FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Microsoft Word
Microsoft Word (Windows)

Microsoft Word 2007 in Windows Vista
Developer: Microsoft
Latest release: 12.0.6015.5000 (2007) / ?, 2007
OS: Microsoft Windows
Genre: Word processor
License: Proprietary EULA
Website: Word Home Page - Microsoft Office Online
Microsoft Word (Mac OS X)

Microsoft Word 2004 running on Mac OS X 10.5.
Developer: Microsoft
Latest release: 11.3.8 (2004) / October 9, 2007
Preview release: 12.x (2008)
OS: Mac OS X
Genre: Word processor
License: Proprietary EULA
Website: Word 2004 for Mac

Microsoft Word is Microsoft's flagship word processing software. It was first released in 1983 under the name Multi-Tool Word for Xenix systems.[1] Versions were later written for several other platforms including IBM PCs running DOS (1983), the Apple Macintosh (1984), SCO UNIX, OS/2 and Microsoft Windows (1989). It is a component of the Microsoft Office system; however, it is also sold as a standalone product and included in Microsoft Works Suite. Beginning with the 2003 version, the branding was revised to emphasize Word's identity as a component within the Office suite: Microsoft began calling it Microsoft Office Word instead of merely Microsoft Word. The latest release is Word 2007. Image File history File links OfficeWord. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 481 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 770 pixel, file size: 100 KB, MIME type: image/png) microsoft word This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software, and the copyright for its contents is most likely held by the author(s) or the... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... “Software development” redirects here. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Code complete redirects here. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Windows redirects here. ... Computer software can be organized into categories based on common function, type, or field of use. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratiuitious license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (840 × 525 pixels, file size: 235 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Microsoft Word 2004 (v11. ... Mac OS X v10. ... “Software development” redirects here. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Code complete redirects here. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Code complete redirects here. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Mac OS X (pronounced ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Computer software can be organized into categories based on common function, type, or field of use. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratiuitious license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... Software redirects here. ... Xenix was a version of the Unix operating system, licensed by Microsoft from AT&T in the late 1970s. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... This article is about the family of closely related operating systems for the IBM PC compatible platform. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... The first Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, upgraded to a 512K Fat Mac. The Macintosh or Mac, is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. ... This article is about the year. ... SCO OpenServer, previously SCO UNIX and SCO ODT, is a Unix-like computer operating system developed by Santa Cruz Operation (SCO) and now maintained by the SCO Group. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Windows redirects here. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Works is an office suite (Home Productivity Suite) available from the Microsoft Corporation. ...

Contents

History

Word 1981 to 1989

Many concepts and ideas of Word were brought from Bravo, the original GUI word processor developed at Xerox PARC. Bravo's creator Charles Simonyi left PARC to work for Microsoft in 1981. Simonyi hired Richard Brodie, who had worked with him on Bravo, away from PARC that summer.[2][3] On February 1, 1983, development on what was originally named Multi-Tool Word began. Bravo was the first WYSIWYG document preparation program. ... PARC current logo. ... Charles Simonyi (Hungarian: Simonyi Károly; born September 10, 1948, Budapest) is a computer software executive who, as head of Microsofts application software group, oversaw the creation of Microsofts flagship office applications. ... Richard Quiet Lion Brodie is the original author of Microsoft Word[1][2], was employee #77 at Microsoft and is now a professional poker player. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...


Having renamed it Microsoft Word, Microsoft released the program October 25, 1983, for the IBM PC. Free demonstration copies of the application were bundled with the November 1983 issue of PC World, making it the first program to be distributed on-disk with a magazine.[1] However, it was not well received, and sales lagged behind those of rival products such as WordPerfect.[citation needed] is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... PC World is a global computer magazine published monthly by IDG. It offers advice on various aspects of PCs and related items, the Internet, and other personal-technology products and services. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ...


Word featured a concept of "What You See Is What You Get", or WYSIWYG, and was the first application with such features as the ability to display bold and italics text on an IBM PC.[1] Word made full use of the mouse, which was so unusual at the time that Microsoft offered a bundled Word-with-Mouse package. Although MS-DOS was a character-based system, Microsoft Word was the first word processor for the IBM PC that showed actual line breaks and typeface markups such as bold and italics directly on the screen while editing, although this was not a true WYSIWYG system because available displays did not have the resolution to show actual typefaces. Other DOS word processors, such as WordStar and WordPerfect, used simple text-only display with markup codes on the screen or sometimes, at the most, alternative colors.[4] WYSIWYG (IPA Pronunciation [] or []), is an acronym for What You See Is What You Get, used in computing to describe a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... “Font” redirects here. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... WordStar was a word processor application, published by MicroPro, originally written for the CP/M operating system but later ported to DOS, that enjoyed a dominant market share during the early to mid-1980s. ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ...


As with most DOS software, each program had its own, often complicated, set of commands and nomenclature for performing functions that had to be learned. For example, in Word for MS-DOS, a file would be saved with the sequence Escape-T-S: pressing Escape called up the menu box, T accessed the set of options for Transfer and S was for Save (the only similar interface belonged to Microsoft's own Multiplan spreadsheet). As most secretaries had learned how to use WordPerfect, companies were reluctant to switch to a rival product that offered few advantages. Desired features in Word such as indentation before typing (emulating the F4 feature in WordPerfect), the ability to block text to copy it before typing, instead of picking up mouse or blocking after typing, and a reliable way to have macros and other functions always replicate the same function time after time, were just some of Word's problems for production typing. Categories: Computer stubs | Spreadsheets | Domain-specific programming languages | Numerical programming languages ...


Word for Macintosh, despite the major differences in look and feel from the DOS version, was ported by Ken Shapiro with only minor changes from the DOS source code,[citation needed] which had been written with high-resolution displays and laser printers in mind although none were yet available to the general public. Following the introduction of LisaWrite and MacWrite, Word for Macintosh attempted to add closer WYSIWYG features into its package. After Word for Mac was released in 1985, it gained wide acceptance. There was no Word 2.0 for Macintosh; this was the first attempt to synchronize version numbers across platforms.


The second release of Word for Macintosh, named Word 3.0, was shipped in 1987. It included numerous internal enhancements and new features but was plagued with bugs. Within a few months Word 3.0 was superseded by Word 3.01, which was much more stable. All registered users of 3.0 were mailed free copies of 3.01, making this one of Microsoft's most expensive mistakes up to that time. Word 4.0 was released in 1989.


Word 1990 to 1995

Microsoft Word 5.1a (Macintosh)
Microsoft Word 5.1a (Macintosh)

The first version of Word for Windows was released in 1989 at a price of 500 US dollars. With the release of Windows 3.0 the following year, sales began to pick up (Word for Windows 1.0 was designed for use with Windows 3.0, and its performance was poorer with the versions of Windows available when it was first released). The failure of WordPerfect to produce a Windows version proved a fatal mistake. It was version 2.0 of Word, however, that firmly established Microsoft Word as the market leader.[citation needed] Image File history File links Microsoft_Word_5. ... Image File history File links Microsoft_Word_5. ... For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... USD redirects here. ... Windows 3. ...


After MacWrite, Word for Macintosh never had any serious rivals, although programs such as Nisus Writer provided features such as non-contiguous selection which were not added until Word 2002 in Office XP. In addition, many users complained that major updates reliably came more than two years apart, too long for most business users at that time. MacWrite was a word processor application released along with the first Apple Macintosh systems in 1984. ... The first Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, upgraded to a 512K Fat Mac. The Macintosh or Mac, is a line of personal computers designed, developed, manufactured, and marketed by Apple Computer. ... Nisus Writer - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Microsoft Office is a series of suites of productivity programs created by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows and Apple Macintosh operating systems. ...


Word 5.1 for the Macintosh, released in 1992, was a popular word processor due to its elegance, relative ease of use, and feature set. However, version 6.0 for the Macintosh, released in 1994, was widely derided, unlike the Windows version. It was the first version of Word based on a common codebase between the Windows and Mac versions; many accused it of being slow, clumsy and memory intensive. In response to user requests, Microsoft offered a free "downgrade" to Word 5.1 for dissatisfied Word 6.0 purchasers. The equivalent Windows version was also numbered 6.0 to coordinate product naming across platforms, despite the fact that the previous version was Word for Windows 2.0. A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ...


When Microsoft became aware of the Year 2000 problem, it released the entire version of DOS port of Microsoft Word 5.5 instead of getting people to pay for the update. As of March 2007, it is still available for download from Microsoft's web site.[5] Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... This article is about the millennial computer glitch. ...

Microsoft Word 6.0 (Windows 98)

Word 6.0 was the second attempt to develop a common codebase version of Word. The first, code-named Pyramid, had been an attempt to completely rewrite the existing Word product. It was abandoned when it was determined that it would take the development team too long to rewrite and then catch up with all the new capabilities that could have been added in the same time without a rewrite. Proponents of Pyramid claimed it would have been faster, smaller, and more stable than the product that was eventually released for Macintosh, which was compiled using a beta version of Visual C++ 2.0 that targets the Macintosh, so many optimizations have to be turned off (the version 4.2.1 of Office is compiled using the final version), and sometimes use the Windows API simulation library included.[1] Pyramid would have been truly cross-platform, with machine-independent application code and a small mediation layer between the application and the operating system. Microsoft Word 6. ... Microsoft Word 6. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ...


More recent versions of Word for Macintosh are no longer ported versions of Word for Windows although some code is often appropriated from the Windows version for the Macintosh version.[citation needed] Versions is Poison the Wells fourth studio album. ...


Later versions of Word have more capabilities than just word processing. The Drawing tool allows simple desktop publishing operations such as adding graphics to documents. Collaboration, document comparison, multilingual support, translation and many other capabilities have been added over the years.[citation needed] Adobe InDesign CS2, one of many popular desktop publishing applications. ... Collaboration is a process defined by the recursive interaction of knowledge[1] and mutual learning between two or more people working together[2] toward a common goal typically creative in nature. ... The term multilingualism can refer to rather different phenomena. ... Look up translate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Word 97

Word 97 icon

Word 97 had the same general operating performance as later versions such as Word 2000. This was the first copy of Word featuring the "Office Assistant", which was an animated helper used in all Office programs. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Clippit asking if you need help The Office Assistant was a feature included in Microsoft Office 97 and subsequent versions until Office 2007, in which the assistants have been removed due to widespread dissatisfaction on the part of Office users. ...


Word 98

Word 98 for the Macintosh gained many features of Word 97, and was bundled with the Macintosh Office 98 package. Document compatibility reached parity with Office 97 and Word on the Mac became a viable business alternative to its Windows counterpart. Unfortunately, Word on the Mac in this and later releases also became vulnerable to future Macro viri that could compromise Word (and Excel) documents, leading to the only situation where viruses could be cross-platform.


Word 2000

For most users, one of the most obvious changes introduced with Word 2000 (and the rest of the Office 2000 suite) was a clipboard that could hold multiple objects at once. Another noticeable change was that the Office Assistant, whose frequent unsolicited appearance in Word 97 had annoyed many users, was changed to be less intrusive.


Word 2001

Word 2001 was bundled with the Macintosh Office for that platform, acquiring most, if not all, of the feature set of Word 2000. Released in October 2000. Word 2001 was also sold individually apart from the Office suite.


Word X

Word X was released as part of the Office X one year after Office/Word 2001 for the Macintosh, in November, 2001. This was a substantial rewrite of MS Word for the Mac, taking advantage of the Macintosh migration to MacOS X and the aqua interface.


Word 2002

Office Word 2003 running on Windows XP.

Word 2002 was very similar to Word 2000. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 797 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 722 pixels, file size: 52 KB, MIME type: image/png) A screenshot of MS Office Word 2003 that I took, running on Windows XP. This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software, and the copyright for... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 797 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 722 pixels, file size: 52 KB, MIME type: image/png) A screenshot of MS Office Word 2003 that I took, running on Windows XP. This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software, and the copyright for... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ...


Word 2003

For the 2003 version, the Office programs, including Word, were rebranded to emphasize the unity of the Office suite, so that Microsoft Word officially became Microsoft Office Word. Users continue to use both names.


Word 2004

The Macintosh version of Office was released in May, 2004. Substantial cleanup of the various applications (Word, Excel, Powerpoint) and feature creep (on par with Office 2003) created a very Mac-like Word release. Unfortunately, the Macro virus issue remained as it had with earlier Word releases for the Mac, leaving the platform with its only vulnerability until the advent of trojans in 2007. Microsoft released patches through the years to eliminate most known Macro vulnerabilities. While Apple released Pages and the open source community created NeoOffice, Word remains the most widely used word processor on the Macintosh.


Word 2007

Main article: Microsoft Office 2007

Word 2007 is the most recent version of Word. This release includes numerous changes, including a new XML-based file format, a redesigned interface, an integrated equation editor, bibliographic management, and support for structured documents. It also has contextual tabs, which are functionality specific only to the object with focus, and many other features like Live Preview (which enables you to view the document without making any permanent changes), Mini Toolbar, Super-tooltips, Quick Access toolbar, SmartArt, etc. Microsoft Office 2007 (officially called 2007 Microsoft Office system) is the most recent version of Microsofts productivity suite. ... A bibliography is an overview of (almost) all publications in some category: works of some author publications about some specific subject publications published in some specific country publications published in some specific period publications mentioned in, or relevant to, a particular work (a bibliography of this type, sometimes called a...


Word 2007 formating breaks the ability for users to send files to earlier versioned Word users on the Macintosh or Windows (version 2004 on the Mac, 2003 on Windows). Some third-party converters have become available to assist with this, but for most, simply saving Word 2007 files with the 'Save As' command and selecting Word 2003 format creates a compatible file. Office 2008 for the Mac will acquire (restore) the cross-platform capability with the .docx format, but older version users on either platform will remain at a disadvantage.


File formats

Although the familiar ".doc" extension has been used in many different versions of Word, it actually encompasses four distinct file formats:

  1. Word for DOS
  2. Word for Windows 1 and 2; Word 4 and 5 for Mac
  3. Word 6 and Word 95; Word 6 for Mac
  4. Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003; Word 98, 2001, X, and 2004 for Mac

The newer ".docx" extension signifies Office Open XML and is used by Word 2007 for Windows and Word 2008 for the Macintosh. Not to be confused with OpenOffice. ...


Binary formats and handling

Word document formats (.DOC) as of the early 2000s were a de facto standard of document file formats due to their popularity. Though usually just referred to as "Word document format", this term refers primarily to the range of formats used by default in Word version 2–2003. In addition to the default Word binary formats, there are actually a number of optional alternate file formats that Microsoft has used over the years. Rich Text Format (RTF) was an early effort to create a format for interchanging formatted text between applications. RTF remains an optional format for Word that retains most formatting and all content of the original document. Later, after HTML appeared, Word supported an HTML derivative as an additional full-fidelity roundtrip format similar to RTF, with the additional capability that the file could be viewed in a web browser. Word 2007 uses the new Microsoft Office Open XML format as its default format, but retains the older Word 97–2003 format as an option. It also supports (for output only) PDF and XPS format. In computing, DOC or doc (an abbreviation of document) is a file extension for word processing documents; most commonly for Microsoft Word. ... This article is about the first decade of the 21st century. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... A document file format is a text or binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. ... The Rich Text Format (often abbreviated to RTF) is a proprietary document file format developed by Microsoft in 1987 for cross-platform document interchange. ... It has been suggested that WordprocessingML be merged into this article or section. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... The XML Paper Specification (XPS), formerly codenamed Metro, is a specification for a page description language and a fixed-document format developed by Microsoft. ...


The document formats of the various versions change in subtle and not so subtle ways; formatting created in newer versions does not always survive when viewed in older versions of the program, nearly always because that capability does not exist in the previous version. Wordart also changed drastically in a recent version causing problems with documents that used it when moving in either direction. The DOC format's specifications are not available for public download but can be received by writing to Microsoft directly and signing an agreement.[6]


Microsoft Word 95-2003 implemented OLE (Object Linking and Embedding) to manage the structure of its file format, easily identifiable by the .doc extension. OLE behaves rather like a conventional hard drive filesystem, and is made up of several key components. Each word document is composed of so called "big blocks" which are almost always (but do not have to be) 512-byte chunks, hence a Word documents filesize will always be a multiple of 512. "Storages" are analogues of the directory on a disk drive, and point to other storages or "streams" which are similar to files on a disk. The text in a Word document is always contained in the "WordDocument" stream. The first big block in a Word document, known as the "header" block, provides important information as to the location of the major data structures in the document. "Property storages" provide metadata about the storages and streams in a .doc file, such as where it begins and its name and so forth. The "File information block" contains information about where the text in a word document starts, ends, what version of Word created the document and so forth. Needless to say, Word documents are far more complex than perhaps initially expected, perhaps necessarily, or in part to prevent third-parties designing interoperable applications. Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) is a technology that allows embedding and linking to documents and other objects, developed by Microsoft. ...


People who do not use MS Office sometimes find it difficult to use a Word document. Various solutions have been created. Since the formats are de facto standards, many word processors such as AbiWord or OpenOffice.org Writer need file import and export filters for Microsoft Word's document file format to compete. Furthermore, there is Apache Jakarta POI, which is an open-source Java library that aims to read and write Word's binary file. Macintosh users had file translater filters such as MacLinkPro with the ability to interconvert Word, Works, WordPerfect, NisysWriter and many other formats. Most of this interoperability is achieved through reverse engineering since documentation of the Word 1.0-2003 file format, while available to partners, is not publicly released. The Word 2007 file format, however, is publicly documented. AbiWord is a Free Software word processor licensed under the GNU General Public License. ... OpenOffice. ... POI, a sub-project of the Apache Jakarta Project, provides pure Java libraries for reading and writing files in Microsoft Office formats, such as Word and Excel. ... Java language redirects here. ... Illustration of an application which may use libvorbisfile. ... A Hexdump of a JPEG image. ... Reverse engineering (RE) is the process of taking something (a device, an electrical component, a software program, etc. ...


For the last 10 years Microsoft has also made available freeware viewer programs, but only for Windows, that can read Word documents without a full version of the MS Word software.[2] Microsoft has also provided converters that enable different versions of Word to import and export to older Word versions and other formats and converters for older Word versions to read documents created in newer Word formats.[7] The whole Office product range is covered by the Office Converter Pack for Office 97–2003 and Office Compatibility Pack for Office 2000–2007 since the release of Office 2007.[8] Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... The term Freeware refers to gratis proprietary software with closed source. ...


Microsoft Office Open XML

The aforementioned Word format is a binary format. Microsoft has moved towards an XML-based file format for their office applications with Office 2007: Microsoft Office Open XML. This format does not conform fully to standard XML. It is, however, publicly documented as Ecma standard 376. Public documentation of the default file format is a first for Word, and makes it considerably easier, though not trivial, for competitors to interoperate. Efforts to establish it as an ISO standard are also underway. Another XML-based, public file format supported by Word 2003 is WordprocessingML. A Hexdump of a JPEG image. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a general-purpose markup language. ... It has been suggested that WordprocessingML be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Microsoft Office Open XML. (Discuss) WordprocessingML (also known as WordML and Microsoft Office Word 2003 XML Reference Schemas) is the markup language for the wordprocessing format in the standard Microsoft Office Open XML format and for Microsoft Office...


It is possible to write plugins permitting Word to read and write formats it does not natively support.


Features and flaws

Normal.dot

Normal.dot is the master template from which all Word documents are created. It is one of the most important files in Microsoft Word. It determines the margin defaults as well as the layout of the text and font defaults. Although normal.dot is already set with certain defaults, the user can change normal.dot to new defaults. This will change other documents which were created using the template, usually in unexpected ways. The term template, when used in the context of word processing software, refers to a sample fill-in-the-blank document that can be completed either by hand or through an automated iterative process, such as a with a wizard. ... The term margin has many meanings: In telecommunication, margin has the following meanings: In communications systems, the maximum degree of signal distortion that can be tolerated without affecting the restitution, without its being interpreted incorrectly by the decision circuit. ...


Macros

Like other Microsoft Office documents, Word files can include advanced macros and even embedded programs. The language was originally WordBasic, but changed to Visual Basic for Applications as of Word 97. Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is an implementation of Microsofts Visual Basic, an event driven programming language and associated integrated development environment (IDE) which is built into most Microsoft Office applications. ...


This extensive functionality can also be used to run and propagate viruses in documents. The tendency for people to exchange Word documents via email, USB key, and floppy makes this an especially attractive vector. A prominent example is the Melissa worm, but countless others have existed in the wild. Some anti-virus software can detect and clean common macro viruses, and firewalls may prevent worms from transmitting themselves to other systems. A computer virus is a computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user. ... The Melissa worm, also known as Mailissa, Simpsons, Kwyjibo, or Kwejeebo, is a computer worm that also functions as a macro virus, hence making it a multipartite virus. // History First found on March 26, 1999, Melissa shut down Internet mail systems that got clogged with infected e-mails propogating from... Anti-virus software consists of computer programs that attempt to identify, thwart and eliminate computer viruses and other malicious software (malware). ... This article is about the network security device. ...


These Macro viri are the only known cross-platform threats between Windows and Macintosh computers and they were the only infection vectors to affect any MacOS X system up until the advent of video codec trojans in 2007. Microsoft's released patches for Word X and Word 2004 effectively eliminated the Macro problem on the Mac by 2006.


Word's macro security setting, which regulates when macros may execute, can be adjusted by the user, but in the most recent versions of Word, is set to HIGH by default, generally reducing the risk from macro-based viruses, which have become uncommon.


Layout issues

As of Word 2007 for Windows (and Word 2004 for Macintosh), the program has been unable to handle ligatures defined in TrueType fonts: those ligature glyphs with Unicode codepoints may be inserted manually, but are not recognized by Word for what they are, breaking spellchecking, while custom ligatures present in the font are not accessible at all. Other layout deficiencies of Word include the inability to set crop marks or thin spaces. Various third-party workaround utilities have been developed.[9] Similarly, combining diacritics are handled poorly: Word 2003 has "improved support", but many diacritics are still misplaced, even if a precomposed glyph is present in the font. Additionally, as of Word 2002, Word does automatic font substitution when it finds a character in a document that does not exist in the font specified. It is impossible to deactivate this, making it very difficult to spot when a glyph used is missing from the font in use. In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more letterforms are written or printed as a unit. ... TrueType is an outline font standard originally developed by Apple Computer in the late 1980s as a competitor to Adobes Type 1 fonts used in PostScript. ... The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ... Crop mark may refer to in printing, marks placed at the corners of a form to indicate where the page is to be trimmed Cropmarks, in archaeology: differential growth indicating buried sites Crop circles Category: ... Combining diacritical marks are Unicode characters that are intended to modify other characters (see Diacritic). ... Font substitution is the process of using one font in place of another when the intended font either is not available or does not contain glyphs for the required characters. ...


In Word 2004 for Macintosh, complex scripts support was inferior even to Word 97, and Word does not support Apple Advanced Typography features like ligatures or glyph variants. [3] Complex Text Layout (CTL) refers to the typesetting of writing systems which require complex transformations between text input and text display for proper rendering on the screen or the printed page (also known as complex scripts). ... Apple Computer has been attentive to the typefaces used in its marketing, operating systems and industrial design. ...


Bullets and numbering

Users report that Word's bulleting and numbering system is highly problematic. Particularly troublesome is Word's system for restarting numbering.[10] However, the Bullets and Numbering system has been significantly overhauled for Office 2007, which should reduce the severity of these problems.


Creating Tables

Users can also create tables in MS Word. Depending on the version you have, formulas can also be computed.


Versions

Microsoft Word 5.5 for DOS
Microsoft Word 5.5 for DOS

Versions for MS-DOS include: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ...

  • 1983 November — Word 1
  • 1985 — Word 2
  • 1986 — Word 3
  • 1987 — Word 4 aka Microsoft Word 4.0 for the PC
  • 1989 — Word 5
  • 1991 — Word 5.1
  • 1991 — Word 5.5
  • 1993 — Word 6.0

Versions for the Macintosh (Mac OS and Mac OS X) include: For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ...

  • 1985 January — Word 1 for the Macintosh
  • 1987 — Word 3
  • 1989 — Word 4
  • 1991 — Word 5
  • 1993 — Word 6
  • 1998 — Word 98
  • 2000 — Word 2001, the last version compatible with Mac OS 9
  • 2001 — Word v.X, the first version for Mac OS X only
  • 2004 — Word 2004, part of Office 2004 for Mac
  • 2008 — Word 2008, part of Office 2008 for Mac
Microsoft Word 1.0 for Windows 3.x
Microsoft Word 1.0 for Windows 3.x

Versions for Microsoft Windows include: Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple... Mac OS X (pronounced ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Office 2004 for Mac is the current version of Microsoft Office developed for Apples Mac OS X operating system. ... A Mac OS X version of Office 2007 is also being developed, by Microsofts Macintosh Business Unit called Office 2008 and slated for release in the second half of 2007. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Windows redirects here. ...

  • 1989 November — Word for Windows 1.0 for Windows 2.x, code-named "Opus"
  • 1990 March — Word for Windows 1.1 for Windows 3.0, code-named "Bill the Cat"
  • 1990 June — Word for Windows 1.1a for Windows 3.1
  • 1991 — Word for Windows 2.0, code-named "Spaceman Spiff"
  • 1993 — Word for Windows 6.0, code named "T3" (renumbered "6" to bring Windows version numbering in line with that of DOS version, Macintosh version and also WordPerfect, the main competing word processor at the time; also a 32-bit version for Windows NT only)
  • 1995 — Word for Windows 95 (version 7.0) - included in Office 95
  • 1997 — Word 97 (version 8.0) included in Office 97
  • 1998 — Word 98 (version 8.5) only included in Office 97 Powered By Word 98 - only released in Japan and Korea
  • 1999 — Word 2000 (version 9.0) included in Office 2000
  • 2001 — Word 2002 (version 10) included in Office XP
  • 2003 — Word 2003 (officially "Microsoft Office Word 2003") - (ver. 11) included in Office 2003
  • 2006 — Word 2007 (officially "Microsoft Office Word 2007") - (ver. 12) included in Office 2007; released to businesses on November 30th 2006, released worldwide to consumers on January 30th 2007

Versions for SCO UNIX include: WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... Windows NT (New Technology) is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993. ... Tarantella, Inc. ...

Versions for OS/2 include: To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

  • 1992 Microsoft Word for OS/2 version 1.1B

Hidden features and Easter eggs

The Word 97 Pinball.
The Word 97 Pinball.
  • Microsoft Word 97 contained a hidden pinball game. The user must have Word 97 SR-1 for the Easter Egg to function properly.[11]
  • Typing "=rand ()" (without the quotes), then pressing Enter, generates 3 paragraphs:
  • Word 2003 and older generates 3 paragraphs that repeat a sentence 5 times each. The sentence is, "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog." (or another default pangram in a non-English version).[12]
  • Word 2007 generates the following 3 paragraphs:
"On the Insert tab, the galleries include items that are designed to coordinate with the overall look of your document. You can use these galleries to insert tables, headers, footers, lists, cover pages, and other document building blocks. When you create pictures, charts, or diagrams, they also coordinate with your current document look."
"You can easily change the formatting of selected text in the document text by choosing a look for the selected text from the Quick Styles gallery on the Home tab. You can also format text directly by using the other controls on the Home tab. Most controls offer a choice of using the look from the current theme or using a format that you specify directly."
"To change the overall look of your document, choose new Theme elements on the Page Layout tab. To change the looks available in the Quick Style gallery, use the Change Current Quick Style Set command. Both the Themes gallery and the Quick Styles gallery provide reset commands so that you can always restore the look of your document to the original contained in your current template."
  • In Word 97 and newer, the function can take two parameters (e.g. =rand(2,3)). When using this pseudo-function this way, Word 2003 and older generates 2 paragraphs that repeat the same sentence 3 times. Word 2007 configures the boilerplate text into 2 paragraphs of 3 sentences each (for small numbers, not all the boilerplate text is used). The maxima for this function is considered to be 200 and 99 (i.e. =rand(200,99)).
  • In Word 2007, typing "=lorem ()" (without the quotes), then pressing Enter, generates pseudo-Latin placeholder (lorem) text. This function works like the =rand function: when the parameters are null, Word generates 3 paragraphs of 3 sentences each; when entering parameters, the first numeral determines the number of paragraphs,and the second numeral determines the number of sentences in each paragraph.
  • In Word for Windows 2, there is a simple animation involving a WordPerfect 'Monster', a fireworks display and credits roll in the About box. It is accessed by:
1.Open a new document.
2.From the Tools menu, click Macro, then select Record Macro.
3.Name the macro SPIFF, and click OK.
4.Again from the Tools menu, select Stop Recorder, then Macro, and click SPIFF.
5.Click Edit, then delete the lines "Sub Main" and "End Sub".
6.From the File menu, choose Close.
7.Click Yes, indicating you want to save the changes.
8.Open the Help menu, then click About Microsoft Word.
9.Click the Word logo icon in the upper-left corner.

A virtual Easter egg is a hidden message or feature in an object such as a movie, book, CD, DVD, computer program, or video game. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the arcade game. ... Look up pangram in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. ...

See also

The following is a list of word processors. ... This table provides general information about selected word processors. ...

Further reading

  • Tsang, Cheryl. Microsoft: First Generation. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-33206-2.
  • Liebowitz, Stan J. & Margolis, Stephen E. WINNERS, LOSERS & MICROSOFT: Competition and Antitrust in High Technology Oakland: Independent Institute. ISBN 0-945999-80-1.

References

  1. ^ a b c A. Allen, Roy (October 2001). "Chapter 12: Microsoft in the 1980's", A History of the Personal Computer: The People and the Technology, 1st edition, Allan Publishing, 12-13. ISBN 0-9689108-0-7. Retrieved on 2006-07-04. 
  2. ^ Cheryl Tsang (1999). Microsoft: First Generation. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-33206-2. 
  3. ^ Rick Schaut (May 19, 2004). Anatomy of a Software Bug. MSDN Blogs. Retrieved on 2006-12-02.
  4. ^ The first WYSIWYG version of WordPerfect was 6.0, released in 1993: http://www.columbia.edu/~em36/wpdos/chronology.html
  5. ^ Free version of Microsoft Word 5.5 for DOS (EXE format). Retrieved on 2006-10-04.
  6. ^ How to extract information from Office files by using Office file formats and schemas (html). Microsoft Corporation (26 January 2007). Retrieved on 26 January 2007.
  7. ^ Converters for Word 97. microsoft.com (2006). Retrieved on December 9, 2006.
  8. ^ Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack for Word, Excel, and PowerPoint 2007 File Formats. microsoft.com (2006-11-06). Retrieved on December 9, 2006.
  9. ^ Such as WordSetter (shareware)
  10. ^ http://word.mvps.org/FAQs/Numbering/ListRestartMethods.htm
  11. ^ Pinball in Word 97. Retrieved on July 07, 2006.
  12. ^ Microsoft Help and Support (2004-11-01). WD98: How to Insert Sample Text into a Document. Retrieved on 2007-02-09.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Microsoft Word eBooks Knowledge Collection (791 words)
Actually, most publishers do not offer their eBooks in Microsoft Word format because Microsoft Word eBooks are not "secure" eBooks, like Microsoft Reader or Adobe Reader.
Customers are allowed to transfer their Microsoft Word eBooks to additional computers with no restrictions.
If you don't have Microsoft Word, you won't be able to open Microsoft Word files.
Microsoft Office Word 2003 (557 words)
If you create a Word Picture Object or a Microsoft Draw version 1.0 object, that object is dependent on the Word document in which you embedded it.
Microsoft Word Viewer 97-2000 is a download that lets users who do not own Microsoft Word view and print documents that were created in Word.
Word 97-2000 Viewer can open documents that were created with all earlier versions of Word for Windows...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m