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Encyclopedia > Midland, Texas
City of Midland
Official seal of City of Midland
Seal
Nickname: The Tall City
Location within the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°0′18″N 102°5′57″W / 32.005, -102.09917
Country Flag of the United StatesUnited States
State Flag of TexasTexas
Counties Midland
Government
 - Mayor Mike Canon
Area
 - City 173.0 km²  (66.8 sq mi)
 - Land 172.5 km² (66.6 sq mi)
 - Water 0.5 km² (0.2 sq mi)
Elevation 848 m (2,782 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 102,073
 - Density 550.6/km² (1,426/sq mi)
 - Metro 251,842
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-6)
Area code(s) 432
FIPS code 48-48072GR2
GNIS feature ID 1341547GR3
Website: www.ci.midland.tx.us

Midland is the county seat of Midland CountyGR6 located on the Southern Plains of the western area of the U.S. State of Texas. As of the 2006 U.S. Census estimate, the city had a total population of 102,073. The Midland–Odessa metropolitan area had a population of 251,842. People in Midland are called Midlanders. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Midland-seal. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... Adapted from Wikipedias TX county maps by Seth Ilys. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Image File history File links Flag_of_Texas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Index: Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Anderson County formed in 1846 from part of Houston County. ... Midland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... North American area code 432 is a state of Texas telephone area code for numbers in the Permian Basin area of the state including the cities of Midland and Odessa. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Midland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... The Midland–Odessa Metropolitan Area encompasses the counties of Midland and Ector in the U.S. state of Texas. ...


Midland was originally founded as the midway point between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railroad in 1881. The city has received national recognition as the hometown of President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush. Fort Worth is the sixth-largest city in the state of Texas, located about 30 miles west of Dallas on the West Fork Trinity River and forming part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. ... El Paso redirects here. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ...

Contents

History

Midland was originally called Midway because of its location between Fort Worth and El Paso; however the name was soon changed to Midland to avoid confusion with other towns in Texas named Midway.


Once a small town based on farming and ranching, Midland was forever changed by the discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923. Soon Midland was transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields. Today, the Permian Basin produces a fifth of the nation's total petroleum and natural gas output. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... The Permian Basin is a basin in the western part of the U.S. state of Texas, from just south of Lubbock to just south of Midland & Odessa, and it extends Westward into the Southeastern part of New Mexico. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the fossil fuel. ...


Today, Midland's economy still relies heavily on petroleum; however the city has also diversified to become a regional telecommunications and distribution center. As of August 2006, a busy period of crude oil production had caused a significant workforce deficit. According to the Midland Chamber of Commerce, there were almost 2,000 more jobs available in the Permian Basin than there were workers to fill them. The Permian Basin is a basin in the western part of the U.S. state of Texas, from just south of Lubbock to just south of Midland & Odessa, and it extends Westward into the Southeastern part of New Mexico. ...


Avery v Midland County

In 1967 the U.S. Supreme Court heard the case of Avery v Midland County. Midland mayor Hank Avery had sued Midland County challenging the districting of the County Commissioner's Court. The county districts geographically quartered the county but the city of Midland, in the northwest quarter, had 97% of the county's population. A County Judge, elected at-large, provided a fifth vote, but the result was still that the three rural Commissioners, representing only 3% of the population, made up a majority of the votes. Holding The Court struck down local governmental districts inequality based their decision on the principle of one man, one vote. ...


The majority held that the districting inequality violated the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection clause. The dissenting minority held that this example of the Warren Court's policy of incorporation at the local government level exceeded the Court's Constitutional authority. Incorporation is: In business, incorporation is the creation of a corporation. ...


John Howard Griffin wrote a history of Midland, Land of the High Sky (1959). John Howard Griffin (June 16, 1920 - September 9, 1980) was a white journalist and author who wrote largely in favor of racial equality. ...


Geography

Midland is the county seat of Midland County and is located in the plains of West Texas in the Permian Basin A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Midland County is the name of several counties in the United States: Midland County, Michigan Midland County, Texas This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The dry plains of West Texas, have often been divided up into tracks of land divided by barbed wire fences. ... The Permian Basin is a basin in the western part of the U.S. state of Texas, from just south of Lubbock to just south of Midland & Odessa, and it extends Westward into the Southeastern part of New Mexico. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 173.0 km² (66.8 mi²). 172.5 km² (66.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.5 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (0.28%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

Midland receives approximately 14.8 inches of precipitation per year, much of which is delivered in the summer.

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 84 90 95 101 108 116 112 107 107 101 90 85
Norm High °F 56.8 63 70.9 78.8 86.8 92.7 94.3 92.8 86.1 77.4 65.8 58.4
Norm Low °F 29.6 34.1 40.8 48.6 58.8 66.4 69.1 67.9 61.6 51.3 38.8 31.2
Rec Low °F -8 -11 9 20 34 47 53 54 36 24 11 -1
Precip (in) 0.53 0.58 0.42 0.73 1.79 1.71 1.89 1.77 2.31 1.77 0.65 0.65
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F (°C) 60 (15) 66 (19) 74 (23) 82 (28) 89 (32) 94 (34) 96 (35) 94 (34) 88 (31) 80 (27) 68 (20) 61 (16) 79 (26)
Avg low temperature °F (°C) 29 (-1) 34 (1) 41 (5) 48 (9) 58 (15) 65 (18) 68 (20) 67 (19) 61 (16) 51 (10) 38 (3) 34 (1) 50 (10)
Avg precipitation in. .53 .58 .42 .73 1.79 1.71 1.89 1.77 2.31 1.77 .65 .65 14.8
Source: [2]

Cityscape

Bank of America building in downtown Midland, Texas, May 11, 2005.
Bank of America building in downtown Midland, Texas, May 11, 2005.
Barbara Bush, Laura Bush, George H.W. Bush and Joseph I. O'Neill, III (who introduced George W. and Laura in Midland) at the dedication of the George W. Bush Childhood Home in 2006.
Barbara Bush, Laura Bush, George H.W. Bush and Joseph I. O'Neill, III (who introduced George W. and Laura in Midland) at the dedication of the George W. Bush Childhood Home in 2006.

Nicknamed "The Tall City", Midland has a remarkable skyline for a city its size. For many years, the Wilco Building in downtown Midland was the tallest building between Fort Worth and Phoenix. Today, Midland's tallest building is the Bank of America Building, which stands at a height of 332 feet. Four buildings over 500 feet tall were planned in the 1980s, including one designed by world famous architect I.M. Pei[1]. The great Oil Bust of the mid-1980s, however, killed any plans for future skyscrapers. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (480x640, 198 KB) Summary Bank of America Tower in downtown Midland, Texas. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (480x640, 198 KB) Summary Bank of America Tower in downtown Midland, Texas. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For the daughter of President George W. Bush, see Barbara Pierce Bush. ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location of Fort Worth in Tarrant County, Texas Coordinates: , Country State Counties Tarrant and Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City  298. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (貝聿銘 pinyin Bèi Yùmíng) is a Chinese American architect born in Suzhou, China on April 26, 1917. ...


Culture

Performing Arts

The Midland-Odessa Symphony & Chorale (MOSC) has performed in the Permian Basin for over 45 years, and is the region's largest orchestral organization, presenting both Pops and Masterworks concerts throughout the year. Comprised of professional musicians from the area as well as Lubbock, San Angelo and other surrounding cities, the MOSC also is home to three resident chamber ensembles, the Lone Star Brass, Permian Basin String Quartet and West Texas Winds. These ensembles are made up of principal musicians in the orchestra, who come to the area from across the United States. “Lubbock” redirects here. ... San Angelo is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green CountyGR6, Texas, United States. ...


The Midland Community Theatre (MCT) [3]has been entertaining the Permian Basin since 1946 with musicals, comedies, dramas, mysteries, children's theatre and melodramas. MCT produces 15 shows each year in three performance spaces - Davis Theatre I (485 seats) and Mabee Theatre II (155 seats) are located in the Cole Theatre along with the Box Office, Business Office, Technical Areas and Rehearsal and Classroom spaces. Midland Community Theatre also produces its annual fundraiser Summer Mummers [4] at the 1929 historic Yucca Theatre in downtown Midland. MCT has an extensive education program, including the Pickwick Players (teen performance troupe), Theatre School programs and OutReach classes. MCT operates with a professional staff of 20 and depends upon the hard work and dedication of hundreds of volunteers in the Permian Basin to produce shows throughout the year. MCT is a member of the American Association of Community Theatre [5], and hosted the 2006 AACT International Theatrefest. Summer Mummers is a yearly production presented at the historic Yucca Theater in downtown Midland, Texas. ...


Tourism

Perched on the Llano Estacado, a stark treeless plain that has been extensively overgrazed by ranchers, Midland is not known for scenic beauty, unless the visitor is keen on seeing a Cormac McCarthy-esque landscape of pumpjacks, Texas Horned Lizards, mesquite and caliche. Midland's main attraction therefore is oil: lots and lots of oil. Sitting near the center of the Permian Basin, Midland welcomes geologists, petroleum engineers, landmen, and financial speculators to help extract the oil from one of the largest deposits in North America. For the Midland visitor curious to know more about this endeavor, there is the Permian Basin Petroleum Museum. Located on the outskirts of town near Interstate 20, the museum houses numerous displays on the history, science, and technology of oil and gas development. Shaded Relief Image of the Llano Estacado Llano Estacado (or Staked Plains) is a region in the southwestern United States that encompasses parts of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas. ... A colourful nodding donkey in the United States A nodding donkey or pump jack is the overground drive for a submersible pump in a borehole. ... The Permian Basin is a basin in the western part of the U.S. state of Texas, from just south of Lubbock to just south of Midland & Odessa, and it extends Westward into the Southeastern part of New Mexico. ... The Geologist by Carl Spitzweg A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology, studying the physical structure and processes of the Earth and planets of the solar system (see planetary geology). ... A petroleum engineer is a technical professional who is concerned with getting oil and gasoline out of the pore spaces of rocks within the Earths crust. ... In the United States and Canada, a Landman is an individual who performs various services for oil companies. ...


The Permian Basin Petroleum Museum also houses a collection of race cars designed by Jim Hall, a long time Midland resident who pioneered the use of aerodynamic downforce in the design of Formula One cars. Jim Hall is a programmer for the FreeDOS project and the original developer of the GNU Robots program. ...

Main Street of Midland, Texas during the town's frontier days.

Midland is also home to The Museum of the Southwest. The Museum features a fine collection of paintings by various members of the Taos Society of Artists and Karl Bodmer plus hand colored engravings by John J. and John W. Audubon. It also includes a separate Children's Museum and the Marian W. Blakemore Planetarium. The main portion of the Museum is housed in the Turner Mansion, the historic 1934 home of Fred and Juliette Turner. Image File history File links Frontier_midland. ... Image File history File links Frontier_midland. ...


Another organization located in Midland is the Commemorative Air Force (CAF). The origin of the CAF dates back to 1951, with the purchase of a surplus Curtiss P-40 Warhawk by Lloyd Nolen, a former World War II Army Air Corps flight instructor. In 1957, Nolen and four friends purchased a P-51 Mustang, each sharing in the $2,500 cost of the aircraft. With the purchase of the Mustang, known as Red Nose, the group was unofficially founded. Associated with the CAF is the American Airpower Heritage Museum. The CAF's internationally recognized museum is loaded with WWII artifacts and memorabilia. It is also one of only a handful of Texas museums to be accredited by the American Association of Museums. As part of the museum tour, visitors can see aircraft on display in the CAF hangar. The 14-20 aircraft on display change quarterly, so there's always something different to see. A research library and archives house a significant oral history collection and give the public access to the museum's abundant information resources. These CAF facilities provide students, teachers, historians and the community at large with educational and summer programs, tours, special events and seminar series. T-6 Texan converted to resemble a Mitsubishi Zero as flown by the Commemorative Air Force The Commemorative Air Force (CAF), formerly known as the Confederate Air Force, is a Texas-based non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and showing historical aircraft at airshows primarily throughout the U.S. and... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang was an American long-range single-seat fighter aircraft that entered service with Allied air forces in the middle years of World War II. The P-51 became one of the conflicts most successful and recognizable aircraft. ...


Amateur and professional anthropologists alike will want to see the "Midland Man" (actually "Midland Woman" as it turns out), fragments of a ribcage and skull found by Keith Glasscock on the Scharbauer Ranch south of town. The remains were excavated and analyzed originally by a team of academics led by Dr. Fred Wendorf, Dr. Alex D. Krieger and Dr. Claude C. Albritton. Based on radiocarbon analysis of the bone fragments, the Wendorf team estimated that the remains were at least 10,000 years old. Later work by Dr. Curtis R. McKinney using uranium-thorium analysis confirmed that the bones are 11,600 ± 800 years old. Presenting his findings at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America in 1992, Dr. McKinney said, "[T]he Midland Woman was related to the earliest ancestors of every Indian who lives today, and she is very likely the only representative of those who created the Clovis cultures." The Geological Society of America (or GSA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of the geosciences. ...


The Midland Man exhibit is part of the Midland County Historical Museum, housed in the Midland Public Library. The exhibit shows only reproductions of the bones.


Other Midland attractions of note include Dennis the Menace Park, Green Acres Miniature Golf Course, the "Festival of Lights" held each Christmas in the Racquet Club neighborhood, San Jacinto Junior High, and Sam Houston Elementary (where George W. Bush briefly attended school).


Sports

Midland is home to the Midland RockHounds, a Texas League minor league baseball team. It is the Double-A affiliate of the Oakland Athletics. The Rockhounds have played their home games in Citibank Ballpark since 2002. The Midland RockHounds are a minor league baseball team based in Midland, Texas. ... The Texas League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the South Central United States. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... Citibank Ballpark is a stadium in Midland, Texas. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Media

Midland is served by 10 local television stations: KMID - an American Broadcasting Company affiliate, KWES - an NBC affiliate, KOSA - a CBS affiliate and a MyNetwork TV affiliate on their digital cable station, KPEJ - a FOX affiliate, KPBT - a PBS affiliate, KWWT - The CW Television Network affiliate, KUPB - a Univision affiliate, KTLE-LP - a Telemundo affiliate, and K69IT- a Multimedios Television affiliate. It also has one local religious television station: KMLM- a God's Learning Channel affiliate that is a worldwide institution offering pro-Israel programming. Midland is also served by one local newspaper, the Midland Reporter-Telegram. KMID-TV is the ABC affiliate in Midland-Odessa, Texas, owned and operated by Nexstar Broadcasting Group headquartered in Irving, Texas. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... KWES-TV channel 9 is the NBC affiliate in the Midland / Odessa area and is currently owned by the Drewry Communications Group. ... This article is about the television network. ... Kōsa was the Chief Abbot of Ishiyama Honganji, cathedral fortress of the Ikko-ikki, during its siege at the end of the Sengoku Period. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is an upcoming television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation, which is scheduled to launch on September 5, 2006. ... KPEJ channel 24 is a Fox affiliate serving the Midland / Odessa, Texas area. ... This article is about the animal. ... KPBT-TV is a public television station in Odessa, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 36 as a PBS member station. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... KWWT, Channel 30, is the WB affiliate for the Midland / Odessa area. ... “The CW” redirects here. ... KUPB is a Spanish-language television station in Midland, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 18 as an affiliate of Univisión. ... For the similar-sounding film format, see Univisium. ... KTLE-LP and KTLD-LP are low-power television stations licensed to Odessa, Texas, as affiliates of Spanish-language network Telemundo. ... Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... K69IT is a low-powered television station affiliated with the Mexico-based Multimedios Television, owned and operated by Mintz Broadcasting. ... Multimedios Television is a system of two Spanish language television stations in Monterrey,Mexico. ... KMLM is a religious television station in Odessa, Texas, broadcasting locally on channel 42 as an owned-and-operated station of Gods Learning Channel. ... Gods Learning Channel (or GLC) is a Christian television network which is based in the Southwestern United States. ...


Many major motion pictures have been filmed in and around Midland, including Hangar 18, Waltz Across Texas, Fandango, Blood Simple, Hard Country, Friday Night Lights, Everybody's Baby: The Rescue of Jessica McClure, and others. Hangar 18 may refer to: Hangar 18 (film), a 1980 film about UFOs Hangar 18 (song), a song from the album Rust in Peace by Megadeth Hangar 18 (rap group), a hip-hop group signed to Definitive Jux Hangar 18 (building), the infamous hangar on the Wright-Patterson Air Force... Fandangos is a style of flamenco music and dance, probably derived from the jota[]. Philologists link it to the ancient Roman erotic dance known as the cordax (called iconici motus by the poet Horace and the playwright Plautus). ... Blood Simple is a neo-noir film, the debut of Joel and Ethan Coen, writers and directors of Fargo, The Man Who Wasnt There, and Raising Arizona, among others. ... Friday Night Lights in the a 1990 book and 2004 movie that documents the coach and players of a high school football team and the small, economically-depressed Texas town of Odessa that supports and is obsessed with them. ...


In the Heroes television series, the Midland-Odessa area is a focal point for many of the first season's episodes, serving as the home for the Bennet family as well as the location of a recurring restaurant, the Burnt Toast Diner.


Demographics

Sand storm that passed over Midland, Texas, February 20, 1894 at 6:00 p.m. Windmills and houses visible just below the whirling sand.
Sand storm that passed over Midland, Texas, February 20, 1894 at 6:00 p.m. Windmills and houses visible just below the whirling sand.

As of the census of 2000, there are 94,996 people, 35,674 households, and 25,221 families residing in the city. The population density was 550.6/km² (1,426.2/mi²). There were 39,855 housing units at an average density of 231.0/km² (598.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.51% White, 8.37% African American, 0.63% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 12.49% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.99% of the population. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1431x1072, 300 KB)Sand storm that passed over Midland, Texas, February 20, 1894 at 6:00 p. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1431x1072, 300 KB)Sand storm that passed over Midland, Texas, February 20, 1894 at 6:00 p. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 35,674 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.19. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 29.9% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $39,320, and the median income for a family was $48,290. Males had a median income of $37,566 versus $24,794 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,884. About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

Midland is the home of Midland College which offers both associate and bachelor's degrees in several disciplines. Midland College is one of only three community colleges in Texas approved to offer bachelor's degree. Midland is also home to Southeastern Career Institute - Midland. Midland College is a junior college based in Midland, Texas. ...


Schools

Midland is the home to two local high schools: Midland High School and Robert E. Lee High School, both of which are part of the Midland Independent School District. There are also four private schools in Midland: Midland Classical Academy, Midland Christian School, Midland Montessori, and Trinity School of Midland. Midland High School (officially Midland Senior High School) is a public high school located in Midland, Texas and is part of Midland Independent School District. ... Robert E. Lee High School is a public, co-educational secondary school in Midland, Texas. ... Midland Independant School District includes the schools Henderson Elementary, Scharbauer Elementary, South Elementary, Lamar Elementary, Greathouse Elementary, Santa Rita Elementary, Bush Elementary, Houston Elementary, Bonham Elementary, Emerson Elementary, Crockett Elementary, Milam Elementary, Washington Elementary, Rusk Elementary, Fannin Elementary, Burnet Elementary, Jones Elementary, Carver Elementary, Bowie Elementary, DeZavala Elementary, Travis Elementary...


Libraries

  • Midland County Library
  • Haley Memorial Library & History Center

Infrastructure

Transportation

The Midland International Airport serves Midland, nearby Odessa, Texas and a large region of West Texas, and southeast New Mexico. The airport is considered the gateway to the Big Bend Region of Texas and Big Bend National Park. Midland International Airport (IATA: MAF, ICAO: KMAF) is a commercially serviced airport located between Midland and Odessa in Midland County, Texas. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas Country State County Ector Government  - Mayor Larry Melton Area  - City 36. ... The dry plains of West Texas, have often been divided up into tracks of land divided by barbed wire fences. ... It has been suggested that Panther Pass be merged into this article or section. ...


Sister Cities

Midland has four sister cities located in various countries around the world.[2]

  • Flag of the People's Republic of China Dongying (China) Located near China's second largest known oil field. A modest pagoda located at the Beal Complex, was donated by Dongying.

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Dongying (东营) is a city of China, located in the Shandong province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... Wirral is a metropolitan borough in Merseyside, North West England, which occupies the northern part of the Wirral Peninsula, more commonly known as The Wirral. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guyana. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

Famous citizens

George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of the forty-third and current President of the United States George W. Bush and is thereby the First Lady of the United States. ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... John Ellis Jeb Bush (born February 11, 1953), a Republican, is the forty-third and current Governor of Florida. ... For the wife of George H.W. Bush, see Barbara Bush. ... Jenna Welch Bush (born November 25, 1981 in Dallas, Texas at Baylor University Medical Center)[1] is an author and school teacher who is the daughter of U.S. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush as well as the fraternal twin of Barbara Bush. ... This article is about the actress. ... Cedric Myron Benson (born December 28, 1982 in Midland, Texas) is an American football running back. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... Raymond Benson (born September 6, 1955) is an American author best known for being the last official author of the adult James Bond novels. ... 007 redirects here. ... Mike Conaway is a Republican from Texas who represents the 11th Congressional district (map), which includes Midland, Odessa, San Angelo, and Brownwood. ... Tom Craddick (Republican) succeeded Pete Laney as Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives during the 78th legislative session on January 11, 2003. ... Donald Evans Donald Louis Evans with President of Peru Donald Louis Evans (born July 27, 1946) was the 34th U.S. Secretary of Commerce. ... Tommy Ray Franks (born June 17, 1945 in Wynnewood, Oklahoma) is a retired General in the United States Army, previously serving as the Commander of the United States Central Command, overseeing United States Armed Forces operations in a 25-country region, including the Middle East. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Susan Graham (1960– ) is a mezzo-soprano classical singer, born in Roswell, New Mexico, USA. Her roles include Sister Helen Prejean in Dead Man Walking, and Octavian in Der Rosenkavalier. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... Jim Hall was a Formula One driver from the United States. ... Fred C. Hamilton was a Manitoba politician who made two unsuccessful bids for the leadership of the Manitoba Liberal Party (in 1927 and 1931). ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Bobby Hillin, Jr. ... E. J. Holub was an American college and professional football player from Texas Tech University. ... For the musician, see Tommy Lee. ... Jessica McClure (now Jessica Morales) (born March 26, 1986), became famous at the age of 18 months after getting herself trapped in a Midland, Texas well on October 14, 1987. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Laynce Michael Nix (born October 30, 1980 in Houston, Texas) is a Major League Baseball outfielder known for his spectacular outfield catches. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 19, 34, 42, 44 Name Milwaukee Brewers (1970–present) Seattle Pilots (1969) Other nicknames True Blue Brew Crew, The Brew Crew, The Crew, Beermakers Ballpark Miller Park (2001–present) County Stadium (1970–2000) Sick... Charles Anthony Tony Peyton (March 3, 1922 - July 23, 2007) was an African American who excelled in both the United States Navy and professional basketball. ... For the animated television series, see Harlem Globetrotters (TV series). ... Judy Rankin (born February 18, 1945, St Louis, Missouri) is an American professional golfer. ... The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, were held in Mexico City in 1968. ... William Michael (Mike) Stanton (born June 2, 1967 in Houston, Texas) is a left-handed specialist relief pitcher in Major League Baseball for the Cincinnati Reds. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Michael August (Mike) Timlin (born March 10, 1966 in Midland, Texas) is a middle relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Boston Red Sox since 2003. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Rex Tucker (born December 20, 1976 in Ellensburg, Washington) is a professional American football player who plays offensive lineman. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... Ryan Tucker (born June 12, 1975 in Midland, Texas) is an American football player who currently plays offensive tackle for the Cleveland Browns. ... Browns redirects here. ... Randy Lee Velarde (born November 24, 1962 in Midland, Texas) is a former infielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1987-2002. ... Webb playing for the Atlanta Hawks. ... Clayton Wheat Williams, Jr. ... Eileen Wilks is an American award-winning fiction writer living in Midland, Texas. ... A Windecker Eagle, N4197G. Windecker Industries was an aircraft manufacturer originally founded in 1962 as Windecker Research. ... Eric Winston (born November 17, 1983 in Midland, Texas) is a professional football player for the Houston Texans of the National Football League. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Explosions in the Sky, often referred to colloquially as Explosions, is a critically acclaimed instrumental post-rock band originating in Texas, United States. ...

References

External links

Texas Portal

Coordinates: 32.005072° N 102.099239° W Image File history File links This image, including all photography and graphics used in it, was taken and created by myself, Shem Daimwood. ... The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Handbook of Texas Online: (1828 words)
in West Texas, bounded on the east by Glasscock County, on the south by Upton County, on the West by Ector County, and on the north by Martin and Andrews counties.
Midland College, established in the city of Midland by the Christian Church in 1910 as a junior college, failed in 1921.
Midland is also the location of the Permian Basin Petroleum Museum, the Museum of the Southwest, the Midland County Historical Museum, and the Pliska Aeroplane Museum.
Handbook of Texas Online: (1609 words)
By 1914 Midland had a population of 2,500 and, in addition to the county courthouse and the two banks, the city had a cotton gin, three lumber yards, Baptist, Catholic, Methodist, and Presbyterian churches, and an opera house that could seat 300 patrons.
By 1950 215 oil companies had offices in Midland, and the city's population had increased to 21,713; by 1960 the population was 62,625.
Midland Memorial Hospital, which opened in 1950, offered a new standard of medical care for people living in the region, and the Midland Symphony opened in 1953.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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