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Encyclopedia > Mickey Mouse
Mickey Mouse
Mickey Mouse
First appearance Plane Crazy (May 15, 1928)
Created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks
Voiced by Walt Disney (1928–1947)
Jim MacDonald (1947–1977)
Wayne Allwine (1977 to date)
Also known as

Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. Mickey Mouse was created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks[1] and voiced by Walt Disney. The Walt Disney Company celebrates his birth as November 18, 1928 upon the release of Steamboat Willie.[2] The anthropomorphic mouse has evolved from being simply a character in animated cartoons and comic strips to become one of the most recognizable symbols in the world. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In comic books, first appearance refers to first comic book to feature a character. ... Mickey and Minnie in Plane Crazy (1928) Plane Crazy (1928) (first released on May 15, 1928) was the first animated cartoon to feature Mickey Mouse as well as Minnie Mouse (Mickeys girlfriend). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Jim MacDonald voiced Mickey Mouse from 1946-1977. ... Wayne Anthony Allwine (born February 7, 1947 in Los Angeles, California) is an American voice actor, a sound effects editor and foley artist for Walt Disney Studios and the current voice behind Mickey Mouse, a role he assumed from Jimmy MacDonald. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Bugs Bunny, a typical funny animal character Funny animal is a cartooning term for the genre of comics and animated cartoons in which the main characters are humanoid or talking animals. ... A fictional character is any person who appears in a work of fiction. ... Disney redirects here. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Steamboat Willie (1928) is an animated cartoon featuring Mickey Mouse released on November 18, 1928. ... Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. ... This article is about the animal. ... An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ...

Contents

Creation and debut

mickey was created as a replacement for Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, an earlier cartoon character created by the Disney studio for Charles Mintz of Universal Studios. In fact, Mickey closely resembled Oswald in his early appearances. Hugh Harman drew some sketches of mice for a photograph of Disney, which inspired Ub Iwerks to create a character to replace Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. This inspiration became one of Disney's most recongisable characters in the world, Mickey Mouse. When Disney asked for a larger budget for his popular Oswald series, Mintz announced he had hired the bulk of Disney's staff, but that Disney could keep doing the Oswald series, as long as he agreed to a budget cut and went on the payroll. Mintz owned Oswald and thought he had Disney over a barrel. Angrily, Disney refused the deal and returned to California to produce the final Oswald cartoons he contractually owed Mintz. Disney was dismayed at the betrayal by his staff, but determined to restart from scratch. The new Disney Studio initially consisted of animator Ub Iwerks and a loyal apprentice artist, Les Clark. One lesson Disney learned from the experience was to thereafter always make sure that he owned all rights to the characters produced by his company. An Oswald the Lucky Rabbit movie poster from 1927. ... Charles B. Mintz was an American film producer and distributor, who took control over Margaret J. Winklers Winkler Pictures after marrying her in 1924. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ...


In the spring of 1928, Disney asked Ub Iwerks to start drawing up new character ideas. Iwerks tried sketches of frogs, dogs and cats, but none of these appealed to Disney. A female cow and male horse were also rejected. They would later turn up as Clarabelle Cow and Horace Horsecollar.[3] Ub Iwerks eventually got inspiration from an old drawing. In 1925, Hugh Harman drew some sketches of mice around a photograph of Walt Disney. These inspired Ub Iwerks to create a new mouse character for Disney called Mickey Mouse.[4] Clarabelle Cow is a cartoon character from the Mickey Mouse universe. ... Horace Horsecollar is a fictional character created by Ub Iwerks for Walt Disney. ... Hugh Harman (1908–1982) and Rudolf Rudy Ising (1903–1992) were animators best known for founding the Warner Bros. ...


"We felt that the public, and especially the children, like animals that are cute and little. I think we are rather indebted to Charlie Chaplin for the idea. We wanted something appealing, and we thought of a tiny bit of a mouse that would have something of the wistfulness of Chaplin — a little fellow trying to do the best he could." Charles Chaplin redirects here. ...


"When people laugh at Mickey Mouse, it's because he's so human; and that is the secret of his popularity."[1]


"I only hope that we don't lose sight of one thing — that it was all started by a mouse." — Walt Disney [5]


Plane Crazy

Mickey and Minnie debuted in the cartoon short Plane Crazy, first released on May 15, 1928. The cartoon was co-directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. Iwerks was also the main animator for this short, and reportedly spent six weeks working on it. In fact, Iwerks was the main animator for every Disney short released in 1928 and 1929. Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising also assisted Disney during those years. They had already signed their contracts with Charles Mintz, but he was still in the process of forming his new studio and so for the time being they were still employed by Disney. This short would be the last they animated under this somewhat awkward situation. Minerva Minnie Mouse is a fictional character of the Mickey Mouse universe featured in animated cartoons, comic strips and comic book by The Walt Disney Company. ... Mickey and Minnie in Plane Crazy (1928) Plane Crazy (1928) (first released on May 15, 1928) was the first animated cartoon to feature Mickey Mouse as well as Minnie Mouse (Mickeys girlfriend). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An animator is an artist who creates multiple images called frames that form an illusion of movement called animation when rapidly displayed. ... An animator is an artist who creates multiple images called frames that form an illusion of movement called animation when rapidly displayed. ... Hugh Harman (1908–1982) and Rudolf Rudy Ising (1903–1992) were animators best known for founding the Warner Bros. ... Hugh Harman (1908–1982) and Rudolf Rudy Ising (1903–1992) were animators best known for founding the Warner Bros. ...


The plot of Plane Crazy was fairly simple. Mickey is apparently trying to become an aviator in emulation of Charles Lindbergh. After building his own aircraft, he proceeds to ask Minnie to join him for its first flight, during which he repeatedly and unsuccessfully attempts to kiss her, eventually resorting to force. Minnie then parachutes out of the plane. While distracted by her, Mickey loses control of the plane. This becomes the beginning of an out-of-control flight that results in a series of humorous situations and eventually in the crash-landing of the aircraft. For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... Charles Augustus Lindbergh (4 February 1902 – 26 August 1974), known as Lucky Lindy and The Lone Eagle, was an American pilot famous for the first solo, non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Field, Long Island to Paris in 1927 in the Spirit of St. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... This article is about the device. ...


Mickey as portrayed in Plane Crazy was mischievous, amorous, and has often been described as a rogue. At the time of its first release, however, Plane Crazy apparently failed to impress audiences, and to add insult to injury, Walt could not find a distributor. Though understandably disappointed, Walt went on to produce a second Mickey short: The Gallopin' Gaucho. The Gallopin Gaucho was the second film featuring Mickey Mouse to be produced, following Plane Crazy and preceding Steamboat Willie. ...


Early landmarks

First encounter with Black / Peg Leg Pete

The Gallopin' Gaucho was again co-directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, with the latter serving as the sole animator in this case. The short was intended as a parody of Douglas Fairbanks's The Gaucho, a film first released on November 21, 1927. Following the original film, the events of the short take place in the Pampas of Argentina. The gaucho of the title was Mickey himself. He is first seen riding on a rhea, instead of a horse as would be expected (or an ostrich as often reported). He soon encounters "Cantina Argentina," apparently serving as the local bar and restaurant. Mickey proceeds to enter the establishment and take a seat. He apparently just wants to relax with some drinking and tobacco smoking. Also present at the establishment are Pegleg Pete (later renamed Black Pete, or just Pete), a wanted outlaw and fellow customer for the time being, and Minnie Mouse, the barmaid and dancer of the establishment, at the time performing a tango. Both customers soon begin to flirt with Minnie and to rival one another. At some point Pete proceeds in kidnapping Minnie and attempts to escape on his horse. Mickey gives chase on his rhea. He soon catches up to his rival and they proceed to fight with swords. Mickey emerges the victor of this joust. The finale of the short has Mickey and Minnie riding the rhea into the distance. The Gallopin Gaucho was the second film featuring Mickey Mouse to be produced, following Plane Crazy and preceding Steamboat Willie. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director and producer, who became noted for his swashbuckling roles in silent movies such as The Mark of Zorro (1920), The Three Musketeers (1921), Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924) and The Black Pirate (1926). ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The pampas (from Quechua for plain) are the fertile lowlands that extend across c. ... For other uses, see Gaucho (disambiguation). ... Species R. americana R. pennata The Rhea, also known as ñandú (pronounced ) in Spanish, or ema in Portuguese, is a large flightless ratite bird native to South America. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... // Binomial name Carolus Linnaeus, 1758 The present-day distribution of Ostriches. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... A lion drinking Cygnus olor (mute swan) drinking Drinking is the act of consuming a liquid through the mouth. ... The cigarette is the most common method of smoking tobacco. ... Pete (also known by countless other names, including Peg-Leg Pete and Black Pete) is a fictional character from the Walt Disney Company stables. ... For other senses of this word, see outlaw (disambiguation). ... A contemporary dancer rehearsing in a dance studio Dance generally refers to human movement either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting. ... A couple dances Argentine Tango. ... This article is about flirtation. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century Look up Sword in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In later interviews, Iwerks would comment that Mickey as featured in The Gallopin' Gaucho was intended to be a swashbuckler, an adventurer modeled after Fairbanks himself. This short marks the first encounter between Mickey and Black Pete, a character already established as an antagonist in both the Alice Comedies and the Oswald series. Based on Mickey and Minnie acting as strangers to each other before the finale, it was presumably intended to feature their original acquaintance to each other as well. Modern audiences have commented that all three characters seem to be coming out of rough, lower class backgrounds that little resemble their later versions. Consequently the short is arguably of some historical significance. For other uses, see Swashbuckler (disambiguation). ... The Alice Comedies are a series of animated cartoons created by Walt Disney, in which a real little girl named Alice and an animated cat named Julius have adventures in an animated landscape. ... A social class is, at its most basic, a group of people that have similar social status. ...


At the time of its original production though, Walt again failed to find a distributor. It would be first released on December 30, 1928, following the release of another Mickey short. Reportedly Mickey was at first thought to be much too similar to Oswald and this resulted in the apparent lack of interest in him. Walt would soon start to contemplate ways to distinguish the Mickey Mouse series from his previous work and that of his rivals. The result of his contemplations would be the third Mickey short to be produced, the second to be released and the first to really draw the attention of the audiences: Steamboat Willie. is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Steamboat Willie (1928) is an animated cartoon featuring Mickey Mouse released on November 18, 1928. ...


Addition of sound to the series

Mickey Mouse in Steamboat Willie (1928)
Mickey Mouse in Steamboat Willie (1928)

Steamboat Willie was first released on November 18, 1928. It was co-directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. Iwerks again served as the head animator, assisted by Johnny Cannon, Les Clark, Wilfred Jackson and Dick Lundy. This short was intended as a parody of Buster Keaton's Steamboat Bill Jr., first released on May 12 of the same year. Although it was the third Mickey cartoon produced, it was the first to find a distributor, and thus has been cited as Mickey's debut. Willie featured changes to Mickey's appearance (in particular, simplifying his eyes to large dots) that established his look for later cartoons. Image File history File links Steamboat-willie. ... Image File history File links Steamboat-willie. ... Steamboat Willie (1928) is an animated cartoon featuring Mickey Mouse released on November 18, 1928. ... Steamboat Willie (1928) is an animated cartoon featuring Mickey Mouse released on November 18, 1928. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Les Clark (November 17, 1907-September 12, 1979 was the first of Disneys Nine Old Men. ... Richard Dick Lundy was an American animator and film director best known for creating Donald Duck. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... Buster Keaton (born Joseph Frank Keaton, October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American silent film comic actor and filmmaker. ... Steamboat Bill Jr. ...


The cartoon was not the first cartoon to feature a soundtrack connected to the action. Fleischer Studios, headed by brothers Dave and Max Fleischer, had already released a number of sound cartoons using the DeForest system in the mid-1920s. However, these cartoons did not keep the sound synchronized throughout the film. For Willie, Disney had the sound recorded with a click track that kept the musicians on the beat. This precise timing is apparent during the "Turkey in the Straw" sequence, when Mickey's actions exactly match the accompanying instruments. Animation historians have long debated who had served as the composer for the film's original music. This role has been variously attributed to Wilfred Jackson, Carl Stalling and Bert Lewis, but identification remains uncertain. Walt Disney himself was voice actor for both Mickey and Minnie. Fleischer Studios, Inc. ... David Fleischer (July 14, 1894 – June 25, 1979) was a German-American animator of Jewish ancestry, film director, and film producer, best known as a co-owner of Fleischer Studios with his older brother Max Fleischer as well as uncle to director Richard Fleischer. ... Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883–September 11, 1972) was an important pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. ... Lee De Forest Lee De Forest, (August 26, 1873 - June 30, 1961), was an American inventor with over 300 patents to his name. ... The click track originated in early sound movies, where marks were made on the film itself to indicate exact timings for musicians to synchronise their recordings to the moving image. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Carl W. Stalling (November 10, 1892–November 29, 1972) was a noted composer and arranger of music for animated cartoons. ... A voice actor (also a voice artist) is a person who provides voices for animated characters (including those in feature films, television series, animated shorts), voice-overs in radio and television commercials, audio dramas, dubbed foreign language films, video games, puppet shows, and amusement rides. ...


The script had Mickey serving aboard Steamboat Willie under Captain Pete. At first he is seen piloting the steamboat while whistling. Then Pete arrives to take over piloting and angrily throws him out of the boat's bridge. They soon have to stop for cargo to be transferred on board. Almost as soon as they leave, Minnie arrives. She was apparently supposed to be their only passenger but was late to board. Mickey manages to pick her up from the river shore. Minnie accidentally drops her sheet music for the popular folk song "Turkey in the Straw". A goat which was among the animals transported on the steamboat proceeds to eat the sheet music. Consequently Mickey and Minnie use its tail to turn it into a phonograph which is playing the tune. Through the rest of the short, Mickey uses various other animals as musical instruments. Captain Pete is eventually disturbed by all this noise and places Mickey back to work. Mickey is reduced to peeling potatoes for the rest of the trip. A parrot attempts to make fun of him but is then thrown to the river by Mickey. This served as the final scene of this short. Whistling is the production of sound by means of a constant breath of air from the mouth. ... Sheet music is written representation of music. ... Sheet music cover for Zip Coon, 1830s. ... This article is about the domestic species. ... Tonearm redirects here. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Systematics (but see below) Family Cacatuidae (cockatoos) Subfamily Microglossinae (Palm Cockatoo) Subfamily Calyptorhynchinae (dark cockatoos) Subfamily Cacatuinae (white cockatoos) Family Psittacidae (true parrots) Subfamily Loriinae (lories and lorikeets) Subfamily Psittacinae (typical parrots and allies) Tribe Arini (American psittacines) Tribe Cyclopsitticini (fig parrots) Tribe Micropsittini (pygmy parrots) Tribe Nestorini (kakas and...


Audiences at the time of Steamboat Willie's release were reportedly impressed by the use of sound for comedic purposes. Sound films were still considered innovative. The first feature-length movie with dialogue sequences, The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson, was released on October 6, 1927. Within a year of its success, most United States movie theaters had installed sound film equipment. Walt Disney apparently intended to take advantage of this new trend and, arguably, managed to succeed. Most other cartoon studios were still producing silent products and so were unable to effectively act as competition to Disney. As a result Mickey would soon become the most prominent animated character of the time. Walt Disney soon worked on adding sound to both Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho (which had originally been silent releases) and their new release added to Mickey's success and popularity. A fourth Mickey short was also put into production. It was The Barn Dance. However, Mickey doesn't actually speak until "The Karnival Kid" in 1929 when his first spoken words were "Hot dogs, Hot dogs!" After Steamboat Willie was released, Mickey became a close competitor to Felix the Cat, and his popularity would grow as he was continuously featured in sound cartoons. By 1929, Felix would lose popularity among theater audiences, and Pat Sullivan decided to produce all future Felix cartoons in sound as a result [2]. Unfortunately, nothing good could come from Felix's transition to sound and by 1930, Felix had faded from the screen [6] 1902 poster advertising Gaumonts sound films, depicting an optimistically vast auditorium A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. ... The Jazz Singer (1927) is a U.S. movie musical and the first feature-length motion picture with talking sequences. ... Al Jolson was a highly acclaimed American singer, comedian and actor of Jewish heritage whose career lasted from 1911 until his death in 1950. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Roles

Mickey as a suitor

The Barn Dance, first released on March 14, 1929, was the first of twelve Mickey shorts released during that year. It was directed by Walt Disney with Ub Iwerks as the head animator. This short is notable for featuring Mickey turned down by Minnie in favor of Pete. It is also an unusual appearance of the Pete character; previously depicted as a menacing villain, he is portrayed here as a well-mannered gentleman. In addition, Mickey was not depicted as a hero but as a rather ineffective young suitor. In his sadness and crying over his failure, Mickey appears unusually emotional and vulnerable. It has been commented, however, that this only serves to add to the audience's empathy for the character. The Barn Dance, first released on March 14, 1929, was the first of twelve Mickey Mouse shorts released during that year. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An animator is an artist who creates multiple images called frames that form an illusion of movement called animation when rapidly displayed. ... Bad guy redirects here. ... For other uses, see Hero (disambiguation). ...


First gloved appearance

"Ever wonder why we always wear these white gloves?" - Various characters (with minor variations)

Mickey in gloves.

The Opry House, first released on March 28, 1929, was the second short released during the year. This short introduced Mickey's gloves. Mickey can be seen wearing them in most of his subsequent appearances. Supposedly one reason for adding the white gloves was to allow audiences to distinguish the characters' hands when they appeared against their bodies, as both were black (Mickey did not appear in color until The Band Concert in 1935). The three black lines on the backs of the gloves represent darts in the gloves' fabric extending from between the digits of the hand, typical of kid glove design of the era. Image File history File links Mickey-004. ... Image File history File links Mickey-004. ... Ever wonder why we always wear these white gloves? - Various characters (with minor variations) The Opry House, first released on March 28, 1929, was the second Mickey Mouse short released during the year. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Leather gloves A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a type of garment (and more specifically a fashion accessory) which covers the hand of a human. ... The Band Concert is a 1935 Walt Disney cartoon in which Mickey Mouse is conductor of an outdoor orchestra. ... To treat someone with Kid Gloves means to tread carefully, perhaps too carefully, around them, for fear of reprisal. ...


Depiction as a regular mouse

When the Cat's Away, first released on April 18, 1929, was the third Mickey short to be released that year. It was essentially a remake of one of the Alice Comedies, Alice Rattled by Rats, which had been first released on January 15, 1926. Kat Nipp makes his second appearance, though his name is given as "Tom Cat" (this describes his being a tom cat, and the character should not be confused with the co-star of the Tom and Jerry series). He is seen getting drunk on alcoholic beverages. Then he leaves his house to go hunting. In his absence an army of mice invade his house in search of food. Among them are Mickey and Minnie, who proceed to turn this gathering into a party. This short is unusual in depicting Mickey and Minnie as having the size and partly the behavior of regular mice. The set standard both before and after this short was to depict them as having the size of rather short human beings. On another note, it has been commented that since this short was released during the Prohibition era, the alcoholic beverages would probably have been products of bootlegging. When the cats away is a 1996 French drama directed by Cédric Klapisch. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Alice Comedies are a series of animated cartoons created by Walt Disney, in which a real little girl named Alice and an animated cat named Julius have adventures in an animated landscape. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kat Nipp worked alongside Mickey in The Opry House, this was also Mickeys first gloved appearance. ... Thomas Tom Cat is an animated character and the half of the academy-award winning Tom and Jerry cat-and-mouse cartoon duo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... For other uses, see Party (disambiguation). ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Bootleg liquor is liquor that is sold with disregard to the applicable laws, regulations, and taxes. ...


Also in the live action segments of The Hot Choc-late Soldiers from 1934, an animated Mickey Mouse not much bigger than a normal mouse interacts with Jimmy Durante. “Inka Dinka Doo” redirects here. ...


Mickey as a soldier

The next Mickey short to be released is also considered unusual. It was The Barnyard Battle, first released on April 25, 1929. This short is notable as the first to depict Mickey as a soldier and the first to place him in combat. The Barnyard Battle is a Mickey Mouse short subject first released on April 25, 1929. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Mouse in transition

Mickey entering the Depression Era

The twelfth and last Mickey short released during the year was Jungle Rhythm, first released on November 15, 1929. Mickey is seen in a safari somewhere in Africa. He rides on an elephant and is armed with a shotgun. But the latter proves to be problematic soon after Mickey finds himself standing in between a lion and a bear. Mickey proceeds to play music to calm them down. During the rest of the short, various jungle animals dance to Mickey's tunes. The tunes vary from the previously mentioned "Yankee Doodle" and "Turkey in the Straw" to "Auld Lang Syne", "The Blue Danube", and Aloha `Oe. is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Africa 1890 Look up safari in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... For other uses, see Shotgun (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bear (disambiguation). ... This article is about Jungle, the terrain. ... Auld Lang Syne is a song by Robert Burns (1759-1796), although a similar poem by Robert Ayton (1570-1638), as well as older folk songs, use the same phrase, and may well have inspired Burns. ...


First comic strip appearance

By this point Mickey had appeared in fifteen commercially successful animated shorts and was easily recognized by the public. So Walt Disney was approached by King Features Syndicate with the offer to license Mickey and his supporting characters for use in a comic strip. Walt accepted and Mickey made his first comic strip appearance on January 13, 1930. The comical plot was credited to Walt Disney himself, art to Ub Iwerks and inking to Win Smith. The first week or so of the strip featured a loose adaptation of Plane Crazy. Minnie soon became the first addition to the cast. The strips first released between January 13, 1930 and March 31, 1930 have been occasionally reprinted in comic book form under the collective title "Lost on a Desert Island". King Features 1951 Christmas card King Features Syndicate, a print syndication company owned by The Hearst Corporation, distributes about 150 comic strips, newspaper columns, editorial cartoons, puzzles and games to nearly 5000 newspapers around the world. ... A character of a book, play, movie, TV show or other form of storytelling usually used only to give dimension to a main character, by adding a relationship with this character, although sometimes supporting characters may develop a complexity of their own. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Winthrop H. Smith, Jr. ... Mickey and Minnie in Plane Crazy (1928) Plane Crazy (1928) (first released on May 15, 1928) was the first animated cartoon to feature Mickey Mouse as well as Minnie Mouse (Mickeys girlfriend). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ...


Classical music performances

Meanwhile in animation, two more Mickey shorts had been released. The first of them was The Barnyard Concert, first released on March 3, 1930. It featured Mickey conducting an orchestra. The only recurring characters among its members were Clarabelle as a flutist and Horace as a drummer. Their rendition of the Poet and Peasant (from Franz von Suppé) is humorous enough; but it has been noted that several of the gags featured were repeated from previous shorts. The second was originally released on March 14, 1930 under the title Fiddlin' Around but has since been renamed to Just Mickey. Both titles give an accurate enough description of the short which has Mickey performing a violin solo. It is only notable for Mickey's emotional renditions of the finale to the William Tell Overture, Robert Schumann's Träumerei (Reverie), and Franz Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2. is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... A flutist demonstrates flute-playing technique A flutist or flautist is a musician who plays the flute. ... For the comic book character, see Drummer (comics). ... Franz von Suppé Franz von Suppé (April 18, 1819 – May 21, 1895) was a composer and conductor of the Romantic period notable for his four dozen operettas. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... Guillaume Tell (William Tell) is an opera in four acts by Gioacchino Rossini to a French libretto by Etienne de Jouy and Hippolyte Bis, based on Friedrich Schillers Wilhelm Tell. ... For other persons named Robert Schumann, see Robert Schumann (disambiguation). ... “Liszt” redirects here. ... The Hungarian Rhapsodies, (S/G244, R106) Rapsodies hongroises or Ungarische Rhapsodien) are a set of pieces of music by Franz Liszt, originally for solo piano. ...


Departure of a co-creator and consequences

Poster of 1935 version of Mickey Mouse, showing the character's early Technicolor appearance.

They were followed by Cactus Kid, first released on April 11, 1930. As the title implies the short was intended as a Western movie parody. But it is considered to be more or less a remake of The Gallopin' Gaucho set in Mexico instead of Argentina. Mickey was again cast as a lonely traveler who walks into the local tavern and starts flirting with its dancer. The latter is again Minnie. The rival suitor to Mickey is again Pete though using the alias Peg-Leg Pedro. For the first time in a Mickey short, Pete was depicted as having a peg-leg. This would become a recurring feature of the character. The rhea of the original short was replaced by Horace Horsecollar. This is considered to be his last non-anthropomorphic appearance. The short is considered significant for being the last Mickey short to be animated by Ub Iwerks. Image File history File links Mickey_Mouse. ... Image File history File links Mickey_Mouse. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Broncho Billy Anderson, from The Great Train Robbery The Western movie is one of the classic American film genres. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... The Gallopin Gaucho was the second film featuring Mickey Mouse to be produced, following Plane Crazy and preceding Steamboat Willie. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others. ... A publicity photograph (circa 1929) of Ub Iwerks and his most famous co-creation, Mickey Mouse. ...


Shortly before its release, Iwerks had left the Studio in an attempt to create his own. The result of his early efforts was the Flip the Frog series. His departure is considered to mark a turning point to the careers of both Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse. The former lost the man who served as his closest colleague and confidant since 1919. The latter lost the man responsible for his original design and for the direction and/or animation of several of the shorts released till this point, and some would argue Mickey's creator. Walt Disney has been credited for the inspiration to create Mickey, but Iwerks was the one to design the character and the first few Mickey Mouse cartoons were mostly or entirely drawn by Iwerks. Consequently some animation historians have suggested that Iwerks should be considered the actual creator of Mickey Mouse. It has been pointed that advertising for the early Mickey Mouse cartoons credit them as "A Walt Disney Comic, drawn by Ub Iwerks". Later Disney Company reissues of the early cartoons tend to credit Walt Disney alone. Flip the Frog and his girlfriend. ... Disney redirects here. ...


Disney and his remaining staff continued the production of the Mickey series, and he was able to eventually find a number of animators to replace Iwerks. As the Great Depression progressed and Felix the Cat faded from the movie screen, Mickey's popularity would rise, and by 1932, the Mickey Mouse Club would have one million members [7] and Walt would receive a special Oscar for creating Mickey Mouse as well. Despite being eclipsed by the Silly Symphonies short The Three Little Pigs in 1933, Mickey still maintained great popularity among theater audiences too, until 1935, when polls showed that Popeye the Sailor was more popular than Mickey [8]. In 1935, the first full-Technicolor Mickey Mouse cartoon appeared, The Band Concert, distributed by United Artists. In 1994, it was voted the third-greatest cartoon of all time in a poll of animation professionals. By colorizing and partially redesigning Mickey, Walt would but Mickey back on top once again, and Mickey would also reach popularity he never reached before as audiences now gave him more appeal[9]; in 1935, Walt would also receive a special award from the League of Nations for creating Mickey as well. However, in 1938, Donald Duck would surpass Mickey, and Mickey was redesigned entirely as a result [10]; the redesign between 1938 and 1940 also put Mickey at the peak of his popularity too[11]. However, after 1940, Mickey's popularity would decline[12] Despite this, the character continued to appear regularly in animated shorts until 1943 and again from 1946 to 1952. OSCAR is an acronym for Orbital Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio. ... Popeye from an opening still from one of his cartoon shorts, with his characteristic corncob pipe and single good eye. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... The Band Concert is a 1935 Walt Disney cartoon in which Mickey Mouse is conductor of an outdoor orchestra. ... This article is about the film studio. ...


Appearances in comics

In early 1930, after Iwerks' departure, Disney was at first content to continue scripting the Mickey Mouse comic strip, assigning the art to Win Smith. However, Walt's focus had always been in animation and Smith was soon assigned with the scripting as well. Smith was apparently discontent at having to script, draw, and ink a series by himself. This became evident by his sudden resignation.


Walt proceeded to search for a replacement to Smith among the remaining staff of the Studio. For uncertain reasons he chose Floyd Gottfredson, a recently hired employee. At the time Floyd was reportedly eager to work in animation and somewhat reluctant to accept his new assignment. Walt had to assure Floyd that the assignment was only temporary and that he would eventually return to animation. Floyd accepted and ended up holding this "temporary" assignment from May 5, 1930, to November 15, 1975. Arthur Floyd Gottfredson (May 5, 1905 - July 22, 1986) is the man who gave Mickey Mouse his comic strip personality. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Floyd at first had to work on the continuation of a storyline which his predecessors had started on April 1, 1930. The storyline was completed on September 20, 1930 and was later reprinted in comic book form as Mickey Mouse in Death Valley. This early adventure contributed to the extension of the comic strip cast which by this point only included Mickey and Minnie. This story would bring the first comic strip appearances of Clarabelle Cow, Horace Horsecollar and Black Pete as well as the debuts of corrupted lawyer Sylvester Shyster and Minnie's uncle Mortimer Mouse. The story was followed by Mr. Slicker and the Egg Robbers, first printed between September 22 and December 26, 1930, which introduced Marcus Mouse and his wife as Minnie's parents. is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Clarabelle Cow is a cartoon character from the Mickey Mouse universe. ... Horace Horsecollar is a fictional character created by Ub Iwerks for Walt Disney. ... Black Pete (also known by countless other names, including Peg-Leg Pete and, simply, Pete) is a fictional character from the Walt Disney Company stables. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... Sylvester Shyster, as he appeared in The Past Imperfect (Walt Disneys Comics & Stories 632). ... Mortimer Mouse is a fictional character created by Floyd Gottfredson for The Walt Disney Company. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marcus Mouse is a fictional character of the Mickey Mouse universe, introduced in the Mickey Mouse comic strip by Floyd Gottfredson. ...


Starting with these two early comic strip stories, Mickey's versions in animation and comics are considered to have diverged from each other. While Disney and his cartoon shorts would continue to focus on comedy, the comic strip effectively combined comedy and adventure. This adventurous version of Mickey would continue to appear in comic strips and later comic books throughout the 20th and into the 21st century. For the band, see Cartoons (band). ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ...


Mickey was the main character for the series MM Mickey Mouse Mystery Magazine, published in Italy from 1999 to 2001. MM - Mickey Mouse Mystery Magazine is a Disney comic, published in Italy from May 1999 to March 2001, about Mickey Mouse and his investigation in the city of Anderville. ...


Later Mickey history

Recent history

On November 18, 1978, in honor of his 50th anniversary, he became the first cartoon character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The star is located on 6925 Hollywood Blvd. is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Buskers perform on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ...


Melbourne (Australia) runs the annual Moomba festival involving a street procession and appointed Mickey Mouse as their King of Moomba (1977).[13] Although immensely popular with children, there was controversy with the appointment: some Melburnians wanted a 'home-grown' choice, e.g. Blinky Bill; when it was revealed that Patricia O'Carroll (from Disneyland's Disney on Parade show) was performing the mouse, Australian newspapers reported "Mickey Mouse is really a girl!"[14] This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... For the fictional creature Moomba from the final fantasy series, see http://en. ... Blinky Bill is an anthropomorphic koala who is a childrens fiction character in three stories of New Zealand-born Australian author Dorothy Wall. ...


Throughout the decades, Mickey Mouse competed with Warner Bros.' Bugs Bunny for animated popularity. But in 1988, in a historic moment in motion picture history, the two rivals finally shared screen time in the Robert Zemeckis film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Warner and Disney signed an agreement stating that each character had exactly the same amount of screen time, right down to the micro-second. “WB” redirects here. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Robert Lee Bob Zemeckis (born May 14, 1952) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American movie director, producer and writer. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Amblin Entertainment and The Walt Disney Company (released on its Touchstone Pictures banner), which blends traditional animation and live action. ...


Similar to his animated inclusion into a live-action film on Roger Rabbit, Mickey made a featured cameo appearance in the 1990 television special The Muppets at Walt Disney World where he met Kermit the Frog. The two are established in the story as having been old friends. The Muppets have otherwise spoofed and referenced Mickey over a dozen times since the 1970s. The Muppets at Walt Disney World is a television special starring Jim Hensons Muppets at the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. ... Kermit singing Bein Green in the first season of Sesame Street. ... For the slang term, see Muppet (slang). ...


Mickey appeared on several animated logos for Walt Disney Home Entertainment, starting with the "Neon Mickey" logo and then to the "Sorcerer Mickey" logos used for regular and Classics release titles. He also appeared on the video boxes in the 1980s. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...


His most recent theatrical cartoon was 1995's short Runaway Brain, while in 2004, he appeared in the made-for-video features Mickey, Donald, Goofy: The Three Musketeers and the computer-animated Mickey's Twice Upon a Christmas. He has yet to appear in an original Disney film that wasn't based on a classical work. Runaway Brain is an Academy Award nominated 7-minute animated short-subject produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation Paris, and starring Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. ... Mickeys Twice Upon a Christmas is a computer-animated direct-to-video movie on VHS and DVD made by The Walt Disney Company in 2004. ...


Many television programs have centered around Mickey, such as the recent shows Mickey Mouse Works (1999—2000), Disney's House of Mouse (2001—2003) and Mickey Mouse Clubhouse (2006). Prior to all these, Mickey was also featured as an unseen character in the Bonkers episode "You Oughta Be In Toons". Mickey Mouse Works is a television show that features Mickey Mouse and his friends in a series of animated segments. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mickey Mouse Clubhouse is a childrens television series, that premiered in prime time on Disney Channel on May 5, 2006. ... Television shows and stage plays sometimes include continuing characters — characters who are currently in frequent interaction with the other characters and who influence current story events — who are never seen or heard by the audience and only described by other characters. ... For other uses of the term Bonkers, please see Bonkers (disambiguation). ...


Mickey was the Grand Marshal of the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day 2005. List of Past Grand Marshalls of the Tournament of Roses Parade 1890 - Dr. Francis F. Rowland 1891 - No Grand Marshal 1892 - Dr. Francis F. Rowland 1893 - No Grand Marshal 1894 - Dr. Francis F. Rowland 1895 - Dr. H. H. Sherk 1896 & 1897 - Edwin Stearns 1898 & 1899 - Martin H. Weight 1900 & 1901...


In the Disney on Ice play, Disney Presents Pixar's The Incredibles in a Magic Kingdom/Disneyland Adventure, Mickey and Minnie are kidnapped by an android replica of Syndrome, who seeks to create "his" own theme park in Walt Disney World/Disneyland's place. They are briefly imprisoned in the Pirates of the Caribbean attraction's prison cell before an assault on the robot Syndrome by the Incredible Family forces "him" to place them in LASER prisons, but not without using a flamethrower in a botched attempt to incinerate their would-be superhuman saviors. After the robot Syndrome is congealed by Frozone, Mickey and Minnie are finally liberated, the magic and happiness of the Walt Disney World/Disneyland Resort is restored, and the Incredibles become Mickey and Minnie's newest friends. Disney on Ice is a touring ice show produced by Feld Entertainment (CEO Kenneth Feld) under agreement with The Walt Disney Company. ... For other uses, see Android (disambiguation). ... Buddy Pine (supervillain name Syndrome; calls himself Incredi-Boy earlier in the film) is a fictional character, the main supervillain featured in the film The Incredibles, (produced by Pixar and Disney, first released on November 5th, 2004), the short film Jack-Jack Attack, and the Disney on Ice play, Disney... Pirates of the Caribbean is a multi-billion dollar Walt Disney franchise encompassing a theme park ride, a series of films and spinoff novels as well as numerous video games and other publications. ... For other uses, see Laser (disambiguation). ... Riverboat of the U.S. Brownwater Navy shooting ignited napalm from its mounted flamethrower during the Vietnam war. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Video games

Like many popular characters, Mickey has starred in many video games, including Mickey Mousecapade on the Nintendo Entertainment System, Mickey Mania, Mickey's Ultimate Challenge, and Disney's Magical Quest on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, Castle of Illusion Starring Mickey Mouse on the Sega Genesis and Sony PlayStation, Mickey Mouse: Magic Wands on the Game Boy, and many others. In the 2000s, the Disney's Magical Quest series were ported to the Game Boy Advance, while Mickey made his sixth generation era debut in Disney's Magical Mirror, a Nintendo GameCube title aimed at younger audiences. Mickey plays a role in the Kingdom Hearts series, as the king of Disney Castle and aide to the protagonist, Sora. Mickey is one of the three masters of the Keyblade, a weapon in the form of a key that has the power to open any lock. Image File history File links Mickeykh2. ... Image File history File links Mickeykh2. ... Contents 1 Main characters 1. ... Kingdom Hearts II ) is an action role-playing game developed by Square Enix and published by Square Enix and Buena Vista Games (now Disney Interactive Studios) in 2005 for the Sony PlayStation 2 video game console. ... This article is about computer and video games. ... Mickey Mousecapade. ... “NES” redirects here. ... Mickey Mania: The Timeless Adventures of Mickey Mouse is the title of a video game released for the 16-bit Super NES, Sega Mega Drive/Genesis and Sega CD. In the game you control Mickey Mouse through various side-scrolling levels, each designed from classical Mickey Mouse cartoons from 1928... Mickeys Ultimate Challenge is a video game starring Mickey Mouse for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, Sega Genesis, and Game Boy. ... Disneys Magical Quest is a Disney platform game series released by Capcom. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... Castle of Illusion Starring Mickey Mouse is a video game released for the Sega Genesis produced by Sega of America. ... The Mega Drive/Genesis was a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan (1988), Europe (1990) and most of the rest of the world as the Mega Drive. ... The original PlayStation was produced in a light grey colour; the more recent PSOne redesign sports a smaller more rounded case. ... Mickey Mouse Magic Wands is a video game for Nintendos portable gaming system, Game Boy, which was released in 1995 by Nintendo themselves. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ... Disneys Magical Quest is a Disney platform game series released by Capcom. ... In computer science, porting is the process of adapting software so that an executable program can be created for a computing environment that is different from the one for which it was originally designed (e. ... “GBA” redirects here. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... Disneys Magical Mirror, or Disneys Magical Mirror Starring Mickey Mouse, is a Disney Adventure game for the Nintendo GameCube. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The logo of Kingdom Hearts, the first game in the series Kingdom Hearts ) is a series of action role-playing games developed and published by Square Enix (formerly Square). ... Square Enixs and Disneys Kingdom Hearts series of video games takes place in an unnamed outer space-like fictional universe with numerous self-contained worlds to explore over the course of play. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Toys and games

In 1989, Milton Bradley released the electronic-talking game titled Mickey Says, with three modes featuring Mickey Mouse as its host. Mickey also appeared in other toys and games, including the Worlds of Wonder-released Talking Mickey Mouse. Milton Bradley (1836 - 1911) was a game pioneer, credited by many with launching the game industry in North America. ... Worlds of Wonder or WoW was a 1980s American toy company, founded by former Atari employees, including Don Kingsborough. ... The Talking Mickey Mouse, was an animated character toy, created by Worlds of Wonder, and based on the Disney character Mickey Mouse. ...


Mickey's voice

A large part of Mickey's screen persona is his famously shy, falsetto voice. From his first speaking role in The Karnival Kid onward, Mickey was voiced by Walt Disney himself, a task in which Disney took great personal pride. (Carl Stalling and Clarence Nash allegedly did some uncredited ADR for Mickey in a few early shorts as well.) However, by 1946, Disney was becoming too busy with running the studio to do regular voice work (and it is speculated his cigarette habit had damaged his voice over the years), and during the recording of the Mickey and the Beanstalk section of Fun and Fancy Free, Mickey's voice was handed over to veteran Disney musician and actor Jim MacDonald. (Both Disney's and MacDonald's voices can be heard on the final soundtrack.) Macdonald voiced Mickey in the remainder of the theatrical shorts, and for various television and publicity projects up until his retirement in the mid-1970s, although Walt voiced Mickey again for the introductions of the original 1954—1959 "Mickey Mouse Club" TV series and the "Fourth Anniversary Show" episode of the "Disneyland" TV series aired on September 11, 1958. 1983's Mickey's Christmas Carol marked the debut of Wayne Allwine as Mickey Mouse, who is the current voice actor. Allwine is, incidentally, married to Russi Taylor, the current voice of Minnie Mouse. Les Perkins did the voice of Mickey in the TV special Down and Out with Donald Duck released in 1987. Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, false) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range, in the treble range. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Carl W. Stalling (November 10, 1892–November 29, 1972) was a noted composer and arranger of music for animated cartoons. ... Clarence Ducky Nash (December 7, 1904–February 20, 1985) was an American voice actor, best known for providing the voice of Donald Duck for Walt Disney Studios. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... Unlit filtered cigarettes. ... Fun and Fancy Free (first released on September 27, 1947) is a feature film produced by Walt Disney and released by RKO Radio Pictures. ... Jim MacDonald voiced Mickey Mouse from 1946-1977. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Mickeys Christmas Carol is a twenty-four minute animated short film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released in the United Kingdom on October 20, 1983 by Buena Vista Distribution. ... Wayne Anthony Allwine (born February 7, 1947 in Los Angeles, California) is an American voice actor, a sound effects editor and foley artist for Walt Disney Studios and the current voice behind Mickey Mouse, a role he assumed from Jimmy MacDonald. ... Russi Taylor is the current voice actress for Disneys Minnie Mouse character. ... Minnie redirects here. ...


Social impact

A picture of several packaged products displaying pictures of Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck dressed in traditional Japanese attire
A picture of several packaged products displaying pictures of Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck dressed in traditional Japanese attire

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 848 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of some packaged products with Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck in Japanese attire. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 848 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of some packaged products with Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck in Japanese attire. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ...

Electoral career

In the United States, protest votes are often made in order to indicate dissatisfaction with the slate of candidates presented on a particular ballot, or to highlight the inadequacies of a particular voting procedure. Since most states' electoral systems do not provide for blank balloting or a choice of "None of the Above", most protest votes take the form of a clearly non-serious candidate's name entered as a write-in vote[citation needed]. Cartoon characters are typically chosen for this purpose[citation needed]; as Mickey Mouse is the best-known and most-recognized character in America, his name is frequently selected for this purpose. (Other popular selections include Donald Duck and Bugs Bunny.)[citation needed] This phenomenon has the humorous effect of causing Mickey Mouse to be a minor but perennial contestant in nearly all U.S. presidential elections.[citation needed] A Protest vote is a vote cast in an election to demonstrate the casters unhappiness with the choice of candidates or the current political system. ... A write-in candidate is a candidate in an election whose name does not appear on the ballot, but for whom voters may vote nonetheless by writing in the persons name. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... United States presidential elections determine who serves as President and Vice President of the United States for four-year terms, starting on Inauguration Day (January 20th of the year after the election). ...


A similar phenomenon occurs in the parliament elections in Finland and Sweden, although Finns and Swedes usually write Donald Duck or Donald Duck Party as a protest vote.[citation needed] The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra. ... This article is about the political process. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... The Donald Duck Party (Kalle Anka-partiet) is a Swedish joke political party that gets votes without really existing. ...


Pejorative use of Mickey's name

"Mickey Mouse" is a slang expression meaning small-time, amateurish or trivial. In the UK, it also means poor quality or counterfeit.

  • In 1984, just after a game in which Wayne Gretzky's Edmonton Oilers beat the New Jersey Devils 13-4, Gretzky is quoted as saying to a reporter, "Well, it's time they got their act together, they're ruining the whole league. They had better stop running a Mickey Mouse organization and put somebody on the ice."[15]
  • In the 1993 Warner Bros. film Demolition Man, as Sylvester Stallone's character is fighting the malfunctioning AI of his out-of-control police car, he shouts for the system to "Brake! Brake! Brake, now, you Mickey Mouse piece of shit!"[3]
  • In the 1996 Warner Bros. film Space Jam, Bugs Bunny derogatorily referred to Daffy Duck's idea for the name of their basketball team, asking, "What kind of Mickey Mouse organization would call themselves 'The Ducks?'" This refers to the formerly Disney-owned NHL Team, the Anaheim Ducks (formerly The Mighty Ducks of Anaheim), and Wayne Gretzky's aforementioned comment about the New Jersey Devils in 1984.
  • In the United States armed forces, actions that produce good looks, but have little practical use, (such as the specific manner of making beds in basic training or the polishing of brass fittings onboard ship) are commonly referred to as "Mickey Mouse work".
  • In schools a "Mickey Mouse course" or "Mickey Mouse major" is a class or college major where very little effort is necessary in order to attain a good grade (especially an A) and/or one where the subject matter of such a class is not of any importance in the labour market.[16]
  • Musicians often refer to a film score that directly follows each action on screen as Mickey Mousing (also mickey-mousing and mickeymousing). [citation needed]
  • "Mickey Mouse money" is a derogatory term for foreign currency, often used by Americans to describe indigenous currency in a foreign country in which they are traveling. The term also refers to fake banknotes, especially in UK. [citation needed] (Disney theme parks and resorts have an actual kind of Mickey Mouse money, Disney Dollars. This money is worthless outside the Disney property and stores).
  • The software company Microsoft has been derogatorily called "Mickeysoft".[17]
  • In card games, it is common for a "Mickey Mouse hand" to be played for instructional purposes. In such a hand all cards of all players that would normally be concealed are displayed, to demonstrate to new players the rules and procedures of the game. [citation needed]
  • In motorsport, short road courses with tight corners, short straightways and no overtaking spots are sometimes called "Mickey Mouse tracks". [citation needed]
  • In Cockney rhyming slang, a "Mickey" refers to a Liverpudlian or Liverpool FC supporter (ie. Mickey Mouser = Scouser). It may also refer to someone's home (house = Mickey Mouse). [citation needed]
  • The Los Angeles Mafia was known, because of their disorganised behaviour and mess-ups, as the "Mickey Mouse Mafia" [citation needed]
  • In the beginning of the 1980s, the then British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher once called the European Parliament a Mickey Mouse parliament; meaning a discussion club without influence. [citation needed]
  • British people call the MLS, or Major League Soccer, the "Mickey Mouse League".
  • In the British sitcom Red Dwarf: After the team's substandard equipment nearly cost them their lives, one character pointed out, "We're a real Mickey Mouse operation, aren't we?" Another replied, "Mickey Mouse? We ain't even Betty Boop!"

Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born January 26, 1961) is a retired Canadian professional ice hockey player who is currently part-owner and head coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... The New Jersey Devils are a professional ice hockey team based in Newark, New Jersey. ... “WB” redirects here. ... Demolition Man is an American science fiction-action film released in 1993. ... Sylvester Stallone (born Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone on July 6, 1946) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... This article is about the motion picture. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Brothers Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. ... The Anaheim Ducks are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Anaheim, California, USA. They are members of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... A film score is a set of musical compositions written to accompany a film. ... Disney Dollars is a form of corporate scrip used at Disney theme parks, The Disney Store and at certain parts of Castaway Cay, the Disney cruise-lines private island. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... Cockney rhyming slang is a form of English slang which originated in the East End of London. ... A Scouser is a person from Liverpool in the North West of England. ... For other uses, see House (disambiguation). ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts; born 13 October 1925) served as British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 until 1990, being the first and to date only woman to hold either post. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild...

Legal issues

A typical style of sign in Walt Disney World, showing one of many uses by Disney of the Mickey ears logo.
A typical style of sign in Walt Disney World, showing one of many uses by Disney of the Mickey ears logo.

Many people erroneously believe that the Mickey Mouse character is protected only by copyright. In fact, the Mickey Mouse character, like all major Disney characters, is protected as a trademark, which like all trademarks lasts in perpetuity as long as it continues to be used commercially by its owner. Whether or not a particular Disney cartoon goes into the public domain, the characters themselves will remain protected as trademarks from unauthorized use. However, within the United States the Copyright Term Extension Act (sometimes called the 'Mickey Mouse Protection Act' due to extensive lobbying by the Disney corporation) has ensured that works such as the early Mickey Mouse cartoons will remain copyrighted in America for quite some time. Download high resolution version (436x608, 61 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (436x608, 61 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... Alternate meanings: Disney (disambiguation) The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney Enterprises, Inc. ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) of 1998 – alternatively known as the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act or pejoratively as the Mickey Mouse Protection Act – extended copyright terms in the United States by 20 years. ...


The Walt Disney Company has become well known for protecting its trademark on the Mickey Mouse character, whose likeness is so closely associated with the company, with particular zeal. In 1989, Disney sued three daycare centers in Hallandale, Florida for having Mickey Mouse and other Disney characters painted on their walls. The characters were removed, and rival Universal Studios replaced them with Universal cartoon characters. [4] Alternate meanings: Disney (disambiguation) The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney Enterprises, Inc. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... Hallandale Beach is a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ...


In 1935, Romanian authorities banned Mickey Mouse films from cinemas after they feared that children would be scared to see a ten-foot mouse in the movie theatre.[citation needed] A ban is, generally, any decree that prohibits something. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the animal. ... A typical megaplex (AMC Rolling Hills 20 in Rolling Hills Estates, California). ...


The J. W. Hallahan Catholic Girls High School in Philadelphia Pennsylvania uses Mickey as their mascot. However, they bought the rights to Mickey from Disney to use as their mascot. It is the first Catholic high school for girls in the country to use Mickey Mouse as their mascot. John W. Hallahan High School is a Roman Catholic high school located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Farfur

Main article: Tomorrow's Pioneers

In 2007, a Mickey Mouse clone named "Farfur" was used in the Tomorrow's Pioneers television series, on the official Hamas TV station, to educate children. Farfur has stated such things as: "You and I are laying the foundation for a world led by Islamists" and "We will return the Islamic community to its former greatness, and liberate Jerusalem, God willing, liberate Iraq, God willing, and liberate all the countries of the Muslims invaded by the murderers."[18][19] He has also encouraged children to use an AK-47 and grenades on Israelis and Americans,[20] and simulated shooting the AK-47 and throwing the grenades.[21] The Palestinian Information Minister asked Hamas representatives to revise the program.[22] The character was later said to have been beaten to death by an Israeli[23] and was replaced two weeks later by Nahoul, his bumblebee cousin.[24] Tomorrows Pioneers is a weekly childrens program, shown since April 13, 2007 on the official Palestinian Hamas television station, Al-Aqsa TV. The program used a Mickey Mouse look-alike, named Farfur (or Farfour, butterfly in Arabic); the character has since been replaced by a bumblebee. ... Tomorrows Pioneers is a weekly childrens program, shown since April 13, 2007 on the official Palestinian Hamas television station, Al-Aqsa TV. The program used a Mickey Mouse look-alike, named Farfur (or Farfour, butterfly in Arabic); the character has since been replaced by a bumblebee. ... Hamas (; acronym: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Islamic militant organization and political party. ... Avtomat Kalashnikova model 1947 g. ... A hand grenade is a hand-held bomb, made to be thrown by a soldier. ... Species more than 250 species and subspecies in 38 subgenera Bumblebees (also spelled bumble bee, also known as humblebee) are flying insects of the genus Bombus in the family Apidae. ...


Walt Disney's daughter, Diane Disney Miller called Hamas "pure evil" for using Mickey Mouse to teach Islamic radicalism to children.[25]


Filmography

Further information: Mickey Mouse cartoons

This is a list of short cartoons starring Mickey Mouse (but not including cameos or cartoons that are not his but still stars in them, such as those with Pluto). ...

Mickey Mouse cartoons and appearances

Steamboat Willie (1928) is an animated cartoon featuring Mickey Mouse released on November 18, 1928. ... Mickey and Minnie in Plane Crazy (1928) Plane Crazy (1928) (first released on May 15, 1928) was the first animated cartoon to feature Mickey Mouse as well as Minnie Mouse (Mickeys girlfriend). ... The Gallopin Gaucho was the second film featuring Mickey Mouse to be produced, following Plane Crazy and preceding Steamboat Willie. ... The Karnival Kid is a Mickey Mouse short subject first released on May 23, 1929. ... The Chain Gang is a Mickey Mouse cartoon made in 1930 by The Walt Disney Company. ... Mickeys Revue is a cartoon made by The Walt Disney Company in 1932 where Mickey Mouse puts on a show. ... The Mad Doctor was a classic Mickey Mouse cartoon released in 1933. ... Cartoons, 1933 Mickeys film is having a premiere, and all the stars turn out at the Chinese Theatre: Laurel and Hardy Marx Brothers Jimmy Durante Clark Gable Sid Grauman Mae West Jean Harlow Joan Crawford Bette Davis Harold Lloyd Joe E. Brown Charlie Chaplin Edward G. Robinson George Arliss... The Orphans Benefit was a cartoon made by Walt Disney starring Mickey Mouse in 1934, in which Mickey and his friends put on a talent show for a group of orphans. ... The Band Concert is a 1935 Walt Disney cartoon in which Mickey Mouse is conductor of an outdoor orchestra. ... On Ice is the debut album by Norwegian pop singer Bambee, released in 1998 (see 1998 in music). ... Thru the Mirror is a cartoon made by the Walt Disney Company in 1936. ... Mickeys Trailer is an animated short released may 6th 1938. ... This article is about Walt Disneys adaptation of the fairy tale. ... Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, produced by Walt Disney and first released on November 13, 1940 in the United States. ... The Little Whirlwind is a 1941 Disney cartoon, starring Mickey Mouse. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mickeys Birthday Party was a cartoon made by Walt Disney starring Mickey Mouse in 1942, in which Minnie Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy, Clarabelle Cow, Horace Horsecollar and Clara Cluck throw a big party for Mickey where the mouses wild rhumba dancing rules the day. ... Symphony Hour was a cartoon made by Walt Disney starring Mickey Mouse in 1942. ... Fun and Fancy Free (first released on September 27, 1947) is a feature film produced by Walt Disney and released by RKO Radio Pictures. ... The Simple Things is a cartoon made by The Walt Disney Company in 1953 starring Mickey Mouse and his dog Pluto. ... Mickeys Christmas Carol is a twenty-four minute animated short film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released in the United Kingdom on October 20, 1983 by Buena Vista Distribution. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Amblin Entertainment and The Walt Disney Company (released on its Touchstone Pictures banner), which blends traditional animation and live action. ... The Prince and the Pauper was first published in 1881 in Canada before its 1882 publication in the united states. ... A Goofy Movie is a 1995 animated feature and musical film, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation Paris and released to theatres by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution, featuring the characters from the Disney Afternoon television series Goof Troop. ... Runaway Brain is an Academy Award nominated 7-minute animated short-subject produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation Paris, and starring Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. ... The House of Mouse is a Disney cartoon show where Mickey Mouse and his friends run a nighclub called The House of Mouse, which shows Disney cartons as part of its floor show. ... This article contains information on the first Kingdom Hearts video game. ... Kingdom Hearts II ) is an action role-playing game developed by Square Enix and published by Square Enix and Buena Vista Games (now Disney Interactive Studios) in 2005 for the Sony PlayStation 2 video game console. ...

Other Media

In the Drawn Together episode "Breakfast Food Killer," a silhouette of Mickey Mouse is seen amongst the characters auditioning to be the new cereal mascot. Drawn Together is an American animated television series that uses a sitcom format with a TV reality show setting. ...


See also

  • Minnie Mouse, best known as the fellow Disney character, often portrayed as Mickey's significant other in animated shorts and features.
  • Pluto, a canine character of the Disney series who is often portrayed as Mickey's dog in the animated shorts and features.
  • Mickey Mouse universe, the phenomenon that has spawned from the Mickey Mouse series and other related characters.
  • Mouse Museum, a Russian museum featuring artifacts and memorabilia relating to Mickey Mouse.
  • Mickey Mouse Adventures A short-lived comic starring Mickey Mouse as the protagonist.
  • Hidden Mickey, a phenomenon featuring throughout Disney films, theme parks and merchandise involving hiding images that are similar to a silhouette of Mickey's head and ears, another trademark of the Disney series, in non-related places.
  • Celebration Mickey, a two foot tall, 100 lb., 24-karat gold authentic Mickey Mouse sculpture, designed by Disney artist Marc Delle and produced in 2001 to commemorate Walt Disney's 100th birthday. Certified an authentic and one-of-a-kind piece by Disneyland Resort, it is the largest gold sculpture ever cast in the history of the Disney Company.

Minnie redirects here. ... Pluto (also known as Pluto the Pup) is an animated cartoon made famous in a series of Disney short cartoons. ... A canine may refer to: a canine tooth. ... The Mickey Mouse Universe (not an official term used by the Walt Disney Company) is the setting where Mickey Mouse and the characters associated with him live. ... Unique in the world, the Mouse Museum is in the ancient city of Myshkin in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. ... The first issue of Mickey Mouse Adventures, in which Mickey rescues Minnie from The Phantom Gondolier. Mickey Mouse Adventures is a comic book published by Disney Comics which features Mickey Mouse as the main character and features characters from the Mickey Mouse universe. ... A Hidden Mickey mixed in the spots of a closed Disneyland shop. ... Celebration Mickey is a two foot tall, 100 lb. ...

References

  1. ^ Kenworthy, John The Hand Behind the Mouse, Disney Editions: New York, 2001. p.54.
  2. ^ Disney Online Guest Services. Disney Online. Retrieved on 2006-08-31.
  3. ^ Kenworthy, John The Hand Behind the Mouse, Disney Editions: New York, 2001. p. 53.
  4. ^ Kenworthy, John The Hand Behind the Mouse, Disney Editions: New York, 2001. p. 54
  5. ^ http://www.justdisney.com/walt_disney/quotes/index.html#anchor481552
  6. ^ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_tov/ai_2419100434
  7. ^ {Charles Solomon. The Golden Age of Mickey Mouse. Disney.com guest services.
  8. ^ http://forums.goldenagecartoons.com/showthread.php?t=2907
  9. ^ Charles Solomon. The Golden Age of Mickey Mouse. Disney.com guest services.
  10. ^ http://www.bcdb.com/bcdb/cartoon.cgi?film=15&m=r
  11. ^ Charles Solomon. The Golden Age of Mickey Mouse. Disney.com guest services.
  12. ^ Charles Solomon. Mickey in the Post-War Era. Disney.com guest services.
  13. ^ Craig Bellamy, Gordon Chisholm, Hilary Eriksen (17 February 2006). Moomba: A festival for the people (pp 17-22).
  14. ^ Craig Bellamy, Gordon Chisholm, Hilary Eriksen (17 February 2006). Moomba: A festival for the people (pp 19-20).
  15. ^ 1983-84: Growing Pains Lead to Promise
  16. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/2655127.stm
  17. ^ Richard Forno. "'Microsoft,' No. 'Mickeysoft', Yes." Published November 28, 2001; retrieved November 7, 2006.
  18. ^ Hadid, Diaa. AP, "Hamas 'Mickey Mouse' wants Islam takeover", Yahoo.com news, 2007-05-08
  19. ^ "'Mickey Mouse' promotes jihad", World Net Daily, 2007-05-07
  20. ^ Press Release, "Mickey Mouse Knockoff On Hamas TV Used To Indoctrinate Children Into Culture Of Hate", Anti-Defamation League press center, 2007-05-09
  21. ^ "Hamas Mickey Mouse Teaches Jihad" (CGH/AP), Der Spiegel online, 2007-05-09
  22. ^ Hamas May Revise Jihad-Promoting 'Mickey Mouse' Program, Cybercast News Service, May 9, 2007
  23. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/06/29/hamas.mouse.ap/index.html
  24. ^ Hamas TV: Jihad bumblebee replaces Farfour Mouse. Jerusalem Post (16 July 2007). Retrieved on 28 October 2007.
  25. ^ Disney daughter calls Muslim Mickey evil, The Australian, May 9, 2007

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Anti-Defamation League (or ADL) is an advocacy group founded by Bnai Brith in the United States whose stated aim is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cybercast News Service (also CNSNews. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 2007 is the tenth month of that year. ... The Australian is a national daily broadsheet newspaper published by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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