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Encyclopedia > Middlesex
The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster
The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster

Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and was the second smallest (after Rutland). When county councils were introduced in England in 1889 part of Middlesex was used to form the County of London and the remainder formed the administrative county of Middlesex. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2202 × 1653 pixel, file size: 728 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Middlesex Guildhall in Little George Street, Westminster, London. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2202 × 1653 pixel, file size: 728 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Middlesex Guildhall in Little George Street, Westminster, London. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50... Oakham Castle Rutland is traditionally Englands smallest county and is bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and southeast by Northamptonshire. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... The County of London was an administrative county and ceremonial county of England from 1889 to 1965. ... An administrative county is an administrative area in the British Isles. ...


By 1965 urban London had further expanded and almost all of the original area was incorporated into Greater London. Middlesex is still used informally as an area name and may be included in some postal addresses. Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ...

Contents

Early history

Historic county of Middlesex
Image:EnglandMiddlesexTrad.png
Geography
Area: (1831) 179,590 acres
Rank: Ranked 39th
Administration
County town: see text
Chapman code: MDX

The name means middle Saxons and refers to the reputed ethnic origin of its inhabitants. Its first recorded use was in AD 704 as Middleseaxan. Geographically, Middlesex included the City of London, which has been self-governing since the thirteenth century, and the city of Westminster. The highest point is the High Road by Bushey Heath at 504 feet. one of the traditional counties of England File links The following pages link to this file: Middlesex Categories: GFDL images ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... This is a list of historic counties of England by area as at the 1831 census. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... Chapman codes are largely a superset of the ISO 3166-2:GB and BS 6879 codes identifying administrative divisions in the United Kingdom, Ireland and their surrounding islands, but covering historical divisions. ... The City of London is a geographically-small city within Greater London, England. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... Map sources for Bushey at grid reference TQ132952 Bushey (population 24,000) is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire in the East of England. ...


Division into hundreds

Middlesex was recorded in the Domesday Book as being divided into the six hundreds of Edmonton, Elthorne, Gore, Hounslow (later Isleworth), Ossulstone and Spelthorne. Settlement was divided as follows: A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... Edmonton was a hundred (ancient subdivision) of the ancient county of Middlesex, England. ... Elthorne was a hundred of the Ancient county of Middlesex, England. ... Gore was a hundred of the ancient county of Middlesex, England. ... Ossulstone was a hundred of the ancient county of Middlesex, England. ... Spelthorne was a hundred (ancient subdivision) of the ancient county of Middlesex, England. ...


Edmonton Hundred - Edmonton - Enfield - Monken Hadley - South Mimms - Tottenham Edmonton is a place in the eastern part of the London Borough of Enfield. ... Enfield Town is a town in the London Borough of Enfield. ... Monken Hadley is a place in the London Borough of Barnet. ... South Mimms is a location in Hertfordshire that was originally part of the traditional county of Middlesex Categories: UK geography stubs | Middlesex | Hertfordshire ... Tottenham is a suburb of north London in the London Borough of Haringey, situated 6. ...


Elthorne Hundred - Cowley - Cranford - Greenford - Hanwell - Harefield - Harlington - Harmondsworth - Hayes - Hillingdon - Ickenham - New Brentford - Northolt - Norwood - Perivale - Ruislip - Uxbridge - West Drayton Cowley is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Cranford is a place in the London Borough of Hounslow. ... Greenford, historically Greenford Magna, is a suburb in the London Borough of Ealing in west London, England. ... Hanwell is a town situated in the London Borough of Ealing in west London, between Ealing and Southall. ... Harefield is a village in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Harlington is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Harmondsworth is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon nearby to London Heathrow Airport. ... Hayes is a town in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Hillingdon is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Ickenham is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon. ... Brentford is a place in the London Borough of Hounslow on the River Thames in South West London. ... Northolt is a suburb in the London Borough of Ealing, west of London. ... Norwood Green is a place in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Perivale is a place in west London in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Ruislip (pronounced rice-lip [raɪslɪp]) is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon, in northwest London, England. ... Uxbridge is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon in West London, England. ... West Drayton is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon to the west of central London. ...


Gore Hundred - Edgware - Great Stanmore - Harrow-on-the-Hill - Hendon - Kingsbury - Little Stanmore - Pinner Chanukah menorah outside Edgware tube station, 2006 Edgware is a suburb of north London situated 9. ... Stanmore is a place in the London Borough of Harrow, in London, England. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other places with the same name, see Hendon (disambiguation). ... Kingsbury is a place in the London Borough of Brent, north-west London. ... Stanmore is a place in the London Borough of Harrow, in London, England. ... Pinner is a suburb in north-west London. ...


Isleworth Hundred - Heston - Isleworth - Twickenham TW5!! We SaY hEsToN yOu SaY rUn ThINgS! For other uses, see Heston (disambiguation). ... Isleworth is an affluent suburb located in the London Borough of Hounslow alongside the River Thames in west London. ... Twickenham is a suburb in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, south west London. ...


Ossulstone Hundred - Acton - Bloomsbury - Bow - Bromley - Chelsea - Chiswick - Clerkenwell - Ealing - Finchley - Friern Barnet - Fulham - Hackney - Hammersmith - Hampstead - Minories - Hornsey (Harringay) [1][2] - Kensington - Mile End - Paddington - Poplar - Ratcliffe - Shadwell - Shoreditch - Spitalfields - Holborn - St Pancras - Stepney - Wapping - West Twyford - Whitechapel - Willesden Acton is a town situated 6. ... Bloomsbury is an area of central London between Holborn and Euston station, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. ... Bow is an area of East London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... Bromley-by-Bow is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ... Chiswick (IPA pronunciation: ) is a district of West London, covering the eastern part of the London Borough of Hounslow. ... Clerkenwell (pronounced clarkenwell) is a locality in the southermost part of the London Borough of Islington. ... Ealing is a town in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Finchley is a place in the London Borough of Barnet, London, England. ... Friern Barnet is a place in the London Borough of Barnet. ... Fulham is an area of London in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, located 3. ... Hackney was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex. ... Hammersmith is an urban centre in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham in West London, England, approximately 5 miles (8km) west of Charing Cross on the north bank of the River Thames. ... Hampstead is a suburb of north London in the London Borough of Camden, located four miles (6. ... The Minories is an area of London close to the Tower of London. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Harringay is an area of north London in the United Kingdom and part of the London Borough of Haringey. ... Kensington is an area to the west of Central London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. ... Mile End is an area of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in East London, England. ... A street in Paddington including a pub, a restaurant targeted at tourists and Paddington Station in the background. ... Poplar is an area of the East End of London in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... Ratcliff or Ratcliffe is a former hamlet which now is a section of the contemporary city of London, England, and is located in Stepney near the River Thames. ... Shadwell is an inner-city district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets located on the north bank of the Thames between Wapping to the west and Limehouse to the east. ... Shoreditch Town Hall Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. ... Christ Church, Spitalfields Spitalfields, an area in Tower Hamlets, east London near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane which gets its name from a contraction of hospital fields, as there used to be a major hospital in the area. ... Holborn (pronounced ho-bun or ho-burn) is a place in London, named after a tributary to the river Fleet that flowed through the area, the Hole-bourne (the stream in the hollow). ... Things called Saint Pancras or St Pancras include: The saint after whom the others are directly or indirectly named: Saint Pancras. ... Stepney is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... Wapping Old Stairs, one of many points of access to the foreshore in the area. ... Whitechapel is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom. ... Willesden is an area in North West London which forms part of the London Borough of Brent. ...


Spelthorne Hundred - Ashford - East Bedfont - Feltham - Hampton - Hampton Wick - Hanworth - Laleham - Littleton - Shepperton - Staines - Stanwell - Sunbury - Teddington Ashford is a town in the Surrey borough of Spelthorne in England. ... East Bedfont, or simply Bedfont, straddles the Staines Road at the west of the London Borough of Hounslow from Baber Bridge on the River Crane to the boundary with Ashford. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Hampton is a place in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... Hampton Wick is a Thames-side area, formerly a village, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in London, England. ... Hanworth is a town in the London Borough of Hounslow. ... Laleham is a village in the Spelthorne Borough, in the county of Surrey. ... Map of Shepperton (from OpenStreetMap) Shepperton is a small town in Surrey in the borough of Spelthorne, in England. ... Staines is a Thames-side town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... Stanwell is a suburban village in Surrey (or Middlesex — see below), on the southern border of Heathrow Airport. ... Sunbury-on-Thames is a leafy suburb in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey in the United Kingdom. ... Teddington is a leafy, green and highly desirable suburb of south west London, England and part of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ...


During the 17th century Ossulstone Hundred was divided into four divisions, which, along with the Liberty of Westminster largely took over the administrative functions of the hundred. The divisions were named Finsbury, Holborn, Kensington and Tower. The Liberty of Westminster was an independent liberty, locally in the Hundred of Ossulstone, in the county of Middlesex, England. ... The Finsbury Division was one of four divisions of the Hundred of Ossulstone, in the county of Middlesex, England. ... The Holborn Division was one of four divisions of the Hundred of Ossulstone, in the county of Middlesex, England. ... The Kensington Division was one of four divisions of the Hundred of Ossulstone, in the county of Middlesex, England. ... The Tower Division was a liberty in the ancient county of Middlesex. ...


County town

Middlesex does not have a single established historic county town, with different locations having been used for different county purposes:

  • The County Assizes for Middlesex were held at the Old Bailey in the City of London. Until 1889 the Sheriff of Middlesex was chosen by the City corporation.
  • The sessions house for the Middlesex Quarter Sessions was at Clerkenwell Green from the early eighteenth century. The quarter sessions performed most of the administration of the county until the creation of the Middlesex County Council in 1889.
  • New Brentford was first described as the county town in 1789, on the basis that it was the location of elections of knights for the shire (or Members of Parliament) from 1701.[3][4] In 1795 New Brentford was "considered as the county-town; but there is no town-hall or other public building".[5]
  • Middlesex County Council, which took over the administrative duties of the Quarter Sessions in 1889 was based at the Middlesex Guildhall, in Westminster. This was in the County of London, and thus outside the council's area of jurisdiction.

The Courts of Assize, or Assizes, is the name of criminal courts in several countries. ... The Old Bailey. ... The City of London is a geographically-small city within Greater London, England. ... The High Sheriff is, or was, a law enforcement position in Anglosphere countries. ... Coat of arms of the City of London as shown on Blackfriars station. ... Hicks Hall was a sessions-house for Middlesex magistrates in St. ... Clerkenwell Green and St James church Clerkenwell is an area of central London in the London Borough of Islington. ... Brentford is a place in the London Borough of Hounslow on the River Thames in South West London. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... The Middlesex Guildhall is a building on the south-west corner of Parliament Square in London. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... The County of London was an administrative county and ceremonial county of England from 1889 to 1965. ...

Earldom

The title Earl of Middlesex was created twice, in 1622 and 1677 but died out in 1843. The title of Earl of Middlesex has been created twice in the Peerage of England. ...


Market towns

As of 1850 and before the expansion of London; Brentford, Edgware, Enfield, Hounslow, Southall, Staines and Uxbridge were market towns. The south eastern part of the county was served by the daily market at Westminster. Brentford is a suburb in the London Borough of Hounslow at the confluence of the River Thames and the River Brent in South West London, situated approximately 8 miles (12. ... Chanukah menorah outside Edgware tube station, 2006 Edgware is a suburb of north London situated 9. ... Enfield Town is a town in the London Borough of Enfield. ... Hounslow is the principal town of the London Borough of Hounslow in West London. ... It has been suggested that Southalls South Asian community be merged into this article or section. ... Staines is a Thames-side town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... Uxbridge is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon in West London, England. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ...


Modern history

Introduction of county councils

Middlesex
Administration
Status: administrative county
ceremonial county
HQ: Middlesex Guildhall
(extraterritorially)
History
Created: 1889
Abolished: 1965
Succeeded by: Greater London
Hertfordshire
Surrey
Area
1889: 148,701 acres
1965: 148,691 acres
Population
1901: 792,476
1961: 2,234,543

The north western suburbs of London steadily covered large parts of Middlesex, especially following the coming of the railways. In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888, much of the area to the south east became part of the County of London. The remainder of the county came under the control of Middlesex County Council except for the parish of Monken Hadley which became part of Hertfordshire. File links The following pages link to this file: Middlesex Categories: GFDL images ... An administrative county is an administrative area in the British Isles. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... The Middlesex Guildhall is a building on the south-west corner of Parliament Square in London. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ... Should not be confused with Surry. ... The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. ... The County of London was an administrative county and ceremonial county of England from 1889 to 1965. ... Monken Hadley is a place in the London Borough of Barnet. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ...


The Act also provided that the part of Middlesex in the administrative county of London should be "severed from [Middlesex], and form a separate county for all non-administrative purposes".


The area under the control of London County Council was divided in 1899 into metropolitan boroughs which were merged in 1965 to form the following present-day boroughs: A metropolitan borough (or metropolitan district) is a type of local government district in England, covering urban areas within metropolitan counties. ...

The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... The London Borough of Hackney is a London Borough in the east end of London and part of inner London. ... The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham is a London borough in West London and forms part of Inner London. ... Arms of Islington London Borough Council Islington Town Hall Islington is a borough of London to the north of the City of London, west of Hackney, east of Camden, and south of Haringey. ... The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (often abbreviated to RBKC) is a London borough in the west side of central London. ... The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London borough to the east of the City of London and north of the River Thames in East London. ... The City of Westminster is a London borough with city status, situated to the west of the City of London and north of the River Thames. ...

Districts

The remainder of the county was initially divided into rural districts and urban districts. In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ... In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. ...


The rural districts were Hendon, South Mimms, Staines, Uxbridge. Because of increasing urbanisation these had all been abolished by 1934. Urban districts had been created, merged, and many had gained the status of municipal borough by 1965. Ealing, Enfield, Harrow, Hendon, Heston and Isleworth, Tottenham, Wembley, Willesden and Twickenham had all, according to the 1961 census, reached a population of greater than 100,000, which would usually have entitled them to seek county borough status. If granted to all these boroughs, it would have reduced the population of the administrative county of Middlesex by over half, to just shy of a million. The districts in 1965 were: Hendon was a rural district in Middlesex, England from 1894 to 1934. ... Location within the British Isles Potters Bar is a town in Hertfordshire, England, just north of London. ... Staines was a rural district of Middlesex in England from 1894 to 1935. ... Uxbridge was a rural district of Middlesex, England from 1894 to 1929. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ...

District/borough Population in 1961 census 1965 fate
Acton MB 65,586 LB Ealing
Brentford and Chiswick MB 54,833 LB Hounslow
Ealing MB 183,077 LB Ealing
Edmonton MB 91,956 LB Enfield
Enfield MB 109,542 LB Enfield
Feltham UD 51,047 LB Hounslow
Finchley MB 69,370 LB Barnet
Friern Barnet UD 28,813 LB Barnet
Harrow MB 209,080 LB Harrow (on own)
Hayes and Harlington UD 67,915 LB Hillingdon
Hendon MB 151,843 LB Barnet
Heston and Isleworth MB 103,013 LB Hounslow
Hornsey MB 97,962 LB Haringey
Potters Bar UD 23,376 Hertfordshire
Ruislip-Northwood UD 72,791 LB Hillingdon
Southall MB 52,983 LB Ealing
Southgate MB 72,359 LB Enfield
Staines UD 49,838 Surrey
Sunbury-on-Thames UD 33,437 Surrey
Tottenham MB 113,249 LB Haringey
Twickenham MB 100,971 LB Richmond
Uxbridge MB 171,001 LB Hillingdon
Wembley MB 124,892 LB Brent
Willesden MB 171,001 LB Brent
Wood Green MB 47,945 LB Haringey
Yiewsley and West Drayton UD 23,723 LB Hillingdon

Acton is a place in the London Borough of Ealing, west London. ... Brentford and Chiswick was an urban district and then municipal borough in Middlesex, England. ... Ealing is a place in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Edmonton is a place in the eastern part of the London Borough of Enfield. ... Enfield Town is a town in the London Borough of Enfield. ... Feltham was an urban district in Middlesex, England from 1904 to 1965. ... Finchley was created an urban district of Middlesex in 1894. ... Friern Barnet is a place in the London Borough of Barnet. ... The London Borough of Harrow is a London borough of outer northwest London. ... Hayes and Harlington was an urban district in Middlesex, England from 1894 to 1965. ... Hendon was created an urban district of Middlesex in 1894. ... Heston and Isleworth was an urban district and then municipal borough in Middlesex, England. ... Hornsey is a place in the London Borough of Haringey. ... Location within the British Isles Potters Bar is a town in Hertfordshire, England, just north of London. ... Ruislip-Northwood was an urban district in Middlesex, England from 1904 to 1965. ... Southall is a London suburb in the London Borough of Ealing. ... Southgate was a local government district of Middlesex from 1894 to 1965. ... Staines is a town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... Sunbury-on-Thames is a Surrey suburb of London, England. ... Arms of the Municipal Borough of Tottenham Tottenham is a place in the London Borough of Haringey. ... Twickenham is a town in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in the south-west of London. ... Uxbridge is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon in west London. ... Wembley is a place in the London Borough of Brent. ... Willesden is an area in North London which forms part of the London Borough of Brent. ... Wood Green is a place in the London Borough of Haringey. ... Yiewsley and West Drayton was an urban district in Middlesex, England. ...

Arms of Middlesex County Council

Arms of Middlesex County Council

Coats of arms were attributed by the medieval heralds to the Kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. That assigned to the Kingdom of the Middle and East Saxons depicted three "seaxes" or notched swords on a red background. These arms became associated with the two counties that approximated to the kingdom: Middlesex and Essex. County authorities, militia and volunteer regiments associated with both counties used the attributed arms. In 1910 it was noted that the county councils of Essex and Middlesex and the Sheriff's Office of the County of London were all using the same arms. Arms of Middlesex County Council. ... Arms of Middlesex County Council. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Banners bearing heraldic badges of several officers of arms at the College of Arms in London. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... A map showing the general locations of the Anglo-Saxon peoples around the year 600 Britain and Ireland around the year 802 Heptarchy (Greek: seven + realm) is a collective name applied to the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of the south and east of Great Britain during late antiquity and the early... The Kingdom of the East Seaxe (one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy) was founded around 500 AD and covered the territory currently occupied by the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire and Middlesex. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... The High Sheriff is, or was, a law enforcement position in Anglosphere countries. ... The County of London was an administrative county and ceremonial county of England from 1889 to 1965. ...


The Middlesex County Council decided to apply for a formal grant of arms from the College of Arms, with the addition of an heraldic "difference" added to the attributed arms. Colonel Otley Parry, a Justice of the Peace for Middlesex and author of a book on military badges, was asked to devise an addition to the shield. The chosen addition was a "Saxon Crown", derived from the portrait of King Athelstan on a silver penny of his reign, stated to be the earliest form of crown associated with any English sovereign. The grant of arms was made by letters patent dated November 7, 1910.[6][7][8] The entrance of the College of Arms. ... A Justice of the Peace (JP) is a puisne judicial officer appointed by means of a commission to keep the peace. ... For the East Anglian king christened Æthelstan, see Guthrum the Old. ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


The blazon of the arms was: This is an article about Heraldry. ...


Gules, three seaxes fessewise points to the sinister proper, pomels and hilts and in the centre chief point a Saxon crown or.


The undifferenced arms of the Kingdom were eventually granted to Essex County Council in 1932. Seaxes were also used in the insignia of many of the boroughs and urban districts in the county, while the Saxon crown came to be a common heraldic charge in English civic arms.


On the creation of the Greater London Council in 1965 a Saxon crown was introduced in its coat of arms. Seaxes appear in the arms of several London borough councils, and of Spelthorne Borough Council whose area was formerly in Middlesex. Arms of the Greater London Council The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London from 1965 to 1986. ... The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. ... Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England. ...


Creation of Greater London

After 1889 the growth of London did not cease and the county became almost entirely urbanised by its suburbs. Many of the boroughs in the area were demanding independence from Middlesex County Council as county boroughs, which if granted would have left Middlesex County Council controlling an area with three distinct and unconnected fragments - in the west, the south-east and the north of the county. County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ...


Instead, in 1965, nearly all the remainder of Middlesex became part of Greater London and formed the new London boroughs of: Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. ...

The remaining areas were Potters Bar Urban District which became part of Hertfordshire, while Sunbury-on-Thames Urban District and Staines Urban District became part of Surrey. The London Borough of Barnet is a London borough in North London and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Brent is a London borough in north west London and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Ealing is a London borough in the west of the city. ... The London Borough of Enfield is the most northerly London borough and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Haringey is a London borough in North London, England, and forms part of Outer London. ... // The London Borough of Harrow is a London borough of outer northwest London. ... The London Borough of Hillingdon is the westernmost borough in London, England and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Hounslow is a London borough in West London, England. ... The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames is a London borough in South West London and part of Outer London. ... Location within the British Isles Potters Bar is a town in Hertfordshire, England, just north of London. ... Hertfordshire (pronounced Hartfordshire and abbreviated as Herts) is an inland county in the United Kingdom and part of the East of England Government Office region. ... Sunbury-on-Thames is a Surrey suburb of London, England. ... Staines is a town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... Should not be confused with Surry. ...


Recent changes

In 1974 the three urban districts that had been transferred to Hertfordshire and Surrey were abolished and became the districts of Hertsmere (part only) and Spelthorne respectively. In British and Irish local government, an urban district is a subdivision of a county that covers an urbanised area. ... Hertsmere is a local government district and borough in Hertfordshire, England. ... Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England. ...


In 1995 the village of Poyle was transferred from Spelthorne to the Berkshire borough of Slough. Poyle was a village in, and is now a suburb of, the unitary authority of Slough in Berkshire, England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in Berkshire, England. ...


Legacy

Middlesex is still used in the names of organisations based in the area such as Middlesex County Cricket Club and Middlesex University. In 2003, an early day motion with two signatures, noted 16 May is the anniversary of the Battle of Albuera and in recent years has been celebrated as Middlesex Day, commemorating the valiant efforts of the Middlesex Regiment (the “Die-hards”) in that battle. The idea is to recognise and celebrate the historic county. [9] Middlesex County Cricket Club is a first-class cricket club in England, named after the historic county of Middlesex in which their home ground, Lords Cricket Ground in London, is located. ... Middlesex University is a university in north London, England, located in the historic county boundaries of Middlesex (from which it takes its name). ... Early day motion is a phrase used in the Westminster system for motions tabled by Members of Parliament for debate on an early day. In practice, they are never debated but are mostly used for MPs to publicise and express support for their own pet projects. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Spain Portugal Britain France Duchy of Warsaw Commanders William Beresford Joaquin Blake Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult Strength 10,000 British 10,000 Portuguese 13,000 Spanish 38 guns 23,000 infantry 4,000 cavalry 40 guns Casualties 5,916 dead or wounded[2] 5,936 dead or wounded... The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambriges Own) was regiment of the British Army . ...


The River Thames, River Lee and the River Colne are all boundaries of the traditional county and historically the banks of River Thames in London were known as the "Middlesex Bank" and "Surrey Bank". Although no longer used in central London, it still occurs in the area around Richmond and Twickenham where the river bends in such a way as to make north or south unclear. The Thames (pronounced //) is a river flowing through southern England, and one of the major waterways in England. ... Bow Creek (tidal) meets the Limehouse Cut (canal) with a view of Londons Docklands The River Lee or River Lea (both spellings are in general use) is a river in England. ... The Colne is a river in England. ... The Thames (pronounced //) is a river flowing through southern England, and one of the major waterways in England. ... Richmond is a suburb and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in south west London, England. ... Twickenham is a suburb in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, south west London. ...


The urbanisation and declining importance of the county was lamented in the later works of John Betjeman, the Poet Laureate, and featured in the televised readings Metroland. As part of a 2002 marketing campaign, the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose the Wood Anemone as the county flower. A collection of Betjemans poetry, published by John Murray in January 2006 Sir John Betjeman CBE (28 August 1906 – 19 May 1984) was an English poet, writer and broadcaster who described himself in Whos Who as a poet and hack. He was born to a middle-class family... A Poet Laureate is a poet officially appointed by a government and often expected to compose poems for state occasions and other government events. ... Plantlife is a U.K. plant conservation charity. ... Wood Anemone Categories: Stub ... A county flower is a flowering plant chosen to symbolise a county. ...


A judicial Middlesex commission area existed, consisting of the boroughs of Brent, Ealing, Enfield, Haringey, Harrow, Hillingdon and Hounslow [10][11]. This was abolished on 1 July 2003[12]. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There is still a Middlesex County Football Association, and at least two teams, Staines Town and Ashford Town (Middlesex), compete in the Middlesex County Cup, even though they are now administratively in Surrey, whilst Potters Bar Town compete, even though they are now administratively in Hertfordshire and are in the area which was moved from Middlesex to Hertfordshire postal county in 1965.[13][14]


Former postal county

Middlesex is also defined by the Royal Mail to be a former postal county. The postal county was much smaller than the traditional and administrative counties as a large part of Middlesex was part of the London Postal Area. The postal county included the village of Denham, which was for all other purposes in Buckinghamshire but included in the post town of Uxbridge and therefore the postal county of Middlesex; conversely Hampton Wick was not included in the Middlesex postal county as it was served by post towns based in Surrey. This gave rise to the misconception that Hampton Court Palace was located in Surrey.[15] Wraysbury and Egham Hythe are served by the Staines post town and thus were also included in the Middlesex postal county. Royal Mail is the national postal service of the United Kingdom. ... The postal counties of the United Kingdom, now known officially as the former postal counties, were subdivisions of the UK in routine use by the Royal Mail until 1996. ... The London postal districts are divisions of the London post town in England and are primarily used for the direction of mail. ... Denham is a village in Buckinghamshire, England. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... Uxbridge is a place in the London Borough of Hillingdon in West London, England. ... Hampton Wick is a Thames-side area, formerly a village, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in London, England. ... Hampton Court Palace with the Union Flag flying Hampton Court Palace is a former royal palace in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, south west London, England. ... Wraysbury (previously Wyrardsbury) is a village in Berkshire, England. ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ025705 Administration District: Runnymede Shire county: Surrey Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Surrey Historic county: Surrey Services Police force: Surrey Police Ambulance service: South East Coast Post office and telephone Post town: STAINES Postal...


The former postal county consisted of two unconnected areas (Enfield, and the rest) and comprised the following post towns:

Postcode area Post towns
EN (part) ENFIELD
HA EDGWARE, HARROW, NORTHWOOD, PINNER, RUISLIP, STANMORE, WEMBLEY
TW (part) ASHFORD, BRENTFORD, FELTHAM, HAMPTON, HOUNSLOW †, ISLEWORTH, SHEPPERTON, STAINES, SUNBURY-ON-THAMES, TEDDINGTON, TWICKENHAM †
UB GREENFORD, HAYES, NORTHOLT, SOUTHALL, UXBRIDGE, WEST DRAYTON

† = postal county was not required The EN postcode area is a group of 11 postal districts in north Greater London which are subdivisions of seven post towns. ... The HA postcode area is a group of ten postal districts in north west Greater London which are subdivisions of seven post towns. ... The TW postcode area is a group of 20 postal districts in south west Greater London which are subdivisions of 13 post towns. ... The UB postcode area is a group of ten postal districts in north west Greater London which are subdivisions of six post towns. ...


Since the Royal Mail no longer require the use of counties as part of an address it is now possible to include Middlesex as part of any address, including those in the London postal district. The Royal Mail's 'alias file', a supplement to the Postcode Address File, contains postally-not-required details such as the former postal and traditional county for every address in the UK. The Postcode Address File (PAF) is a data file available from the Royal Mail. ...


References

  1. ^ Harringay was the original name of used. Hornsey was a later form and for hundreds of years the two were used interchangeably. Hornsey, including Highgate: Manors, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6: Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey with Highgate (1980), pp. 140-46 accessed: 30 May 2007]
  2. ^ S. J. Madge, Origin of Name of Hornsey - An Introduction to the Early Records of Harringay alias Hornsey (1936); P.N. Mdx. (E.P.N.S.)
  3. ^ 'Ealing and Brentford: Growth of Brentford', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 7: Acton, Chiswick, Ealing and Brentford, West Twyford, Willesden (1982), pp. 113-20 accessed: 30 May 2007
  4. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911 Edition
  5. ^ Brentford, The Environs of London: volume 2: County of Middlesex (1795), pp. 39-58 accessed: 30 May 2007
  6. ^ Armorial bearings of Middlesex, The Times, November 7, 1910
  7. ^ The Book of Public Arms, A.C. Fox-Davies, 2nd edition, London, 1915
  8. ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, W.C. Scott-Giles, 2nd edition, London, 1953
  9. ^ Early Day Motion 13 May 2003 accessed 30 May 2007
  10. ^ The Justices of the Peace (Commission Areas) Order 1999 (Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 3010) accessed 30 May 2007
  11. ^ The Justices of the Peace (Commission Areas) (Amendment) Order 2001 (Statutory Instrument 2001 No. 696} accessed 30 May 2007
  12. ^ The Commission Areas (Greater London) Order 2003 (Statutory Instrument 2003 No. 640) accessed 30 May 2007
  13. ^ Potters Bar Town F.C. fixtures accessed 7 June 2007
  14. ^ Mitoo season 2006-7 Middlesex County Football Association Senior Challenge Cup Fixtures & Results for November accessed 7 June 2007
  15. ^ Historic Royal Palaces accessed 30 May 2007

See also

The historic county of Middlesex in south east England was represented in Parliament from the 13th century. ...

External links

  • Victoria County History of Middlesex
  • Middlesex County Cricket Club
  • Middlesex County Fencing Union, one of a number of active Middlesex County sporting organisations.
  • Middlesex Rugby Union, responsible for Rugby union clubs of all levels within Middlesex
  • [http://www.middlesexdirectory.com/ Business and Community website

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