FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Migrant worker
Migrant farm worker, New York
Migrant farm worker, New York

A migrant worker is someone who regularly works away from home, if they even have a home.[1] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 557 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 557 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


Although the United Nations' use of this term overlaps with 'foreign worker', the use of the term within the United States is more specific. In the United States, the term is most commonly used to describe low-wage workers performing manual labor in the agriculture field. Today in Europe and the United States these are often immigrants who are not working on valid work visas. In England, the epithet "fruit bum" has been used to refer to migrant workers who travel on freight trains and work in orchards. The United States has enacted the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act - 29 U.S. Code Chapter 21to remove the restraints on commerce caused by activities detrimental to migrant and seasonal agricultural workers; to require farm labor contractors to register; and to assure necessary protections for migrant and seasonal agricultural workers, agricultural associations, and agricultural employers. Foreign farm worker, New York A foreign worker is a person who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ...


The term migrant worker sometimes may be used to describe any worker who moves from one seasonal job to another.[1] This use is generally confined to lower-wage fields, perhaps because the term has been indelibly linked with low-wage farmworkers and illegal immigrants.[1] Examples of professions which could be called migrant workers, some of them quite lucrative, include: Electricians in the construction industry; other construction workers who travel from one construction job to another, often in different cities; wildland firefighters in the western United States; temporary/roving consulting work; and possibly even interstate truck drivers. Farmworker in Puerto Rico, c. ... TVA electricians, Tennessee, 1942. ... Carpenter at work in Tennessee, June 1942. ... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Consultant (disambiguation). ... // There are two major types of truck drivers: Owner operators are individuals that own the trucks they drive and can either lease their trucks by contract with a trucking company to haul freight for that company using their trucks or haul loads for a number of companies and is self...


In America's history, starting at the end of the American Civil War, hobos were the migrant workers who performed much of this agricultural work, using freight railroads as their means of transportation to new jobs. During the collapse of capitalism in the Great Depression, so-called Okies who fled the dust bowl were a significant source of temporary farm labor. Cf. The Grapes of Wrath. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... A hobo was a member of a distinctive sub-culture of homeless, travelling workers in the United States during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Rear view of an Okies car, passing through Amarillo, Texas, heading west, 1941 Okie, also known as a Pafundi in Northern Oklahoma, is a synonym, dating from as early as 1905, denoting a resident or native of Oklahoma. ... Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas in 1935 Buried machinery in barn lot. ... This article is about the novel. ...


It is also used currently for workers from China's impoverished west who go to work in the more prosperous east. People like Wang Binyu, whose case became newsworthy in 2005. According to State statistics, the current number of migrant workers in China is estimated at 150 million, that is to say nearly 11.5% of the population. China’s urban migrants sent home the equivalent of almost 30 billion US$ in 2005. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The "United Nations Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families"[2] defines migrant worker as follows: UN and U.N. redirect here. ...

The term "migrant worker" refers to a person who is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State of which he or she is not a national.

This Convention has been ratified by Mexico, Brazil and the Philippines (amongst many other nations that supply foreign labour) but it has not been ratified by the United States, Germany and Japan (amongst other nations that depend on cheap foreign labour). For an up to date listing of ratifications and signatories visit this special page on the website of December 18, the International Advocacy and Resource Centre on the Human Rights of Migrant Workers.


A migrant worker is someone who works primarily in agriculture or an agriculture-related industry, like food processing. “Migrant” farm workers move from “home base” communities in patterns known as “migrant streams. “Seasonal” farm workers live in communities year-round. Across the United States, migrant/handworkers face severely rundown housing, overcrowding issues, and high housing costs. The highest populations of these people are in Wa.shington State, although they are also around in Texas, and many other states. The first migrant workers consisted of Native Americans who came from Canada to pick harvest every year until the 1950s. Colonias residents have an average income of $3,000/year. The vast majority of U.S. counties that have been poor for four decades or more are in the Texas border region. You have to feel really bad when you look at the stats. The Colonia crowding rate is four times the national average, also, 85% of Colonias residents are U.S. citizens; 97% are Hispanic. Most migrant workers are people who can’t support themselves in Mexico, so they come to the United States with the hope of a better life. Although, with an income of $3,000 a YEAR, that’s not a very good life.


See also

2003 USPS stamp featuring Chávez and the fields that were so important to him César Estrada Chávez (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) was an American farm worker, labor leader, and activist who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. ... Raj R. S. Chouhan is the current MLA for Burnaby-Edmonds in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... Patrick Chamusso (born 1949) is a former political prisoner, freedom fighter and member of the ANC party of South Africa. ... The Army of Hope is a North American charitable organization focused on the needs of migrant farm workers and their families, and affiliated with the Elks fraternal organization. ...

References

  • Dust bowl migrants (Okies)
  • In China, Filmmakers Get Involved with Migrant Workers
  • China Labour Bulletin
  • Beijing's Min Gong migrants
  • Article from China View on Chinese migrant workers
  • More statistics and datas about menial employment in China
  • Voices of Yi Migrant Workers - Interviews in Chinese of Migrants from Sichuan in China

  Results from FactBites:
 
Migrant worker - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (295 words)
A migrant worker is a person who works in more than one physical location, often working at seasonal jobs and then moving on to new seasonal jobs.
In the past, starting at the end of the American Civil War, hobos were the migrant workers who performed much of this work, using freight railroads as their means of transportation to new jobs.
Examples of professions which could be called migrant workers, some of them quite lucrative, include: Electricians in the construction industry (slang term: "narrowbacks"); other construction workers who travel from one construction job to another, often in different cities; wildland firefighters in the western United States; temporary/roving consulting work; and possibly even interstate truck drivers.
United Nations General Assembly: International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and ... (11631 words)
Migrant workers and members of their families who are arrested shall be informed at the time of arrest as far as possible in a language they understand of the reasons for their arrest and they shall be promptly informed in a language they understand of any charges against them.
Migrant workers and members of their families who are subjected to any form of detention or imprisonment in accordance with the law in force in the State of employment or in the State of transit shall enjoy the same rights as nationals of those States who are in the same situation.
Migrant workers and members of their families shall have the right to have recourse to the protection and assistance of the consular or diplomatic authorities of their State of origin or of a State representing the interests of that State whenever the rights recognized in the present Convention are impaired.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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