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Encyclopedia > Middleborough, Massachusetts
Middleborough, Massachusetts
Middleborough Town Hall

Seal
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°53′22″N 70°53′39″W / 41.88944, -70.89417
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Plymouth
Settled 1660
Incorporated 1669
Government
 - Type Open town meeting
Area
 - Total 72.3 sq mi (187.3 km²)
 - Land 69.6 sq mi (180.1 km²)
 - Water 2.8 sq mi (7.1 km²)
Elevation 141 ft (43 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 19,941
 - Density 286.7/sq mi (110.7/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02346
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-40850
GNIS feature ID 0618346
Website: http://www.middleborough.com

Middleborough is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 19,941 at the 2000 census. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Middleborough_ma_highlight. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 508 was split from area code 617 on July 16, 1988. ... Area code 774 is an overlay of parts of area code 508. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Plymouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


For geographic and demographic information on the village of Middleborough Center, please see the article Middleborough Center, Massachusetts. Middleborough Center is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Middleborough in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ...


Middleborough is frequently written as Middleboro.


In the summer of 2007, Middleborough became the proposed location for a future resort casino, sponsored by the Wampanoag Tribe of Mashpee, Massachusetts. [1] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Wampanoag (Wôpanâak in the Wampanoag language) are a Native American people. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1660 Incorporated 1870 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  27. ...

Contents

History

Middleborough was first settled in 1660 as Nemasket, which was later changed to Middlebury and was officially incorporated as Middleborough in 1669. The name "Middlebury" was taken from a place in England, and changed to the more modern "Middleborough." During King Philip's War (1675-76), the town's entire populace took shelter within the confines of a fort constructed along the Nemasket River. (The site is located behind the old junior high school, and is marked by a state historical commission marker along Route 105.) Before long, the fort was abandoned and the population withdrew to the greater shelter of Plymouth colony; in their absence, the entire village was burned to the ground, and it would be several years before the town would be refounded. Western Middleborough broke away in 1857 and formed the town of Lakeville, taking with it main access to the large fresh water lakes there, including Assawompset Pond. Middleboro was home to world-famous circus midget General Tom Thumb, of Barnum & Bailey Circus fame, as well as Revolutionary War soldier Deborah Sampson, who cross-dressed as a man in order to serve in the Continental Army. Once the shoe capital of the world, Middleborough has since become the cranberry capital of the world, hosting the corporate headquarters of Ocean Spray Cranberries. Middleborough is also the second-largest town in Massachusetts in terms of area. Notable sights include the 1870's Victorian-style town hall, the Greek revival-style town library (1903), and in the summer, the Nemasket herring run. // Events January 1 - Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... Attack King Philips War, sometimes called Metacoms War or Metacoms Rebellion,[1] was an armed conflict between Indian inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Indian allies from 1675–1676. ... The Nemasket River is a small river in the town of Bridgewater in southeastern Massachusetts. ...   Lakeville is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Assawompset Pond is a lake/reservoir/pond within the towns of Lakeville and Middleboro, in southeastern Massachusetts. ... The wedding party comprised, from left to right: George Washington Morrison Nutt (1844–1881), Charles Sherwood Stratton (1838–1883), Lavinia Warren Stratton (1841–1919), Minnie Warren (1841–1878). ... Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus is an American circus that was formed from the merger of the Ringling Brothers Circus and the Barnum & Bailey Circus. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Deborah Sampson Gannett (December 17, 1760 - April 29, 1827) was the first known American woman to impersonate a man in order to join the Army and take part in combat. ... This articles is about cross-dressing in general, that is the act of wearing the clothing of another gender for any reason. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... “Cranberries” redirects here. ... There is also an article about the agricultural cooperative Ocean Spray. ... // The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... The Tower of the Winds, Athens from The Antiquities of Athens, 1762. ... For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 72.3 square miles (187.3 km²), of which, 69.6 square miles (180.1 km²) of it is land and 2.8 square miles (7.1 km²) of it (3.80%) is water. Middleborough is the second largest municipality in Massachusetts, smaller only than Plymouth. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Nickname: Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth Settled 1620 Incorporated (town) 1670 Government [1]  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Manager Mark Sylvia Area  - Total 134. ...


Middleborough lies on the western border of Plymouth County. It is bordered by Bridgewater and Halifax to the north, Plympton and Carver to the east, Wareham and Rochester to the south, and Lakeville, Taunton and Raynham to the west. Despite its name, Middleborough is not located anywhere near the other 11 "-boroughs" in the state, lying south and east of all of them. The town is approximately fifteen miles west of Plymouth, thirty miles east of Providence, Rhode Island and 40 miles south of Boston. Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Plymouth County Settled 1650 Incorporated 1656 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  28. ... Halifax is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Plympton is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Carver is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Wareham is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ...   Rochester is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Lakeville is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Bristol County Settled 1638 Incorporated 1639 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Charles Crowley Area  - City  48. ... Settled: 1652 â€“ Incorporated: 1731 Zip Code(s): 02767 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... Providence redirects here. ... Boston redirects here. ...


Middleborough's rivers and brooks feed in two directions; the Taunton River, Nemasket River and their tributaries flow southeastward as part of the Taunton River Watershed, which empties into Narragansett Bay. The other waterways of the town, including the Weweantic River, flow southward into Buzzards Bay. Along Middleborough's border with Lakeville lie the Assawompset, Pocksha and Great Quittacas Ponds. Tispaquin Pond, Woods Pond, and several other ponds make up the town's bodies of water. Middleborough also has four wildlife management areas, as well as the Beaver Dam, Great Cedar and Little Cedar Swamps, the swamps being located in the north of town. The town is also the site of several cranberry bogs, especially in the southeastern part of town along the Carver town line. (In fact, Ocean Spray's headquarters are just over the town line in Lakeville.) The Taunton River, historically also called the Taunton Great River, is a river in southern Massachusetts in the United States. ... The Nemasket River is a small river in the town of Bridgewater in southeastern Massachusetts. ... An USGS map of the Taunton River Watershed The Taunton River Watershed or Taunton River Basin is made up of 562 miles of rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, and wetlands in southeastern Massachusetts, USA. Its the second biggest watershed in the state. ... Narragansett Bay, shown in pink. ... The Weweantic River and environs The Weweantic River is a river in southeastern Massachusetts. ... Map of Buzzards Bay. ... Assawompset Pond is a lake/reservoir/pond within the towns of Lakeville and Middleboro, in southeastern Massachusetts. ... Pocksha Pond is a lake/reservoir/pond within the towns of Lakeville and Middleboro, in southeastern Massachusetts. ... Great Quittacas Pond is a lake/reservoir/pond within the towns of Lakeville, Middleboro, and Rochester, in southeastern Massachusetts. ... Ocean Spray is an agricultural cooperative of growers of cranberries and grapefruit headquartered in Middleborough/Lakeville, Massachusetts. ...


Transportation

Interstate 495 runs through the town on its way to Cape Cod. The town is also crossed by U.S. Route 44, as well as Routes 18, 28 and 105, as well as a short, 1,000-foot section of Route 58 which passes through the southeast corner of town. Route 79's eastern terminus is on the town line at Route 105; the "Entering Middleborough" sign is barely fifty feet from the end of the road. Routes 18, 28 and 44 meet at a rotary adjacent to I-495 just west of the center of town. Two of I-495's four interchanges are located there. Also, I-495's interchange with Route 24 is located just 1-1/2 miles northwest of the town line. Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495) is the designation of an Interstate highway beltway in Massachusetts. ... This article is about the area of Massachusetts known as Cape Cod. For other uses, see Cape Cod (disambiguation). ... U.S. Highway 44 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 238 miles (383 km) from Plymouth, Massachusetts to the Hudson Valley region of New York. ... Massachusetts Route 18, is a south-north state highway in Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Route 28 is a nominally north-south route running from the New Hampshire state line, through Boston and the western reaches of Norfolk and Plymouth counties, and then west-to-east on Cape Cod, finally ending as a south-north section between Chatham and Orleans. ... Route 105 is a south-north state highway in Massachusetts. ... Route 58 is a south-north state highway in Massachusetts. ... Route 79 is a semi-rural highway in Southeastern Massachusetts. ... A roundabout is a type of road junction at which traffic enters a one-way stream around a central island. ... Massachusetts State Highway 24 (Route 24) is a freeway (though not up to Interstate Highway standards north of I-495) in Southeastern Massachusetts, linking Fall River with the Boston metropolitan area. ...


In addition to its highways, Middleborough is the home to the southern terminus of the Middleborough-Lakeville line of the MBTA commuter rail service. (The track is on the town line; the parking lot is in Lakeville.) The same rail is also used for commercial and governmental traffic; the main branch of the line itself terminates at Otis Air National Guard Base in Bourne. The nearest regional airports are Taunton Municipal Airport and Plymouth Municipal Airport; the nearest national and international airport is Logan International Airport in Boston. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [2] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts area. ... Otis Air National Guard Base (ANGB) (ICAO is KFMH) is an Air National Guard station located within the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR), a military training facility, located on the upper western portion of Cape Cod. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1884 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  52. ... Taunton Municipal Airport (IATA: TAN, ICAO: KTAN)[1][2] is a general aviation airport located in East Taunton, Massachusetts, USA. // History The Taunton Municipal Airport was established in 1919 by Henry King, who was at that time a skilled pilot in the early years of aviation. ... Plymouth Municipal Airport, (IATA: PYM, ICAO: KPYM) in Plymouth, Massachusetts, is a public airport owned by the Town of Plymouth. ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ...


Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 19,941 people, 6,981 households, and 5,117 families residing in the town. The population density was 286.7 people per square mile (110.7/km²). There were 7,249 housing units at an average density of 104.2/sq mi (40.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.12% White, 1.26% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 6,981 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.23. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $52,755, and the median income for a family was $59,173. Males had a median income of $40,854 versus $28,570 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,246. About 3.5% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Middleborough is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of three separate districts, the Tenth and Twelfth Bristol and Twelfth Plymouth. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the First Plymouth and Bristol district, which also includes Berkley, Bridgewater, Carver, Dighton, Marion, Raynham, Taunton and Wareham.[3] The town is home to the Fourth Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[4]. The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... Massachusettes State Police patch The Massachusetts State Police (MSP) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety responsible for criminal law enforcement and traffic vehicle regulation across the state. ...


On the national level, Middleborough is a part of Massachusetts's 4th congressional district, and is currently represented by Barney Frank. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John Kerry. Massachusetts Congressional District 4 is a congessional district in southern Massachusetts. ... Barnett Barney Frank (born March 31, 1940) is an American politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... For other persons named Ted Kennedy, see Ted Kennedy (disambiguation). ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ...


Middleborough is governed by the open town meeting form of government, which is led by a town manager and a board of selectmen. The town's services are centralized downtown, with the fire and police headquarters being just to the north of the town hall, and the central post office being northwest of it. Despite the town's size, there is only one other fire station, along Route 28 in the south of town. The town library is also located downtown, as is the Plymouth County district courthouse. An Open Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature, typical in the New England region of the United States. ... Council-manager government - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ...


There is now a new fire station on Routes 18 + 28 just north of the rotary, but this station and the station in South Middleborough are frequently closed due to staffing levels.


The town hall may be haunted.[5] Haunted locations are places that are allegedly inhabited by ghosts. ...


Education

Middleborough has its own school system, headed by a school committee and superintendent. There is one school for kindergarten children, The Memorial Early Childhood Center, housed in the old high opened in September 2007 after a 13 million dollar renivation. The Mary K. Goode Elementary School serves grades 1 and 2 and the Henry B. Burkland Intermediate School serves grades 3 through 5. The John T. "Tiger" Nichols, Jr. Middle School (1999) serves grades 6 through 8, and the Middleborough High School serves grades 9 through 12. Middleborough High's teams are nicknamed the "Sachems," and their colors are black and orange. The school's main rival is Carver High School.

 For those looking to get out of the Middleboro school system, there are several private schools in the area. Coyle Cassidy in Taunton and Sacred Heart in Kingston are the two closest parochial schools. Students from Middleboro may also attend Bristol Plymouth Regional Technical High School in Taunton as well as Bristol Agricultural School in Dighton. 

Notable residents

  • Isaac Backus, Baptist pastor and Founding Father during Revolution
  • Erik Lindgren, composer
  • Deborah Sampson, female soldier of American Revolution who dressed as man
  • Cephas Thompson, portrait painter
  • General Tom Thumb, stage name of Charles Sherwood Stratton, "midget" celebrity with P.T. Barnum
  • Street Fighter, world famous video game character and firefighter
  • Paul Lameroux, Lieutenant responsible for saving fluffy(cat) out of a redwood

Thomas Jefferson I know, and Roger Williams I have heard of, but who is Isaac Backus? Thus might the secular spirit of our age answer to the invocation of this name in the conflict over religious liberty. ... Erik Lindgren is American composer and keyboards player. ... Deborah Sampson Gannett (December 17, 1760 - April 29, 1827) was the first known American woman to impersonate a man in order to join the Army and take part in combat. ... Cephas Thompson (July 1, 1775-November 6, 1856) was a successful, self-taught, early nineteenth-century portrait painter in the United States, who was born, died, and lived most of his life in Middleborough, Massachusetts. ... The wedding party comprised, from left to right: George Washington Morrison Nutt (1844–1881), Charles Sherwood Stratton (1838–1883), Lavinia Warren Stratton (1841–1919), Minnie Warren (1841–1878). ... Screenshot of Street Fighter (arcade version). ...

References

  1. ^ Home - Brockton, MA - The Enterprise
  2. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  4. ^ Station D-7, SP Bourne
  5. ^ Bolton, Michele Morgan (2008-03-11). Pair plays ghostly recording: Middleborough selectmen hear Town Hall report. The Boston Globe.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Middleborough home page
  • Middleboro Gazette Online
  • SouthCoastToday.com/Middleborough - Middleborough, MA Information Site
  • Middleborough Library
  • Eddy Family genealogical association
  • Things To Love About Middleborough Web Page

  Results from FactBites:
 
Town of Middleborough (192 words)
Middleborough is the second largest town by land area in Massachusetts.
Middleborough was settled in 1660, and incorporated in 1669.
Middleborough is on Route 44 to Plymouth and Routes 28 and 495 to Cape Cod.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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