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Encyclopedia > Miguel López de Legaspi

Miguel López de Legaspi (b.1510 - d.1572) was a Spanish Conquistador who led the conquest of the Philippine Islands in 1565. Events Conquest of Pskov by Grand Prince Vasili III of Muscovy. ... Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Conquistador (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas and Asia Pacific under Spanish rule between the 15th and 17th centuries. ... A conquest is the act of conquering a foreign land, usually for its assimilation into a larger federation or empire. ... The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. ... Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ...

Contents

Early Years

Legaspi was born in the town of Zumárraga in the province of Guipúzcoa in Spain on August 20, 1510. He went to New Spain (Mexico) in 1545 and worked for some years as a chief notary to the common council and the civil governor of the city of Mexico. He was later commissioned by the viceroy Luis de Velasco to lead an expedition to conquer the Philippine Islands in 1564. The expedition was ordered by King Philip II, after whom the islands were named. The viceroy died in July of that year, but the audiencia, governing provisionally, completed the preparations for the expedition. On November 21, 1564, armed with five ships and 400 soldiers, Legaspi sailed from the port of Navidad, New Spain (present day Mexico). Juan de Zumárraga (1468 – 3 June 1548) was a Spanish Franciscan prelate and first bishop of Mexico. ... This article is about political regions. ... Guipúzcoa province Guipúzcoa ( Basque Gipuzkoa, Spanish Guipúzcoa, in English sometimes as Guipuscoa) is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Conquest of Pskov by Grand Prince Vasili III of Muscovy. ... Flag of New Spain New Spain (in the Spanish language Nueva España) was the name given to the Spanish colonial territory in North America from c. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... A viceroy is somebody who governs a country or province as a substitute for the monarch. ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... Events March 8 - Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death June 22 - Fort Caroline, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World September 10 - The Battle of Kawanakajima Ottoman Turks invade Malta Modern pencil becomes common in England Conquistadors crossed the Pacific Spanish found a colony... Philip II of Spain (Spanish: Felipe II) - (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598), the first King of Spain understood as the whole peninsula of Hispania (r. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events March 8 - Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death June 22 - Fort Caroline, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World September 10 - The Battle of Kawanakajima Ottoman Turks invade Malta Modern pencil becomes common in England Conquistadors crossed the Pacific Spanish found a colony... Flag of New Spain New Spain (in the Spanish language Nueva España) was the name given to the Spanish colonial territory in North America from c. ...


The Conquest of The Philippines

Legaspi and his men sailed the vast Pacific Ocean for months and landed in the Mariana Islands. There, they replenished their supplies, encountered conflicts with the Chamorro tribes and were vanquished from the islands. Being outnumbered, Legaspi decided not to get involved with anymore fueds, since the soldiers were reserved for the Philippines. They continued their journey to the East in search of the rich Spice Islands and finally arriving in the Philippine archipelago in late 1565. There he founded the first Spanish settlements on Cebu and called it Villa del Santisimo Nombre de Jesús (Village of the Most Holy Name of Jesus) and Villa de San Miguel (Village of Saint Michael, now a barangay in Cebu City). For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Mariana Islands (sometimes called The Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called the Ladrone Islands) are a group of islands made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the Pacific Ocean. ... The Chamorros are an indigenous people of Guam and the Mariana Islands. ... East is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... This article covers the history of the idea of the Maluku Islands in other cultures, that is, as The Spice Islands. ... An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded April 27 - Cebu City is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... A barangay is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is very similar to a village. ... Cebu City is the capital of the province of Cebu in the Philippines and is the second most important metropolitan center in the country. ...


In 1566, he explored Bohol, befriended the natives there and made a blood compact with the chieftain Datu Sikatuna as a sign of friendship between the two peoples. (See Sandugo festival.) In Cebu, he encountered strong resistance and a battle was fought due to reaction of the natives against the abuses undergone in the past at the hands of Ferdinand Magellan and his men in 1521. Legaspi and his men were outnumbered by various tribes who began to oppress the invaders. This led him to retaliate and kill the chieftain, Rajah Tupas (son of Rajah Humabon), and destroy the native settlements. Bohol is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... Ferdinand Magellan (Spring 1480 – April 27, 1521; Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães; Spanish: Fernando/Hernando de Magallanes) was a Portuguese sea explorer who sailed for Spain. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther. ...


In 1567, 200 armed Spanish soldiers from Mexico began arriving in Cebu under orders of the Spanish King Philip II. They established a city, a permanent settlement and built a stone fortress, Fort San Pedro, to protect themselves during the native rebellion of 1567-68. Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... For the hair treatment see Permanent wave. ... A reference to colonization, or the resulting communities. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Fort San Pedro is a Military defence structure, build for Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legaspi and the Spanish Government in Cebu. ... A rebellion is, in the most general sense, a refusal to accept authority. ...


In 1568, Legaspi sent one of his men to report on his progress, back to New Spain, Mexico who arrived in Acapulco on August 20, 1569. Legaspi himself remained in his capital Cebu and did not accompany his men for the conquest of Manila because of health problems and advanced age. Having heard of the rich resources of Maynilad ( present day Manila) by local natives, he dispatched two of his men Martin de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo to explore the northern region. Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Flag of New Spain New Spain (in the Spanish language Nueva España) was the name given to the Spanish colonial territory in North America from c. ... Acapulco, also known as Acapulco de Juárez, is a city and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 190 miles S.S.W. of Mexico City, at 16. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... The word rich has many meanings: Wealthy: Bill Gates is a rich man. ... Resources comprise the base material for an activity or industry: See resource (economics) for the term as used in economics See human capital for human resources (HR) and innovation See natural resources for material matter See resource (computer science) for the computer science meaning of resources This is a disambiguation... Martin de Goiti (b. ... Juan de Salcedo (b. ...


The Conquest of Manila

In late 1569, the Spanish force of 300 soldiers, cavalries, and several local natives led by Martin de Goiti left Cebu and began exploring the Northern regions of the Visayas and established settlements in the island of Mindoro near Luzon. In May 8, 1570 they arrived in Manila and were overwhelmed of the size of the harbour. There they were welcomed by the friendly Muslim natives and the idigenious population. Goiti's forces rested, camped for a few weeks and began befriended the natives. However, the Spaniards had other plans. They were there to stay permanently and marched to the Muslim settlements in Tondo where a number of battles were fought between Goiti's forces and Rajah Suliman's tribes on May 24 over the control of land. The heavily armed Spaniards defeated, crushed the natives and conquered the area. Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Martin de Goiti (b. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Mindoro is the fourth-largest island in the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. ... A tondo is also a circular painting or relief carving. ... Rajah Sulayman, also spelled as, Rajah Suliman or Rajah Soliman was the last Filipino-Muslim ruler of Manila known then as Maynilad during the Spanish colonization of Philippines during the late 1500s. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ...


Legaspi left Cebu the following year in 1571, and brought half of his forces to Manila. The rest were left behind to protect the settlements. In Manila, he made a "peace pact" with the native muslim councils Rajahs: Suliman, Matanda, and Lakandula with both groups agreeing and "organizing a city council consisting of 2 Mayors , 12 councilors and a secretary" . He finally established a permanent settlement on it on June 24, 1571 and built a walled city (See Intramuros). He proclaimed the town as the island's capital and permanent seat of the Spanish Government in the East. With the help of Augustinian and Franciscan Friars, he established a government to administer the Islands. He then becomes the first governor general of the Philippines. As governor of the new colony in the East, his task was to convert the natives to the Catholic religion. Those who opposed his rule where tortured and executed and those who supported him awarded them with a land grant called "ecomiendas". Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... Events January 11 - Austrian nobility is granted Freedom of religion. ... Intramuros ca. ... Chief of State King Juan Carlos I, since November 22, 1975. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ...


Last Years

Legaspi governed the colony for a year and then died of heart failure in Manila in 1572. Legaspi was laid to rest at his home at Intramuros, San Agustin Church. He did not live to see the commemoration of Manila in 1574. The city was given the title "Ever Loyal and Distinguished City of Spain in the Orient." by the king of Spain. In politics and in history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a geographically-distant state (or city, in ancient times). ... The heart (Latin cor) is a hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions. ... Failure in general refers to the state or condition of not meeting a desirable or intended objective. ... Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Intramuros ca. ... Historical Marker of San Agustin Church. ... Manila (Maynila in Filipino) is the capital city of the Philippines. ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ...


The Spaniards were so successful in their conquest that by the time of Legaspi's death, the regions of Luzon, Visayas and parts of Northern Mindanao had past to Spanish rule. Since then, for about 256 years, the Philippines was administered as a colony of New Spain (present day Mexico). Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Flag of New Spain New Spain (in the Spanish language Nueva España) was the name given to the Spanish colonial territory in North America from c. ...


During his last years, he wrote several letters to the Spanish king about his journey to the East and the conquest he had achieved, which, under the title Cartas al Rey Don Felipe II. sobre la expedicion, conquistas y progresos de las islas Felipinas, are preserved in manuscripts in the archives of the Indies at Seville, Spain. The Giralda Tower Seville (Spanish: Sevilla) is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain, crossed by the river Guadalquivir. ...


 
 

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