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Encyclopedia > Michigan Legislature

The Michigan Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Michigan. It is organized as a bicameral institution consisting of the Senate, the upper house, and the House of Representatives, the lower house. Article IV of Michigan's State Constitution, adopted in 1963, defines the role of the legislature and how it is to be constituted. The Michigan Legislature meets in the Michigan State Capitol in Lansing, Michigan. State legislatures are the lawmaking bodies of the 50 states in the United States of America. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, that enforces a monopoly on the use of force. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Michigan Senate is the upper body of the Michigan state legislature. ... An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... The Michigan State House of Representatives is the lower body of the Michigan Legislature. ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... The Michigan State Capitol The Michigan State Capitol is the building housing two branches of the government of the U.S. state of Michigan and is located in the state capital of Lansing in Ingham County. ... Flag Seal Location Location in Ingham County, Michigan1 Government Country State County United States Michigan Ingham, Eaton, Clinton Mayor Virg Bernero (D) Geographical characteristics Area    - City 35. ...

Contents


Senate

The State Senate is the upper house of the legislature. It's members are elected on a partisan basis for four-year terms concurrent with the election of the Governor of Michigan. The Senate consists of 38 members who are elected from single-member election districts ranging from 212,400 to 263,500 residents according to the most recent creation of districts (2002). Senators' terms begin at noon on January 1 following their election. The Senate chamber in the State Capitol is located in the south wing of the building. As of 2006, Republicans hold a majority of seats in the Senate with 22; Democrats hold 16 seats. Under the Michigan Constitution, the Lieutenant Governor of Michigan serves as President of the Senate but may only cast a vote in the instance of a tie. The Senate selects its other officers and adopts its own rules of procedure at the start of a new legislative session. Michigan Governors Territorial Governors State Governors From statehood until the election of 1966, governors were elected to two-year terms. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The Michigan Constitution is the governing document of the state of Michigan. ... The Lieutenant Governor of Michigan is the second-ranking executive officer in the U.S. state of Michigan, behind the governor. ...


House of Representatives

The House of Representatives is the lower house of the legislature. It's members are elected on a partisan basis for two-year terms at the same time at which Representatives in U.S. Congress are chosen. The House of Representatives consists of 110 members who are elected from single-member election districts ranging from 77,000 to 91,000 according to the most recent creation of districts (2002). Representatives' terms begin at noon on January 1 following their election. The House of Representatives chamber in the State Capitol is located in the north wing of the building. Republicans hold a majority of seats in the House of Representatives with 58; Democrats occupying 49, 3 seats being vacant. The House of Representatives selects its own Speaker of the House and other officers and adopts its rules of procedure at the start of a new legislative session. The Speaker of the House is Craig DeRoche, and House Minority Leader is Dianne Byrum, both serving for the 2005-2007 Legislative term. Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is, along with the United States Senate, one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States. ... The term Speaker is usually the title given to the presiding officer of a countrys lower house of parliament or congress (ie: the House of Commons or House of Representatives). ...


Terms and Sessions

Every two years the entire House of Representatives stands for election, whereas the Senate does so at four-year intervals. For reckoning periods of time during which the legislature operates, each two-year period coinciding with the election of new members of the House of Representatives is numbered consecutively as a "Legislature" dating to the first legislature following Michigan's admission as a state. The current two-year term of the legislature, serving from 2005 until 2007, is the 93rd Legislature.


Each year during which the legislature meets constitutes a "session" of the legislature. According to the state's constitution, Article IV Section 13, a new session of the legislature begins when the members of each house convene on the second wednesday of January every year at noon. A regular session of the legislature typically lasts throughout the entire year with several periods of recess and adjourns sine die in December.


There is no minimum or maximum number of days for which a session of the legislature must meet each year. Unlike those states which are considered to have a part-time legislature and whose members are paid only for actual days in session, Michigan's legislators are paid an annual salary regardless of the number of meeting days and are considered to be full-time.


Any legislation pending in either house at the end of a session that is not the end of a legislative term of office continues and carries over to the next legislative session.


Term Limits

The electors of the State of Michigan adopted an amendment to the Michigan Constitution in 1992, Section 54 of Article IV, which became effective in 1993. This amendment limits the length of time any individual may serve as a member of the Legislature. Pursuant to this amendment, one may not be elected to the state senate more than two times or to the state house of representatives more than three times. The result of this is that there is now considerable turnover in membership in both houses of the legislature. Formerly, many seats were held by the same office holder for sometimes decades. Although measures to repeal the term limits amendment have been introduced in both houses since it took effect, none of them have yet reached a vote on the floor of either house or received serious deliberation in the legislature. A constitutional amendment is an alteration to the constitution of a nation or a state. ... The Michigan Constitution is the governing document of the state of Michigan. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Unicameral Petition Drive

An effort to collect petition signatures was launched in January 2006 by Unicameral Michigan[1], a ballot question committee registered with the State of Michigan, to provide for an amendment to the state's constitution to change from a bicameral to a unicameral legislature. If successful, Michigan would become only the second U.S. state, after Nebraska, to have a single chambered state legislature. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq. ...


See Also

The Michigan Senate is the upper body of the Michigan Legislature. ... The Michigan State House of Representatives is the lower body of the Michigan Legislature. ...

External links

Legislatures in the United States
United States Congress: United States House of RepresentativesUnited States Senate
State Legislatures: AlabamaAlaska (HS) • Arizona (HS) • Arkansas (HS) • California (AS) • ColoradoConnecticut (HS) • Delaware (HS) • Florida (HS) • Georgia (HS) • Hawaii (HS) • IdahoIllinois (HS) • Indiana (HS) • IowaKansasKentucky (HS) • LouisianaMaine (HS) • Maryland (HS) • Massachusetts (HS) • Michigan (HS) • Minnesota (HS) • Mississippi (HS) • Missouri (HS) • Montana (HS) • NebraskaNevada (AS) • New Hampshire (HS) • New Jersey (GAS) • New Mexico (HS) • New York (AS) • North CarolinaNorth Dakota (HS) • Ohio (HS) • Oklahoma (HS) • Oregon (HS) • Pennsylvania (HS) • Rhode Island (HS) • South Carolina (HS) • South DakotaTennessee (HS) • TexasUtahVermont (HS) • Virginia (HS) • WashingtonWest Virginia (HS) • Wisconsin (AS) • Wyoming (HS)
Territorial Legislatures:  American Samoa (HS) • District of ColumbiaGuamNorthern Mariana Islands (HS) • Puerto Rico (HS) • U.S. Virgin Islands
Local governments

  Results from FactBites:
 
World Almanac for Kids (4500 words)
Michigan’s highest court, the supreme court, is made up of seven judges popularly elected to 8-year terms; one of the judges is elected by the court to serve a 2-year term as chief justice.
Michigan’s scenic and recreation resources, which exceed those of neighboring, equally densely populated states, include lengthy, often spectacular shorelines on lakes and rivers; hilly terrain; large areas covered by forests; a climate that provides relief from summer heat and is more conducive to winter sports than areas farther S; and bountiful fish and wildlife populations.
The population swelled from 9000 in 1820 to 29,000 in 1830 and 212,000 in 1840.
Michigan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3391 words)
Michigan borders Indiana and Ohio to the south, and Wisconsin to the southwest of the Upper Peninsula.
Michigan is primarily known as the birthplace of the automobile industry.
The Lower Peninsula of Michigan is nicknamed "The Mitten" because it resembles the palm of a right-hand mitten.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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