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Encyclopedia > Miguasha National Park
Parc national de Miguasha
IUCN Category III (Natural Monument)
Location Nouvelle (Quebec), Canada
Nearest city Campbellton, New Brunswick
Coordinates 48°06′38″N 66°22′10″W / 48.11056, -66.36944
Area 87,3 ha
Established February 6, 1985
Governing body SEPAQ
Miguasha National Park*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party  Canada
Type Natural
Criteria viii
Reference 686
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1999  (23rd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Miguasha National Park (French: Parc national Miguasha) is a protected area near Carleton-sur-Mer on the Gaspé Peninsula of Québec. Created in 1985 by the Government of Québec, Miguasha was designated a World Heritage Site in 1999 in recognition of its wealth of fossils, which display a crucial time during the evolution of life on Earth. Other names for this site are the Miguasha Fossil Site, the Bay of Escuminac Fossil Site, the Upper Devonian Escuminac Formation, and the Hugh-Miller Cliffs. The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... A Natural Monument is a natural/cultural feature which is of outstanding or unique value because of its inherent rarity, representative of aesthetic qualities or cultural significance. ... Nouvelle is a municipality in eastern Quebec, Canada on the Gaspé Peninsula at the confluence of the Nouvelle River and Chaleur Bay. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... J.C. Van Horne Bridge crossing between Campbellton and Pointe-à-la-Croix, Québec The Restigouche River showing the J.C. Van Horne Bridge crossing between Campbellton and Pointe-à-la-Croix, Québec Campbellton (2001 population 7,798) is the smallest of the eight officially incorporated cities in New Brunswick... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Société des établissements de plein air du Québec (also known as Sépaq or Parcs Québec) is an agency of the Government of Quebec, that manages 22 provincial parks (national parks, as they are called in Quebec), 16 wildlife reserves and 9 tourist resorts. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Carleton-sur-mer is one of the best touristic place of the Gaspé Peninsula. ... NASA satellite image of the Gaspé Peninsula. ... During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... For other uses, see Fossil (disambiguation). ... This article is about evolution in biology. ...

Contents

Physical description

The coastal cliffs are made up of grey sedimentary rock (composed of alternating layers of sandstone and shale) which are 350-375 million years old. The area supports mainly birch, aspen and fir forests. Some of the fish, fauna and spore fossils found at Miguasha are rare and ancient species. For example, Spermasposita is thought to be one of the oldest flowering plant species on earth. Two types of sedimentary rock: limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... For other uses, see Aspen (disambiguation). ... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ... This article is about a community of trees. ...


Palaeontological significance

Miguasha National Park is considered to be the world's greatest palaeontological record of fossils from the Devonian Period, known as the 'Age of Fishes'. Five of the six main fossil fish groups from this period (dating from 370 million years) can be found here. A great quantity of some of the best-preserved fossil specimens of lobe-finned fish, ancestors to the tetrapods (believed to be the first four-legged air-breathing terrestrial vertebrates), were found here. For the Celtic language, see Southwestern Brythonic language; for the residents of the English county, see Devon. ... Subclasses Coelacanthimorpha - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Tetrapoda Sarcopterygii is traditionally the class of lobe-finned fishes, consisting of lungfish and coelacanths. ... Groups See text. ...


History

The fossil site was first discovered in 1842, by Abraham Gesner (1797-1864), a geologist and medical doctor, and a pioneer in the petroleum industry. Gesner found a vast array of important fossils, which were handed over to the British Museum and the Royal Scottish Museum; these discoveries caused great excitement throughout the world. There was a rumour in the 1970s that some Americans were seeking to purchase the land containing the fossil deposits.[citation needed] In 1985 the Québec government blocked this possible privatization by purchasing a large tract of the land and declaring it a provincial (called "national" in Québec) park. The peripheral area is owned by ~100 people who limit development, protecting this important site. To date, over 5,000 fossils from this one site have been identified and categorized. It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1999. For other uses, see Fossil (disambiguation). ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Abraham Pineo Gesner, born May 2, 1797 in Cornwallis Township, Nova Scotia, Canada – died April 29, 1864 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, was a physician and geologist who became one of the primary founders of the petroleum industry . ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Geologist by Carl Spitzweg A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology, studying the physical structure and processes of the Earth and planets of the solar system (see planetary geology). ... The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ... The oil industry is a type of industry which brings petroleum to a financial market. ... The British Museum in London, England is a museum of human history and culture. ... The main hall of The Royal Museum of Scotland The Royal Museum of Scotland is a museum on Chambers Street, in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


See Also

List of fossil sites: // ^ http://www. ...

External links

  • UN profile
  • World Heritage List: Miguasha National Park
  • Parcs Québec: Parc National de Miguasha (english)

 
 

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