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Encyclopedia > Microsoft Research

Microsoft Research (MSR) is a division of Microsoft created in 1991 for researching various computer science topics and issues. It is one of the top research centers worldwide,[citation needed] currently employing Turing Award winners, C.A.R. Hoare, Butler Lampson, Fields Medal winner Michael Freedman, MacArthur Fellow Jim Blinn, Dijkstra Prize winner Leslie Lamport and many other highly recognized experts in computer science, physics, and mathematics, including Jim Gray up until his highly publicized disappearance while sailing at sea. Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... The A.M. Turing Award is given annually by the Association for Computing Machinery to a person selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community. ... Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare (Tony Hoare or C.A.R. Hoare, born January 11, 1934) is a British computer scientist, probably best known for the development of Quicksort, the worlds most widely used sorting algorithm, and perhaps even the worlds most widely used algorithm of any kind... Butler W. Lampson is a computer scientist, considered to be one of the most significant in the history of the field. ... The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union, a meeting that takes place every four years. ... Michael Hartley Freedman (born 21 April 1951 in Los Angeles, California, USA) is a mathematician at Microsoft Research. ... The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a private, independent grantmaking institution. ... Jim Blinn James Blinn is a computer graphics researcher and also pioneer on this field. ... The Edsger W. Dijkstra Prize is a prize for outstanding papers on the principles of distributed computing, named after Edsger W. Dijkstra. ... Leslie Lamport Dr. Leslie Lamport (born 1941) is an American computer scientist. ... James Nicholas Jim Gray (born 1944, presumed lost at sea January 28, 2007) is an American computer scientist who received the Turing Award in 1998 for seminal contributions to database and transaction processing research and technical leadership in system implementation. ...

Contents

Research areas

MSR research is categorized into the following broad areas:[1]

  1. Algorithms and theory
  2. Hardware development
  3. Human–computer interaction
  4. Machine learning, adaptation, and intelligence
  5. Multimedia and graphics
  6. Search, retrieval, and knowledge management
  7. Security and cryptography
  8. Social computing
  9. Software development
  10. Systems, architectures, mobility, and networking
  11. Computational and Systems Biology[2]

One of the stated goals of Microsoft Research is to "support long-term computer science research that is not bound by product cycles."[3] MSR sponsors the Microsoft Research Fellowship for graduate students and the New Faculty Fellowship for new faculty members. // Human–computer interaction (HCI), alternatively man-machine interaction (MMI) or computer–human interaction (CHI), is the study of interaction between people (users) and computers. ... As a broad subfield of artificial intelligence, machine learning is concerned with the design and development of algorithms and techniques that allow computers to learn. At a general level, there are two types of learning: inductive, and deductive. ... Knowledge Management (KM) comprises a range of practices used by organisations to identify, create, represent, and distribute knowledge for reuse, awareness and learning. ... The German Lorenz cipher machine, used in World War II for encryption of very high-level general staff messages Cryptography (or cryptology; derived from Greek κρυπτός kryptós hidden, and the verb γράφω gráfo write or λεγειν legein to speak) is the study of message secrecy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social software. ... Software engineering is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software. ...


Laboratories

There are laboratories around the world in Bangalore, Beijing, Cambridge, Mountain View, Redmond, and San Francisco. For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... “Peking” redirects here. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Mountain View is a city in Santa Clara County, in the U.S. state of California. ... Location of Redmond within King County, and King County within Washington. ... San Francisco redirects here. ...

  • Microsoft Research Redmond was founded on the Microsoft Redmond campus in 1991 working in buildings 112 and 113.
  • Microsoft Research Cambridge was founded in 1997 by Roger Needham and now numbers over 100 employees. It maintains close ties to the University of Cambridge.
  • Microsoft Research Asia (MSRA) was founded in Beijing in November 1998. Advanced Technology Center was initially a group of MSRA until it became an independent R&D group of Microsoft.
  • Microsoft Research Silicon Valley, located in Mountain View, California, was founded in August 2001. In January 2006, the Silicon Valley lab merged with Microsoft's Bay Area Research Center (BARC) in San Francisco.
  • Microsoft Research India was established in January 2005 in Bangalore.
  • Microsoft Cairo Innovation Center was established in 2006 in Egypt.

Horrid old man, I hope you died in pain Roger Needham in 1999 Roger Michael Needham CBE FREng FRS (February 9, 1935–March 1, 2003) was a British computer scientist. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... “Peking” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mountain View is a city in Santa Clara County, in the U.S. state of California. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ...

Collaborations

Microsoft Research also collaborates with and jointly operate research centers at Brown University, Carnegie Mellon University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Trento.[1][2][3] There are also nine jointly-operated labs in China and Hong Kong. [4] Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... “MIT” redirects here. ... The University of Trento is a university located in Trento, Italy. ...


Microsoft Research also supports research centers at many other universities.


Notable achievements

Microsoft Acceptance rates at ACM SIGGRAPH since 2002
Year Total papers MSR Papers  %
2007 108 14 13
2005 86 16 17
2004 83 10 16
2003 83 11 10
2002 67 7 11
Total 427 58 -
Mean 85 12 14

At the prestigious ACM SIGGRAPH 2007 conference Microsoft Research presented fourteen papers, which was more than any other organisation [4][5]. The total number of conference papers presented at SIGGRAPH was 108 [6], meaning Microsoft Research' contribution constituted 13% of the conference papers [4][5]. Historically, Microsoft has performed well in getting papers accepted in SIGGRAPH, typically presenting an average of 14% of the papers [7]. SIGGRAPH 2005 official logo SIGGRAPH (short for Special Interest Group in Graphics) is the name of the annual conference on computer graphics convened by the ACM SIGGRAPH organization. ...


Research projects

The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Polyphonic C# is an extension of the C# programming language. ... Cω (pronounced C omega and usually written as Cw or Comega language) is a free extension to the C# programming language, developed by the WebData team in SQL Server in collaboration with Microsoft Research in the UK and Redmond. ... Spec# is a programming language with specification language features that extends the capabilities of the C# programming language with Eiffel-like contracts, including object invariants, preconditions and post-conditions. ... Sing♯ is a concurrent programming language that is a superset of the Spec♯ programming language; in turn, Spec♯ is an extension of the C♯ programming language. ... Bartok is a Microsoft Research project to create an optimizing compiler and a managed run-time system, efficient enough to be used for use in developing OS kernels. ... Singularity is a Microsoft Research project to build a highly-dependable operating system in which the kernel, device driver, and applications are all written in managed code. ... Bigtop is a Microsoft Research project which gives a framework to create a set of loosely coupled distributed system components. ... Bigtop is a Microsoft Research project which gives a framework to create a set of loosely coupled distributed system components. ... F# (pronounced F sharp) is a functional and object oriented programming language for the Microsoft . ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... Allegiance paper box Allegiance is an MMOG providing a mix of real-time strategy and player piloted space combat. ... In computer science, software transactional memory (STM) is a concurrency control mechanism analogous to database transactions for controlling access to shared memory in concurrent computing. ... Avalanche is the name of a proposed peer-to-peer (P2P) network created by Microsoft, which claims to offer improved scalability and bandwidth efficiency compared to existing P2P systems. ... A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ... In networking, a communications protocol or network protocol is the specification of a set of rules for a particular type of communication. ... This article is about the protocol. ... MyLifeBits is a Microsoft Research project to create a lifetime store of everything. It is the fulfillment of Vannevar Bushs 1945 Memex vision including full-text search, text and audio annotations, and hyperlinks. ... A Bayesian network (or a belief network) is a probabilistic graphical model that represents a set of variables and their probabilistic dependencies. ... The Microsoft . ... Generic programming is a style of computer programming where algorithms are written in an extended grammar and are made adaptable by specifying variable parts that are then somehow instantiated later by the compiler with respect to the base grammar. ... An early toolbar on a Xerox Alto Computer In a graphical user interface on a computer monitor a toolbar is a row, column, or block of onscreen buttons or icons that, when clicked, activate certain functions of the program. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of C Programming The C programming language (often, just C) is a general-purpose, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in the early 1970s by Dennis Ritchie for use on the Unix operating system. ... Geotagging, sometimes referred to as Geocoding, is the process of adding geographical identification metadata to various media such as websites, RSS feeds, or images. ... A digital image is a representation of a two-dimensional image as a finite set of digital values, called picture elements or pixels. ... A social network service focuses on the building and verifying of online social networks for communities of people who share interests and activities, or who are interested in exploring the interests and activities of others, and which necessitates the use of software. ... Agricultural extension was once known as the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. ... Microsofts SenseCam is the key image capture tool for the MyLifeBits project, a lifetime storage database. ... Group Shot is a photo combining program developed by Microsoft Research. ... TouchLight is an imaging touch screen and 3D display for gesture-based interaction. ... A Honeymonkey is like a honeypot except that it activly seeks websites that try to exploit it, instead of waiting to be attacked. ... ClearType is a registered trademark for a technology developed by Microsoft Corporation to improve the appearance of text on certain types of computer display screens, especially flat-panel displays. ... ConferenceXP is an initiative of Microsoft Research. ... The Sensor Web is a new class of geographic information system (GIS) that is especially well suited for environmental monitoring and control. ... A rootkit is a general description of a set of programs which work to subvert control of an operating system from its legitimate operators. ... An incorrectly entered URL could lead to a website operated by a cybersquatter. ... The Penny Black Project is a research project at Microsoft that tries to find effective and practical ways of fighting spam. ... An example group of Gadgets, each attached to the sidebar Add Gadgets window The Windows Sidebar is a panel for Desktop Gadgets that is anchored to the side of the Windows Vista desktop. ... SLAM project,which is started in Microsoft research, aimed for verifying some software properties with model checking techniques. ... ZenZui Tiles ZenZui is a content browser, designed for use in mobile phones. ... Wikipedia encoded in Code 128 Wikipedia encoded in Code 93 Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia encoded in the DataMatrix 2D barcode For the taxonomic method, see DNA barcoding. ... Grid computing is a phrase in distributed computing which can have several meanings: A local computer cluster which is like a grid because it is composed of multiple nodes. ... Wi-Fi (or Wi-fi, WiFi, Wifi, wifi), short for Wireless Fidelity, is a set of standards for wireless local area networks (WLAN) currently based on the IEEE 802. ... A transitional network card with both BNC Thinnet (left) and Twisted pair (right) connectors. ... In computing, virtualization is a broad term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. ... “Windows” redirects here. ... The W3C defines a Web service (many sources also capitalize the second word, as in Web Services) as a software system designed to support interoperable Machine to Machine interaction over a network. ... Model checking is the process of checking whether a given model satisfies a given logical formula. ... A mashup is a web application that combines data from more than one source into a single integrated tool; a typical example is the use of cartographic data from Google Maps to add location information to real-estate data from Craigslist, thereby creating a new and distinct web service that... MSN Virtual Earth in Internet Explorer 6 Live Search Maps (previously Windows Live Maps and Windows Live Local), is a web mapping service provided as a part of Microsofts Windows Live online applications services suite and powered by Microsofts Virtual Earth. // Detailed street maps are available for many...

See also

The Microsoft European Science Award (or European Science Award or Microsoft Award) is an award/prize given by the Royal Society in London. ...

References

  1. ^ Research Areas
  2. ^ A Centre of Excellence in Scientific Research is founded in Trento. Centre for Computation and Systems Biology. Retrieved on 2007-03-19.
  3. ^ Microsoft Research Overview
  4. ^ a b New papers launched at Siggraph
  5. ^ a b SIGGRAPH 2007: Microsoft Research Leads the Way
  6. ^ SIGGRAPH 2007, Papers
  7. ^ Microsoft Research Contributions to SIGGRAPH
  8. ^ Internal code-name, not directly related to the official, Windows SideShow auxiliary display feature in Windows Vista.
  9. ^ A Brief History of Windows Sidebar. Microsoft (September 15, 2005). Retrieved on 2007-06-03.
  10. ^ The first new feature of Internet Explorer 8?. Retrieved on 2007-06-08.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Windows SideShow is a new technology in Windows Vista that enables Windows PCs to drive a variety of auxiliary display devices connected to the main PC. These devices can be separate from or integrated into the main PC (e. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official website
  • MSR Fellowships

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