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Encyclopedia > Mieszko I of Poland
Mieszko I
Mieszko I, as painted in 19th century by Jan Matejko
Reign c. 960May 25, 992
Royal House Piast
Coat of Arms The Piast Eagle
Parents Siemomysł,
mother unknown
Consorts Dubrawka,
Oda
Children With Dubrawka:
Bolesław I the Brave,
Świętosława
With Oda:
Mieszko,
Świętopełk,
Lambert
Date of Birth c. 935
Place of Birth  ?
Date of Death May 25, 992
Place of Death Poznań, Poland
Place of Burial Cathedral Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul, Poznań, Poland
Poland and its neighbours as of 960-992
Poland and its neighbours as of 960-992

Mieszko I (c. 935May 25, 992), son of the legendary Siemomysł, grandchild of Lestek. Father of Bolesław I Chrobry and Świętosława-Sygryda. Brother of Czcibor. Grandfather of Canute the Great. Was the first historically known Piast duke of the Polans, who gave their name to the country that would later be called "Poland." Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Events Edgar the Peaceable crowned King of England. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Boleslaus I becomes Duke of Poland Battle of Conquereuil - Fulk Nerra defeats Conan I of Rennes, who is killed in the battle. ... A Royal House or Dynasty is a sort of family name used by royalty. ... The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... The history of Polish heraldry is an integral part of the history of the Szlachta, the Polish nobility. ... The Piast Eagle (Polish: OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski) is a Polish Coat of Arms. ... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Dubrawka, by Jan Matejko Dubrawka of Bohemia (Czech, Doubravka; Polish, Dobrawa or DÄ…brówka; born circa 925/931, died 977) was the daughter of Duke Boleslav I of Bohemia and of Adiva of England. ... Oda von Haldensleben (sometimes Ote; before 978 - 1023) was the daughter of the Margrave of the North March, Theoderich (or Dietrich). ... Dubrawka, by Jan Matejko Dubrawka of Bohemia (Czech, Doubravka; Polish, Dobrawa or DÄ…brówka; born circa 925/931, died 977) was the daughter of Duke Boleslav I of Bohemia and of Adiva of England. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... Sigrid the Haughty, Gunhilda, Sigrid Storråda, Świętosława, (967 - 1014). ... Oda von Haldensleben (sometimes Ote; before 978 - 1023) was the daughter of the Margrave of the North March, Theoderich (or Dietrich). ... Events Václav (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of the Bohemians, murdered by his brother, Boleslav I, who succeeds him Gyeonhwon, the king of Hubaekje, is overthrown by his eldest son Singeom. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Boleslaus I becomes Duke of Poland Battle of Conquereuil - Fulk Nerra defeats Conan I of Rennes, who is killed in the battle. ... Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina PoznaÅ„ Established 8th century City Rights 1253 Government  - Mayor Ryszard Grobelny Area  - City 261. ... The Archcathedral Basilica of St. ... Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina PoznaÅ„ Established 8th century City Rights 1253 Government  - Mayor Ryszard Grobelny Area  - City 261. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 607 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2310 × 2280 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 607 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2310 × 2280 pixel, file size: 1. ... Events Edgar the Peaceable crowned King of England. ... Boleslaus I becomes Duke of Poland Battle of Conquereuil - Fulk Nerra defeats Conan I of Rennes, who is killed in the battle. ... Events Václav (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of the Bohemians, murdered by his brother, Boleslav I, who succeeds him Gyeonhwon, the king of Hubaekje, is overthrown by his eldest son Singeom. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Boleslaus I becomes Duke of Poland Battle of Conquereuil - Fulk Nerra defeats Conan I of Rennes, who is killed in the battle. ... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Canute II, or Canute the Great, in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles also known as Cnut (Old Norse: Knútr inn ríki, Norwegian: Knut den mektige, Swedish: Knut den store, Danish: Knud den Store) (c. ... Piast KoÅ‚odziej This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... Poland 960-992 Polans (also Polanes, Polanians, or Polians; Polish: Polanie) were a West Slavic tribe inhabiting the Warta river basin in the 8th century. ...


Mieszko was not the duke's actual name but was given to him later - contemporary documents called him Mesco, Misico, Mesico, Msko[citation needed] or similar, with one strange exception - he also appeared as Dagome or Dagone in a papal document from about 1085 AD called Dagome iudex, which mentions a gift of land to the pope almost a hundred years earlier. Dagome iudex is the name applied to one of the earliest documents supposedly relating to Poland, which refers to Dago/Dagr of the Norwegian Daglingers, (who was later called Mieszko I), and his wife Oda in 991, placing the land of the Polans with its capital, Gniezno, under the protection...

Contents

Life

In 965 he married Dobrawa (Dobrava, Dubrawka), daughter of Boleslav I, Duke of Bohemia. In 980 he married Oda von Haldensleben, daughter of Dietrich of Haldensleben, Count of the North March (965-985), after abducting her from the monastery of Kalbe. Dąbrówka by Jan Matejko Dubrawka of Bohemia (Polish, Dobrawa or Dąbrówka, Czech Doubravka), born about 925/931 died 977. ... Boleslav (or Boleslaus) I the Cruel (? - 972), was the Duke of Bohemia from 929 or 935 to July 15, 972. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Oda von Haldensleben (sometimes Ote; before 978 - 1023) was the daughter of the Margrave of the North March, Theoderich (or Dietrich). ... Dietrich or Theodoric of Haldensleben (also Theoderic[h]; died 985) was the first Margrave of the Nordmark from 965 until his deposition in 983. ... The Northern March within the Empire, 10th century. ...

“Christianization of Poland“ by Jan Matejko
“Christianization of Poland“ by Jan Matejko

The early career of Mieszko was dominated by fighting with the tribes of Wieletes and Volinians south of the Baltic Sea, and their ally, the Saxon count Wichman. Mieszko was baptised in 966, probably under the influence of his Christian first wife or perhaps in order to avoid confrontation with the Holy Roman Empire to the west. He built a church dedicated to Saint George at Gniezno and in 968 he founded the first cathedral in Poznań (Posen), placed under the archdiocese of Magdeburg and dedicated to Saint Peter. Those events are also known as the baptism of Poland. Christianization of Poland by Jan Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Christianization of Poland by Jan Matejko This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Jan Matejko , self-portrait. ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Christian religious act of Baptism. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Saint-George is a municipality with 695 inhabitants (as of 2003) in the district of Aubonne in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. ... Gniezno (pronounced: [gɲȋεznÉ”]) is a town in central-western Poland, some 50 km east of PoznaÅ„, inhabited by about 73,000 people. ... Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina PoznaÅ„ Established 8th century City Rights 1253 Government  - Mayor Ryszard Grobelny Area  - City 261. ... This article is about the German city. ... St Peter redirects here. ... Christianization of Poland in 966 by Jan Matejko The Baptism of Poland (Polish: Chrzest Polski) was the event in 966 that signified the beginning of the Christianization of Poland, commencing with the baptism of Mieszko I, who was the first ruler of the Polish state. ...


At the time of the reign of Mieszko there was no single place serving as the capital, instead he built several castles around his country. Of the most important were: Poznań, Gniezno and Ostrów Lednicki. The latter was a ring-fort some 460 feet in diameter, containing his residence, a fine stone palace, the country's first monumental architecture. Ostrów Lednicki is a castle in Poland built in mediaeval times on an island on Lake Lednica. ...


He had probably one sister of unknown name, and two brothers: one of them, name unknown, was killed in battle around 964; the second, chronicled as Cidebur (Polish: Czcibor), helped Mieszko to defeat margrave Hodo, successor of Dietrich von Haldensleben in the Battle of Cedynia in 972. Margrave (Latin: marchio) is the English and French form (recorded since 1551) of the German title Markgraf (from Mark march and Graf count) and certain equivalent nobiliary (princely) titles in other languages. ... Odo I or Hodo I (also Huodo or Huoto; died 13 March 993) was the Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark from 965 until his death. ... Combatants Poland Lusatia Commanders Mieszko I of Poland Murgrave Hodon Strength Unknown, supposed to be not more than 4000 Unknown, supposed to be not more than 4000 Casualties Unknown, supposed to be low Unknown, chronicles say that All the great knights have died // The Battle of Cedynia happened on 24...


Some historians suggest that Mieszko I had pledged allegiance to emperor Otto I the Great, to emperor Otto II and again to emperor Otto III. However, there is much dispute over this point from the Polish side - mainly whether his allegiance represented the whole of Poland, or only part (the disputed fragment is "usque in Vurta fluvium" from Thietmari chronicon). One medieval chronicle (Thietmari chronicon too) also states that Mieszko pledged allegiance to Margrave Gero, but since the chronicle itself is believed to be an abstract of another which does not mention this, it is now considered to be a myth.[citation needed] Otto I at his victory over Berengar of Friuli Grave of Otto I in Magdeburg Otto I the Great ( November 23, 912 - May 7, 973), son of Henry I the Fowler, king of the Germans, and Matilda of Ringelheim, was Duke of Saxony, King of the Germans and arguably the... Otto II ( 955 – December 7, 983, Rome), was the third German ruler of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... 14th-century wall painting depiciting Gero in the chuch he founded at Gernrode. ...


Reign

His reign began around 962 in territory later called Greater Poland (Wielkopolska), Kuyavia (Kujawy) and possibly in eastern Pomerania. In the 960s he probably at least partially conquered western Pomerania, and in the 990s he conquered Silesia (Śląsk) and Lesser Poland (Małopolska). Voivodship wielkopolskie since 1999 Coat of Arms for voivodship wielkopolskie Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: , German: Großpolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland. ... KUYAVIA (sometimes spelt Cuyavia; in German KUJAWIEN, in Polish KUJAVY) is a historical region of Poland, named after the pagan tribe of the Kujawier (name in German) still known there under that name in the tenth century AD. It is the northernmost part of Greater Poland, west of Masovia and... Pommern redirects here. ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ... Kraków Katowice WrocÅ‚aw Łódź PoznaÅ„ Bydgoszcz Lublin BiaÅ‚ystok GdaÅ„sk Szczecin Warsaw M A S O V I A S I L E S I A G R E A T E R P O L A N D L E S S E R P O...


Much of his military activity was along the Baltic coast, in territory later called Pomerania. He defeated Margrave Hodo of the Northern March at Cedynia in 972, and reached the mouth of the Oder river in 976. The decisive battle, fought in 979, ensured Mieszko's position as ruler of the area (or forced him to make alligiance with emperor Otto II). The following year he celebrated his temporary conquest by dedicating a fortress at what in 999 in Vita St Adalbert was referred to as Gyddanyzc (Gdańsk, Danzig). Settlements there have existed for millennia and Pomeranian and Old Prussian territories overlap at the mouth of the Vistula River. Pommern redirects here. ... The Northern March within the Empire, 10th century. ... Cedynia (German: ) is a town in Poland, in West Pomeranian Voivodeship, in Gryfino County. ... The Oder (known in Czech, Slovak and Polish as Odra) is a river in Central Europe. ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... Old Prussia was the land extending from the south-eastern coast of the Baltic Sea to the Masurian Lakes district, known as Prussia, was called Brus in the 8th century map of the Bavarian Geographer. ...

Polish 10-złoty banknote with likeness of Mieszko I.
Polish 10-złoty banknote with likeness of Mieszko I.

In 981 Mieszko I lost the land known only as Grody Czerwieńskie to Vladimir I, prince of Kiev (but this territory could belong to another Polish tribe: Lędzianie, which wasn't under Mieszko's control before 987/988). In 986, upon the death of Emperor Otto II (d. 983), after short time of being opposed to the idea, he pledged allegiance to the Emperor Otto III, and helped Otto with wars with the Polabians. According to the 1085 papal note, he and his wife Ote, shortly before his death, gifted the state to the Pope and in turn received it as a fief of the Pope in a document usually called the Dagome Iudex (this is one of many theories, which try to explain motives of making this document). This document indexes the lands of (Mieszko), referred to as "Dagome" in the document, and his wife "Ote" (former nun Oda von Haldensleben) and her sons by him. The other son Boleslaw I is not mentioned, perhaps to insure Oda and her sons territory to them (by papal protection). As it turned out, upon his father's death Boleslaw did expel Oda and her sons in order to claim all territory for himself. http://www. ... http://www. ... ZÅ‚oty (literally meaning golden, plural: zÅ‚ote or zÅ‚otych, depending on the number) is the Polish currency unit. ... A £20 Bank of England banknote. ... Detail of the Millenium of Russia monument in Novgorod (1862) representing St Vladimir and his family. ... Otto III in a medieval manuscript Otto III (980 – January 23, 1002, Paterno, Italy) was the fourth ruler of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... Polabians are a Slavic people historically dwelling in the basin of the Elbe and on the Baltic coast of Germany. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... Dagome iudex is the name applied to one of the earliest documents supposedly relating to Poland, which refers to Dago/Dagr of the Norwegian Daglingers, (who was later called Mieszko I), and his wife Oda in 991, placing the land of the Polans with its capital, Gniezno, under the protection...


From his first marriage he had a son, his successor Boleslaus, and two daughters, Sygryda (Świętosława) and one whose name is unknown. Sygryda was the wife (as queen Sigrid the Haughty) of Eric the Victorious, king of Sweden and then (as queen Gunhilda) of king Sweyn Forkbeard of Denmark, and mother of king Canute of Denmark and England. "Świętosława" is generally accepted by historians as the best approximation of this first daughter's Slavic name. The second daughter was most likely married to a Pomeranian Slavic Prince. Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... Sigrid the Haughty, Gunhilda, Sigrid Storråda, Świętosława, (967 - 1014). ... Eric the Victorious (VI), Old Norse: Eiríkr inn sigrsæli, Modern Swedish: Erik Segersäll, (970?- 995), was king of the Swedes during the second half of the 10th century. ... Sigrid the Haughty, Gunhilda, Sigrid Storråda, Świętosława, (967 - 1014) was the daughter of mythical Burislav (almost certainly Mieszko I of Poland and Dubrawka). ... Sweyn I, or Sweyn Forkbeard, (Danish: Svend Tveskæg, originally Tjugeskæg or Tyvskæg, Old Norse: Sveinn Tjúguskegg, Norwegian: Svein Tjugeskjegg), (??? – February 3, 1014), king of Denmark and England, a leading Viking warrior and the father of Canute the Great (Cnut I). ... Canute II, or Canute the Great, in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles also known as Cnut (Old Norse: Knútr inn ríki, Norwegian: Knut den mektige, Swedish: Knut den store, Danish: Knud den Store) (c. ...


From his second marriage he had three sons; Mieszko, Lambert, and Świętopełk.


In 1999 archeologist Hanna Kóčka-Krenz found[citation needed] in Poznań palatium of Mieszko I. Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina PoznaÅ„ Established 8th century City Rights 1253 Government  - Mayor Ryszard Grobelny Area  - City 261. ... The Palatine Hill (Latin Palatium) is the centermost of the seven hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city of Rome in Italy. ...


Origin and meaning of the name

There are three major theories about the origin and meaning of Mieszko name. The most popular theory provided by Jan Dlugosz explains that Mieszko is a nickname formed out of the full name Mieczyslaw. Mieczyslaw name is a combination of two elements or lexemes Miecz meaning sword and Slaw meaning famous. Today, this theory is rejected by the majority of Polish historians. The name Mieczyslaw was invented by Jan Dlugosz to explain the origin of the name Mieszko. Today, we know that ancient Slavs never formed their names using either animal names or weapons names. Ancient Slavs names were abstract in nature. The same explanation rules out another theory about the origin of name Mieszko. That is the theory linking the name with Polish word mis/misko meaning bear as no animals names were used to form honorable Polish names among Polish nobility.[1] Jan Długosz Jan Długosz, also known as Joannes Longinus or Joannes Dlugossius (1415-1480) was a Polish historian (a chronicler) and a secretary of Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków. ...


The second most popular theory about the origin and sense of Mieszko name can be traced to the very old legend, according to which Mieszko was blind for the first seven years after he was born. This legend was first described by Gallus Anonymus. Polish word “mzec” can be interpreted as “having his eyes closed” or “be blind”. Yet again, today it is almost certain[citation needed] that a legend used a metaphor. It refers to the old pagan ceremony known as an ancient Slavs rite “postrzyzyny”[citation needed]. During that ceremony hair cutting was performed to every boy at the age of seven. In that symbolic rite a child become a man. That explains that Mieszko was not blind in fact. He was blind only metaphorically. Besides his son’s name was also Mieszko and it is hard to believe that he was also blind. In addition as we know today ancient Slavs used only abstract names among nobilities.[1] Gallus Anonymus (Polish: Gall Anonim) living in 11th and 12th century was the first Polish historian, author of Cronicae et gesta ducum sive principum Polonorum (c. ...


The third and most probable theory links name Mieszko with his other name Dagome as it appeared in a document called Dagome iudex. We know this document only from a copy prepared by anonymous monk who was not familiar with Polish language or Polish names. It is possible that while coping the document he made a mistake and wrote down Dagome instead of Dagomer or even Dagomir. Name Dagomir is used to this day and its construction is similar to other Polish names like for example: Wladimir/Wlodzimierz or Casimir/Kazimierz. The second part used in those names “Mir” was changed into “Miez” in Polish names under the German language influence. It is possible that name Mieszko is a nickname formed from the second part of name Dago-mir as it is common in Poland to form Polish nicknames by adding –ko at the end of name. Hence, out of lexeme mir/miez a nickname Miezko/Mieszko was formed. Word mir can be translated as peace.[1] Look up Vladimir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Casimir may refer to: Casimir effect, an attraction between parallel plates best explained by quantum mechanics Casimir invariant, of a Lie algebra Casimir (dinosaur), from the French TV show lÃŽle aux enfants Hendrik Casimir (1909–2000), a Dutch physicist Casimir Gzowski (1813–1898), an engineer and acting Lieutenant Governor... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ...


See also

The prehistory of Poland, or the history of Poland before 966 CE, is a period about which relatively little is known, especially when compared to the later eras. ... Slavic peoples around the 8th and 9th centuries. ... In the first centuries of its existence, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c Włodzimierz K. Krzyżanowski, "Arystokracja rodowa w Polsce", Warszawa, 2007

Mieszko I. BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry. ... Lech by Walery Eljasz-Radzikowski (1841-1905) Duke Czech Lech, Czech and Rus oaks in Rogalin, Poland According to an old legend, Lech, Czech and Rus were eponymous brothers who founded the three Slavic nations: Poland (poetically also known as Lechia), Bohemia (ÄŒechy – now the major part of the Czech... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Queens Wanda bust in the KrasiÅ„skis Palace, Ursynów. ... The tower where, according to legend, Popiel perished Prince Popiel (or Duke Popiel), legendary 9th century ruler of the Polanie or Goplanie tribe. ... Piast KoÅ‚odziej This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... Piast KoÅ‚odziej (KoÅ‚odziej means wheelwright) is a legendary figure from the prehistory of Poland (8th or 9th century AD), founder of the Piast dynasty that would rule the early Kingdom of Poland. ... Siemowit (also Ziemowit) was, according to the chronicles of Gallus Anonymus, the son of Piast and Rzepicha. ... Lestko (also Lestek, Leszek) is the second legendary duke of Poland, and son of Siemowit, born probably 930/940 Though proof of his actual existence is unclear, he had to have been a major figure in his time, due to the fact that before Poland existed as a state, the... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Piast KoÅ‚odziej This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... BolesÅ‚aw I the Brave (or Valiant) (Polish: ; Czech: Boleslav Chrabrý; 967 - June 17, 1025), in the past also known as BolesÅ‚aw I the Great, in Polish: BolesÅ‚aw I Wielki), of the Piast Dynasty — son of Mieszko I and of his first wife, the Bohemian princess Dobrawa — ruled... Reign From 1025 until 1031 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of... Bezprym (986-1032), the first-born son of king of Poland BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry and his second wife, who came from Hungary (unknown name); he was deprived of throne of Poland due to giving it to his brother Mieszko II. In 1031, in alliance with Conrad II, Holy Roman... Reign From 1025 until 1031 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of... The Peoples uprising in Poland (Polish: ) was a popular uprising in 1038 the Kingdom of Poland of the early Piasts, mainly in the regions of Greater Poland and Silesia. ... Casimir I on Jan Matejkos painting Casimir I, the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel) (1015-1058), duke of Poland, was the son of Mieszko II of Poland and Rixa von Lothringen. ... BolesÅ‚aw II the Bold. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Herman. ... Zbigniew of Poland (born after 1070, died 1112). ... BolesÅ‚aw III Wrymouth. ... In the first centuries of its existence, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II the Exile. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Masovia | Dukes of Silesia ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Greater Poland | Dukes of Poznan | Dukes of Gniezno | Dukes of Kalisz ... Casimir II the Just on a painting by Jan Matejko Casimir II the Just (1138 - 5 May 1194; Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy) of the Piast dynasty was the youngest son of Boleslaus III of Poland. ... Leszek I the White. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Spindleshanks. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw (Ladislas or Ladislaus) Odonic Plwacz (c. ... Mieszko IV Tanglefoot (Polish: Mieszko IV PlÄ…tonogi; Mieszko IV of Racibórz; ca. ... Konrad I of Masovia. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Sieradz-Leczyca | Dukes of Poznan | Dukes of Kalisz | Dukes of Wroclaw | Dukes of Opole ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Greater Poland | Dukes of Poznan | Dukes of Gniezno | Dukes of Kalisz | Dukes of Wroclaw | 1241 deaths ... BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy Boleslaus the Chaste or the Shy (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy) (21 June 1226 O.S. – 7 December 1279 O.S.) was the son of Leszek the White. ... Leszek Czarny Leszek II the Black (Polish: Leszek II Czarny) ruled 1279-1288. ... See also List of Polish rulers Piast_dynasty Dukes of Silesia Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Wroclaw ... PrzemysÅ‚ II PrzemysÅ‚ II (October 14, 1257 – February 8, 1296), was Duke of PoznaÅ„, Greater Poland, Kraków and Pomerania, and King of Poland from 1295 until his death. ... PÅ™emyslid coat of arms. ... Wenceslaus II; detail from the Codex Manesse, ca 1305 Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech: ; Polish: ; September 17, 1271 – June 21, 1305) was King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Cracow (1291 - 1305) and King of Poland (1300 - 1305). ... Wenceslaus III Wenceslaus III Premyslid (Czech and Slovak Václav, German: Wenzel III, Hungarian Vencel, Polish WacÅ‚aw, Croatian: Vjenceslav), (October 6, 1289 – August 4, 1306, Olomouc, Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic) was the King of Hungary (1301 - 1305) and King of Bohemia (1305 - 1306). ... Piast KoÅ‚odziej This article is about a Polish dynasty. ... Noble Family or Dynasty Piast dynasty Coat of Arms Piast Eagle Parents Kazimierz I Kujawski, Eufrozyna Opolska Consorts Jadwiga Kaliska Children Stefan, WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw, Kunegunda, Elżbieta, Jadwiga, Casimir III the Great Date of Birth 1261 Place of Birth - Date of Death 1333 Place of Death Cracow Coronation January... Noble Family or Dynasty Piast dynasty Coat of Arms Piast Eagle Parents WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I the Elbow-high, Jadwiga Kaliszka, of Gniezno and Greater Poland Consorts Aldona Ona, Adelheid of Hesse, Christina, Jadwiga of Glogow and Sagan Children 5 daughters Date of Birth 1310 Place of Birth Kowal Date... Original coat of arms of the Capetian House of Anjou. ... Louis the Great. ... This article is about the 14th-century queen and saint. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty originating in Lithuania, which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... For other monarchs with similar names , see Ladislaus Jagiello or Ladislaus. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III of Varna. ... Casimir IV Jagiellon (Polish: , Lithuanian: ; Belarusian: ; 30 November 1427 - 7 June 1492), of the House of Jagiellons, was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440, and King of Poland from 1447, until his death. ... For other monarchs with similar names, please see John of Poland. ... Reign December 12, 1501 - August 19, 1506. ... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara... Sigismund II Augustus (Polish: , Lithuanian: ; 1 August 1520 — 7 July 1572) was the only son of Sigismund I the Old, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548. ... Election of Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki as king of Poland at Wola, outside Warsaw ( 1669). ... Henry III of France (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), also Henry of Poland (also called Henry of Valois, Henryk Walezy), born Alexandre-Édouard of France, was a member of the House of Valois. ... Anna Jagiellon. ... For other persons of the same name, see Báthory. ... Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: ) (20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden (where he was known simply as Sigismund) from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599. ... Reign in Poland November 8, 1632 – May 20, 1648. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi MichaÅ‚ WiÅ›niowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts Elenora Maria Habsburg Children... For other monarchs with similar names, please see John of Poland. ... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... For other persons named StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski, see StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
c. Poland. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History (975 words)
Mieszko was converted to Christianity by Bohemian missionaries, probably for political reasons, to deprive the Germans of any further excuse for aggression.
MIESZKO II, whose reign marked the culmination of feudal separatism.
Poland was divided into five principalities (Silesia, Great Poland, Masovia, Sandomir, Kraków) for his sons; Kraków was established as the capital, and was to go, with the title of grand duke, to the eldest member of the house of Piast.
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Mieszko I of Poland (568 words)
The early career of Mieszko was dominated by fighting with the tribes of Wieletes and Volinians south of the Baltic Sea, and their ally, the Saxon count Wichman.
Mieszko was baptised in 966, probably under the influence of his Christian first wife and in order to avoid confrontation with the Holy Roman Empire to the west; he built a church dedicated to Saint George at Gniezno.
Mieszko I had pledged allegiance to emperor Otto I the Great, to Gero, Count of the Eastern March (ruled from 937-965), to emperor Otto II and again to emperor Otto III.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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