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Encyclopedia > Microstate

A microstate is a sovereign state having a very small population or very little land area - usually both. Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, Liechtenstein, Nauru, Palau, Tuvalu, Saint Kitts and Nevis and Vatican City are all microstates. Microstates have a strong influence in the United Nations General Assembly due to the one state, one vote power structure. Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people or oneself. ... A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. ... One state, one vote is a system of representation in which each state in a federation has equal representation. ...


In terms of population the most extreme example is the Pitcairn Islands, with ca. 47 inhabitants, although as a dependency of the United Kingdom it is not itself a sovereign state. Other non sovereign micro states include Sealand, although it is no recognized by any state or organization. The smallest fully sovereign microstate is Vatican City, with 911 inhabitants as of July 2003 and an area of only 0.44 sq km. The Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM) is an effectively non-territorial sovereign entity that might also be considered to be a microstate; its sovereignty is recognized by dozens of states, but unlike the Vatican City State it has no substantive territorial base. The Principality of Sealand is a micronation (a self-declared, unrecognised state-like entity) that claims as its territory Roughs Tower as well as territorial waters in a twelve nautical mile radius. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... The Knights Hospitaller (the or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric Order under its own charter, and was charged with the care... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme authority over a geographic region, group of people or oneself. ... The term state may refer to: a sovereign political entity, see state unitary state nation state a non-sovereign political entity, see state (non-sovereign). ... The State of the City of the Vatican or the Vatican City (Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae, Italian Stato della Città del Vaticano) is the smallest independent state in the world (both in area and in population), a landlocked enclave surrounded by the city of Rome in Italy. ...


The term microstate is sometimes confused with the term micronation. The distinction is that the former are recognized as sovereign states whereas the latter are not. Micronations – sometimes also referred to as cybernations, fantasy countries, model countries, and new country projects – are entities that resemble independent nations or states, but for the most part exist only on paper, on the Internet, or in the minds of their creators. ...


The study of microstates is termed micropatrology. Micropatrology (from Greek micro small, and Latin patria country) is the study of small and little-known nations and territories. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Wikinfo | Microstate (211 words)
A microstate is a very small nation that is an internationally recognized sovereign state.
The term microstate is sometimes used as a synonym for micronation.
Microstate is also used in thermodynamics to refer to a specific configuration of particles of a material: see microstate (thermodynamics).
Microstate (statistical mechanics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (509 words)
In statistical mechanics, a macrostate is characterized by a probability distribution on a certain ensemble of microstates.
In this limit, the microstates visited by a system during its fluctuations all have the same bulk (or macroscopic) properties.
The reason is that classical microstates are usually not defined in relation to a precise associated quantum microstate, which means that when work changes the energy associated to the energy levels of the system, the energy of classical microstates doesn't follow this change.
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