.
Mikan always wore his trademark round-rimmed eyeglasses while playing; as a result, he was sometimes nicknamed the "Harold Lloyd of basketball".
Mikan was named to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in its inaugural year (1959) and was named one of the league's 50 greatest players in 1996.
NBA.com: George Mikan Bio (2556 words)
George Mikan, a 6-10 giant of a man who possessed superior coordination and a fierce competitive spirit, was one of the prototypes for the dominating tall players of later decades.
Mikan was so hard to defend and to score against, in fact, that the NBA had to change its rules of play in order to keep him from completely overwhelming the league.
Mikan did seem to single-handedly overpower the rest of the league at times, so much so that the NBA tried to make it more difficult for him to score by expanding the width of the key, from 6 feet to 12 feet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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