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Encyclopedia > Midge
Midges
A biting midge feeding on blood through an artificial membrane for insect rearing.
A biting midge feeding on blood through an artificial membrane for insect rearing.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Nematocera

The word "midge" does not encapsulate a well-defined taxonomic group. Midges collectively are diverse, small, two-winged flies, comprising several families of Nematoceran Diptera. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 522 pixels Full resolution (948 × 618 pixel, file size: 78 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ceratopogonidae ... Subfamilies Forcipomyiinae Dasyheleinae Ceratopogoninae Leptoconopinae Ceratopogonidae, or biting midges (or, in the United States, no-see-ums, sand flies, punkies, and others), are a family of small flies (1-4 mm long) in the order Diptera. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... For other uses, see Fly (disambiguation) and Flies (disambiguation). ... Infraorders Axymyiomorpha Culicomorpha Blephariceromorpha Bibionomorpha Psychodomorpha Ptychopteromorpha Tipulomorpha Nematocera are generally primitive flies, typically recognized by filamentous, multi-segmented antennae which may be plumose in some males. ... Look up midge in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fly can refer to any of the following things: A fly (plural flies) is any species of insect of the order Diptera. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Infraorders Axymyiomorpha Culicomorpha Blephariceromorpha Bibionomorpha Psychodomorpha Ptychopteromorpha Tipulomorpha Nematocera are generally primitive flies, typically recognized by filamentous, multi-segmented antennae which may be plumose in some males. ... Suborders Nematocera (includes Eudiptera) Brachycera Diptera (di - two, ptera - wings), or true flies, is the order of insects possessing only a single pair of wings on the mesothorax; the metathorax bears a pair of drumstick like structures called the halteres, the remnants of the hind wings. ...


These families include:[1]

  • Blephariceridae, or net-winged midges
  • Cecidomyiidae, or gall midges
  • Ceratopogonidae, or biting midges (also known as no-see-ums or punkies in North America)
    • including Highland midge Culicoides impunctatus
  • Chaoboridae, or phantom midges
  • Chironomidae, or non-biting midges
  • Deuterophlebiidae, or mountain midges
  • Dixidae, or meniscus midges
  • Scatopsidae, or dung midges
  • Thaumaleidae, or solitary midges
Midges on a car
Midges on a car

While the Ceratopogonidae (biting midges) are serious biting pests, the other midge families are not. Most midges, apart from the gall midges (Cecidomyiidae), are aquatic during the larval stage. Some Cecidomyiidae (e.g., the sorghum midge) are important plant pests. The larvae of some Chironomidae contain haemoglobin and are sometimes referred to as bloodworms.[2] Genera See text. ... Cecidiomyiidae is the correct name for the insects known as the gall midge. ... Subfamilies Forcipomyiinae Dasyheleinae Ceratopogoninae Leptoconopinae Ceratopogonidae, or biting midges (or, in the United States, no-see-ums, sand flies, punkies, and others), are a family of small flies (1-4 mm long) in the order Diptera. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Binomial name Goetghebuer, 1920 The Highland midge (scientific name: Culicoides impunctatus) is a tiny insect, found in wet places especially in the north-west of Scotland during spring and summer. ... Subfamilies Chaoborinae Eucorethrinae Chaoboridae, commonly known as phantom midges, are a family of fairly common midges with a cosmopolitan distribution. ... Chironomidae are a family of Nematoceran Diptera closely related to the Ceratopogonidae, Simuliidae, and Thaumaleidae. ... Deuterophlebiidae, or mountain midges, are a family of Nematoceran Diptera. ... Genera Dixella . ... Genera see text. ... Genera Afrothaumalea Androprosopa Austrothaumalea Thaumalea Trichothaumalea Thaumaleidae, or solitary midges, are a group of nematoceran flies related to the Ceratopogonidae, Chironomidae, and the Simuliidae. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2966x1986, 273 KB) Description: Midges on a Toyota. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2966x1986, 273 KB) Description: Midges on a Toyota. ... Subfamilies Forcipomyiinae Dasyheleinae Ceratopogoninae Leptoconopinae Ceratopogonidae, or biting midges (or, in the United States, no-see-ums, sand flies, punkies, and others), are a family of small flies (1-4 mm long) in the order Diptera. ... Cecidiomyiidae is the correct name for the insects known as the gall midge. ... Cecidiomyiidae is the correct name for the insects known as the gall midge. ... Chironomidae are a family of Nematoceran Diptera closely related to the Ceratopogonidae, Simuliidae, and Thaumaleidae. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Midge (insect). ...


For further information concerning specific groups, consult their entries.


Midges in Baseball Lore

Midges invaded Cleveland's Jacobs Field on October 5, 2007, during the second game of the American League Division Series between the Cleveland Indians and the New York Yankees. The Yankees entered the bottom of the eighth inning with a 1-0 lead. Yankee rookie pitcher Joba Chamberlain, who entered the game in relief of Andy Pettitte with one out in the seventh, waited until he was doused with insect repellent before starting the eighth inning. Chamberlain walked the first batter, Grady Sizemore, who advanced to second base on a wild pitch. Asdrubal Cabrera's sacrifice bunt advanced Sizemore to third, then Travis Hafner lined out to first. With two outs and Victor Martinez at bat, Sizemore advanced from third and scored the tying run on another Chamberlain wild pitch. Martinez reached first when he was hit by a pitch, and Ryan Garko walked, before Chamberlain struck out Jhonny Peralta to end the inning. The Yankees went on to lose the game in the eleventh, 2-1. Jacobs Field (informally called The Jake) is a baseball stadium located in the middle of downtown Cleveland, Ohio. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Joba Chamberlain (pronounced jah-buh) (born Justin Chamberlain, September 23, 1985, in Lincoln, Nebraska) is a baseball pitcher for the New York Yankees. ... Andrew Eugene Pettitte (born June 15, 1972 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana) is an American left-handed starting pitcher for the New York Yankees. ... Mosquito on a bottle of herbal mosquito repellent. ... Grady Sizemore III (born August 2, 1982, in Seattle, Washington) is a Major League Baseball center fielder who currently plays for the Cleveland Indians. ... Asdrúbal José Cabrera (born November 13, 1985 in Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela) is a switch hitting infielder in the Cleveland Indians organization of Major League Baseball. ... Travis Lee Hafner (b. ... Ryan F. Garko (b. ... Jhonny Antonio Peralta (b. ...


The infestation was blamed on an unusually warm (80+ degrees Fahrenheit) and humid October evening on the shores of Lake Erie. Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ...


References

  1. ^ Merritt, R.W., and Cummins, K.W. (eds.), 1996. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.
  2. ^ Walker, I. R. 2001. Midges: Chironomidae and related Diptera. pp. 43-66, In: J. P. Smol, H. J. B. Birks, and W. M. Last (eds). Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 4. Zoological Indicators. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

  Results from FactBites:
 
midge – FREE midge Information | Encyclopedia.com: Facts, Pictures, Information! (1389 words)
Midge larvae are an important source of food for larger aquatic insects and fish.
The biting midges belong to the genus Culicoides of the family Ceratopogonidae; they are the smallest of the bloodsucking insects and are common pests in the NE United States, where they are called punkies, sand flies, and no-see-ums.
Making the Case against the biting midge: evidence is building that the biting midge, Culicoides sonorensis, is a vector of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), which causes significant economic losses in cattle, horses, and swine.
Midge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (238 words)
Midges are a subgroup of gnats, and comprise several families of Diptera, including especially the Chironomidae, or non-biting midges, and the Ceratopogonidae or biting midges (also known as no-see-ums in North America).
The orange wheat blossom midge is a pest in cereal grains and is a standard research animal used for the testing of pesticides.
Scottish midges are famously vicious and have become something of a cultural icon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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