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Encyclopedia > Middle name

Many people's names include one or more middle names, placed between the first given name and the surname. In the West, a middle name is effectively a second given name. In the Anglosphere there is usually only one middle name, often abbreviated by its possessor to the middle initial or omitted entirely in everyday use. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOV Wikipedia policy is that all articles should be written from a neutral point of view. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Look up Appendix:Most popular given names by country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Look up Appendix:Most popular given names by country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Definitions of the Anglosphere vary: one definition (depicted, all in blue) includes two node countries – the United Kingdom and the United States – and five outliers: Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

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Middle name

Despite their relatively long existence in the Western world, the phrase "middle name" was not recorded until 1835 in "Harvardiana," a periodical of the time. Since 1905, "middle name" gained a figurative connotation meaning a notable or outstanding attribute of a person. This figurative use is especially popular in films. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Harvardiana was a periodical published in Cambridge, Massacheusetts by James Munroe and Co. ...

The use of multiple middle names has been somewhat impeded recently by the increased use of computer databases that allow for only a single middle name or more commonly a middle initial in strong personal records, effectively depriving persons with multiple middle names of the ability to be listed in such databases under their full name. Especially in the case of government records and other databases that are used for legal purposes, this phenomenon has sometimes been criticized as a form of discrimination against people who carry multiple middle names for cultural or religious reasons. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Computer program. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A database is an information set with a regular structure. ... A database is an information set with a regular structure. ... This article is about law in society. ... This article is about discrimination in the social science context. ...

In the United States, the middle initial is sometimes used in place of the middle name on identity documents, passports, driver licenses, social security cards, university diplomas, and other official documents. Examples of this form include George W. Bush and John D. Rockefeller. China ID card, front (top) back (bottom). ... This article is about the international travel document. ... Driving licences within the European Union are subdivided in different categories. ... Social security primarily refers to a field of social welfare service concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... A diploma (from Greek diploma) is a document issued by an educational institution, such as a university, that is one of the following: A certificate testifying that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study, A deed conferring an academic degree. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... John Davison Rockefeller, Sr. ...

Many people are not known by their first forename. This is often referred to as being 'known by the middle name'. (See List of people known by 'middle' name.) This is a list of famous people whose main forename is not the first. ...



Middle names are chosen by parents at the same time as the first name. Popular middle names are identical to those of first names, such as John, James, David, etc., with an emphasis on biblical figures (again, like first names).

In the United States and United Kingdom, a male's middle name is sometimes his father's first or middle name. Alternatively, a male's first name may be the same as his father's, in which case the middle name may be used as if a first name so as to distinguish him from his father. People who are known primarily by their middle name sometimes abbreviate their first name, rather than their middle name, to an initial (e.g. F. Scott Fitzgerald and H. Ross Perot, although Perot later dropped the initial). Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... Henry Ross The Boss Perot (born June 27, 1930) is a American businessman from Texas, who is best known for seeking the office of President of the United States in 1992 and 1996. ...

American Southerners are sometimes referred to familiarly by both their first and middle names, such as Billy Joe and Betty Jane, which may be shortened to initials, BJ. (However, many boys who are called "DJ," "RJ," etc. are often not abbreviating their middle name but "Junior" since they were named after their father.) Both in the North and South, it's common to shorten females' names like Mary Alice or Mary Jane to M.A. or M.J. because the name Mary is very popular.

In the United States, it is not uncommon for a woman, upon marriage and the changing of her last name to that of her husband, to change her middle name to her maiden name.

Some middle names sound antiquated because they are chosen from those of the family's ancestors, as the parents may have chosen them by glancing over the family tree.

Aside from the most popular middle names taken from first names, surnames (such as Hall or Walker) may also be taken as middle names, sometimes to commemorate a relative. For example, it is quite common to use the mother's maiden name as the middle name as a way to acknowledge the mother's (and maternal grandparents') family name. To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ...

Sometimes in popular references, only the first letter is used (e.g., John A. Macdonald), or the middle names are unmentioned (Herbert Hoover). Occasionally, while the middle is given in full, only the first letter of the first name is used (e.g., W. Somerset Maugham) or unmentioned (e.g., Paul McCartney whose first name is James). Rarely, individuals are given only initials as middle names, with the initial(s) not explicitly standing for anything (e.g., Harry S Truman). However, this practice is common among the Amish, who commonly use the first letter of the mother's maiden name as a solitary initial for the sons and daughters. Thus, the children of Sarah Miller would use the middle initial M. In such cases, using a period (full stop) after the "initial" is incorrect, since a period denotes an abbreviation. Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, KCMG, PC, QC, DCL, LL.D was born on January 11, 1815 in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964), the thirty-first President of the United States (1929–1933), was a world-famous mining engineer and humanitarian administrator. ... W. Somerset Maugham as photographed in 1934 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an Academy Award- and Grammy Award-winning English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... For the victim of Mt. ... The Amish (Amisch or Amische) (IPA: ) are an Anabaptist Christian denomination in the United States and Canada (Ontario and Manitoba) known for their plain dress and avoidance of modern conveniences such as cars and electricity. ...

Examples of multiple middle names: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor (Queen Elizabeth II), J. R. R. Tolkien, George H.W. Bush and V. V. S. Laxman. The British upper classes are traditionally fond of taking multiple middle names; for example, Princess Michael of Kent was given no fewer than four middle names, as Baroness Marie-Christine Anna Agnes Hedwig Ida von Reibnitz; most of the royal family have three. In even more extreme examples, British musician Brian Eno's full name is Brian Peter George St. Jean le Baptiste de la Salle Eno, and Canadian actors Donald Sutherland and Shirley Douglas named their son Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus Sutherland. Often, middle names are names of famous and influential people throughout history, such as well-known baseball pitcher Cal McLish, whose infamous full name is Calvin Coolidge Julius Caesar Tuskahoma McLish. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE (January 3, 1892 – September 2, 1973) was an English philologist, writer and university professor, best known as the author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born... Vangipurappu Venkata Sai Laxman   (born November 1, 1974, in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh), better known as V. V. S. Laxman, is a member of the Indian national cricket team. ... Princess Michael of Kent (née Baroness Marie-Christine Agnes Hedwig Ida von Reibnitz, 15 January 1945), is a member of the British Royal Family. ... Brian Eno (pronounced ) (born Brian Peter George St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shirley Douglas OC (born in Weyburn, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian television, film and stage actress. ... Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus John Jacob Jingle Heimer Schmidt Sutherland (born December 21, 1966 in London, England) is an Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian television and film actor, well known for his role of Jack Bauer on the series 24. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Calvin Coolidge Julius Caesar Tuskahoma McLish (born December 1, 1925 in Anadarko, Oklahoma) is a former starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1944, 1946), Pittsburgh Pirates (1947-1948), Chicago Cubs (1949, 1951), Cleveland Indians (1956-1959), Cincinnati Reds (1960), Chicago White Sox (1961) and...

It is also possible for a person to have no middle name. In the United States, a person without a middle name can encounter problems since practically all official forms require a person's middle initial to be filled in. In case a person has no middle name, or has only a middle initial, the initials "NMI" (No Middle Initial) or the remark "Initial Only" would be filled in instead.


Arabs do not use the middle name. See Arabic Name. The usual fashion is to mention the given name, then Ibn or Bint (son of/daughter of) then the name of the father and so on. In recent years the word Ibn and Bint has been omitted and the given name followed by the father's name followed by the grandfather's name are listed without any mark between them. The tughra (stylized signature) of Sultan Mahmud II of the Ottoman Empire. ...

This practice may seem to those not accustomed to it as if it is the given name followed by the middle name followed by the family. Some Arab immigrants to Western countries use their father's name as a middle name


Males in some predominantly Catholic communities (mostly Bavarian — but almost never other GermanBelgian, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and Polish Catholics) are sometimes given what would otherwise be considered a female given name, especially the name Marie or Maria (famous examples being Rainer Maria Rilke and Erich Maria Remarque). In France, the most common case is to give a compound first name, such as Jean-Marie or, more rarely, André-Marie or Bernard-Marie; more rarely, Marie is used as third or subsequent given name. See French names for more details on naming practices in France. For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Rainer Maria Rilke (4 December 1875 – 29 December 1926) is considered one of the German languages greatest 20th century poets. ... Erich Maria Remarque (June 22, 1898 – September 25, 1970) was the pseudonym of Erich Paul Remark, a German author. ... This article describes the conventions for using peoples names in France, including the norms of custom and practice, as well as the legal aspects. ...

Hispanic females, conversely, sometimes have the middle name José. This is particularly common in Roman Catholic families. Therefore, the name "María José" is a common female name, while "José María" is a common male name, such as with PGA Tour golfer José María Olazábal.  Countries where Spanish has official status. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ... This article is about the sport. ... José María Olazábal (born 5 February 1966 in Fuenterrabia, Spain) is a professional golfer who has enjoyed success on both the PGA European Tour and the PGA Tour, and has won two major championships. ...

The use of such names is primarily a cultural issue, rather than a religious issue. There is no Church teaching regarding such names.

In many English-speaking countries and in German-speaking lands it is customary for a person being confirmed in the Roman Catholic Church to adopt a Confirmation name, that may be used as a second middle name, and is without effect in civil law, unless, of course, the confirmand pursues the appropriate legal avenues. Confirmation is a rite used in many Christian Churches. ...

In Malta, a person is given a first name, which is used in official documents. This name would be also the name given on Baptism. Custom has it that that one has two godparents, and these choose a name each. These names are generally not officialised, but are recognised by the Church. These are then used as middle names. For example if the parents choose Noel as a first name, and the god parents choose David and Luke, surname being Dimech, the child is therefore named Noel David Luke Dimech. A common choice for godparent names used to be the name of an important person such as an ancestor, great grandparents, etc. However, most of the times these names are not even remembered by their holders and are referred to only if another person has the same first and last name, eg.: Noel D. Dimech.

East Asian

Chinese and Korean given names usually have two characters and are positioned after the family name (like Wong Shan Leung, where Shan is in the "middle"). Consequently, the middle characters of Chinese and Korean given names could be considered middle characters, because they are positioned in the middle of the name. Chinese and Korean "middle characters" is actually part of their given name. The "middle character", however, is not considered a "second given name" as in the West, but part of the given name, and the two names are almost always used together (as a compound name). However, Koreans will sometimes use only one of the two names in the compound to express very close friendship or intimacy. East Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... A given name specifies and differentiates between members of a group of individuals, especially a family, all of whose members usually share the same family name. ... Chinese given names (Chinese: 名字; pinyin: míngzì) are made up of one or two characters. ...

Some Chinese have only one syllable in their given name (e.g. Wong Kit); they have no middle position in their full name and thus no middle name. (See also Chinese name, Korean name, Japanese name) This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Korean name Hong Gildong (a common anonymous name, like John Doe in American English). ... Yamada Tarō (), a typical Japanese name (male), equivalent to John Smith in English. ...

Most Chinese Americans use their Chinese given name (transliterated into the Latin alphabet) and convert it to an authentic middle name, after a native English first name, such as Bruce Junfan Lee, James Chu-yu Soong, and Jerry Chih-Yuan Yang. The Chinese given name usually has two characters and it is usually combined into "one" middle name for better organizational purposes, especially with Cantonese names, such as Bruce Junfan Lee or Bruce J. Lee. There are also a minority whose Chinese given names are their first names, and have English middle names. A Chinese American is an American who is of ethnic Chinese descent. ... Look up Appendix:Most popular given names by country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Bruce Lee. ... Soong Chu-yu James Chu-yu Soong (宋楚瑜 Wade-Giles: Sung Chu-yü; pinyin: Sòng Chǔyú; born March 16, 1942) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Jerry Chih-Yuan Yang (楊致遠 Pinyin: Yáng Zhìyuǎn) (born 1968) is the Taiwanese American co-founder, Chief Yahoo and Director of Yahoo! Inc. ... Cantonese people (Traditional Chinese: 廣東人; Simplified Chinese: 广东人; Pinyin: GuÇŽngdōng rén; Jyutping: gwong2 dung1 yan4), broadly speaking, are persons originating from the present-day Guangdong province in southern China. ... Bruce Lee. ... Bruce Lee. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

The practice of taking English and Chinese given names is also common in Hong Kong and Taiwan, although rather than placing the Chinese given name between the English given name and the family name, it is commonly placed after the family name. For example, Bruce Junfan Lee would be Bruce Lee Junfan. This practice is consistent with both the Western convention of putting the given name before the family name and the Chinese convention of putting the given name after the family name.

Southeast Asian

In Vietnam, the middle names sometimes distinguish between the sexes. Vietnamese middle names are often not used, especially among males.[citation needed] In a 1988 study, 22% of Vietnamese males had no middle name.[citation needed] Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...

In the Philippines, a person can have more than one middle name, since the mother's maiden name is commonly used as the middle name of a legitimate child. For example: Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos, in which Edralin is his mother's maiden name. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. ...

In Thailand, middle names are not common. Thai people usually give a child a long first name, which usually has beautiful meaning attached. Additionally, most Thai kids are also given nick names, which are usually one to two syllables.

South Asian

South Indians often take their fathers' first names as their middle names.This is not correct This practice is not common among North Indians but is practiced by Gujaratis. After South Indian women marry, they change their middle names to their husbands' first names. Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... , Gujarat (Gujarati: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ...

Sikh males, who for religious reasons are supposed to be named Singh, usually as their surname, sometimes instead take Singh as their middle name. Sikh females, who for similar reasons normally take the surname Kaur, may also take it as a middle name instead (one notable example is Parminder Kaur Nagra). Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Singh is an ancient Indian vedic name meaning Lion, dating back over 2000 years to ancient India. ... Kaur, (meaning:princess) in Punjabi, is widely used as a name by female Sikhs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

In Tamilnadu, South India, the babies will have their father's first name as their last name. So there is no such family name here. After marriage, the women will also get their Husband’s first name as their last name. So the Head of the Family (Husband) will provide the last name for their kids and wife.

East Slavic names

There is no middle name in personal names in the cultures associated with the Russian, Belarusian, and Ukrainian languages. Such names consist of three parts: given name, patronymic, and last name. This tradition was also imposed onto people of other descent, both in the Russian Empire (e.g., Adam Johann von Krusenstern is known in Russia as "Ivan Fyodorovich Kruzenshtern") and in the Soviet Union (with certain exceptions). The patronymic in such names is sometimes confused for the middle name, since it is often rendered with the middle initial (e.g., Vladimir V. Putin). Look up patronymic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS... Ivan Kruzenstern Adam Johann Ritter von (knight of) Krusenstern (born November 19, 1770 in Hagudi, close to Rapla, in the Russian province of Estonia, died August 24, 1846 in Reval, now Tallinn, Estonia) was the Baltic German admiral and explorer in Russian Service who in 1803-1806 led the first... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин in Cyrillic lettering) (born October 7, 1952) has been the President of Russia since the year 2000. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Middle name - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1155 words)
In the West, a middle name is effectively a second given name and is frequently abbreviated by its possessor to its initial letter.
For example, it is quite common to use the mother's maiden name as the middle name as a way to acknowledge the mother's (and maternal grandparents') family name.
In Philippines, the mother's maiden name is used as the middle name of a legitimate child.
middle name - definition of middle name in Encyclopedia (792 words)
Despite their relatively long existence in the Western world, the phrase "middle name" was not coined until 1835 in "Harvardiana", a school song of Harvard.
In some families, it is popular to use the mother's maiden name as the middle name as a way to acknowledge the mother's family name.
Many Asian immigrants and Taiwanese personalities anglicize their given name and convert it to an authentic middle name, after a native English first name, such as James Chu-yu Soong and Jerry Chih-Yuan Yang (the second syllable of the middle name is officially not capitalized, but usually is in overseas Chinese's names).
  More results at FactBites »



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