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Encyclopedia > Midlands
This article is mainly about the English Midlands. For other uses, see Midlands (disambiguation).
The north, the midlands and the south
The north, the midlands and the south

Midlands can refer to the central region of any territory or nation. In Britain and Ireland, the term seems to be reserved for the "middle" in the vertical (North/South) direction - but countries oriented more EW might use "Mid" with a horizontal meaning (ie between East and West). There are several regions in the world known as the Midlands. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 485 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2140 × 2645 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 485 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2140 × 2645 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

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The UK and Ireland

In the UK, Scotland and England both have midland areas famous enough for the capital M (ie The "Midlands" as a name, not just a description). As used in England, if a country is not specified, then "Midlands" usually means the English Midlands. Note that Wales has "Mid Wales" (not "The Welsh Midlands") and Ireland (the island) has its own Midlands (in the Republic).


The English Midlands

The Midlands is an area of England which broadly corresponds to the early-medieval kingdom of Mercia. The area lies between Southern England, Northern England, East Anglia and Wales, and its largest city is Birmingham. The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... Southern England is a vague term referring to the south of England. ... Northern England, The North or North of England is a rather ill-defined term, with no universally accepted definition. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... This article is about the country. ...


The name does not correspond to any current administrative area, and there is therefore no strict definition. However, it is generally considered to include the counties of Derbyshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Rutland, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, the West Midlands and Worcestershire. The 2001 census included Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire in the Midlands, though East Anglia (the collective name for these counties) is not usually considered part of the Midlands. A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... Leicestershire ( IPA: (RP), IPA: (locally)), abbreviation Leics. ... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. ... Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants or Nhants) is a landlocked county in central England with a population of 629,676 (2001 census). ... Nottinghamshire (abbreviated Notts) is an English county in the East Midlands, which borders South Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Leicestershire and Derbyshire. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... Oakham Castle Rutland is traditionally Englands smallest county and is bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and southeast by Northamptonshire. ... Shropshire (alternatively Salop or abbreviated Shrops) is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced // or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... The County of West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England with a population of around 2,600,000 people. ... Worcestershire (pronounced ; abbreviated Worcs) is a county located in the West Midlands region of central England. ... Norfolk (IPA: //) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ... Suffolk (pronounced ) is a large historic and modern non-metropolitan county in East Anglia, England. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ...

The two Government Office Regions of West and East Midlands.

The greater part of the Midlands is covered by two administrative regions of England : West Midlands and East Midlands, but even taken together, these regions do not fully cover the traditional Midlands, because: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2165x2670, 99 KB) Summary Map showing the two Government Office regions of West Midlands and East Midlands. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2165x2670, 99 KB) Summary Map showing the two Government Office regions of West Midlands and East Midlands. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the Midlands. ... The East Midlands is one of the regions of England and consists of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlands. ...

(cf The 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, which describes Gloucestershire as "west midland", Bedfordshire as "south midland", and Huntingdonshire as "east midland" counties respectively.) Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. ... Yorkshire and the Humber is one of the regions of England. ... Peterborough /ˡpiːtəˌbʌɹə/ is a cathedral city and unitary authority in the East of England, with an estimated population of 161,000 as of 2006. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds) is a county in England that forms part of the East of England region. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds) is a county in England that forms part of the East of England region. ... Huntingdonshire (abbreviated Hunts) is a part of England around Huntingdon, which is currently administered as a local government district of Cambridgeshire. ...


The "midland" status of Cheshire is often debated. South Cheshire has strong links with North Staffordshire (definitely in the Midlands), and North Cheshire with Merseyside and Manchester (both definitely in Northern England). In official eyes, the northward pull prevailed (perhaps because the county town, Chester, is so far north) and Cheshire is now part of the North West region. Cheshire (or, archaically, the County of Chester)[1] is a county in North West England. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ...


The largest Midlands conurbation, which includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton, is approximately covered by a metropolitan county (which also includes the city of Coventry), also called the West Midlands. Thus, there are two West Midlands, a Region and a (smaller) County. A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Birmingham (pron. ... Wolverhampton is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. ... The six metropolitan counties shown within England The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level subnational entity in current use in England. ... For other places with the same name, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... The County of West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England with a population of around 2,600,000 people. ...


Parts of the East Midlands are also densely populated, particularly the triangle formed by the cities of Leicester, Nottingham and Derby, which also includes sizeable towns such as Loughborough and the Long Eaton-Beeston-Stapleford subconurbation. Leicester city centre, looking towards the Clock Tower Leicester (pronounced ) is the largest city and unitary authority in the English East Midlands. ... Nottingham is a city, unitary authority, and county town of Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands of England. ... Derby (pronounced dar-bee ) is a city in the East Midlands of England. ... Loughboroughs carillon Loughborough parish church The Brush engineering works Loughborough University Loughborough (pronounced locally as either , LUFF-burra or , LUFF-bruh, and more widely as [ˈlʌfˌb(ə)ɹə]) is a town in Leicestershire, central England with a population of 57,600 as of 2004. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Beeston is a town in the county of Nottinghamshire, England some 3 miles (5 km) south west of the centre of Nottingham. ... Stapleford is a town in the county of Nottinghamshire, England some 6 miles (10km) west of the centre of Nottingham. ...


The South Midlands is an area identified by the government for regional development purposes, consisting of Northamptonshire and Bedfordshire with northern Buckinghamshire (what is now the Milton Keynes unitary authority). Bedfordshire and particularly Buckinghamshire are not usually considered part of the Midlands and are in the administrative regions of the East of England and the South East respectively, a further illustration of the fluidity of the perceived boundaries of the Midlands. Banbury in north Oxfordshire is often considered as the southern extremity of the English Midlands as it is relatively industrialised and many locals harbour an accent which is discernably non-Southern. The town also has strong links with the Birmingham-Coventry industrial zone to the north. The South Midlands and Milton Keynes area The South Midlands is an area of England. ... Northamptonshire (abbreviated Northants or Nhants) is a landlocked county in central England with a population of 629,676 (2001 census). ... Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds) is a county in England that forms part of the East of England region. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... , The modern Castle Quay Shopping Centre in Banbury alongside the Oxford Canal, with Banbury Museum in the background. ...


Notable Cities & Towns

For other places named Alcester see Alcester (disambiguation). ... Ashbourne is the name of more than one place: Ashbourne, Derbyshire in England Ashbourne, County Meath in Ireland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ashby-de-la-Zouch is a small market town in the county of Leicestershire in England. ... Atherstone is a town in Warwickshire, England. ... Bedworth is a market town in the Nuneaton and Bedworth district of Warwickshire, England. ... Birmingham (pron. ... For other uses, see Boston (disambiguation). ... High Town from the River Severn Bridgnorth is a town in Shropshire, England, at grid reference SO717929, along the Severn Valley. ... Map sources for Burton-upon-Trent at grid reference SK2422 Burton upon Trent also known as Burton-on-Trent, or simply Burton, is a large town straddling the River Trent in the east of Staffordshire, England, which originally grew up around the monastery of St. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Map sources for Cannock at grid reference SJ9810 Cannock is a town in Staffordshire, just north of the West Midlands conurbation. ... Chesterfield, see Chesterfield (disambiguation) Chesterfield is a historic market town and local government district in Derbyshire, a county in England. ... Corby is an industrial town and a local government district located 13km north of Kettering in Northamptonshire, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... Derby (pronounced dar-bee ) is a city in the East Midlands of England. ... Droitwich Spa is a town in northern Worcestershire, England. ... Map sources for Dudley at grid reference SO9390 Dudley is a town in the West Midlands, England. ... Gainsborough is a town in Lincolnshire, England. ... Grantham is a medium sized market town in Lincolnshire, England with about 35,000 inhabitants (40,000 including Great Gonerby), situated on the River Witham. ... Great Malvern is a town in Worcestershire, England positioned at the foot of, and partly on the sides of, the Malvern Hills. ... Halesowen is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley, in the West Midlands, England. ... Statistics Population: 50,154 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SO515405 Administration District: Herefordshire Region: West Midlands Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Herefordshire Historic county: Herefordshire Services Police force: West Mercia Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: West Midlands Post office and telephone Post town: HEREFORD Postal... Hinckley is a town in south-west Leicestershire, England. ... Statistics Population: 22,582 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SP295715 Administration District: Warwick Shire county: Warwickshire Region: West Midlands Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Warwickshire Services Police force: Warwickshire Police Ambulance service: West Midlands Post office and telephone Post town: Kenilworth Postal district: CV8... Kettering is a town in Northamptonshire, England. ... Canal lock, with St Mary and All Saints Church in the distance Kidderminster is a town in the Wyre Forest district of Worcestershire, England. ... Trinomial name Allium ampeloprasum var. ... Leamington Spa, properly Royal Leamington Spa but commonly just Leamington, (pronounced Lemmington — IPA: ) is a spa town in central Warwickshire, in England. ... Leicester city centre, looking towards the Clock Tower Leicester (pronounced ) is the largest city and unitary authority in the English East Midlands. ... The West Front of Lichfield Cathedral, June 2005 Lichfield (Welsh: Caerlwytgoed) is a small city and civil parish in Staffordshire, 110 miles northwest of London and 14 miles north of Birmingham. ... Lincoln (pronounced Lin-kun) is a cathedral city and county town of Lincolnshire, England, a bridging point over the River Witham that flows to Boston. ... Loughboroughs carillon Loughborough parish church The Brush engineering works Loughborough University Loughborough (pronounced locally as either , LUFF-burra or , LUFF-bruh, and more widely as [ˈlÊŒfËŒb(É™)ɹə]) is a town in Leicestershire, central England with a population of 57,600 as of 2004. ... Market Street Whittle memorial Lutterworth is a market town in the Harborough district of Leicestershire, England. ... For other uses, see Mansfield (disambiguation). ... The stilted Old Grammar School Market Harborough is a market town in Leicestershire, England. ... Matlock is the county town of Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom. ... Newark (also Newark-on-Trent) is a town in Nottinghamshire, located on the River Trent. ... Newcastle-under-Lyme, known simply as castle to many local people, is a busy market town/small city in Staffordshire, England, not to be confused with the larger city of Newcastle upon Tyne. ... Northampton is a large market town and a local government district in central England on the River Nene, and the county town of Northamptonshire, in the English East Midlands region. ... Nottingham is a city, unitary authority, and county town of Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands of England. ... Nuneaton is the largest town in the English county of Warwickshire, and the borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Oswestry is a town in Shropshire, England, very close to the Welsh border. ... Redditch is a town and local government district in north-east Worcestershire, England. ... Rugby is a market town in the county of Warwickshire in the West Midlands of England, on the River Avon. ... Rugeley is a historic market town in the county of Staffordshire, England. ... See also: Rushden, Hertfordshire Rushden is a town in England in the county of Northamptonshire, lying on the A6 mid-way between Bedford and Kettering. ... Shrewsbury (pronounced either or ) is a town of 70,560 inhabitants [1] in Shropshire, England. ... Skegness is a seaside town and civil parish within the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. ... This article is about the town of Stafford, England. ... There is more than one place named Stamford. ... This page is about Stoke-on-Trent in England. ... Look up stone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Stourbridge is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Dudley, in the West Midlands of England. ... Stratford-upon-Avon Stratford-upon-Avon is a town in Warwickshire, England. ... Solihull (IPA: , or , or some combination of the two; occasionally ) is a large town in the West Midlands in England with a population of 94,753. ... Holy Trinity Church on Trinity Hill north of Sutton town centre. ... Tamworth town centre Tamworth is a historic town and local government district in Staffordshire, England, located 27 km (17 miles) north-east of Birmingham and 198 km (123 miles) north-west of London. ... This article is about the town of Telford, Shropshire. ... New Art Gallery Walsall The traditionl market of Walsall, a Tesco nearby has had an adverse effect on the market traders, many believe Walsall is an industrial town in the West Midlands of England. ... Warwick (pronounced or War-ick (silent w in middle)) is the historic county town of Warwickshire in England and has a population of 25,434 (2001 census). ... Wellingborough is a town in Northamptonshire, England situated some eleven miles from the county town of Northampton. ... The Public by Will Alsop. ... Wolverhampton is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England. ... The city of Worcester (pronounced Wuh-ster) is the county town of Worcestershire in England; the river Severn runs through the middle, with the citys large Worcester Cathedral overlooking the river. ...

External links

  • Official map of the Midlands, ODPM

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