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Encyclopedia > Middlebrook encampment
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Thirteen Star Flag at Middlebrook encampment is displayed continuously
Thirteen Star Flag at Middlebrook encampment is displayed continuously

The Middlebrook encampment refers to the seasonal encampment of the Continental Army during the American War for Independence at a site near Martinsville, New Jersey that straddles the ridge of the First Watchung mountains. Its position provided a natural fortress not only protecting the Continental Army, but also overlooking the plains towards New Brunswick where the British forces were stationed in 1777. The strategic strength of the position contributed ultimately to the success of the Continental Army. 13-star colonial flag. ... 13-star colonial flag. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Continental Army was the unified command structure of the thirteen colonies fighting Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Watchung is a borough located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... New Brunswick is a city located in Middlesex County, New Jersey. ...

Contents


The first Middlebrook encampment (1777)

During the winter of 1776-77 Washington rested the Continental Army initially at the encampment near Morristown, NJ. After his outpost garrison at Bound Brook was surprised and routed during the Battle of Bound Brook in April of 1777, Washington moved the encampment closer to Bound Brook to the Middlebrook encampment on May 28 and stayed there until June 2. A total of 8,298 soldiers were housed in the encampment, but 2,660 of them were sick or disabled, unable to fight. In contrast, the British maintained a force of about 17,000 near New Brunswick, New Jersey. From the heights of the Watchung mountains Washington could monitor and counteract British movements. When General Howe decided to move against Philadelphia, concern over the threat by the Continental Army made him choose the safer sea route instead of the faster land route. This led to a significant delay in operations for the British and disrupted plans to help General Burgoyne in northern New York. On June 30 Howe moved his troops to Staten Island in preparation for his Philadelphia campaign, and two days later Washington left Middlebrook and moved the army to Pompton Plains. 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Morristown is a town located in Morris County, New Jersey. ... Battlefield Marker The Battle of Bound Brook , one of the battles in New Jersey during the American War for Independence, occurred on April 13, 1777 and resulted in a defeat for the Continental Army who were routed by about 4,000 troops under British command. ... For the surrealist painter, see William Howe (painter). ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... John Burgoyne John Burgoyne (February 24, 1723–August 4, 1792) was a British general during the American Revolutionary War. ... For other uses, see Staten Island (disambiguation) Staten Island, shown in an enhanced satellite image Staten Island is one of the five boroughs of New York City, located on an island of the same name on the west side of the Narrows at the entrance of New York Harbor. ... Pequannock Township is a township located in Morris County, New Jersey. ...

Entrance to Washington Camp Ground, Middlebrook encampment
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Entrance to Washington Camp Ground, Middlebrook encampment

First flag: June 1777

Tradition holds that it was at the Middlebrook encampment that the first official flag of the United States was unfurled, after a law to adopt a national flag had been passed by Congress on June 14, 1777. This event is commemorated annually since 1889 on July 4 with a changing of the flag, a reading of the Declaration of Independence, and the delivery of an historical address. Also, by special order of Congress, a Thirteen Star Flag is flown 24 hours a day at the Washington Camp Ground. Jump to: navigation, search Flag ratio: 10:19; nicknames: Stars and Stripes, Old Glory The flag of the United States consists of 13 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five... Jump to: navigation, search June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search A declaration of independence is a proclamation of the independence of a newly formed or reformed independent state, usually from a part or the whole of the territory of another nation, or a document containing such a declaration. ... A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ...


The second Middlebrook encampment (1778-79)

Washington used the Middlebrook grounds again in the Winter of 1778-9. He brought about 8-10,000 troops to the camp site by November 30, 1778. Soldiers constructed cabins from logs covered with clay similar as they had done at Morristown. Washington himself rented the Wallace House (now converted to a museum) in Somerville for four months and paid Wallace $ 1,000. General von Steuben lived at the Staats House in South Bound Brook. The main body of the much larger British army was at New York. The camp was closed on June 3, 1779 when Washington lead his army to Highlands, New York. Jump to: navigation, search November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining, as the final day of November. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 9/11 Memorial and Court House, Somerville, NJ Somerville is a borough located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... Baron von Steuben Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus Steuben, Baron von Steuben (November 15, 1730-November 28, 1794) was a German army officer who served with George Washington in the American Revolutionary War and is credited with teaching American troops the essentials of military drill and discipline. ... South Bound Brook is a borough located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... Jump to: navigation, search June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Highlands is a town located in Orange County, New York. ...

Wallace House in Somerville, NJ
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Wallace House in Somerville, NJ

Today

Today various sites of the encampment are accessible for the public including Washington Rock , an observation site on top of the Watchung mountain ridge, in Green Brook, Washington Camp Ground and Washington Valley Park in Bridgewater, the Wallace House in Somerville, and the Staats House in South Bound Brook. Green Brook Township is a township located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... Bridgewater Township is a township located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ...


See also

Battle of Bound Brook Battlefield Marker The Battle of Bound Brook , one of the battles in New Jersey during the American War for Independence, occurred on April 13, 1777 and resulted in a defeat for the Continental Army who were routed by about 4,000 troops under British command. ...


External links

  • Description of second Middlebrook encampment
  • http://www.state.nj.us/dep/parksandforests/virtual_tours/wallace_house.html Wallace House, Somerville, NJ]
  • Staats House, South Bound Brook, NJ
  • Washington Rock State Park

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bridgewater Township, New Jersey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1629 words)
Tradition holds that it was at the Middlebrook encampment that the first official flag of the United States was unfurled, after a law to adopt a national flag had been passed by Congress on June 14, 1777.
Since 1889, the first hoisting of the flag is commemorated annually each July 4 with a changing of the flag, a reading of the Declaration of Independence, and the delivery of an historical address.
Washington Camp Ground (also known as Middlebrook encampment), just north of Bound Brook, a preserved portion of the land on which the army of George Washington encamped during the winter of 1778-79.
Middlebrook encampment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (552 words)
The Middlebrook encampment refers to the seasonal encampment of the Continental Army during the American War for Independence at a site near Martinsville, New Jersey that straddles the ridge of the First Watchung Mountains.
After his outpost garrison at Bound Brook was surprised and routed during the Battle of Bound Brook in April of 1777, Washington moved the encampment closer to Bound Brook to the Middlebrook encampment on May 28 and stayed there until June 2.
Today various sites of the encampment are accessible for the public including Washington Rock, an observation site on top of the Watchung mountain ridge, in Green Brook, Washington Camp Ground and Washington Valley Park in Bridgewater, the Wallace House in Somerville, and the Staats House in South Bound Brook.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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