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Encyclopedia > Microsoft
Microsoft Corporation
Type Public (NASDAQ: MSFT)
Founded Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA (April 4, 1975)[1]
Headquarters Flag of United States Redmond, Washington, USA
Key people Bill Gates, Co-founder and Executive Chairman
Paul Allen, Co-founder
Steve Ballmer, CEO
Ray Ozzie, Chief Software Architect
Industry Computer software
Publishing
Research and development
Computer hardware
Video games
Products Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Office
Microsoft Servers
Developer Tools
Business Solutions
Games and Xbox
Windows Live
Windows Mobile
Zune
Revenue US$44.2 billion (2006)[2]
Operating income US$16.4 billion (2006)[2]
(36.3% operating margin)[3]
Net income US$12.6 billion (2006)[2]
(31.6% net margin)[3]
Employees 71,172 (2006)[4]
Slogan Your potential. Our passion.
Website www.microsoft.com

Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44.28 billion and 76,000 employees in 102 countries. It develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of software products for computing devices.[5][4][2] Headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA, its best selling products are the Microsoft Windows operating system and the Microsoft Office suite of productivity software. Image File history File links Microsoft_logo. ... A public company usually refers to a company which is permitted to offer its securites (i. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Nickname: The City Different Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: Country United States State New Mexico County Santa Fe Founded 1607  - Mayor David Coss Area    - City  37. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Location of Redmond within King County, and King County within Washington. ... William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the worlds largest software company. ... For the computer game previously called Entrepreneur, see The Corporate Machine. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953) is an American entrepreneur whose fortune was founded when he formed Microsoft with Bill Gates. ... For the computer game previously called Entrepreneur, see The Corporate Machine. ... Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... Ray Ozzie at the Web 2. ... The software architecture of a program or computing system is the structure or structures of the system, which comprise software elements, the externally visible properties of those elements, and the relationships between them. ... Software, consisting of programs, enables a computer to perform specific tasks, as opposed to the physical components of the system (hardware). ... This article is concerned with the production of books, magazines, and other literary material (whether in printed or electronic formats). ... The phrase research and development (also R and D or R&D) has a special commercial significance apart from its conventional coupling of scientific research and technological development. ... Computer hardware is the physical part of a computer, including the digital circuitry, as distinguished from the computer software that executes within the hardware. ... A console game is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment. ... Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created or purchased by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows, and Apples Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Servers is a brand that encompasses a line of Microsoft server products. ... Microsoft Visual Studio is Microsofts flagship software development product for computer programmers. ... Microsoft Dynamics is a line of software for business made by Microsoft. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... Screenshot of Windows Live homepage Windows Live is the collective brand name for a group of Microsoft services, some of which are currently under development. ... Windows Mobile is a compact operating system combined with a suite of basic applications for mobile devices based on the Microsoft Win32 API. Devices which run Windows Mobile include Pocket PCs, Smartphones, and Portable Media Centers. ... Zune refers to Microsofts digital audio player, client software, and online music store released to the United States on November 14, 2006. ... Revenue is a U.S. business term for the amount of money that a company earns from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In economics, operating margin is the ratio of operating income divided by sales revenue. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Net margin(also known as Net Profit Margin) is a financial ratio measuring the efficiency of a business in translating sales into net income. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Other Hong Kong topics Culture - Education Geography - History - Politics Hong Kong Portal The Hong Kong Stock Exchange (Traditional Chinese: , also 港交所; abbreviated as HKEX ; SEHK: 0388) is the stock exchange of Hong Kong. ... A multinational corporation (MNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... A BlueGene supercomputer cabinet. ... Corporate redirects here. ... Revenue is a U.S. business term for the amount of money that a company earns from its activities in a given period, mostly from sales of products and/or services to customers. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... Software, consisting of programs, enables a computer to perform specific tasks, as opposed to the physical components of the system (hardware). ... Location of Redmond within King County, and King County within Washington. ... “Washington State” redirects here. ... Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... An operating system (OS) is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created or purchased by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows, and Apples Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems. ...


These products have all achieved near-ubiquity in the desktop computer market. One commentator notes that Microsoft's original mission was "a computer on every desk and in every home, running Microsoft software"—it is a goal near fulfillment.[6] Microsoft possesses footholds in other markets, with assets such as the MSNBC cable television network, the MSN Internet portal, and the Microsoft Encarta multimedia encyclopedia. The company also markets both computer hardware products such as the Microsoft mouse as well as home entertainment products such as the Xbox, Xbox 360, Zune and MSN TV.[5] Desktop computer with several common peripherals (Monitor, keyboard, mouse, speakers, microphone and a printer) A desktop computer is a personal computer made for use on a desk in an office or home and is distinguished from portable computers such as laptops or PDAs. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ... For other uses, see MSN (disambiguation). ... A Personal Portal is a site on the World Wide Web that typically provides personalized capabilities to its visitors, providing a pathway to other content. ... Encarta is a digital multimedia encyclopedia published and updated frequently by Microsoft Corporation. ... Computer hardware is the physical part of a computer, including the digital circuitry, as distinguished from the computer software that executes within the hardware. ... Microsoft IntelliPoint is the Microsoft brand driver for Microsofts IntelliMouse series of mice. ... Home cinema, also called Home theater, seeks to reproduce cinema quality video and audio in the home. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... Zune refers to Microsofts digital audio player, client software, and online music store released to the United States on November 14, 2006. ... MSN TV (formerly WebTV) is the name of both a thin client which uses a television for display (rather than a monitor), and the online service that supports it. ...


Originally founded to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800, Microsoft rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s. The company released an initial public offering (IPO) in the stock market, which, due to the ensuing rise of the stock price, has made four billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires from Microsoft employees.[7][8][9] Throughout its history the company has been the target of criticism, including monopolistic business practices—the U.S. Justice Department, among others, has sued Microsoft for antitrust violations and software bundling.[10] Known for what is generally described as a developer-centric business culture, Microsoft has historically given customer support over Usenet newsgroups and the World Wide Web, and awards Microsoft MVP status to volunteers who are deemed helpful in assisting the company's customers.[11][9] BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. ... An interpreter is a computer program that executes other programs. ... The current version of the article or section is written like a magazine article instead of the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia. ... Children playing on a Amstrad CPC 464 in the 1980s. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A stock market is a market for the trading of company stock, and derivatives of same; both of these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Latin word monopolium - Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service. ... DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ... Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP network of the same name. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (or the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents that runs over the Internet. ... The Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) Program is an award and recognition program run by Microsoft. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Microsoft
See also: History of Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Corporation, is a multinational computer technology corporation. ... The Windows logo used since November 2006. ...

1975–1985: Founding

Microsoft staff photo from Dec 7, 1978. From left to right:Top: Steve Wood, Bob Wallace, Jim Lane.Middle: Bob O'Rear, Bob Greenberg, Marc McDonald, Gordon Letwin.Bottom: Bill Gates, Andrea Lewis, Marla Wood, Paul Allen.
Microsoft staff photo from Dec 7, 1978. From left to right:
Top: Steve Wood, Bob Wallace, Jim Lane.
Middle: Bob O'Rear, Bob Greenberg, Marc McDonald, Gordon Letwin.
Bottom: Bill Gates, Andrea Lewis, Marla Wood, Paul Allen.

Following the launch of the Altair 8800, Bill Gates called the creators of the new microcomputer, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems, offering to demonstrate an implementation of the BASIC programming language for the system. After the demonstration, MITS agreed to distribute Altair BASIC.[12] Gates left Harvard University, moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico where MITS was located, and founded Microsoft there. The company's first international office was founded on November 1, 1978, in Japan, entitled "ASCII Microsoft" (now called "Microsoft Japan").[12] On January 1, 1979, the company moved from Albuquerque to a new home in Bellevue, Washington.[12] Steve Ballmer joined the company on June 11, 1980, and would later succeed Bill Gates as CEO.[12] Image File history File links Microsoft-Staff-1978. ... Image File history File links Microsoft-Staff-1978. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Steve Wood is on the upper left in this 1978 portrait of the first employees of Microsoft. ... Bob Wallace (died 2003), was the ninth Microsoft employee, inventor of the term shareware, creator of the word processing program PC-Write, founder of the software company Quicksoft and a online drug guru who devoted much time and money into the research of psychedelic drugs. ... Microsoft staff photo from December 7, 1978. ... Microsoft staff photo from December 7, 1978. ... Left Microsoft in 1981 and then helped launch those Cabbage Patch Dolls that were so popular in the 1980s. ... Was Microsofts first employee. ... Microsoft staff photo from December 7, 1978. ... William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the worlds largest software company. ... Andrea Lewis was Microsofts first technical writer. ... Marla Wood worked as an administrative assistant and bookkeeper for Microsoft, and was one of the companys first 11 employees. ... Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953) is an American entrepreneur whose fortune was founded when he formed Microsoft with Bill Gates. ... The current version of the article or section is written like a magazine article instead of the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia. ... William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the worlds largest software company. ... The Commodore 64 was one of the most popular microcomputers of its era, and is the best selling home computer of all time. ... Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) was an Albuquerque, New Mexico company founded in 1968 by Ed Roberts. ... BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. ... Altair BASIC, in its first incarnation, MITS 4K BASIC, was a true milestone in software history — the first programming language for the worlds first truly personal computer, the MITS Altair 8800. ... William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the worlds largest software company. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Founded in 1636,[2] Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning still operating in the United States. ... Nickname: The Duke City Location in the state of New Mexico Coordinates: Country United States State New Mexico County Bernalillo Founded 1706 Government  - Mayor Martin Chavez Area  - City  181. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... There are 95 printable ASCII characters, numbered 32 to 126. ... Microsoft Japan is a division of Microsoft based in Japan. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... Location of Bellevue within King County, Washington, and King County within Washington. ... Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ...


DOS (Disk Operating System) was the operating system that brought the company its real success. On August 12, 1981, after negotiations with Digital Research failed, IBM awarded a contract to Microsoft to provide a version of the CP/M operating system, which was set to be used in the upcoming IBM Personal Computer (PC). For this deal, Microsoft purchased a CP/M clone called QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System) from Tim Paterson of Seattle Computer Products, which IBM renamed to PC-DOS. Later, the market saw a flood of IBM PC clones after Columbia Data Products successfully cloned the IBM BIOS, and through aggressive marketing of their own QDOS derivative, MS-DOS, to manufacturers of IBM-PC clones Microsoft rose from a small player to one of the major software vendors in the home computer industry.[13] The company expanded into new markets with the release of the Microsoft Mouse in 1983, as well as a publishing division named Microsoft Press.[12] Instructions on how to use the directory command. ... Disk storage is a group of data storage mechanisms for computers; data are transferred to planar surfaces or disks for temporary or permanent storage. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Digital Research, Inc. ... International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) (NYSE: IBM) (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, and services. ... CP/M was an operating system originally created for Intel 8080/85 based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc. ... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ... CP/M was an operating system originally created for Intel 8080/85 based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc. ... QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System) was the working title for 86-DOS, an operating system developed and marketed by Seattle Computer Products for its Intel 8086-based computer kit. ... Tim Paterson Tim Paterson (born 1956) is an American computer programmer, best known as the original author of the popular MS-DOS operating system. ... Seattle Computer Products (SCP) is a Seattle, Washington computer hardware company. ... IBM PC-DOS was one of the three major operating systems that dominated the personal computer market from about 1985 to 1995. ... June 1982: Columbia Data Products introduced the MPC - Multi Personal Computer. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Press is the publishing arm of Microsoft, usually releasing books dealing with various current Microsoft technologies. ...


1985–1995: OS/2 and Windows

On November 20, 1985, Microsoft released its first retail version of Microsoft Windows, originally a graphical extension for its MS-DOS operating system.[12] In August, Microsoft and IBM partnered in the development of a different operating system called OS/2.[14] Around one month later, on March 13, the company went public with an IPO, priced at US$28.00 by the end of the trading day. In 1987, Microsoft eventually released their first version of OS/2 to OEMs.[15] November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... Original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, is a term that refers to a situation in which one company purchases a manufactured product from another company and resells the product as its own, usually as a part of a larger product the original company is selling. ...

The sign at a main entrance to the Microsoft corporate campus. The Redmond Microsoft campus today includes more than 8 million square feet (approx. 750,000 m²) and over 30,000 employees.
The sign at a main entrance to the Microsoft corporate campus. The Redmond Microsoft campus today includes more than 8 million square feet (approx. 750,000 m²) and over 30,000 employees.[16]

In 1989, Microsoft introduced its most successful office product, Microsoft Office. Microsoft Office was a bundle of separate office productivity applications, such as Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel.[12] On May 22, 1990 Microsoft launched Windows 3.0.[17] The new version of Microsoft's operating system boasted such new features as streamlined user interface graphics and improved protected mode capability for the Intel 386 processor; it sold over 100,000 copies in two weeks.[18] Windows at the time generated more revenue for Microsoft than OS/2, and the company decided to move more resources from OS/2 to Windows.[19] In the ensuing years, the popularity of OS/2 declined, and Windows quickly became the favored PC platform. Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1491 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1491 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created or purchased by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows, and Apples Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Office Word is Microsofts flagship word processing software. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Windows 3. ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... Protected mode is an operational mode of x86-compatible CPUs of the 80286 series or later. ... The Intel 80386 is a microprocessor which was used as the central processing unit (CPU) of many personal computers from 1986 until 1994 and later. ...


During the transition from MS-DOS to Windows, the success of Microsoft's product Microsoft Office allowed the company to gain ground on application-software competitors, such as WordPerfect and Lotus 1-2-3.[20][21] According to The Register, Novell, an owner of WordPerfect for a time, alleged that Microsoft used its inside knowledge of the DOS and Windows kernels and of undocumented Application Programming Interface features to make Office perform better than its competitors.[22] Eventually, Microsoft Office became the dominant business suite, with a market share far exceeding that of its competitors.[23] Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created or purchased by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows, and Apples Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems. ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... Lotus 1-2-3 is a spreadsheet program from Lotus Software (now part of IBM). ... Current logo of The Register. ... A application programming interface (API) is the interface that a computer system, library or application provides in order to allow requests for services to be made of it by other computer programs, and/or to allow data to be exchanged between them. ... Market share, in strategic management and marketing, is the percentage or proportion of the total available market or market segment that is being serviced by a company. ...


In 1993 Microsoft released Windows NT 3.1, a server-based operating system with a similar user interface to consumer versions of the operating system, but with an entirely different kernel.[20] In 1995, Microsoft released Windows 95, a new version of the company's flagship operating system which featured a completely new user interface, including a novel start button; more than a million copies of Microsoft Windows 95 were sold in the first four days after its release.[20] The company later released its web browser, Internet Explorer, with the Windows 95 Plus! Pack in August 1995 and subsequent Windows versions.[24] Windows NT 3. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An example of a web browser (Mozilla Firefox), displaying the English Wikipedia main page. ... It has been suggested that Internet Explorer 7 be merged into this article or section. ...


1995–2005: Internet and legal issues

In the mid-90s, Microsoft began to expand its product line into computer networking and the World Wide Web. On August 24, 1995, it launched a major online service, MSN (Microsoft Network), as a direct competitor to AOL. MSN became an umbrella service for Microsoft's online services.[12][20][25] The company continued to branch out into new markets in 1996, starting with a joint venture with NBC to create a new 24/7 cable news station, MSNBC.[20][26] Microsoft entered the personal digital assistant (PDA) market in November with Windows CE 1.0, a new built-from-scratch version of their flagship operating system, specifically designed to run on low-memory, low-performance machines, such as handhelds and other small computers.[27] Later in 1997, Internet Explorer 4.0 was released for both Mac OS and Windows, marking the beginning of the takeover of the browser market from rival Netscape. In October, the Justice Department filed a motion in the Federal District Court in which they stated that Microsoft had violated an agreement signed in 1994, and asked the court to stop the bundling of Internet Explorer with Windows.[12] This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (or the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents that runs over the Internet. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An online service provider is an entity which provides a service online. ... For other uses, see MSN (disambiguation). ... Screenshot of AOL.com AOL LLC (formerly America Online, Inc. ... NBC (an acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... Windows CE for Handheld PC 3. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Netscape Communications Corporation (commonly known as Netscape), was an American computer services company, best known for its web browser. ... District courts are a category of courts which exists in several nations. ...

Windows XP introduced a new interface, along with many other new features. This screenshot shows Windows XP Professional.
Windows XP introduced a new interface, along with many other new features. This screenshot shows Windows XP Professional.

The year 1998 was significant in Microsoft's history, with Bill Gates appointing Steve Ballmer as president of Microsoft but remaining as Chair and CEO himself.[12] The company released Windows 98, an update to Windows 95 that incorporated a number of Internet-focused features and support for new types of devices.[12] On April 3, 2000, a judgment was handed down in the case of United States v. Microsoft,[10] calling the company an "abusive monopoly"[28] and forcing the company to split into two separate units. Part of this ruling was later overturned by a federal appeals court, and eventually settled with the U.S. Department of Justice in 2001. Image File history File links Windows_XP.PNG‎ [edit] Summary Author: Ashton Zanecki Source: Windows XP Home Edition SP2 Windows XP Home Edition Service Pack 2 installed on it. ... Image File history File links Windows_XP.PNG‎ [edit] Summary Author: Ashton Zanecki Source: Windows XP Home Edition SP2 Windows XP Home Edition Service Pack 2 installed on it. ... Windows XP is a line of proprietary operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Luna is the codename for the default Windows XP theme. ... Windows XP has several features not in previous versions of Windows. ... Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... United States v. ... It has been suggested that Mandate (law) be merged into this article or section. ...


In 2001, Microsoft released Windows XP, the first version that encompassed the features of both its business and home product lines. XP introduced a new graphical user interface, the first such change since Windows 95.[12][29] Later, Microsoft would enter the multi-billion-dollar game console market dominated by Sony and Nintendo, with the release of the Xbox.[12] Microsoft encountered more turmoil in March 2004 when antitrust legal action would be brought against it by the European Union for allegedly abusing its market dominance (see European Union Microsoft antitrust case), eventually resulting in a judgement to produce a new version of its Windows XP platform—called Windows XP Home Edition N—that did not include its Windows Media Player.[30][31] Windows XP is a line of proprietary operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... “PUI” redirects here. ... The Nintendo GameCube is an example of a popular video game console. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... The European Union Microsoft antitrust case is a case brought by the greedy European Union (EU) against Microsoft for alleged antitrust abuse and because of rampant anti-Americanism. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ...


2005–2007: Vista and other transitions

Windows Vista had major changes, mostly notable within its interface.
Windows Vista had major changes, mostly notable within its interface.

In 2006 Bill Gates announced a two year transition period from his role as Chief Software Architect, which would be taken by Ray Ozzie, and planned to remain the company's chairman, head of the Board of Directors and act as an adviser on key projects.[32] Windows Vista is Microsoft's latest operating system, released in January 2007. Microsoft Office 2007 was released at the same time; its "Ribbon" user interface is a significant departure from its predecessors. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 350 KB) // Screenshot of the Windows Vista desktop on first boot. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 350 KB) // Screenshot of the Windows Vista desktop on first boot. ... Windows Vista is the latest release of Microsoft Windows, a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The software systems architect or software architect is responsible for: Interfacing with the user(s) and sponsor(s) and all other stakeholders in order to determine their (evolving) needs to be realized in software. ... Ray Ozzie at the Web 2. ... Windows Vista is the latest release of Microsoft Windows, a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... The 2007 Microsoft Office System, also known as Microsoft Office 2007, is the most recent version of Microsofts productivity suite. ... The Ribbon is a Widget composed of a strip across the top of the window that exposes what the program can do. ...


Product divisions

To be more precise in tracking performance of each unit and delegating responsibility, Microsoft reorganized into seven core business groups—each an independent financial entity—in April 2002. Later, on September 20, 2005, Microsoft announced a rationalization of its original seven business groups into the three core divisions that exist today: the Windows Client, MSN and Server and Tool groups were merged into the Microsoft Platform Products & Services Division; the Information Worker and Microsoft Business Solutions groups were merged into the Microsoft Business Division; and the Mobile and Embedded Devices and Home and Entertainment groups were merged into the Microsoft Entertainment and Devices Division.[33][34] September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Platform Products and Services

The current logo of Microsoft Windows, one of the company's best-known products.
The current logo of Microsoft Windows, one of the company's best-known products.

This division produces Microsoft's flagship product, the Windows operating system. It has been produced in many versions, including Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows 2000 server, Windows Me, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, and Windows Vista. Almost all IBM compatible personal computers designed for the consumer come with Windows preinstalled. The current desktop version of Windows is Windows Vista. The online service MSN, the cable television station MSNBC, and the Microsoft online magazine Slate are all part of this division. Slate was later acquired by The Washington Post on December 21, 2004. At the end of 1997, Microsoft acquired Hotmail, the most popular webmail service, which it rebranded as "MSN Hotmail". Later in 1999 Microsoft introduced MSN Messenger, an instant messaging client, to compete with the popular AOL Instant Messenger. Along with Windows Vista, MSN is to become Windows Live Messenger.[5] Image File history File links Windows_logo. ... Image File history File links Windows_logo. ... Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of proprietary software operating systems by Microsoft. ... A flagship is the ship used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships. ... A typical Windows 3. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptible, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that was designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... Microsoft Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K or Windows NT 5. ... Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows Me is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on September 14, 2000 by Microsoft. ... Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ... Windows XP is a line of proprietary operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Windows Vista is the latest release of Microsoft Windows, a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An online service provider is an entity which provides a service online. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hotmail is a free webmail e-mail service, which is accessible via a web browser. ... Webmail is a class of web applications that allow users to read and write e-mail using a web browser, or in a more general sense, an e-mail account accessed through such an application. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A screenshot of PowWow, one of the first instant messengers with a graphical user interface Instant messaging or IM is a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. ... “AIM” redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Microsoft Visual Studio is the company's set of programming tools and compilers. The software product is GUI-oriented and links easily with the Windows APIs, but must be specially configured if used with non-Microsoft libraries. The current version is Visual Studio 2005. The previous version, Visual Studio.Net 2003, was named after the .NET initiative, a Microsoft marketing initiative covering a number of technologies. Microsoft's definition of .NET continues to evolve. As of 2004, .NET aims to ease the development of Microsoft Windows-based applications that use the Internet, by deploying a new Microsoft communications system, Indigo (now renamed Windows Communication Foundation). This is intended to address some issues previously introduced by Microsoft's DLL design, which made it difficult, even impossible in some situations, to manage, install multiple versions of complex software packages on the same system (see DLL-hell), and provide a more consistent development platform for all Windows applications (see Common Language Infrastructure). In addition, the Company established a set of certification programs to recognize individuals who have expertise in its software and solutions. Similar to offerings from Cisco, Sun Microsystems, Novell, IBM, and Oracle Corporation, these tests are designed to identify a minimal set of proficiencies in a specific role; this includes developers ("Microsoft Certified Solution Developer"), system/network analysts ("Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer"), trainers ("Microsoft Certified Trainers") and administrators ("Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator" and "Microsoft Certified Database Administrator").[5] Microsoft Visual Studio is Microsofts flagship software development product for computer programmers. ... Computer programming (often simply programming) is the craft of implementing one or more interrelated abstract algorithms using a particular programming language to produce a concrete computer program. ... A compiler is a computer program that translates a computer program written in one computer language (called the source language) into an equivalent program written in another computer language (called the output or the target language). ... The Windows API, informally WinAPI, is the name given by Microsoft to the core set of application programming interfaces available in the Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... Visual Studio 2005 is the latest development suite from Microsoft. ... Microsoft Visual Studio is a series of IDEs by Microsoft. ... Look up indigo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This subsystem is a part of . ... A software package is a bundle of one or several files that either are necessary for the distribution and installation of a computer program, or which will upgrade and install additional features for an existing program already installed on a computer. ... In computing, DLL hell is a phrase for complications which arise when working with dynamic link libraries, or DLLs. ... Visual overview of the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) The Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) is an open specification developed by Microsoft that describes the executable code and runtime environment that form the core of the Microsoft . ... A Cisco ASM/2-32EM router deployed at CERN in 1987. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Novell, Inc. ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software (Fusion Middleware), enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain planning (SCM) software. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... MCSE is an initialism for Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer. ... MCT is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, including: Minnesota Chippewa Tribe Movement Control Team Microsoft Certified Trainer Medium Chain Triglycerides This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... MCSA stands for Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator and is one of four certifications issued by Microsoft to certify a users knowledge in Microsoft Windows operating systems. ... Microsoft Certified Database Administrator, or MCDBA, is one of Microsofts certification offerings. ...


Microsoft offers a suite of server software, entitled Windows Server System. Windows Server 2003, an operating system for network servers, is the core of the Windows Server System line. Another server product, Systems Management Server, is a collection of tools providing remote-control abilities, patch management, software distribution, and a hardware/software inventory. Other server products include: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Windows Server System logo Windows Server System is an integrated set of server software, from Microsoft, that forms the infrastructure for operating the backend of an institutions information technology system. ... Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft. ... Microsoft Systems Management Server (SMS) [1] is a product for managing large groups of Microsoft-based computer systems. ...

As of November 2006 Microsoft has extended itself to Linux and open source companies to allow Windows server to work harmoniously with servers running Linux. Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database management system (RDBMS) produced by Microsoft. ... A relational database is a database that conforms to the relational model, and refers to a databases data and schema (the databases structure of how that data is arranged). ... Microsoft Exchange Server is a messaging and collaborative software product developed by Microsoft. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Microsoft Small Business Server is an integrated suite of server products from Microsoft designed for running network infrastructure (both intranet management and Internet access) of small and medium enterprises having no more than 75 workstations. ... Microsoft BizTalk Server is a server product by Microsoft which provides the following functions: Business Process Automation, Business Process Modeling, Business-to-business Communication, Enterprise Application Integration and Message broker[1]. Its a server product targeted mostly at medium to large enterprises, but has been popular among small companies... Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system family. ...


Business

Front entrance to building 17 on the main campus of the Company's Redmond campus.
Front entrance to building 17 on the main campus of the Company's Redmond campus.

The Microsoft Business Division produces Microsoft Office, which is the company's line of office software. The software product includes Word (a word processor), Access (a personal relational database application), Excel (a spreadsheet program), Outlook (Windows-only groupware, frequently used with Exchange Server), PowerPoint (presentation software), Microsoft FrontPage (a WYSIWYG HTML editor), and Publisher (desktop publishing software). A number of other products were added later with the release of Office 2003 including Visio, Project, MapPoint, InfoPath and OneNote.[5] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 809 KB) Front lobby entrance of building 17, one of the largest buildings on the Main Campus portion of Microsofts Redmond campus. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 809 KB) Front lobby entrance of building 17, one of the largest buildings on the Main Campus portion of Microsofts Redmond campus. ... Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created or purchased by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows, and Apples Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems. ... Microsoft Word is a word processing application from Microsoft. ... Microsoft Access (current full name Microsoft Office Access) is a relational database management system from Microsoft, packaged with Microsoft Office Professional, and as a standalone product, which combines the relational Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a graphical user interface. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Screenshot of a spreadsheet made with OpenOffice. ... Microsoft Office Outlook is a personal information manager from Microsoft, and is part of the Microsoft Office suite. ... Collaborative software is software designed to help people involved in a common task achieve their goals. ... Microsoft Exchange Server is a messaging and collaborative software product developed by Microsoft. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Powerpoint Microsoft Office PowerPoint is a ubiquitous presentation program developed for the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS computer operating systems. ... Microsoft FrontPage (later full name Microsoft Office FrontPage) was a WYSIWYG HTML editor and web site administration tool from Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. ... WYSIWYG (IPA Pronunciation [] or []), is an acronym for What You See Is What You Get, used in computing to describe a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. ... An HTML editor is a software application for creating web pages. ... Microsoft Publisher is a desktop publishing application from Microsoft. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Microsoft Visio is diagramming software for Microsoft Windows. ... Microsoft Project (or MSP) is a project management software program developed and sold by Microsoft which is designed to assist project managers in developing plans, assigning resources to tasks, tracking progress, managing budgets and analyzing workloads. ... A screenshot of MapPoint in action Microsoft MapPoint is both a technology and a specific piece of software created by Microsoft yearly that allows users to view, edit and integrate maps. ... Microsoft Office 2003 InfoPath - Basic Information Microsoft Infopath is a tool used to develop XML based user forms that can be distributed through a network so that user information can be quickly and easily obtained and stored. ... Microsoft Office OneNote is a tool for note-taking, information gathering, and multi-user collaboration by Microsoft. ...


The division focuses on developing financial and business management software for companies. These products include products formerly produced by the Business Solutions Group, which was created in April 2001 with the acquisition of Great Plains. Subsequently, Navision was acquired to provide a similar entry into the European market, resulting in the planned release of Microsoft Dynamics NAV in 2006. The group markets Axapta and Solomon, catering to similar markets, which is scheduled to be combined with the Navision and Great Plains lines into a common platform called Microsoft Dynamics.[5] Great Plains is a mid-market business accounting software package that runs on top of a SQL database server. ... Microsoft Navision is an ERP computer program Microsoft Corporation supplies. ... Microsoft Dynamics NAV 4. ... Axapta is Microsoft’s flagship ERP system, originally developed by Damgaard Data A/S in Denmark before being bought by Navision then ultimately Microsoft. ... Microsoft Dynamics is a line of software for business made by Microsoft. ...


Entertainment and Devices

The Xbox 360, Microsoft's second system in the gaming console market.
The Xbox 360, Microsoft's second system in the gaming console market.

Microsoft has attempted to expand the Windows brand into many other markets, with products such as Windows CE for PDAs and its "Windows-powered" Smartphone products. Microsoft initially entered the mobile market through Windows CE for handheld devices, which today has developed into Windows Mobile 5. The focus of the operating system is on devices where the OS may not directly be visible to the end user, in particular, appliances and cars. The company produces MSN TV, formerly WebTV, a television-based Internet appliance. Microsoft used to sell a set-top Digital Video Recorder (DVR) called the UltimateTV, which allowed users to record up to 35 hours of television programming from a direct-to-home satellite television provider DirecTV. This was the main competition in the UK for British Sky Broadcasting's (BSkyB) SKY + service, owned by Rupert Murdoch. UltimateTV has since been discontinued, with DirecTV instead opting to market DVRs from TiVo Inc. before later switching to their own DVR brand.[5] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1555x2537, 664 KB) Opis Photo of Xbox 360. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1555x2537, 664 KB) Opis Photo of Xbox 360. ... The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are handheld computers that were originally designed as personal organizers, but became much more versatile over the years. ... This article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Windows Mobile is a compact operating system combined with a suite of basic applications for mobile devices based on the Microsoft Win32 API. Devices which run Windows Mobile include Pocket PCs, Smartphones, and Portable Media Centers. ... MSN TV (formerly WebTV) is the name of both a thin client which uses a television for display (rather than a monitor), and the online service that supports it. ... MSN TV (formerly WebTV) is an Internet appliance owned by Microsoft. ... An Internet appliance is a consumer product which accesses services on the Internet, such as the World Wide Web or Internet telephony, but which is not a general-purpose computer and does not have a hard drive in general. ... Foxtel IQ, a digital video recorder and a digital cable set-top box. ... // Overview UltimateTV was a product that was developed by Microsoft in Mountain View, California, and it was released to the public on October 26, 2000. ... A Satellite dish antenna A satellite dish is a type of parabolic reflector antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and/or receiving from satellites. ... Artists impression of a Boeing 601 satellite, as configured for digital television transmission by SES Astra Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... A standard DIRECTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DIRECTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States, the Caribbean and Latin America except for Mexico. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... TiVo (pronounced tee-voh, IPA: ) is a popular brand of digital video recorder (DVR) in the United States. ... Foxtel IQ, a digital video recorder and a digital cable set-top box. ...


Microsoft sells computer games that run on Windows PCs, including titles such as Age of Empires, Halo and the Microsoft Flight Simulator series. It produces a line of reference works that include encyclopedias and atlases, under the name Encarta. Microsoft Zone hosts free premium and retail games where players can compete against each other and in tournaments. Microsoft entered the multi-billion-dollar game console market dominated by Sony and Nintendo in late 2001,[35] with the release of the Xbox. The company develops and publishes its own video games for this console, with the help of its Microsoft Game Studios subsidiary, in addition to third-party Xbox video game publishers such as Electronic Arts and Activision, who pay a license fee to publish games for the system. The Xbox also has a successor in the Xbox 360, released on 2005-11-22 in North America and other countries.[36][37] With the Xbox 360, Microsoft hopes to compensate for the losses incurred with the original Xbox. However, Microsoft made some decisions considered controversial in the video gaming community, such as selling two different versions of the system, as well as providing backward compatibility with only particular Xbox titles.[38][39] In addition to the Xbox line of products, Microsoft also markets a number of other computing-related hardware products as well, including mice, keyboards, joysticks, and gamepads, along with other game controllers, the production of which is outsourced in most cases.[5] This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Age of Empires, abbreviated to AoE or AOE, is a history-based real-time strategy computer game released in 1997. ... Halo is video game series created by Bungie Studios. ... Microsoft Flight Simulator is a flight simulator program for Microsoft Windows, marketed and often seen as a video game. ... A reference work is a compendium of information, usually of a specific type, compiled for ease of reference. ... Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon, 1902 An encylopedia, encyclopaedia or (traditionally) encyclopædia,[1] is a comprehensive written compendium that contains information on all branches of knowledge or a particular branch of knowledge. ... For other meanings of Atlas, see Atlas (disambiguation). ... Microsoft Zone (also known as Zone. ... The Nintendo GameCube is an example of a popular video game console. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... Microsoft Game Studios (MGS), branded with current logo and moniker in 2002 (formerly the Microsoft Game Division), is a wholly owned subsidiary of Microsoft Corp. ... In the video game industry, a third-party developer is a developer that is not directly tied to the primary product the consumer is using. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... EA redirects here. ... Activision, Inc. ... The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... A Gaming Community A gaming community is usually a group of like minded individuals working towards a goal (such as premoting fair play and team work) or supporting each other within games (usually online games such as MMORPGs or FPSs. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Operating a mechanical 1: Pulling the mouse turns the ball. ... A computer keyboard is a peripheral partially modeled after the typewriter keyboard. ... Joystick elements: 1. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Game controller. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Outsourcing (or contracting out) is often defined as the delegation of non-core operations or jobs from internal production within a business to an external entity (such as a subcontractor) that specializes in that operation. ...


Business culture

Photo of Microsoft's RedWest campus.
Photo of Microsoft's RedWest campus.
Landscaping at Microsoft's RedWest campus is top-tier.
Landscaping at Microsoft's RedWest campus is top-tier.

Microsoft has often been described as having a developer-centric business culture. A great deal of time and money is spent each year on recruiting young university-trained software developers and on keeping them in the company. For example, while many software companies often place an entry-level software developer in a cubicle desk within a large office space filled with other cubicles, Microsoft assigns a private or semiprivate closed office to every developer or pair of developers. In addition, key decision makers at every level are either developers or former developers. In a sense, the software developers at Microsoft are considered the "stars" of the company in the same way that the sales staff at IBM are considered the "stars" of their company.[11] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1341 KB) Photographer: Tom Harpel from Seattle, Washington, United States Title: On Campus Description: I work at Microsofts RedWest campus, a great example of corporate landscaping. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1341 KB) Photographer: Tom Harpel from Seattle, Washington, United States Title: On Campus Description: I work at Microsofts RedWest campus, a great example of corporate landscaping. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 4. ... A software developer is a person who is concerned with one or more facets of the software development process, a somewhat broader scope of computer programming or a specialty of project managing. ... Decision making is the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives. ...


Within Microsoft the expression "eating our own dog food" is used to describe the policy of using the latest Microsoft products inside the company in an effort to test them in "real-world" situations. Only prerelease and beta versions of products are considered dog food.[40] This is usually shortened to just "dog food" and is used as noun, verb, and adjective. The company is also known for their hiring process, dubbed the "Microsoft interview", which is notorious for off-the-wall questions such as "Why is a manhole cover round?" and is a process often mimicked in other organizations, although these types of questions are rarer now than they were in the past.[41] For fun, Microsoft also hosts the Microsoft Puzzle Hunt, an annual puzzle hunt (a live puzzle game where teams compete to solve a series of puzzles) held at the Redmond campus. To say that a company eats its own dog food means that it uses the products that it makes. ... The Microsoft interview is usually divided into three phases. ... Princeton University manhole cover, Princeton, NJ, USA Pick holes in manhole cover, Palo Alto, CA, USA Kraków manhole cover (note integral hinge) Painted manhole cover in Matsumoto, Japan. ... The Microsoft Puzzlehunt is a quasi-annual Microsoft tradition started in 1999. ... A live puzzle game where teams compete to solve a series of puzzles in a site or multiple sites. ...


As of 2006, Microsoft employees, not including Bill Gates, have given over $2.5bn dollars to non-profit organizations worldwide, making Microsoft the worldwide top company in per-employee donations.[42] In January 2007, the Harris Interactive/The Wall Street Journal Reputation Quotient survey recognized Microsoft as having the world's best corporate reputation. Aside from citing strong financial performance, vision & leadership, and workplace environment rankings, the survey noted that the company's reputation has been boosted by the work of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.[43] A nonprofit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes. ... The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (B&MGF) is the largest transparently operated[2] charitable foundation in the world, founded by Bill and Melinda Gates in 2000 and doubled in size by Warren Buffett in 2006. ...


User culture

Technical reference for developers and articles for various Microsoft magazines such as Microsoft Systems Journal (or MSJ) are available through the Microsoft Developer Network, often called MSDN. MSDN also offers subscriptions for companies and individuals, and the more expensive subscriptions usually offer access to pre-release beta versions of Microsoft software.[44][45] In recent years, Microsoft launched a community site for developers and users, entitled Channel9, which provides many modern features such as a wiki and an Internet forum.[46] Another community site that provides daily videocasts and other services, On10.net, launched on March 3, 2006.[47] The Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) is an information service from Microsoft for software developers. ... Channel 9 is a Microsoft discussion forum used to promote conversations among Microsofts customers targetted at Microsoft Windows users. ... Look up Wiki in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A typical Internet forum discussion, with common elements such as emoticons, avatars, and quotes. ... VODcast is an emerging term used for the online delivery of video on demand content via RSS enclosures. ...


Most free technical support available through Microsoft is provided through online Usenet newsgroups (in the early days it was also provided on CompuServe). There are several of these newsgroups for nearly every product Microsoft provides, and often they are monitored by Microsoft employees. People who are helpful on the newsgroups can be elected by other peers or Microsoft employees for Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) status, which entitles people to a sort of special social status, in addition to possibilities for awards and other benefits.[9] Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP network of the same name. ... A newsgroup is a repository, usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users at different locations. ... CompuServe, (in full, CompuServe Information Services, or CIS), was the first major commercial online service in the United States, dominating the field during the 1980s and remaining a major player through the mid-1990s when it was sidelined by the rise of information services, such as AOL, who adopted pricing... The Microsoft MVP Logo The Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) Program is an award and recognition program run by Microsoft. ...


Corporate affairs

Corporate structure

The company is run by a Board of Directors consisting of ten people, made up of mostly company outsiders (as is customary for publicly traded companies). Current members of the board of directors are: Steve Ballmer, James Cash, Jr., Dina Dublon, Bill Gates, Raymond Gilmartin, Reed Hastings, David Marquardt, Charles Noski, Helmut Panke, and Jon Shirley.[48] The ten board members are elected every year at the annual shareholders' meeting, and those who do not get a majority of votes must submit a resignation to the board, which will subsequently choose whether or not to accept the resignation. There are five committees within the board which oversee more specific matters. These committees include the Audit Committee, which handles accounting issues with the company including auditing and reporting; the Compensation Committee, which approves compensation for the CEO and other employees of the company; the Finance Committee, which handles financial matters such as proposing mergers and acquisitions; the Governance and Nominating Committee, which handles various corporate matters including nomination of the board; and the Antitrust Compliance Committee, which attempts to prevent company practices from violating antitrust laws.[49][50] A publicly traded corporation often refers to a company whose shares are traded on the open market, such as a stock market. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer of the company charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American businessman and has been the chief executive officer of Microsoft Corporation since January 2000. ... James Cash, Jr. ... Dina Dublon is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft. ... William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the worlds largest software company. ... Raymond Gilmartin is the former CEO of MERCK. Categories: People stubs ... Reed Hastings at the Web 2. ... David Marquardt is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft. ... Charles Noski is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft. ... Helmut Panke is a current member of the board of directors at Microsoft. ... Jon Shirley is the former president of Microsoft and currently one of its directors. ... A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or company (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a joint stock company. ... A resignation is the formal act of giving up ones office or position. ... Finance addresses the ways in which individuals, business entities and other organizations allocate and use monetary resources over time. ... This article is about anti-competitive business behavior. ...


There are several other aspects to the corporate structure of Microsoft. For worldwide matters there is the Executive Team, made up of sixteen company officers across the globe, which is charged with various duties including making sure employees understand Microsoft's culture of business. The sixteen officers of the Executive Team include the Chairman and Chief Software Architect, the CEO, the General Counsel and Secretary, the CFO, senior and group vice presidents from the business units, the CEO of the Europe, the Middle East and Africa regions; and the heads of Worldwide Sales, Marketing and Services; Human Resources; and Corporate Marketing. In addition to the Executive Team there is also the Corporate Staff Council, which handles all major staff functions of the company, including approving corporate policies. The Corporate Staff Council is made up of employees from the Law and Corporate Affairs, Finance, Human Resources, Corporate Marketing, and Advanced Strategy and Policy groups at Microsoft. Other Executive Officers include the Presidents and Vice Presidents of the various product divisions, leaders of the marketing section, and the CTO, among others.[51][verification needed][5] The software architecture of a program or computing system is the structure or structures of the system, which comprise software elements, the externally visible properties of those elements, and the relationships between them. ... A General Counsel is the chief lawyer of a legal department, usually in a corporation or government department. ... CFO is usually short for Chief Financial Officer, but may also mean: Carrier frequency offset Ceramic fiber optics Chief Fire Officer Chief of Flight Operations Conselho Federal de Odontologia (cfo. ... Human resources has at least two meanings depending on context. ... While Executive officer literally refers to a person responsible for the performance of duties involved in running an organization, the exact meaning of the role is highly variable, depending on the organization. ... A chief technical officer or chief technology officer (abbreviated as CTO) is an executive position whose holder is focused on scientific and technical issues within a company. ...


Stock

When the company debuted its IPO in March 13, 1986, the stock price was US$21.[52][53] By the close of the first trading day, the stock had closed at twenty-eight dollars, equivalent to 9.7 cents when adjusted for the company's first nine splits.[53] The initial close and ensuing rise in subsequent years made several Microsoft employees millions.[8] The stock price peaked in 1999 at around US$119 (US$60.928 adjusting for splits).[53] While the company has had nine stock splits, the first of which was in September 18, 1987, the company did not start offering a dividend until January 16, 2003.[53][54] The dividend for the 2003 fiscal year was eight cents per share, followed by a dividend of sixteen cents per share the subsequent year.[54] The company switched from yearly to quarterly dividends in 2005, for eight cents a share per quarter with a special one-time payout of three dollars per share for the second quarter of the fiscal year.[54] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Stock (disambiguation). ... In Business, the trading day is the time span that a particular stock exchange is open. ... Stock split refers to a corporate action that increases the shares in a public company. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up dividend in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Special or Significant Dividend Payments. ...


Around 2003 the stock price began a slow descent. Despite the company's ninth split on February 2, 2003 and subsequent increases in dividend payouts, the price of Microsoft's stock continued to fall for the next several years.[54][55] However, starting around late 2006, Microsoft's stock began a slow but somewhat steady climb, helped in part by the release of two important projects, the Windows Vista operating system and the Office 2007 productivity suite. February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Windows Vista is the latest release of Microsoft Windows, a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... 2007 Microsoft Office system, also known as Microsoft Office 2007, is Microsofts next release of its productivity suite, slated to replace Microsoft Office 2003. ...


Diversity

In 2005, Microsoft received a 100% rating in the Corporate Equality Index from the Human Rights Campaign, a ranking of companies by how progressive the organization deems their policies concerning LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual) employees. Partly through the work of the Gay and Lesbian Employees at Microsoft (GLEAM) group, Microsoft added gender expression to its antidiscrimination policies in April 2005, and the Human Rights Campaign upgraded Microsoft's Corporate Equality Index from its 86% rating in 2004 to its current 100% rating.[56][57] HRC logo The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is one of the largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) equal rights organization in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... Gay and Lesbian Employees at Microsoft (GLEAM) is a group of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered employees at Microsoft. ... Gender, for the purposes of this article, is the perceived or projected (self-identified) masculinity or femininity of a person. ...


In April 2005, Microsoft received wide criticism for withdrawing support from Washington state's H.B. 1515 bill that would have extended the state's current antidiscrimination laws to people with alternate sexual orientations,[58]. Microsoft was accused of bowing to pressure from local evangelical pastor Ken Hutcherson who met with a senior Microsoft executive and threatened a national boycott of Microsoft's products. [59] Microsoft also revealed they were paying evangelical conservative Ralph Reed's company Century Strategies a $20,000 monthly fee.[60] Over 2,000 employees signed a petition asking Microsoft to reinstate support for the bill. [61] Under harsh criticism from both outside and inside the company's walls, Microsoft decided to support the bill again in May 2005.[62][61] Sexual orientation describes the direction of an individuals sexuality, often in relation to their own sex or gender. ...


Microsoft hires many foreign workers as well as domestic ones, and is an outspoken opponent of the cap on H1B visas, which allow companies in the United States to employ certain foreign workers. Bill Gates claims the cap on H1B visas make it difficult to hire employees for the company, stating "I'd certainly get rid of the H1B cap."[63] The H-1B visa program allows American companies and universities to employ foreign scientists, engineers and programmers in the United States. ...


Working Mother magazine named Microsoft one of the 100 Best Companies for Working Mothers in 2004 and 2005.[64]


Logos and slogans

In 1987, Microsoft adopted its current logo, the so-called "Pacman Logo" designed by Scott Baker. According to the March 1987 Computer Reseller News Magazine, "The new logo, in Helvetica italic typeface, has a slash between the o and to emphasize the "soft" part of the name and convey motion and speed." Dave Norris, a Microsoft employee, ran an internal joke campaign to save the old logo, which was green, in all uppercase, and featured a fanciful letter O, nicknamed the blibbet, but it was discarded.[65][verification needed] Monitor Orientation: Vertical Type: Raster, standard resolution (224 x 288) 16 Colors Notes Developed during the Golden Age of Arcade Games. ... Scott Baker designed the current Microsoft logo in 1987. ...


Microsoft's logo depicted here, with the "Your potential. Our passion." tagline below the main corporate name, is based on the slogan Microsoft had as of 2006. In 2002, the company started using the logo in the United States and eventually started a TV campaign with the slogan, changed from the previous tagline of "Where do you want to go today?."[66][67][68]

Criticism

See also: Criticism of Microsoft

Criticism of Microsoft has followed the companys existence because of various aspects of its products and business practices. ...

Corporate

Since the 1980s, Microsoft has been the focus of much controversy in the computer industry. Most criticism has been for its business tactics, which some perceive as unfair and anticompetitive. Often, these tactics have been described with the motto "embrace, extend and extinguish". Microsoft initially embraces a competing standard or product, then extends it to produce their own incompatible version of the software or standard, which in time extinguishes competition that does not or cannot use Microsoft's new version.[69] These and other tactics have led to various companies and governments filing lawsuits against Microsoft.[70][31][10] Microsoft has been called a "velvet sweatshop" in reference to allegations of the company working its employees to the point where it might be bad for their health. The first instance of "velvet sweatshop" in reference to Microsoft originated from a Seattle Times article in 1989, and later became used to describe the company by some of Microsoft's own employees.[71][72] Microsoft, like many other companies in their heyday, has publicly stated that it aims to embrace and extend popular standards and existing work. ... The daily Seattle Times is the leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ...


Free software proponents point to the company's joining of the Trusted Computing Platform Alliance (TCPA) as a cause of concern. A group of companies that seek to implement an initiative called Trusted Computing (which is claimed to set out to increase security and privacy in a user's computer), the TCPA is decried by critics as a means to allow software developers to enforce any sort of restriction they wish over their software. This article is about free software as defined by the sociopolitical free software movement; for information on software distributed without charge, see freeware. ... The Trusted Computing Group (TCG), successor to the Trusted Computing Platform Alliance (TCPA), is an initiative led by AMD, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Sony, and Sun Microsystems to implement trusted computing. ... Trusted Computing Group, the creators of trusted computing Trusted Computing (commonly abbreviated TC) is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group (TCG). ...

Large media corporations, together with computer companies such as Microsoft and Intel, are planning to make your computer obey them instead of you Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ...

Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software Foundation[73]

Advocates of free software also take issue with Microsoft's promotion of Digital Rights Management (DRM), and the company's total cost of ownership (TCO) comparisons with its "Get the facts" campaign. Digital Rights Management is a technology that gives digital content and software providers the ability to put restrictions on how their products are used on their customers' machines; these restrictions are seen by the technology's detractors as an infringement on fair use and other rights.[74] DRM restricts even legal uses, for example, re-mixing or playing in a slideshow. Microsoft is not the only platform provider who supports DRM, however. For example, Apple Computer has been under fire from the French Government for "FairPlay," a DRM system used to control usage of content downloaded from its iTunes Music Store service.[75] The "Get the facts" campaign argues that Windows Server has a lower TCO than Linux and lists a variety of studies in order to prove its case.[76] Proponents of Linux unveiled their own study arguing that, contrary to one of Microsoft's claims, Linux has lower management costs than Windows Server.[77] Another study by the Yankee Group claims that Windows Server costs less than Linux for those with legacy systems and more for those without.[78] Richard Matthew Stallman (often substituted as RMS) (born March 16, 1953) is an acclaimed software freedom activist, hacker, and software developer. ... The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit corporation founded in October 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project. ... Digital Rights Management (generally abbreviated to DRM) is an umbrella term that refers to any of several technologies used by publishers or copyright owners to control access to and usage of digital data or hardware, and to restrictions associated with a specific instance of a digital work or device. ... It has been suggested that Life cycle cost analysis be merged into this article or section. ... For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ... FairPlay is a digital rights management (DRM) technology created by Apple Inc. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into ITunes. ... This article or section reads like an advertisement. ...


Technical

A screenshot of the "Blue Screen of Death" in Windows XP. It is a screen encountered when Windows cannot (or is in danger of being unable to) recover from a system error.
A screenshot of the "Blue Screen of Death" in Windows XP. It is a screen encountered when Windows cannot (or is in danger of being unable to) recover from a system error.[79]

Older versions of Microsoft products were often characterized as being unstable—versions of Windows based on MS-DOS, and later the Windows 95 kernel from the mid 1990s to early 2000s, were widely panned for their instability, displaying the "Blue Screen of Death", when Windows abruptly terminates an application—usually due to malfunctioning drivers or hardware. In Windows NT/2000/XP Professional, the blue screen is also known as the Windows Stop Message.[79][80] While less frequent, Windows 2000 and XP are still susceptible to Blue Screens of Death.[81] Blue Screens of Death in Windows NT/2000/XP and later Windows systems are the equivalent of kernel panics in Unix-like systems. Although many of these bugs are from Windows itself, Microsoft stated[citation needed] that computer users who are not familiar with the division of responsibilities among applications, the operating system, and third-party device drivers sometimes blame them for problems that are created by third-party software, particularly poorly written device drivers. As an effort to enforce the usage of signed drivers (which must pass a compatibility test), Microsoft announced that they will disallow unsigned drivers in the 64-bit editions of Windows Vista.[82][verification needed][83][verification needed][84] Image File history File links Windows_XP_BSOD.png‎ Summary A Windows XP Blue Screen of Death. ... Image File history File links Windows_XP_BSOD.png‎ Summary A Windows XP Blue Screen of Death. ... A public payphone has failed and is displaying the Blue Screen of Death. ... Windows XP is a line of proprietary operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... A public payphone has failed and is displaying the Blue Screen of Death. ... The Mac OS X kernel panic alert Kernel panic on a Linux 2. ... Diagram of the relationships between several Unix-like systems A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... Windows XP loading drivers during a Safe Mode bootup A device driver, or a software driver is a specific type of computer software, typically developed to allow interaction with hardware devices. ... In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ...


Numerous Microsoft products, most notably Internet Explorer and earlier versions of Outlook, are seen as being insecure to malicious attacks such as computer viruses. Rob Pegoraro, writing for the Washington Post, says that due to Windows leaving five Internet ports open for various running services, malware has an easier time compromising the system.[85] In an article for SecurityFocus, Scott Granneman said that as of 2004-06-17 there were 153 accumulated security holes since 2001-04-18 and that Internet Explorer "is a buggy, insecure, dangerous piece of software."[86] Mike Nash, a Microsoft Corporate Vice President, responded to Internet Explorer security concerns in a 2005 interview by stating that the version of Internet Explorer shipped with Windows XP Service Pack 2 gives it security on the same level as its competition.[87] The current version, Internet Explorer 7, has a security overhaul with anti-phishing and malware prevention technology.[88] A computer virus is a computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user. ... ... SecurityFocus. ... Scott Granneman is an author and a monthly columnist at SecurityFocus and Linux Magazine. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Internet Explorer. ...


Microsoft.com

Microsoft.com is one of the most popular destinations on the Internet, receiving more than 100 million hits per day. According to Alexa.com, Microsoft.com is ranked 13th amongst all websites for Traffic Rank as on March 30, 2007.[89] This is however atleast partly attributed to the default settings of Internet Explorer, which sets the initial homepage of Internet Explorer to Microsoft.com. It has been suggested that Internet Explorer 7 be merged into this article or section. ...

See also

General

Microsoft Pirates of Silicon Valley (1999) is an unauthorized made-for-television docudrama written and directed by Martyn Burke. ...

  • Actimates − Set of toys developed by Microsoft.
  • Pcsafety − Part of Microsoft's technical support that deals with malware and virus issues.
  • Trustworthy Computing − Microsoft's initiative for increasing security and reliability on PCs.
  • Ultra Mobile PC − Joint specification by Microsoft and others for a small form factor tablet PC.
  • Microsoft Studios − A division responsible for the creation of video content for Microsoft and its partners.
  • Microsoft Research - A division responsible for the research of computer sciences.

Lists Actimates is a series of toys released by Microsoft. ... Pcsafety is a department of Microsoft technical support. ... Trusted computing (TC) refers to a family of specifications from the controversial TCPA with their stated goal of making computers more secure through the use of dedicated hardware. ... Samsung Q1 UMPC, using Touch Pack Interface. ... A tablet PC is a notebook- or slate-shaped mobile computer. ... General information Microsoft Studios is part of building 127 at Microsofts main Redmond campus. ... Microsoft Research is a division of Microsoft that is devoted to researching various computer science topics and issues. ...

Microsoft has interest in the following areas: // Microsoft Windows including Windows XP, Windows Me, Windows NT Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-DOS) DirectX - Windows library for audio, user input, and 2D/3D graphics (software) Xbox - Game Console Microsoft Office System and Microsoft Works The worlds most widespread office suite. ... This is a list of companies acquired by Microsoft Corporation sorted by the year of purchase. ... The following is an incomplete list of Microsoft software applications. ... The following is a list of Microsoft topics. ...

Notes and references

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  4. ^ a b Fast Facts about Microsoft. Microsoft (June 30, 2006). Retrieved on 2007 March 30.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Microsoft Corporation Annual Report 2005 (doc). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2005 October 1.
  6. ^ Bishop, Todd. "The rest of the motto", Todd Bishop's Microsoft Blog, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, September 23, 2004. Retrieved on 2007-01-22.
  7. ^ Chapman, Merrill R., In search of stupidity: over 20 years of high-tech marketing disasters (2nd Edition) , Apress, ISBN 1-59059-721-4
  8. ^ a b Julie Bick. "The Microsoft Millionaires Come of Age", The New York Times, 2005-05-29. Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
  9. ^ a b c Hiawatha Bray (2005-06-13). Somehow, Usenet lumbers on. The Boston Globe. Retrieved on 2006 July 3.
    * Microsoft Frequently Asked Questions. Microsoft (Most Valued Professional). Retrieved on 2006 July 1.
  10. ^ a b c United States v. Microsoft. U.S. Department of Justice. Retrieved on 2005 August 5. homepage at the United States Department of Justice
  11. ^ a b Charles, John. "Indecent proposal? Doing Business With Microsoft". IEEE Software (January/February 1998): 113-117. 
    * Jennifer Edstrom; Marlin Eller (1998). Barbarians Led by Bill Gates: Microsoft from inside. N.Y. Holt. ISBN 0-8050-5754-4. 
    * Fred Moody (1995). I Sing the Body Electronic: A Year With Microsoft on the Multimedia Frontier. Viking. ISBN 0-670-84875-1. 
    * Michael A. Cusumano; Richard W. Selby (1995). Microsoft Secrets: How the World's Most Powerful Software Company Creates Technology, Shapes Markets and Manages People. Free Press. ISBN 0-684-85531-3. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Information for Students: Key Events In Microsoft History (doc). Microsoft Visitor Center Student Information. Retrieved on 2005 October 1.
  13. ^ Booting Your PC: Getting Up Close & Personal With A Computer’s BIOS. Smart Computing (November 1999). Retrieved on 2006 September 2.
    * What Is The BIOS?. Smart Computing (July 1994). Retrieved on 2006 September 2.
    * Everything You Want or Need to Know About Your BIOS. Extreme Tech. Retrieved on 2006 September 2.
    * Lemley, Mark; Peter S. Menell and Robert P. Merges (2006). "Appendix B: Introduction to Computer Technology", Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age (PDF), 4th, New York: Aspen Publishers. ISBN 0-7355-3652-X. Retrieved on 2006 September 2. 
    * MS DOS and PC DOS. Lexikon's History of Computing. Retrieved on 2006 July 5.
    * "When It Comes To DOS, You Now Have A Choice", Smart Computing, June 1994. Retrieved on 2006-07-05.
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  19. ^ David Both. OS/2 History. OS/2 VOICE. Retrieved on 2006 July 3.
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  22. ^ Andrew Orlowski (2004-11-16). Novell's MS complaint: we wuz robbed. The Register. Situation Publishing Ltd. Retrieved on 2006 July 4.
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  24. ^ Sandi Hardmeier (2005-08-25). Microsoft - The History of Internet Explorer. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2007 February 6.
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  37. ^ Xbox 360 sells out within hours. BBC (December 2, 2005). Retrieved on 2006 July 3.
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  39. ^ Tor Thorsen (2005-12-09). 360 backward-compatibility update rereleased. GameSpot. Retrieved on 2006 July 14.
  40. ^ CNET News.com Staff (2003-07-21). Microsoft tests its own 'dog food'. ZDNet. CNET Networks. Retrieved on 2005 October 9.
  41. ^ William Poundstone (2003-05-21). Square Manhole Covers and Crazy Questions. G4TV. G4 Media. Retrieved on 2006 July 1.
  42. ^ Microsoft (September 21, 2006). Microsoft and Its Employees Surpass $2.5 Billion Mark Through Charitable Donations: Culture of volunteerism and philanthropy encourages company and 70,000 employees to make a difference. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-09-22.
  43. ^ Ron Alsop. "How Boss's Deeds Buff a Firm's Reputation", The Wall Street Journal, 2007-01-31. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  44. ^ MSDN Subscription FAQ. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2006 July 3.
  45. ^ Microsoft Systems Journal Homepage. Microsoft (April 15, 2004). Retrieved on 2006 July 3.
  46. ^ Neville Hobson (2005-04-11). Microsoft's Channel 9 And Cultural Rules. WebProNews. iEntry Inc. Retrieved on 2006 July 3.
  47. ^ On10.net homepage. Retrieved on 2006 May 4.
  48. ^ Microsoft. Microsoft Board of Directors. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-03-26.
  49. ^ Microsoft Corporation Corporate Governance Guidelines. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2005 October 9.
  50. ^ Microsoft 2005 Proxy Statement. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2006 July 3.
  51. ^ Microsoft 2004 Citizenship Report. Microsoft. Retrieved on 2005 October 9.
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    * Ina Fried and Scott Ard (June 15, 2006). Gates stepping down from full-time Microsoft role, page 2. ZDNet News. Retrieved on 2006 July 4.
  56. ^ Corporate Equality Index: A Report Card on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Equality in Corporate America (PDF). Human Rights Campaign Foundation (2005). Retrieved on 2005 October 13.
  57. ^ Gay and Lesbian Employees at Microsoft (GLEAM). Microsoft. Retrieved on 2006 June 26.
  58. ^ Human Rights Campaign Foundation (April 22, 2005). HRC Expresses profound disappoingment with Microsoft's withdrawal of support for H.B. 1515. Press release. Retrieved on August 11.
  59. ^ Microsoft Caves on Gay Rights
  60. ^ Payments to Reed Sully Microsoft
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For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pron. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The daily Seattle Post-Intelligencer is the second leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... DOJ headquarters in Washington, D.C. Justice Department redirects here. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... IDG (International Data Group) is a publisher of magazines which focus on information technology. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... VNU Group b. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... Current logo of The Register. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CMP Media LLC is a business-to-business multimedia company that provides information and integrated marketing services to technology and healthcare professionals worldwide. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... Categories: Companies traded on NASDAQ | Corporation stubs | Websites | Internet companies of the United States ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... G4 Media, Inc. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (86th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (133rd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Adweek is a weekly American advertising trade publication. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... In 1989 Ziff Davis Inc. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (65th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... {{Infobox_Company | company_name = CNET Networks| company_logo = | company_type = [[Publicly traded NASDAQ: CNET foundation = 1993| location = San Francisco, California, USA| key_people = Shelby W. Bonnie, Co-founder, Chairman, and CEO| num_employees = 2,080 (2006)| industry = Internet Information Provider| homepage = [1] ==CNET Networks, Inc. ... CNET Networks Inc. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (82nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (84th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

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