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Encyclopedia > Microsoft Exchange Server
Microsoft Exchange Server
Developed by Microsoft Corporation
Latest release 2007 Service Pack 1 / February 29, 2007
OS Microsoft Windows
Platform x86-64 (64-Bit)
(Previous Versions: x86)
Available in multilanguage
Development status Active
Genre Collaborative software
License MS-EULA
Website www.microsoft.com/exchange

Microsoft Exchange Server is a messaging and collaborative software product developed by Microsoft. It is part of the Microsoft Servers line of server products and is widely used by enterprises using Microsoft infrastructure solutions. Exchange's major features consist of electronic mail, calendaring, contacts and tasks, and support for the mobile and web-based access to information, as well as supporting data storage. For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Code complete redirects here. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Windows redirects here. ... In computing, a platform describes some sort of framework, either in hardware or software, which allows software to run. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... This article is about the properties of language in general. ... Collaborative software is software designed to help people involved in a common task achieve their goals. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratiuitious license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the user. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Message in its most general meaning is the object of communication. ... Collaborative software is software designed to help people involved in a common task achieve their goals. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Microsoft Servers is a brand that encompasses a line of Microsoft server products. ... In information technology, a server is an application or device that performs services for connected clients as part of a client-server architecture. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Contents

History

Planning the migration from Microsoft's internal "legacy XENIX-based messaging system" to Exchange Server environment began in April 1993 [1], and by January 1995 some 500 users were running on Exchange Server Beta 1. By April 1996 32,000 users were migrated to the environment. Xenix was a version of the Unix operating system, licensed by Microsoft from AT&T in the late 1970s. ...


Exchange Server 4.0, released on June 11, 1996, was the original version of Exchange Server sold to the public, positioned as an upgrade to Microsoft Mail 3.5. The original version of Microsoft Mail (written by Microsoft) had been replaced several weeks after Lotus acquired cc:Mail by a package called Network Courier, acquired during the purchase of Consumer Software Inc. in April of 1991.[2] Exchange Server was however an entirely new X.400-based client-server mail system with a single database store that also supported X.500 directory services. The directory used by Exchange Server eventually became Microsoft's Active Directory service, an LDAP-compliant directory server. Active Directory was integrated into Windows 2000 as the foundation of Windows Server domains. is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Microsoft Mail for PC Networks is a file-based E-mail system intended for corporate usage. ... Microsoft Mail for PC Networks is a file-based E-mail system intended for corporate usage. ... X.400 is a suite of ITU-T Recommendations that define standards for Data Communication Networks for Message Handling Systems (MHS) — more commonly known as E-mail. While X.400 never achieved the universal presence of Internet e-mail, it has seen use within organizations, and as part of proprietary... Client/Server is a network application architecture which separates the client (usually the graphical user interface) from the server. ... X.500 is the set of ITU-T computer networking standards covering electronic directory services such as white pages, Knowbot and whois. ... Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ... The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, or LDAP (IPA: ), is an application protocol for querying and modifying directory services running over TCP/IP.[1] A directory is a set of objects with similar attributes organized in a logical and hierarchical manner. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor computers. ... A Windows Server domain or Windows NT Domain is a logical group of computers running versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that share a central directory database. ...


On May 23, 1997, Exchange Server 5.0 was released, which introduced the new Exchange Administrator console, as well as opening up "integrated" access to SMTP-based networks for the first time. Unlike Microsoft Mail (which required a standalone SMTP relay), Exchange Server 5.0 could, with the help of an add-in called the Internet Mail Connector, communicate directly with servers using the internet mail standard. Version 5.0 also introduced a new Web-based e-mail interface Exchange Web Access, this was rebranded as Outlook Web Access in a later Service pack. Along with Exchange Server version 5.0, Microsoft released version 8.01 of Microsoft Outlook, version 5.0 of the Microsoft Exchange Client and version 7.5 of Microsoft Schedule+ to support the new features in the new version of Exchange Server. is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is the de facto standard for email transmission across the Internet. ... Webmail is a web application that allow users to access their e-mail through a web browser, as an alternative to using an email client such as Microsoft Outlook, Mozilla Thunderbird or Eudora. ... Outlook Web Access (OWA) is a webmail service of Microsoft Exchange Server 5. ... A Service Pack (more commonly, SP) is a software program that corrects known bugs, problems, or adds new features. ... For the e-mail and news client bundled with certain versions of Microsoft Windows, see Outlook Express. ... Microsoft Exchange Client is a multi-purpose messaging product useful for managing e-mail. ... Microsoft Schedule Plus (or Microsoft Schedule+) was a time-management software product by Microsoft, but was discontinued as part of Office when its functionality was incorporated into Outlook 97. ...


Exchange Server 5.5, introduced November, 1997, was sold in two editions, Standard and Enterprise. They differ in database store size, mail transport connectors and clustering capabilities. The Standard Edition had the same 16 GB database size limitation as earlier versions of Exchange Server, while the Enterprise Edition had an increased limit of 16 TB (although Microsoft's best practices documentation recommends that the message store not exceed 100 GB). The Standard Edition includes the Site Connector, MS Mail Connector, Internet Mail Service (previously "Internet Mail Connector"), and Internet News Service (previously "Internet News Connector"), as well as software to interoperate with cc:Mail, Lotus Notes and Novell GroupWise. The Enterprise Edition adds an X.400 connector, and interoperability software with SNADS and PROFS. The Enterprise Edition also introduced two node clustering capability. Exchange Server 5.5 introduced a number of other new features including a new version of Outlook Web Access with Calendar support, support for IMAP4 and LDAP v3 clients and the Deleted Item Recovery feature. Exchange Server 5.5 was the last version of Exchange Server to have separate directory, SMTP and NNTP services. There was no new version of Exchange Client and Schedule+ for version 5.5, instead version 8.03 of Microsoft Outlook was released to support the new features of Exchange Server 5.5. For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Lotus Notes is a client-server collaborative software and e-mail system owned by Lotus Software, of the IBM Software Group. ... GroupWise is a cross-platform collaborative software product from Novell, Inc. ... X.400 is a suite of ITU-T Recommendations that define standards for Data Communication Networks for Message Handling Systems (MHS) — more commonly known as E-mail. While X.400 never achieved the universal presence of Internet e-mail, it has seen use within organizations, and as part of proprietary... Acronym of Systems Network Architecture Distribution Services (SNADS) SNADS documentation on ibm. ... OfficeVision is an IBM proprietary office support application that runs on IBMs VM operating system and its user interface CMS. (Other platform versions may have been available but were not popular. ... Microsoft Cluster Server (MSCS) is software designed to allow servers to work together as one machine, to provide failover and increased availability of applications, or parallel calculating power in case of high-performance computing (HPC) clusters (as in supercomputing). ... The Internet Message Access Protocol (commonly known as IMAP, and previously called Interactive Mail Access Protocol) is an application layer Internet protocol used for accessing email on a remote server from a local client. ... The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, or LDAP (IPA: ), is an application protocol for querying and modifying directory services running over TCP/IP.[1] A directory is a set of objects with similar attributes organized in a logical and hierarchical manner. ...


Exchange Server 2000 (v6.0), released on November 29, 2000, overcame many of the limitations of its predecessors. For example, it raised the maximum sizes of databases and increased the number of servers in a cluster from two to four. However, many customers were deterred from upgrading by the requirement for a full Microsoft Active Directory infrastructure to be in place, as unlike Exchange Server 5.5, Exchange Server 2000 had no inbuilt Directory Service, and had a dependency upon Active Directory. The migration process from Exchange Server 5.5 did not have any in-place upgrade path, and necessitated having the two systems online at the same time, with user-to-mailbox mapping and a temporary translation process between the two directories. Exchange Server 2000 also added support for Instant Messaging, but that capability was later spun off to Microsoft Office Live Communications Server. This migration was made significantly easier by Exchange Server 2003 (although still involved the same basic steps); many users of Exchange Server 5.5 waited for the release of Exchange Server 2003 to upgrade. The upgrade process also required upgrading a company's servers to Windows 2000. Some customers opted to stay on a combination of Exchange Server 5.5 and Windows NT 4.0, both of which are no longer supported by Microsoft. is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... // Instant messaging (IM) is a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. ... Microsoft Office Live Communications Server is described by Microsoft as an enterprise real-time communications server, providing instant messaging and collaboration functionality. ... Windows NT 4. ...


Exchange Server 2003

Exchange Server 2003 (v6.5) debuted on September 28, 2003. Exchange Server 2003 (currently at Service Pack 2) can be run on Windows 2000 Server (only if Service Pack 4 is first installed) and 32-bit Windows Server 2003, although some new features only work with the latter. Like Windows Server 2003, Exchange Server 2003 has many compatibility modes to allow users to slowly migrate to the new system. This is useful in large companies with distributed Exchange Server environments who cannot afford the downtime and expense that comes with a complete migration. is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Service Pack (more commonly, SP) is a software program that corrects known bugs, problems, or adds new features. ... Microsoft Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K or Windows NT 5. ... A Service Pack (more commonly, SP) is a software program that corrects known bugs, problems, or adds new features. ... 32-bit is a term applied to processors, and computer architectures which manipulate the address and data in 32-bit chunks. ... Windows Server 2003 (also referred to as Win2K3) is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ...


One of the new features in Exchange Server 2003 is enhanced disaster recovery which allows administrators to bring the server online quicker. This is done by allowing the server to send and receive mail while the message stores are being recovered from backup. Some features previously available in the Microsoft Mobile Information Server 2001/2002 products have been added to the core Exchange Server product, like Outlook Mobile Access and server-side ActiveSync, while the Mobile Information Server product itself has been dropped. Better anti-virus and anti-spam protection have also been added, both by providing built-in APIs that facilitate filtering software and built-in support for the basic methods of originating IP address, SPF ("Sender ID"), and DNSBL filtering which were standard on other open source and *nix-based mail servers. Also new is the ability to drop inbound e-mail before being fully processed, thus preventing delays in the message routing system. There are also improved message and mailbox management tools, which allow administrators to execute common chores more quickly. Others, such as Instant Messaging and Exchange Conferencing Server have been extracted completely in order to form separate products. Microsoft now appears to be positioning a combination of Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office Live Communications Server, Live Meeting and Sharepoint as its collaboration software of choice. Exchange Server is now to be simply e-mail and calendaring. ActiveSync is a synchronisation program developed by Microsoft Corporation. ... In computing, Sender Policy Framework (SPF) is an extension to the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). ... A DNS Blacklist, or DNSBL (definition below), is a means by which an Internet site may publish a list of IP addresses that some people may want to avoid and in a format which can be easily queried by computer programs on the Internet. ... Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Office Live Communications Server is described by Microsoft as an enterprise real-time communications server, providing instant messaging and collaboration functionality. ... Microsoft Live Meeting Web conferencing service that is part of the Microsoft Office series of applications. ... SharePoint - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Editions

Exchange Server 2003 is available in two versions, Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition. Standard Edition supports one message database per server, and supports databases up to 16 GB in size. Beginning with the release of Service Pack 2, Standard Edition allows a maximum database size of 75 GB, but only supports 18 GB by default; larger sized databases have to be opted-in with a registry change.[3] Enterprise Edition allows a 16 TB maximum database size, and supports up to 4 storage groups with 5 databases per storage group for a total of 20 databases per server.[4] A Service Pack (more commonly, SP) is a software program that corrects known bugs, problems, or adds new features. ... The Windows registry is a directory which stores settings and options for the operating system for Microsoft Windows 32-bit versions, 64-bit versions and Windows Mobile. ...


Exchange Server 2003 is included with both Microsoft Small Business Server 2003 Standard and Premium editions and is 32-bit only, and will not install on the various 64-bit versions of Windows Server 2003. bnb Microsoft Small Business Server is an integrated suite of server products from Microsoft designed for running network infrastructure (both intranet management and Internet access) of small and medium enterprises having no more than 75 workstations. ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ...


Clients

Microsoft Exchange Server uses a proprietary RPC protocol, MAPI/RPC, of which only the API is documented. It was designed to be used by the Microsoft Outlook client. Clients capable of using the advanced features of Exchange Server include Microsoft Outlook, Novell Evolution, and the latest version of Microsoft Entourage for Mac. Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... Remote procedure call (RPC) is a protocol that allows a computer program running on one computer to cause a subroutine on another computer to be executed without the programmer explicitly coding the details for this interaction. ... MAPI is an acronym for Messaging Application Programming Interface. ... API redirects here. ... For the e-mail and news client bundled with certain versions of Microsoft Windows, see Outlook Express. ... For the e-mail and news client bundled with certain versions of Microsoft Windows, see Outlook Express. ... Evolution or Novell Evolution (formerly Ximian Evolution, prior to Novells 2003 acquisition of Ximian) is the official personal information manager and workgroup information management tool for GNOME. It combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and task list management functions. ... Microsoft Entourage is an e-mail client and personal information manager developed by Microsoft for Mac OS 8. ...


E-mail hosted on an Exchange Server can also be accessed using POP3 and IMAP4 protocols, using clients such as Mozilla Thunderbird and Lotus Notes. (These protocols must be enabled on the server. Recent versions of Exchange Server turn them off by default.) Post Office Protocol version 3 (POP3) is an application layer Internet standard protocol used to retrieve email from a remote server to a local client over a TCP/IP connection. ... The Internet Message Access Protocol (commonly known as IMAP, and previously called Interactive Mail Access Protocol) is an application layer Internet protocol used for accessing email on a remote server from a local client. ... Mozilla Thunderbird is a free, cross-platform e-mail and news client developed by the Mozilla Foundation. ... Lotus Notes is a client-server collaborative software and e-mail system owned by Lotus Software, of the IBM Software Group. ...


Exchange Server mailboxes can also be accessed through a web browser, using Outlook Web Access (OWA). Exchange Server 2003 also featured a version of OWA for mobile devices, called Outlook Mobile Access (OMA). Outlook Web Access (OWA) is a webmail service of Microsoft Exchange Server 5. ...


Coupled with Windows Mobile 5.0 AKU2 or higher, Exchange Server 2003 SP2 supports pushing e-mail to mobile devices—similar to the operation of BlackBerry devices.[5][6] Windows Mobile is a compact operating system for mobile devices based on the Microsoft Win32 API. Devices which run Windows Mobile include Pocket PCs, Smartphones, and Portable Media Centers. ... Push e-mail is used to describe e-mail systems that provide an always-on capability, in which new e-mail is instantly and actively transferred (pushed) as it arrives by the mail delivery agent (MDA) (commonly called mail server) to the mail user agent (MUA), also called the e... This article is about the fruit. ...


Unlike Exchange Server 2000, Exchange Server 2003 no longer ships instant messaging for internal corporate systems. Microsoft released Live Communication Server to provide those services as a standalone program. Microsoft Office Live Communications Server is described by Microsoft as an enterprise real-time communications server, providing instant messaging and collaboration functionality. ...


Exchange 2003 Anti-Spam Filtering

Exchange Server 2003 added several basic filtering methods to Exchange Server. They are not sophisticated enough to eliminate spam, but they can protect against DoS and mailbox flooding attacks. Exchange Server 2000 supported the ability to block a sender's address, or e-mail domain by adding '*@domain.com', which is still supported in Exchange Server 2003. Added filtering methods in Exchange Server 2003 are:

Connection filtering 
Messages are blocked from DNS RBL lists[7] or from manually specified IP addresses/ranges
Recipient filtering 
Messages blocked when sent to manually specified recipients on the server (for intranet-only addresses) or to any recipients not on the server (stopping spammers from guessing addresses)
Sender ID filtering 
Sender ID, a form of SPF
Intelligent Message Filter 
A free Microsoft add-on that uses heuristic message analysis to block messages or direct them to the "Junk E-Mail" folder in Microsoft Outlook clients.[8]

A DNS Blacklist, or DNSBL (definition below), is a means by which an Internet site may publish a list of IP addresses that some people may want to avoid and in a format which can be easily queried by computer programs on the Internet. ... Sender ID is an anti-spam proposal from the MARID IETF working group, joining Sender Policy Framework and Caller ID. The Sender ID proposal is currently the subject of controversy regarding intellectual property and licensing issues: Microsoft holds patents on key parts of Sender ID and licenses those patents under... In computing, Sender Policy Framework (SPF) is an extension to the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). ...

Exchange Server 2007

For some time after the release of Exchange Server, Microsoft's future plans for the product were not known. Edge Services, an add-on for the main product, was to have been released sometime in 2005 but was dropped. The new version, Exchange Server 2007, was released in late 2006 to business customers as part of Microsoft's roll-out wave of new products. It includes new clustering options, 64-bit support for greater scalability, voice mail integration, better search and support for Web services, better filtering options, and a new Outlook Web Access interface. Exchange 2007 also dropped support for Exchange 5.50 migrations, routing groups, admin groups, Outlook Mobile Access, X.400, some API interfaces, amongst other features.[9]


Exchange Server 2007 (v8 or with SP1 v8.1) runs on 64-bit x86-64 versions of Windows Server only, pointing out the substantial performance benefits that 64-bit computing brings to the product. This limitation applies to supported production environments only; a 32-bit trial version is available for download and testing. However, companies currently running Exchange Server on 32-bit hardware will be forced to replace or migrate hardware if they wish to upgrade to the new version. Companies that are currently running Exchange Server on 64-bit capable hardware are still required to migrate from their existing Exchange 2000/2003 servers to a new 2007 server since in-place upgrades are not supported in 2007. The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ...


The first beta of Exchange Server 2007 (then named "Exchange 12" or E12) was released in December 2005 to a very limited number of beta testers. A wider beta was made available via TechNet Plus and MSDN subscriptions in March 2006 according to the Microsoft Exchange team blog.[citation needed] On April 25, 2006, Microsoft announced that the next version of Exchange Server would be called Exchange Server 2007. is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Key improvements

The principal enhancements, as outlined by Microsoft, are:[10]

  • Protection: anti-spam, antivirus, compliance, clustering with data replication, improved security and encryption
  • Improved Information Worker Access: improved calendaring, unified messaging, improved mobility, improved web access
  • Improved IT Experience: 64-bit performance & scalability, command-line shell & simplified GUI, improved deployment, role separation, simplified routing
  • Exchange Management Shell: a new command-line shell and scripting language for system administration (based on Windows PowerShell). Shell users can perform every task that can be performed in the Exchange Server graphical user interface plus additional tasks, and can program often-used or complex tasks into scripts that can be saved, shared, and re-used. The Exchange Management Shell has over 375 unique commands to manage features of Microsoft Exchange Server 2007.[11]
  • "Unified Messaging" that lets users receive voice mail, e-mail, and faxes in their mailboxes, and lets them access their mailboxes from cell phones and other wireless devices. Voice commands can be given to control and listen to e-mail over the phone (and also send some basic messages, like "I'll be late")
  • Removed the database maximum size limit. Database size is now limited by hardware capability and the window for backups and maintenance.
  • Increased the maximum number of storage groups and mail databases per server, to 5 each for Standard Edition (from 1 each in Exchange Server 2003 Standard), and to 50 each for Enterprise Edition (from 4 groups and 20 databases in Exchange Server 2003 Enterprise).

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In computing, a shell is a piece of software that provides an interface for users (command line interpreter). ... A scripting language, script language or extension language, is a programming language that controls software application. ... Windows PowerShell is an administration focused extensible command line interface (CLI) shell and scripting language product developed by Microsoft. ...

Clustering and high availability

Exchange Server Enterprise Edition supports clustering of up to 4 nodes when using Windows 2000 Server, and up to 8 nodes with Windows Server 2003. Exchange Server 2003 also introduced active-active clustering, but for two-node clusters only. In this setup, both servers in the cluster are allowed to be active simultaneously. This is opposed to Exchange's more common active-passive mode in which the failover servers in any cluster node cannot be used at all while their corresponding home servers are active. They must wait, inactive, for the home servers in the node to fail. Subsequent performance issues with active-active mode have led Microsoft to recommend that it should no longer be used.[12] In fact, support for active-active mode clustering has been discontinued with Exchange Server 2007.


Exchange's clustering (active-active or active-passive mode) has been criticised because of its requirement for servers in the cluster nodes to share the same physical data. The clustering in Exchange Server provides redundancy for Exchange Server as an application, but not for Exchange data.[13] In this scenario, the data can be regarded as a single point of failure, despite Microsoft's description of this set up as a "Shared Nothing" model.[14] This void has however been filled by ISV's and storage manufacturers, through "site resilience" solutions, such as geo-clustering and asynchronous data replication.[15] Exchange Server 2007 introduces new cluster terminology and configurations that address the shortcomings of the previous "shared data model".[16] Reliable system design is the design of systems with high levels of reliability and availability. ...


Exchange Server 2007 provides built-in support for asynchronous replication modeled on SQL Server's "Log Shipping"[17] in CCR (Cluster Continuous Replication)[18] clusters, which are built on MSCS MNS (Microsoft Cluster Service—Majority Node Set) clusters, which do not require shared storage. This type of cluster can be inexpensive and deployed in one, or "stretched" across two datacenters for protection against site-wide failures such as natural disasters. The limitation of CCR clusters is the ability to have only two nodes and the third node known as "voter node" or file share witness[19] that prevents "split brain"[19] scenarios, generally hosted as a file share on a Hub Transport Server.[20] The second type of cluster is the traditional clustering that was available in previous versions, and is now being referred to as SCC (Single Copy Cluster). In Exchange Server 2007 deployment of both CCR and SCC clusters has been simplified and improved; the entire cluster install process takes place during Exchange Server installation. LCR or Local Continuous Replication[20] has been referred to as the "poor man's cluster". It is designed to allow for data replication to an alternative drive attached to the same system and is intended to provide protection against local storage failures. It does not protect against the case where the server itself fails.


In November 2007, Microsoft released SP1 for Exchange Server 2007. This service pack includes an additional high-availability feature called SCR (Standby Continuous Replication). Unlike CCR which requires that both servers belong to a Windows cluster, typically residing in the same datacenter, SCR can replicate data to a non-clustered server, located in a separate datacenter.


Licensing

Like Windows Server products, Exchange Server requires Client Access Licenses, which are different from Windows CALs. Corporate license agreements, such as the Enterprise Agreement, or EA, include Exchange Server CALs. It also comes as part of the Core CAL. Just like Windows Server and other server products from Microsoft, you can choose to use User or Device CALs. Device CALs are assigned to a device (workstation, laptop or PDA). User CALs, are assigned to a user or employee (not a mailbox). User CALs allow a user to access Exchange e-mail from any device. User and Device CALs are the same price, however cannot be used interchangeably. For Service Providers looking to host Microsoft Exchange, there is an SPLA (Service Provider License Agreement) available whereby Microsoft receives a monthly service fee in the place of the traditional Client Access Licenses. Two types of Exchange CAL are available: Exchange CAL Standard and Exchange CAL Enterprise. The Enterprise CAL is an add-on licence to the Standard CAL. A Client Access License (CAL) is a kind of software license, distributed by Microsoft, to allow clients to connect to its server software programs. ...


Exchange hosting

Microsoft Exchange Server can also be purchased as a hosted service from a number of providers.[21]


See also

For JET Red storage engine of Microsoft Access, see Microsoft Jet Database Engine. ... This is a list of collaborative software (or list of groupware) applications. ... Microsoft Exchange Client is a multi-purpose messaging product useful for managing e-mail. ... Microsoft Servers is a brand that encompasses a line of Microsoft server products. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of mail servers. ...

References

  1. ^ Microsoft's Migration to Microsoft Exchange Server—The Evolution of Messaging within Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved on May 2, 2007.
  2. ^ Paul Korzeniowski. E-mail becoming foundation for networked applications—electronic mail; local area network. Software Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  3. ^ Registry tweak to set a 75gb store limit on Exchange 2003 Standard Sp2. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  4. ^ Exchange 2003 editions. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  5. ^ New Mobility Features in Exchange Server 2003 SP2. TechNet. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  6. ^ Microsoft Looks to Mobilize With Exchange SP2. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  7. ^ Implementing and Configuring Blacklist Support in Exchange Server 2003. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  8. ^ Exchange Intelligent Message Filter. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  9. ^ Microsoft TechNet
  10. ^ Microsoft Exchange Server Website
  11. ^ Exchange 2007 Cmdlet List
  12. ^ Considerations when deploying Exchange on an Active/Active cluster. Retrieved on 2007-07-02. (Logging in required)
  13. ^ The benefits of Windows 2003 clustering with Exchange 2003. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  14. ^ Exchange Clustering Concepts. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  15. ^ Storage Glossary: Basic Storage Terms. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  16. ^ High Availability. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  17. ^ Frequently asked questions—SQL Server 2000—Log shipping. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  18. ^ High availability. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  19. ^ a b An update is available that adds a file share witness feature and a configurable cluster heartbeats feature to Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1-based server clusters. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  20. ^ a b High Availability. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.
  21. ^ Hosted Exchange Partner Directory. Retrieved on 2007-07-02.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Books

  • Walther, Henrik. How to Cheat at Configuring Exchange Server 2007. ISBN 1597491373. 
  • Morimoto, Rand; Michael Noel, Chris Amaris, Andrew Abbate, Mark Weinhardt. Exchange Server 2007 Unleashed. ISBN 0672329204. 
  • McBee, Jim; Barry Gerber. Mastering Microsoft Exchange Server 2007. ISBN 0470042893. 
  • Cavalancia, MCSE, MCT, MCNE, MCNI, Nick. Microsoft Exchange Server 2007: A Beginner's Guide. ISBN 0071486392. 

External links

  • Microsoft Exchange
Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... The following is an incomplete list of Microsoft software applications. ... Windows redirects here. ... The following is a list of Microsoft Windows components. ... Microsoft Office is an office suite from Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Apple Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Visual Studio is Microsofts flagship software development product for computer programmers. ... Microsoft Expression Studio is a suite of design and media applications from Microsoft aimed at developers and designers. ... Microsoft Dynamics is a line of software for business made by Microsoft. ... Microsoft Money 2006 Premium Microsoft Money is Microsofts personal finance software for computers using the Microsoft Windows operating system. ... Encarta is a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation. ... 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Office Live Workspace is a Microsoft Office Live-branded online storage and collaboration service for Microsoft Office 2007 documents. ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... MSNBC logo MSNBC (Microsoft & National Broadcasting Company) is a 24-hour news channel in the United States. ... ninemsn is a 50/50 joint venture between Microsoft and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited (PBL) . It effectively acts as the website for both the Nine Network and MSN, and is one of Australias websites. ... This article is about the Internet service provider and Internet portal. ... Hotmail is a free webmail e-mail service, which is accessible via a web browser. ... For the old versions of this software called MSN Messenger, see MSN Messenger. ... Windows Live Spaces (also known by its users as MSN Spaces) is Microsofts blogging and Social Networking platform. ... MSN Groups Home MSN Groups is a commercial community site created by Microsoft in 1995. ... Windows Live ID (originally named . ... 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Xbox Live Arcade (XBLA) is an online service operated by Microsoft that is used to distribute video games to Xbox and Xbox 360 owners and from late 2007 to Games for Windows - Live users [1]. The service was first launched in late 2004 and offers games from about US$5... Xbox Live Marketplace Logo The Xbox Live Marketplace (XBLM) is a virtual market designed for Microsofts Xbox 360 console that allows Xbox Live members to download purchased or promotional content. ... Games for Windows is a marketing campaign by Microsoft that dates back at least to 2005, and has been revised in 2006, seemingly aimed at officially categorizing computer games that will work (possibly exclusively) with their Microsoft Windows products. ... Games for Windows – Live (officially spelled LIVE) is an online gaming service for Games for Windows-branded PC titles. ... Tray and Play is a technology developed by Microsoft for Windows Vista operating system and is a part of Games for Windows initiative. ... 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Raymond Gilmartin is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft and at General Mills. ... Reed Hastings at the Web 2. ... David Marquardt is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft. ... Charles Noski is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft. ... Helmut G.W. Panke is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft. ... Jon Shirley is the former president of Microsoft and currently one of its directors. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Exchange Server 2007 Product Overview (947 words)
Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 has been designed specifically to meet these challenges and address the needs of the different groups who have a stake in the messaging system.
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