A "Micropolis" ("mini-city") is a demographics term that gained currency in the 1990s to describe growing population centers in the United States that are far removed from a large city, even 100 miles (160 km) or more. They are drawing refugees both from rural America and suburbia, offering some of the cultural attractions and conveniences of towns without all the expenses and liabilities of urban sprawl. Telecommuting and Internet mail-ordering can make it easier to organize trade and commerce from an isolated population center. Employers find it easier to open a factory or an office park in these towns, which have plenty of developable land and lower real estate costs than the suburbs or traditional metropolitan areas. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In 2003, the United States government, through the Census Bureau and the Office of Management and Budget, recognized a new community classification called the micropolitan area. ... Demographics is a shorthand term for population characteristics. Demographics include age, income, mobility (in terms of travel time to work or number of vehicles available), educational attainment, home ownership, employment status, and even location. ... The term suburbia is frequently used to encapsulate the concept of suburbs as oddly picturesque slices of tract-home nuclear family life that harbour forces destructive of natural human impulses towards true community and concerns of communal welfare. ... Urban sprawl (also called suburban sprawl) is a pejorative term for the expansive, often explosive and sometimes reckless, growth of a metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... Telecommuting is a term used in the USA, coined by Jack Nilles to describe a work arrangement in which employees enjoy flexibility in work place and time (within certain limits). ...
In mid-2003 the US Census Bureau officially recognized the new designation of "micropolitan" areas, defining them as having at least one town of 10,000 to 49,999 people, and with few of its residents commuting outside the area. The Bureau identified 567 such "micropolises" in the continental U.S. More than 28 million people, or one in 10 Americans, reside in a micropolis, which spreads around a somewhat diffuse core. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...
The Real Estate Journal analyzes the micropolis market
In the article "Economic structure and socioeconomic change in America's micropolitan areas, 1970-1997," published in the summer 2002 issue of The Social Science Journal, Vias and his co-authors find that such areas exhibit many of the broad changes that are a hallmark of economic restructuring in all regions of the country.
The researchers define micropolitan areas, which are sometimes called emerging metropolitan areas, as county-level units with a total population of more than 40,000 and a central city with a population exceeding 15,000.
The researchers found that the number of micropolitan areas with mining centers declined from 14 in 1970 to five in 1997, and the number of areas with agricultural bases dropped from 20 to five.
In the key battleground state of Ohio, the micropolitan voting age population increased by only 2.3 percent between 2000 and 2003 (the last year for which reliable census numbers are available).
But turnout in micropolitan counties grew from 53.4 percent of the voting age population in 2000 to 60.5 percent in 2004 -- an increase of 108,000 voters.
In the 16 battleground states that were contested in the two elections, Bush won micropolitan counties by a total of 510,000 votes in 2000, and by 750,000 votes in 2004, a net increase of 240,000 votes.
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