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Encyclopedia > Michigan
State of Michigan
Flag of Michigan State seal of Michigan
Flag of Michigan Seal
Nickname(s): The Wolverine State,
The Great Lakes State,
The Automotive State,
Winter Water Wonderland
Motto(s): Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice

(If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you) Michigan can mean several things Michigan, a US state Lake Michigan, one of the Great Lakes, an inland fresh-water sea University of Michigan Michigan State University Michigan hot dog, a Canadian hot dog slathered with meat sauce, similar to the Coney Island hot dog This is a disambiguation page... Image File history File links Flag_of_Michigan. ... State seal of Michigan. ... The flag of Michigan depicts the states coat-of-arms on a dark blue field. ... The seal of Michigan depicts the states coat-of-arms on a dark blue field. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam, circumspice (Latin If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look around you) is a state motto of Michigan, adopted in 1835 and said to have been suggested by the tribute to architect Christopher Wren at Saint Pauls Cathedral in London, which reads Si monumentum requiris, circumspice...

Official language(s) None (English, de-facto)
Capital Lansing
Largest city Detroit
Largest metro area Metro Detroit
Area  Ranked 11th
 - Total 97,990 sq mi
(253,793 km²)
 - Width 239 miles (385 km)
 - Length 491 miles (790 km)
 - % water 41.5
 - Latitude 41° 42′ N to 48° 16′ N
 - Longitude 82° 25′ W to 90° 25′ W
Population  Ranked 8th
 - Total (2000) 9,938,444
 - Density 179/sq mi 
67.55/km² (15th)
 - Median income  $44,627 (21st)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Arvon[1]
1,979 ft  (603 m)
 - Mean 902 ft  (275 m)
 - Lowest point Lake Erie[1]
571 ft  (174 m)
Admission to Union  January 26, 1837 (26th)
Governor Jennifer Granholm (D)
U.S. Senators Carl Levin (D)
Debbie Stabenow (D)
Congressional Delegation List
Time zones  
 - most of state Eastern: UTC-5/-4
 - 4 U.P. counties Central: UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations MI Mich. US-MI
Web site www.michigan.gov

Michigan (IPA: /ˈmɪʃɨgən/, roughly MISH-uh-gun)[2] is a Midwestern state of the United States of America, located in the east north central portion of the country. It was named after Lake Michigan, whose name was a French adaptation of the Ojibwe term mishigami, meaning "large water" or "large lake".[3][4] Image File history File links Map_of_USA_MI.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Michigan ... // Although the United States currently has no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the de facto national language. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Location in Ingham County, Michigan1 Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Ingham, Eaton Settled 1835 Incorporation 1859 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Virg Bernero (D) Area  - City  35. ... Detroit redirects here. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Map of states populations (2006) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2006, according to the 2005 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... For information on the income of individuals, see Personal income in the United States. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... Mount Arvon, elevation 1,979 feet (603 m), located in LAnse Township, Baraga County is the highest point in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Jennifer Mulhern Granholm (born February 5, 1959) is a Canadian-born American politician and the current Governor of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Carl Milton Levin (born June 28, 1934) is a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan and is the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Armed Services. ... Deborah Ann Debbie Stabenow (born Deborah Ann Greer on April 29, 1950) is a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... These are tables of congressional delegations from Michigan to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ... ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to as a state (although four officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, under the provisions of the United States Constitution form the United States of America. ... The East North Central States form one of the nine geographic divisions within the United States which are officially recognized by the United States Census Bureau. ... --67. ... The Anishinaabe language or the Ojibwe group of languages or Anishinaabemowin in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut). ...


Bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair, Michigan has the longest freshwater shoreline in the World, and the second longest total shoreline in the United States.[5] In 2005, Michigan had more registered recreational boats than any state except California and Florida.[6] A person in Michigan is never more than 85 miles (137 km) from open Great Lakes water and is never more than 6 miles (10 km) from a natural water source. The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Public beach on Lake St. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Michigan is the only state to consist entirely of two peninsulas. The Lower Peninsula of Michigan, to which the name Michigan was originally applied, is sometimes dubbed "the mitten," owing to its shape. When asked where in Michigan one comes from, a resident of the Lower Peninsula may often point to the corresponding part of his or her hand. The Upper Peninsula (often referred to as The U.P.) is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile (8 km) channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan. The Upper Peninsula (whose residents are often called "Yoopers") is economically important for tourism and its natural resources. Regions and major cities of the Lower Peninsula can be seen here. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Straits of Mackinac, spanned by the Mackinac Bridge, seen from the southern shore View of the Straits from Mackinac Island The Straits of Mackinac (pronounced , like MACK-in-aw, note the silent c) is the strip of water that connects two of the Great Lakes, Lake Michigan and Lake... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ... --67. ...


The Upper and Lower Peninsulas are connected by the five-mile-long Mackinac Bridge, which is the third longest suspension bridge between anchorages in the world. This is the source of the name "trolls" for residents of the Lower Peninsula, for they live "under" (south of) the bridge. The Great Lakes that border Michigan are Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan and Lake Superior. Michigan also abuts Lake Saint Clair, which is between Lake Erie and Lake Huron. The Mackinac Bridge (pronounced , with a silent c), is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the non-contiguous Upper and Lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... A suspension bridge is a type of bridge that has been created since ancient times as early as 100 AD. Simple suspension bridges, for use by pedestrians and livestock, are still constructed, based upon the ancient Inca rope bridge. ... For other uses, see Troll (disambiguation). ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ... --67. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Public beach on Lake St. ...

Contents

History

See also: Timeline of Michigan history
A Chippewa family, circa 1821

Michigan was home to various Native Americans centuries before colonization by Europeans. When the first European explorers arrived, the most populous and influential tribes were Algonquian peoples—specifically, the Ottawa, the Anishnabe (called "Chippewa" in French, after their language, "Ojibwe"), and the Potawatomi. The Anishnabe, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the most populous. Although the Anishnabe were well-established in Michigan's Upper Peninsula and northern Lower Peninsula, they also inhabited northern Ontario, northern Wisconsin, southern Manitoba, and northern and north-central Minnesota. The Ottawa lived primarily south of the Straits of Mackinac in northern and western Michigan, while the Potawatomi were primarily in the southwest. The three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires. Other First Nations people in Michigan, in the south and east, were the Mascouten, the Menominee, the Miami, and the Wyandot, who are better known by their French name, "Huron". // 13000 BC to 12000 BC The most recent of four major glaciers (Wisconsin glaciation) started to recede leaving a tundra like environment. ... Original caption: A Chippewa Family, c. ... Original caption: A Chippewa Family, c. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Territories in the Americas colonized or claimed by a European great power in 1750. ... The Algonquian are one of the most populous and widespread North American Native groups, with tribes originally numbering in the hundreds, and hundreds of thousands who still identify with various Algonquian peoples. ... The Ottawa (also Odawa, Odaawa, Outaouais, or Trader) are a Native American and First Nations people. ... For other uses of Chippewa, see Chippewa (disambiguation). ... Rain dance, Kansas, c. ... The Council of Three Fires, also known as the People of the Three Fires, was a long-standing Anishinaabe alliance of the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi Native American tribes and First Nations. ... The Mascouten were an American Indian tribe, originally from what is now the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Menominee are a nation of Native Americans living in Wisconsin. ... The Miami are a Native American tribe originally found in Indiana and Ohio. ... The Wyandot, or Wendat, is an indigenous people of North America, originally from what is now Southern Ontario, Quebec, Canada and Southeast Michigan. ...


1600s

French voyageurs explored and settled in Michigan in the 17th century. The first Europeans to reach what later became Michigan were Étienne Brûlé's expedition in 1622. The first European settlement was made in 1641 on the site where Father (or Père, in French) Jacques Marquette established Sault Sainte-Marie in 1668. A coureur de bois was an individual who engaged in the fur trade without permission from the French authorities. ... Étienne Brûlé (c. ... Father Jacques Marquette (French: Père Jacques Marquette) (June 10, 1637–May 18, 1675) and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to see and map the Mississippi River. ... Nickname: Location of Sault Ste. ...


Saint-Ignace was founded in 1671, and Marquette in 1675. Together with Sault Sainte-Marie, they are the three oldest cities in Michigan. "The Soo" (Sault Ste. Marie) has the distinction of being the oldest city in both Michigan and Ontario. It was split into two cities in 1818, a year after the U.S.-Canada boundary in the Great Lakes was finally established by the U.S.-UK Joint Border Commission. St. ... Marquette is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Location of Sault Ste. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...


In 1679, Lord La Salle of France directed the construction of the Griffin, the first European sailing vessel on the upper Great Lakes. That same year, La Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph. Engraving of La Salle René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ... Built by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, Le Griffon is considered to have been the first actual ship on the Upper Great Lakes. ... Aerial view of the harbor at St. ...


1700s

In 1701, French explorer and army officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Le Fort Ponchartrain du Détroit or “Fort Ponchartrain on-the-Strait” on the strait between Lakes St. Clair and Erie, known as the Detroit River. Cadillac had convinced King Louis XIV's chief minister, Louis Phélypeaux, Comte de Pontchartrain, that a permanent community there would strengthen French control over the upper Great Lakes and repel British aspirations. Statue of Cadillac commemorating his landing in Detroit Antoine Laumet, dit de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac (March 5, 1658-October 15, 1730), a French explorer, was a colourful figure in the history of New France. ... Detroit redirects here. ... There are a number of lakes named Lake Saint Clair or Lake St Clair. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... Louis Phélypeaux (1643–1727), marquis de Phélypeaux (1667), comte de Maurepas (1687), comte de Pontchartrain (1699), known as the chancellor de Pontchartrain, was a French politician. ...


The hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent[7][8] (about .85 acre, the equivalent of just under 200 feet on a side) and named it Fort Pontchartrain. Cadillac's wife, Marie Thérèse, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first white women to settle in the Michigan wilderness. The town quickly became a major fur-trading and shipping post. The “Église de Saint-Anne,” or Church of Saint Ann, was founded the same year, and while the original building does not survive, it remains an active congregation today. At the same time, the French strengthened Fort Michilimackinac at the Straits of Mackinac in order to better control their lucrative fur-trading empire. By the mid-eighteenth century, the French had also occupied forts at present-day Niles and Sault Ste. Marie. However, most of the rest of the region remained unsettled by whites. An arpent is the name give to a unit of length and to a unit of area. ... Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit or Fort Detroit was a fort established by the French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac in 1701. ... Some suspected Theresas death in 1683 was foul-play. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... Fort Michilimackinac was an 18th century French, and later British, fort and trading post in the Great Lakes of North America. ... The Straits of Mackinac, spanned by the Mackinac Bridge, seen from the southern shore View of the Straits from Mackinac Island The Straits of Mackinac (pronounced , like MACK-in-aw, note the silent c) is the strip of water that connects two of the Great Lakes, Lake Michigan and Lake... Niles is a city located in Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Location of Sault Ste. ...


From 1660 to the end of French rule, Michigan (along with Wisconsin, eastern Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, two-thirds of Georgia, and small parts of West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, and Maine) was part of the Royal Province of New France. In 1759, following the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, in the French and Indian War (1754–1763), Québec City fell to British forces. Under the 1763 Treaty of Paris, Michigan and the rest of New France passed to Great Britain. Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... Combatants Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of France Commanders James Wolfe â€  Louis-Joseph, Marquis de Montcalm â€  Strength 4,800 regulars 4,000 regulars 300 militia Casualties 658 dead or wounded 644 dead or wounded The Battle of the Plains of Abraham was a pivotal battle in the North American theatre... Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and... The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ...


Detroit was an important British supply center during the American Revolutionary War, but most of the inhabitants - almost all of them - were either Aboriginal people or French Canadians. Because of imprecise cartography and unclear language defining the boundaries in the 1763 Treaty of Paris, the British retained control of Detroit and Michigan. When Quebec was split into Lower and Upper Canada in 1790, Michigan was part of Kent County, Upper Canada, and held its first democratic elections in August 1792, to send delegates to the new provincial parliament at Newark, (Now Niagara-on-the-Lake).[9] Under terms negotiated in the 1794 Jay Treaty, Britain withdrew from Detroit and Michilimackinac in 1796. However, questions remained over the boundary for many years and the United States did not have uncontested control of the Upper Peninsula and Drummond Island until 1818 and 1847, respectively. This article is about military actions only. ... Map of Lower Canada (green) Lower Canada was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791-1841). ... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York(later renamed Toronto in 1834) 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council... Kent County is a historic county in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Niagara-on-the-Lake in the Niagara Region Niagara-on-the-Lake Niagara-on-the-Lake (2001 population 13,839) is a town where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada. ... The Treaty The Jay Treaty between the United States and Great Britain averted war, solved many issues left over from the Revolution, and opened ten years of peaceful trade in the midst of a large war. ... Drummond Township is a township located in Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ...

Plan of the Town of Detroit and Fort Lernoult, 1792.
Plan of the Town of Detroit and Fort Lernoult, 1792.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1020x805, 281 KB) Summary Plan of the Town of Detroit and Fort Lernoult, 1792. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1020x805, 281 KB) Summary Plan of the Town of Detroit and Fort Lernoult, 1792. ...

1800s

During the War of 1812, Michigan Territory (effectively consisting of Detroit and the surrounding area) was captured by the British and nominally returned to Upper Canada. American forces forced the British out in 1813 and pushed into Canada. The Treaty of Ghent implemented the policy of "Status Quo Ante Bellum" or "Just as Things Were Before the War." That meant Michigan stayed American, and the agreement to establish a joint U.S.-UK boundary commission also remained valid. Subsequent to the findings of that commission in 1817, control of the Upper Peninsula and of islands in the St. Clair River delta was transferred from Ontario to Michigan in 1818, and Drummond Island (to which the British had moved their Michilimackinac army base) was transferred in 1847. This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... From 1805-1818, the western border was a line through Lake Michigan. ... Flag Map of Upper Canada (orange) Capital Newark 1792 - 1797 York(later renamed Toronto in 1834) 1797 - 1841 Language(s) English Religion Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Sovereign  - 1791-1820 George III  - 1837-1841 Victoria Lieutenant-Governor See list of Lieutenant-Governors Legislature Parliament of Upper Canada  - Upper house Legislative Council... Signing of the Treaty of Ghent. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ...


The population grew slowly until the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, which brought a large influx of settlers. By the 1830s, Michigan had some 80,000 residents, which was more than enough to apply for statehood. A state government was formed in 1836, although Congressional recognition of the state languished because of a boundary dispute with Ohio. Both states were claiming a 468 square mile (1,210 km²) strip of land that included the newly incorporated city of Toledo on Lake Erie and an area to the west then known as the "Great Black Swamp." The dispute came to be called the Toledo War, with Michigan and Ohio militia maneuvering in the area but never coming to blows. Ultimately, Congress awarded the "Toledo Strip" to Ohio, and Michigan, having received the western part of the Upper Peninsula as a concession, formally entered the Union on January 26, 1837. The Erie Canal (currently part of the New York State Canal System) is a canal in New York State, United States, that runs from the Hudson River to Lake Erie, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Founded 1833 Government  - Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area  - City 84. ... The Great Black Swamp roughly covered the black area within the green shaded counties. ... Map of the Toledo Strip, the disputed region. ... Toledo Strip is the name of a piece of disputed land (which includes present-day Toledo, Ohio) that was claimed by both the state of Ohio and the Michigan Territory of the United States in the early 19th century. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Thought to be useless at the time, the Upper Peninsula was soon discovered to be a rich and important source of lumber, iron, and copper, which would become the state's most sought-after natural resources. Geologist Douglass Houghton and land surveyor William Austin Burt were among the first to document and discover many of these resources, which led to a nation-wide increase of interest in the state. Michigan led the nation in lumber production from 1850's to the 1880's. Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... Copper has played a significant part in the history of mankind, which has used the easily accessible uncompounded metal for nearly 10,000 years. ... The Geologist by Carl Spitzweg A geologist is a contributor to the science of geology, studying the physical structure and processes of the Earth and planets of the solar system (see planetary geology). ... Douglass Houghton (September 21, 1809 – October 13, 1845) was an American geologist, medical doctor and mayor of Detroit, Michigan. ... William Austin Burt (1792—August 18, 1858) was an inventor, legislator, surveyor, and millwright. ...


Michigan made a significant contribution to the Union in the American Civil War, sending over forty regiments of volunteers to the Federal armies. Michigan made a substantial contribution to the Union during the American Civil War. ...

Henry Ford in the Quadricycle, 1905
Henry Ford in the Quadricycle, 1905

Michigan's economy underwent a massive change at the turn of the 20th century. The birth of the automotive industry, with Henry Ford's first plant in the Highland Park enclave of Detroit, marked the beginning of a new era in transportation. It was a development that not only transformed Detroit and Michigan, but permanently altered the socio-economic climate of the United States and much of the world. Grand Rapids, the second-largest city in Michigan, is also a center of automotive manufacturing. Since 1838, the city had also been noted for its thriving furniture industry (which has since declined substantially). Image File history File links Henry_Ford_-_Quadricycle,_1905. ... Image File history File links Henry_Ford_-_Quadricycle,_1905. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ... Highland Park is a city located in Wayne County, Michigan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Grand Rapids redirects here. ...


1900s to the present

In 1910 Michigan held its first primary election. In 1920 Detroit’s WWJ began commercial broadcasting of regular programs, the first such radio station in the United States. Throughout that decade, some of the country's largest and most ornate skyscrapers were built in the city.

1920s skyscrapers in downtown Detroit.
1920s skyscrapers in downtown Detroit.

Detroit had boomed through the 1950s, at one point doubling its population in a decade. Housing shortages and racial tension led to outward movement starting after World War II. After the 1950s, with suburban sprawl prevalent across the country, Detroit's population began to decline, and the rate increased after further racial strife in the 1960s and high crime rates in the 70s and 80s. Government programs such as road-building often enabled the sprawl. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


Since the 1970s, Michigan's industrial base has eroded as the auto industry began to abandon the state's industrial parks in favor of less expensive labor found overseas and in the southern U.S. states. Nevertheless, with more than 10 million residents, Michigan continues to grow and remains a large and influential state, ranking eighth in population among the 50 states.


The Detroit metropolitan area in the southeast corner of the state is the largest metropolitan area in Michigan (roughly 50% of the population resides there) and one of the 10 largest metro areas in the country. The Grand Rapids/Holland/Muskegon metro area on the west side of the state is the fastest growing metro area in the state presently, with over 1.3 million residents as of 2006. Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Grand Rapids redirects here. ... Holland is a city in the western region of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Metro Detroit's population is growing, and Detroit's population is still shrinking, though strong redevelopment in central part of the cities, and a significant rise in population in the southwest part of the city, is contributing to some population inflow. A period of economic transition, especially in manufacturing, has caused economic difficulties in the region since the recession of 2001. The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


In late September 2007 the State of Michigan faced a government shutdown over balancing the budget. Michigan state constitution prohibits spending money without a balanced budget by the start of the fiscal year (Oct. 1st). The state faced a $1.75 billion budget deficit. Governor Granholm refused to sign a budget that included cuts to public education, health care, and public safety. About 4 hours after midnight on October 1st, the Republican-led Senate approved an income tax rate increase to 4.35 percent (from 3.9 percent). The Senate also approved expanding the state’s 6 percent sales tax to a broader list of services. The shutdown would have affected 35,000 state employees.[10]


Law and politics

Michigan's State Capitol in Lansing
Michigan's State Capitol in Lansing
Michigan Supreme Court at the Hall of Justice
Michigan Supreme Court at the Hall of Justice
See also: List of Michigan Governors, List of United States Senators from Michigan, and List of United States Representatives from Michigan

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (525 × 700 pixel, file size: 115 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Michigan State Capitol 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (525 × 700 pixel, file size: 115 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Michigan State Capitol 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Michigan Supreme Court is the highest court in the State of Michigan, that is the court of last resort. ... Michigan Governors Territorial Governors State Governors From statehood until the election of 1966, governors were elected to two-year terms. ... Michigan was admitted to the Union on January 26, 1837. ... This is a list of members of the United States House of Representatives, past and present, from the state of Michigan. ...

Law

Lansing is the state capital and is home to all three branches of state government. The Michigan State Capitol was dedicated in 1879 and has hosted the state's executive and legislative branches ever since. The chief executive is the Governor, and Jennifer Granholm currently holds the office. The legislative branch consists of the bicameral Michigan Legislature, with a House of Representatives and Senate. The Michigan legislature is a full-time legislature, though some representatives have voiced concerns about the long hours disrupting their home lives and wish to make the job part-time. The Supreme Court of Michigan sits with seven justices. The Constitution of Michigan of 1963 provides for voter initiative and referendum (Article II, § 9,[11] defined as "the power to propose laws and to enact and reject laws, called the initiative, and the power to approve or reject laws enacted by the legislature, called the referendum. The power of initiative extends only to laws which the legislature may enact under this constitution"). Location in Ingham County, Michigan1 Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Ingham, Eaton Settled 1835 Incorporation 1859 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Virg Bernero (D) Area  - City  35. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... The Michigan State Capitol The Michigan State Capitol is the building housing the legislative and executive branches of the government of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Michigan Governors Territorial Governors State Governors From statehood until the election of 1966, governors were elected to two-year terms. ... Jennifer Mulhern Granholm (born February 5, 1959) is a Canadian-born American politician and the current Governor of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Michigan Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Cora B. Anderson House of Representatives Office Building, Downtown Lansing The Michigan State House of Representatives is the lower body of the Michigan Legislature. ... Billie S. Farnum Senate Office Building, Downtown Lansing The Michigan Senate is the upper body of the Michigan Legislature. ... The Michigan Supreme Court is the highest court in the U.S. state of Michigan, that is the court of last resort. ... The Michigan Constitution is the governing document of the state of Michigan. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Michigan's state universities are immune from control by the legislature, many aspects of the executive branch, and cities in which they are located; but they are not immune from the authority of the courts. Some degree of political control is exercised as the legislature approves appropriations for the schools. Furthermore, the governor appoints the board of trustees of most state universities with the advice and consent of the state Senate. Only the trustees of the University of Michigan, Michigan State University, and Wayne State University are chosen in general elections. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... Michigan State University (MSU) is a co-educational public research university in East Lansing, Michigan USA. Founded in 1855, it was the pioneer land-grant institution and served as a model for future land-grant colleges in the United States under the 1862 Morrill Act. ... For College in Nebraska, see Wayne State College. ...


Michigan was the first state in the Union, as well as the first English-speaking government in the world,[12][13] to abolish the death penalty, in 1846. David G. Chardavoyne has suggested that the abolitionist movement in Michigan grew as a result of enmity towards the state's neighbor, Canada, which under British rule made public executions a regular practice.[14] (See Capital punishment in Michigan) Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... Capital punishment is illegal in the U.S. State of Michigan for many years. ...


The Executive Branch of the State of Michigan has several Departments or agencies[15]:


State of Michigan Departments

The Michigan Attorneys General is an elected official in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality is the agency of the state of Michigan charged with Protecting Michigans Environment - Ensuring Michigans Future[1] // The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality is a spin off of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources(DNR) . The DNR was created in 1921 as... The Michigan Department of Natural Resources is the agency of the state of Michigan charged with maintaining natural resources such as state parks, state forests, and recreation areas. ... The Michigan Secretary of State is an elected official in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Michigan State Police is the state police agency for the State of Michigan. ... The Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) is a government agency in the U.S. state of Michigan. ...

Politics

Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm

The Republican Party dominated Michigan until the Great Depression. In 1912, Michigan was one of the six states to support progressive Republican and third party candidate Theodore Roosevelt for President after he lost the Republican nomination to William Howard Taft. In recent years, the state has leaned toward the Democratic Party in national elections. Michigan has supported Democrats in the last four presidential elections. In 2004, John Kerry carried the state over George W. Bush, winning Michigan's 17 electoral votes with 51.2% of the vote. Democrats have won each of the last three, and nine of the last ten, US Senate elections in Michigan. Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm, also a Democrat, recently won a second term, beating out Republican candidate Dick DeVos. Republican strength is greatest in the western, northern, and rural parts of the state, especially in the Grand Rapids area. Democrats are strongest in the east, especially in Detroit, Ann Arbor, Flint, and Saginaw. Michigan was also the home of the 38th president of the United States, Gerald Ford who was born in Nebraska and moved to Michigan as an infant.[16][17] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Jennifer Mulhern Granholm (born February 5, 1959) is a Canadian-born American politician and the current Governor of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... For other persons named William Howard Taft, see William Howard Taft (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Jennifer Mulhern Granholm (born February 5, 1959) is a Canadian-born American politician and the current Governor of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Dick DeVos Dick DeVos (born Richard DeVos, Jr. ... Grand Rapids redirects here. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Ann Arbor redirects here. ... Nickname: Location of Flint within Genesee County, Michigan. ... Location of Saginaw within Saginaw County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country State County Saginaw Settled 1819 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Type  - Mayor Carol B. Cottrell  - City Manager Darnell Earley Area  - City  18. ... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ...


Administrative divisions

County government

See also: Administrative divisions of Michigan, List of Michigan county seats, and List of counties in Michigan
Michigan's 83 counties

State government is decentralized among three tiers — statewide, county and township. Counties are administrative divisions of the state, and townships are administrative divisions of a county. Both of them exercise state government authority, localized to meet the particular needs of their jurisdictions, as provided by state law. There are 83 counties in Michigan. The state of Michigan is largely divided in the same way as many other U.S. states, but is distinct in its usage of charter townships. ... List of Michigan county seats: Alcona County - Harrisville Alger County - Munising Allegan County - Allegan Alpena County - Alpena Antrim County - Bellaire Arenac County - Standish Baraga County - L’Anse Barry County - Hastings Bay County - Bay City Benzie County - Beulah Berrien County - St. ... Map of Michigans counties The boundaries of counties in the U.S. state of Michigan have not changed since 1897. ... Download high resolution version (766x865, 52 KB) SOURCE: http://www. ... Download high resolution version (766x865, 52 KB) SOURCE: http://www. ... The boundaries of counties in the U.S. state of Michigan have not changed since 1897. ...


Local and municipal government

See also: Administrative divisions of Michigan and List of municipalities in Michigan (by population)

Cities, state universities, and villages are vested with home rule powers of varying degrees. Home rule cities can generally do anything that is not prohibited by law. The fifteen state universities have broad power and can do anything within the parameters of their status as educational institutions that is not prohibited by the state constitution. Villages, by contrast, have limited home rule, in that they are not completely autonomous from the county and township in which they are located. The state of Michigan is largely divided in the same way as many other U.S. states, but is distinct in its usage of charter townships. ... List of the top 30 municipalities in Michigan ordered by population. ... Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ...


There are two types of township in Michigan: general law township and charter. Charter township status was created by the Legislature in 1947 and grants additional powers and stream-lined administration in order to provide greater protection against annexation by a city. As of April 2001, there were 127 charter townships in Michigan. In general, charter townships have many of the same powers as a city but without the same level of obligations. For example, a charter township can have its own fire department, water & sewage department, police department, and so on—just like a city—but it is not required to have those things, whereas cities must provide those services. Charter townships can opt to use county-wide services instead, such as deputies from the county sheriff's office instead of a home-based force of ordinance officers. A civil township is a widely-used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. ... A Charter Township is a form of local government in the U.S. state of Michigan. ...


Geography

See also: Protected areas of Michigan and List of Michigan state parks
Michigan map, including territorial waters
Michigan map, including territorial waters
Aerial View of Sleeping Bear Dunes
Aerial View of Sleeping Bear Dunes
The Pointe Mouillee State Game Area
The Pointe Mouillee State Game Area

Michigan consists of two peninsulas that lie between 82°30' to about 90°30' west longitude, and are separated by the Straits of Mackinac. The protected areas of Michigan come in an array of different types and levels of protection. ... This is a list of Michigan state parks and related protected areas under Michigan Department of Natural Resources jurisdiction. ... Download high resolution version (517x619, 19 KB)Mercator projection: public domain Online Map Creation, altered by rmhermen This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (517x619, 19 KB)Mercator projection: public domain Online Map Creation, altered by rmhermen This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (592x752, 65 KB)Aerial View of Sleeping Bear Dune Source: National Park Service This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (592x752, 65 KB)Aerial View of Sleeping Bear Dune Source: National Park Service This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore is a U.S. national lakeshore located on the little finger of the lower peninsula of Michigan in Leelanau County and Benzie County. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 748 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1202 pixel, file size: 548 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions of this file File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 748 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1202 pixel, file size: 548 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Other versions of this file File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


The state is bounded on the south by the states of Ohio and Indiana, sharing both land and water boundaries with both. Michigan's western boundaries are almost entirely water boundaries, from south to north, with Illinois and Wisconsin in Lake Michigan; then a land boundary with Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula, that is principally demarcated by the Menominee and Montreal rivers; then water boundaries again, in Lake Superior, with Wisconsin and Minnesota to the west, capped around by the Canadian province of Ontario to the north and east. The northern boundary then runs completely through Lake Superior, from the western boundary with Minnesota to a point north of and around Isle Royale, (which is Michigan's only National Park), thence traveling southeastward through the lake in a reasonably straight line to the Sault Ste. Marie area. Windsor, Ontario, once the south bank of Detroit, Upper Canada, has the distinction of being the only part of Canada which lies to the due south of a part of the lower 48 contiguous United States. In Southeastern Michigan there is a water boundary with the Canada along the entire lengths of the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair (including the First Nation reserve of Walpole Island) and the Detroit River. The south-eastern boundary ends in the western end of Lake Erie with a three-way convergence of Michigan, Ohio and Ontario. Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Greater Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... The Menominee River is a river in northwestern Michigan and northeastern Wisconsin in the United States. ... There are a number of rivers named Montreal River in Canada and the United States. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Largest metro area Greater Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Isle Royale is an island of the Great Lakes, located in the northwest of Lake Superior. ... This article is about national parks. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... Southeast Michigan is a region in the Lower Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan that is home to a majority of the states residents, businesses, and industries. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... There are a number of lakes named Lake Saint Clair or Lake St Clair. ... First Nations is the current title used by Canada to describe the various societies of the indigenous peoples, called Native Americans in the U.S. They have also been known as Indians, Native Canadians, Aboriginal Americans, Amer-Indians, or Aboriginals, and are officially called Indians in the Indian Act, which... Walpole Island is an island in southwestern Ontario, Canada on the border between Ontario and Michigan in the United States. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ...


Michigan encompasses 58,110 square miles (150,504 km²) of land, 38,575 square miles (99,909 km²) of Great Lakes waters and 1,305 square miles (3,380 km²) of inland waters. Only the state of Alaska has more territorial water. After Michigan is third ranked Florida which has 11,827.77 square miles (30,633.8 km²).[18] At a total of 97,990 square miles (253,793 km²), Michigan is the largest state east of the Mississippi River (inclusive of its territorial waters). It is the 10th largest state in the Union. Michigan claims a land area of 58,110 square miles (150,500 km²) of land and 97,990 sq mi (253,790 km²) total, making it the tenth largest state,[19] but the U.S. Census Bureau claims only 56,803.82 sq mi (147,121.22 km²) of land and 96,716.11 sq mi (250,493.57 km²) total, making it the 11th largest. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...


The heavily forested Upper Peninsula is relatively mountainous in the west. The Porcupine Mountains, which are the oldest mountains in North America, rise to an altitude of almost 2,000 feet above sea level and form the watershed between the streams flowing into Lake Superior and Lake Michigan. The surface on either side of this range is rugged. The state's highest point, in the Huron Mountains northwest of Marquette, is Mount Arvon at 1,979 feet (603 m). The peninsula is as large as Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island combined, but has fewer than 330,000 inhabitants, who are sometimes called "Yoopers" (from "U.P.'ers") and whose speech (the "Yooper dialect") has been heavily influenced by the large number of Scandinavian and Canadian immigrants who settled the area during the mining boom of the late 1800s. A view from the Porcupine Mountains The Porcupine Mountains are group of small mountains spanning across the northwestern Upper Peninsula of Michigan in Ontonagon and Gogebic counties, near the shore of Lake Superior. ... A foot (plural: feet) is a non-SI unit of distance or length, measuring around a third of a metre. ... The Huron Mountains are in the U.S. state of Michigan, located mostly in Powell Township, Marquette County overlooking Lake Superior on the Upper Peninsula. ... Mount Arvon, elevation 1,979 feet (603 m), located in LAnse Township, Baraga County is the highest point in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


The Lower Peninsula, shaped like a mitten, is 277 miles (446 km) long from north to south and 195 miles (314 km) from east to west and occupies nearly two-thirds of the state's land area. The surface of the peninsula is generally level, broken by conical hills and glacial moraines usually not more than a few hundred feet tall. It is divided by a low water divide running north and south. The larger portion of the state is on the west of this and gradually slopes toward Lake Michigan. The highest point in the Lower Peninsula is not definitely established but is either Briar Hill at 1,705 feet (520 m), or one of several points nearby in the vicinity of Cadillac. The lowest point is the surface of Lake Erie at 571 feet (174 m). “Miles” redirects here. ... “km” redirects here. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Cadillac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and is the county seat of Wexford County. ...


The geographic orientation of Michigan's peninsulas make for a long distance between the ends of the state. Ironwood, in the far western Upper Peninsula, lies 630 highway miles (1,015 km) from the Toledo, Ohio suburb of Lambertville in the Lower Peninsula's southeastern corner. The geographic isolation of the Upper Peninsula from Michigan's political and population centers makes it culturally and economically distinct, and the feeling that Lansing and Detroit do not care about the U.P. has led to occasional calls for secession from Michigan and admission as a new state called "Superior." Ironwood is a city in Gogebic County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Lucas Founded 1833 Government  - Mayor Carty Finkbeiner (D) Area  - City 84. ... Lambertville is an unincorporated community located in Monroe County, Michigan. ... For other uses, see Secession (disambiguation). ... Proposed map of Superior. ...


There are numerous lakes and marshes in both peninsulas, and the coast is much indented. Keweenaw, Whitefish, and the Big and Little Bays De Noc are the principal indentations on the Upper Peninsula, while the Grand and Little Traverse, Thunder, and Saginaw bays indent the Lower Peninsula. After Alaska, Michigan has the longest shoreline of any state—3,288 miles (5,326 km). An additional 1,056 miles (1,699 km) can be added if islands are included. This roughly equals the length of the Atlantic Coast from Maine to Florida. The state has numerous large islands, the principal ones being the Manitou, Beaver, and Fox groups in Lake Michigan; Isle Royale and Grande Isle in Lake Superior; Marquette, Bois Blanc, and Mackinac Islands in Lake Huron; and Neebish, Sugar, and Drummond Islands in St. Mary's River (see also Islands of Michigan). Whitefish Bay is a large bay on the eastern end of Lake Superior between Michigan and Ontario. ... Little Bay de Noc is a bay in the upper peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Grand Traverse Bay is located off Lake Michigan in Northern Michigan. ... Little Traverse Bay is a small bay off Lake Michigan in the northern area of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. ... Thunder Bay is a bay in the U.S. state of Michigan on Lake Huron. ... Saginaw Bay is located on Lake Huron, and forms the space between The Thumb and the rest of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan on the eastern side of the state of Michigan. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... The Manitou Islands are two uninhabited islands in Lake Michigan, located off the Leelanau Peninsula of Michigan. ... A view of Iron Ore Bay on the southern end of Beaver Island. ... The Fox Islands consist of the North Fox and South Fox islands, in Lake Michigan. ... Isle Royale is an island of the Great Lakes, located in the northwest of Lake Superior. ... Grand Island Township is a township located in Alger County, Michigan. ... Aerial view of the Straits of Mackinac. ... Mackinac Island (pronounced or MACK-in-aw) is an island covering 3. ... Neebish Island is an island in the U.S. state of Michigan in the St. ... Sugar Island is an island in the U.S. state of Michigan in the St. ... Drummond Township is a township located in Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The St. ... List of Islands of Michigan Amygdaloid Island, part of Isle Royale National Park Beaver Island, inhabited island in Lake Michigan Beaver Island, small island in Lake Superior Belle Isle, city park in Detroit in the Detroit River Bois Blanc Island, inhabited island in Lake Huron Calf Island, part of Detroit...


The state's rivers are small, short and shallow, and few are navigable. The principal ones include the Au Sable, Thunder Bay, Cheboygan, and Saginaw, all of which flow into Lake Huron; the Ontonagon, and Tahquamenon, which flow into Lake Superior; and the St. Joseph, Kalamazoo, Grand, and Escanaba, which flow into Lake Michigan. (See List of Michigan rivers). The state has 11,037 inland lakes and 38,575 square miles (62,067 km) of Great Lakes waters and rivers and 1,305 square miles (3,380 km²) of inland water on top of that. No point in Michigan is more than 6 miles (10 km) from an inland lake or more than 85 miles (137 km) from one of the Great Lakes. The Au Sable River in Michigan runs approximately 140 miles (225 km) through the northern lower peninsula, through the towns of Grayling and Mio, and enters Lake Huron at Oscoda. ... Thunder Bay River is a river in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Cheboygan River is a short but significant river in the Lake Huron drainage of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Saginaw River watershed The Saginaw River is a 22-mile-long (35 km) river in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Ontonagon River just below the confluence of its east and middle branches, as viewed from near U.S. Route 45 in Ontonagon County The South Branch Ontonagon River at Ewen The Ontonagon River in Ontonagon, just above its mouth at Lake Superior The Ontonagon River (pronounced ahn-TAHN-uh... The Tahquamenon River is a 94-mile (150-km. ... Saint Joe River flowing west from Elkhart (top) through Osceola (middle) and into Mishawaka (bottom). ... The Kalamazoo River is a river in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Pedestrian bridge over the Grand River in downtown Lansing The Grand River is the longest river in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Escanaba River is a river in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This is a list of Michigan rivers. ...


Detroit is the only major city in the United States from which one must travel southward to cross the border into Canada. Metropolitan Detroit/Ann Arbor/Flint/Windsor is also the world's largest international metropolitan area.


The state is home to one national park: Isle Royale National Park, located in Lake Superior, about 30 miles (48 km) southeast of Thunder Bay, Ontario. Other national protected areas in the state include: Keweenaw National Historical Park, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, Huron National Forest, Manistee National Forest, Hiawatha National Forest, Ottawa National Forest and Father Marquette National Memorial. The North Country National Scenic Trail also passes through Michigan. This article is about national parks. ... Isle Royale National Park is a U.S. National Park in the state of Michigan. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Bridalveil Falls emptying into Lake Superior Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore is a U.S. National Lakeshore on the shore of Lake Superior in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, United States. ... Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore is a U.S. national lakeshore located on the little finger of the lower peninsula of Michigan in Leelanau County and Benzie County. ... Huron-Manistee National Forests Proximity Map The Huron-Manistee National Forests are actually two forests combined in 1945 for administration purposes and comprise almost 1,000,000 acres (4,000 km²) of public lands, including 5,786 acres (23 km²) of wetlands, extending across the northern lower peninsula of Michigan. ... Huron-Manistee National Forests Proximity Map The Huron-Manistee National Forests are actually two forests combined in 1945 for administration purposes and comprise almost 1,000,000 acres (4,000 km²) of public lands, including 5,786 acres (23 km²) of wetlands, extending across the northern lower peninsula of Michigan. ... Road sign of the Hiawatha National Forest in Alger County Hiawatha National Forest is a National Forest in the Upper Peninsula of the state of Michigan in the United States. ... The Ottawa National Forest is a 1. ... Father Jacques Marquette, a French Jesuit missionary, established Michigans earliest European settlements at Sault Ste. ... The North Country Trail, more formally the North Country National Scenic Trail, is a 4,000-mile long-distance trail being developed that begins near Lake Champlain in New York State, and traverses New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. ...


Michigan also has the largest state park and State Forest system of any state. These parks and forests include Ludington State Park, Tawas Point State Park, Au Sable State Forest, and Mackinaw State Forest. More can be found at Michigan state parks. A state forest is a forest that is protected by state laws, rather than by the federal government. ... Ludington State Park is a state park in Michigan. ... Tawas Point State Park is a Michigan state park located near the city of East Tawas. ... The Au Sable State Forest is a state forest in the north-central Lower Peninsula of Michigan. ... The Mackinaw State Forest is a 717,500-acre (2,870 km²) forested area owned by the U.S. state of Michigan and operated by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Climate

Michigan has a humid continental climate throughout the state, although there are two distinct regions. The southern and central parts of the Lower Peninsula (south of Saginaw Bay and from the Grand Rapids area southward) has a warmer climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa) with hot, humid summers and cold, but shorter winters. The northern part of Lower Peninsula and the entire Upper Peninsula has a more severe climate (Koppen Dfb), with warm, humid but shorter summers and long, cold to very cold winters. Some parts of the state averaging high temperatures below freezing from December through February, and into early March in the far northern parts. During the late fall through the middle of February the state is frequently subjected to heavy lake effect snow. The state ranks 8th out of all states in annual snowfall. The state receives a good amount of precipitation throughout the year, averaging from 30-40 inches (750-1000 mm) annually. Typically, from December through March is slightly drier, while July through September is slightly wetter than the rest of the year, although this difference is not extreme as in some other states. The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... Saginaw Bay is located on Lake Huron, and forms the space between The Thumb and the rest of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan on the eastern side of the state of Michigan. ... Grand Rapids redirects here. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... Lake-effect precipitation coming off the Great Lakes, as seen from NEXRAD. Lake effect snow, which can be a type of snowsquall, is produced in the winter when cold, artic dry winds move across long expanses of warmer lake water, picking up water vapor which freezes and is deposited on...


The entire state averages around 30 days of thunderstorm activity per year, and these can be severe, especially the further south in the state one goes. The state averages 17 tornadoes a year, and these are much more common in the extreme southern portion of the state with portions of the southern border nearly as vulnerable historically as parts of Tornado alley. Further north, in the Upper Peninsula, tornadoes are rare, but have occurred. [20] An outline of Significant Tornado Alley in the United States, where the highest percentage of violent tornadoes occur Tornado Alley is a colloquial term most often used in reference to the area of the United States in which tornadoes are most frequent. ...

Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Michigan Cities in °F
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Detroit 31/18 34/20 45/28 58/38 70/49 79/59 83/64 81/62 74/54 61/42 48/34 36/23
Flint 29/13 32/15 43/24 56/35 69/45 78/55 82/59 80/57 72/49 60/39 46/30 34/19
Grand Rapids 29/16 33/17 43/26 57/36 70/47 78/56 82/60 80/59 72/51 60/40 46/31 34/21
Lansing 29/14 33/15 44/24 57/34 69/45 78/54 82/58 80/57 72/49 60/39 46/30 34/20
Marquette 20/3 24/5 33/14 46/27 62/39 70/48 75/54 73/52 63/44 51/34 35/22 24/10
Muskegon 30/17 32/18 42/25 55/35 67/45 76/54 80/60 78/59 70/51 59/41 46/32 35/23
Sault Ste Marie 22/5 24/7 34/16 48/29 63/39 71/46 76/52 74/52 65/45 53/36 39/26 27/13
[5]

For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...

Geology

The geological formation of the state is greatly varied. Primary boulders are found over the entire surface of the Upper Peninsula (being principally of primitive origin), while Secondary deposits cover the entire Lower Peninsula. The Upper Peninsula exhibits Lower Silurian sandstones, limestones, copper and iron bearing rocks, corresponding to the Huronian system of Canada. The central portion of the Lower Peninsula contains coal measures and rocks of the Permo-Carboniferous period. Devonian and sub-Carboniferous deposits are scattered over the entire state. The Silurian is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Ordovician period, about 443. ... Permo-Carboniferous is strata deposited between the Carboniferous and Permian periods that are not differentiated because of the presence of transitional fossils, and also where no conspicuous stratigraphic break is present. ... For the Celtic language, see Southwestern Brythonic language; for the residents of the English county, see Devon. ...


The soil is of a varied composition and in large areas is very fertile, especially in the south. However, the Upper Peninsula for the most part is rocky and mountainous, and the soil is unsuitable for agriculture. The climate is tempered by the proximity of the lakes and is much milder than in other locales with the same latitude. The principal forest trees include basswood, maple, elm, sassafras, butternut, walnut, poplar, hickory, oak, willow, pine, birch, beech, hemlock, witchhazel, tamarack, cedar, locust, dogwood, and ash.


Demographics

Michigan population distribution
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1800 3,757
1810 4,762 26.8%
1820 7,452 56.5%
1830 28,004 275.8%
1840 212,267 658.0%
1850 397,654 87.3%
1860 749,113 88.4%
1870 1,184,059 58.1%
1880 1,636,937 38.2%
1890 2,093,890 27.9%
1900 2,420,982 15.6%
1910 2,810,173 16.1%
1920 3,668,412 30.5%
1930 4,842,325 32.0%
1940 5,256,106 8.5%
1950 6,371,766 21.2%
1960 7,823,194 22.8%
1970 8,875,083 13.4%
1980 9,262,078 4.4%
1990 9,295,297 0.4%
2000 9,938,444 6.9%
Est. 2006 10,095,643 1.6%

As of the July 1, 2006 population estimate, Michigan has an estimated population of 10,095,643, which is a decrease of 25,217, or -0.05%, from the prior year, but an increase of 157,199, or 1.6%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 235,760 people (that is 691,897 births minus 456,137 deaths) and a decrease from net migration of 42,183 people out of the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 354,544 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 165,084 people. The state's population increased by 817,000 between 1990 and 2004, an 8.8% growth. As of 2000, the state had the 8th largest population in the Union. Image File history File links Michigan_population_map. ... Image File history File links Michigan_population_map. ... The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ...


The center of population of Michigan is located in Shiawassee County, in the southeastern corner of the civil township of Bennington, which is located directly north of the village of Morrice.[21] Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Shiawassee County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... A civil township is a widely-used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. ... Bennington Township is a township located in Shiawassee County, Michigan. ... Morrice is a village located in Shiawassee County, Michigan. ...


As of 2006, the state had a foreign-born population of 688,413. In recent years, the foreign born population has grown in the state.


The five largest reported ancestries in Michigan are: German (20.4%), African American (14.2%), Irish (10.8%), English (9.9%), Polish (8.6%). An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... English Americans (occasionally known as Anglo-Americans) are citizens of the United States whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England. ...


Michigan has a large white population (81.3%). Americans of European descent including German, French, and British ancestry are present throughout most of Michigan and Metro Detroit. People of Nordic (especially Finnish), British (notably Cornish), and ancestry have a notable presence in the Upper Peninsula. Western Michigan is known for the Dutch heritage of many residents (the highest concentration of any state), especially in the Grand Rapids-Holland area. Metro Detroit also has residents of Polish and Irish descent, while Dearborn has a large Arab American community. African-Americans form a majority of the population of the city of Detroit and of some other cities, including Flint and Benton Harbor. For the ethnic group, see White people. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ... The Cornish people are a British ethnic group originating in Cornwall. ... Holland is a city in the western region of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... Arab Americans constitute an ethnicity made up of several waves of immigrants from 22 Morocco in the west to Oman in the east. ... Nickname: Location of Flint within Genesee County, Michigan. ... Benton Harbor is a city in Berrien County in the U.S. State of Michigan. ...

Demographics of Michigan (csv)
By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI
AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native   -   NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
2000 (total population) 83.05% 14.92% 1.26% 2.10% 0.08%
2000 (Hispanic only) 2.98% 0.22% 0.11% 0.03% 0.01%
2005 (total population) 82.65% 15.05% 1.21% 2.57% 0.08%
2005 (Hispanic only) 3.51% 0.23% 0.11% 0.05% 0.02%
Growth 2000-2005 (total population) 1.35% 2.77% -2.51% 24.24% 12.50%
Growth 2000-2005 (non-Hispanic only) 0.66% 2.67% -2.71% 24.04% 10.70%
Growth 2000-2005 (Hispanic only) 19.89% 9.70% -0.48% 36.87% 20.51%
Michigan ancestry
Michigan ancestry

It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Michigan_ancestry_map. ...

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of Michigan are:[22]

Michigan has a higher percentage of Muslims (who live mainly in the Metro Detroit area) and a higher percentage of Reformed Christians (concentrated in the western part of the state) than any other American state. About 300,000 people trace their roots to the Middle East.[23] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... For other uses, see Methodism (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal can... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... -1... Disambiguation: This article is about the United States denomination known as United Church of Christ. ... Alternate meanings: see Church of Christ (disambiguation). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Reformed churches are a group of Protestant denominations historically related by a similar Zwinglian or Calvinist system of doctrine but organizationally independent. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Economy

See also: List of companies based in Michigan and Economy of metropolitan Detroit
Michigan is the center of the American automotive industry. Pictured is the Ford Shelby GT500 at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. The GT500 is manufactured in Ford's Flat Rock, Michigan assembly plant.
Michigan is the center of the American automotive industry. Pictured is the Ford Shelby GT500 at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. The GT500 is manufactured in Ford's Flat Rock, Michigan assembly plant.

The Michigan economy leads in information technology, life sciences, and advanced manufacturing. Although Michigan is most commonly known for its manufacturing legacy, research and development actually comprises a higher percentage of the state's overall GSP than any other U.S. state.[24] Michigan ranks fourth nationally in high tech employment with 568,000 high tech workers, including 70,000 in the automotive industry.[25] Michigan typically ranks second or third in overall Research & Development (R&D) expenditures in the United States.[26] The state is an important source of engineering job opportunities. The domestic Auto Industry accounts directly and indirectly for one of every ten jobs in the U.S.[27] In March 2007 the Michigan unemployment rate was 6.5 percent. This is a list of important companies based in the state of Michigan. ... The Renaissance Center is General Motors world headquarters The economy of metropolitan Detroit, Michigan is a key pillar of the economy of the United States. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Shelby Mustang is a performance muscle car from the 1960s. ... Download high resolution version (977x995, 93 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (977x995, 93 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... The phrase research and development (also R and D or, more often, R&D), according to the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development, refers to creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use... GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... The phrase research and development (also R and D or R&D) has a special commercial significance apart from its conventional coupling of research and technological development. ... Engineering is the discipline of acquiring and applying knowledge of design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ...


Michigan has experienced economic difficulties brought on by the severe stock market decline following the September 11, 2001 attacks which caused a pension and benefit fund crisis for many American companies including General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler. The American Auto companies are proving to be more resilient than other affected industries as each company implements its respective turnaround plans (In 2007, General Motors reported a $9.6 billion surplus in its pension fund). Nevertheless, Michigan ranked second nationally in new corporate facilities and expansions in 2004. From 1997 to 2004, Michigan was listed as the only state to top the 10,000 mark for the number of major new developments, led by Metro Detroit.[28] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ...


Even though Michigan is known as the birthplace of the automobile industry, its diverse economy leads in many other areas. Michigan has a booming biotechnology and life sciences corridor.[29] As leading research institutions, the University of Michigan, Michigan State University, and Wayne State University are important partners in the state's economy. Michigan's workforce is well-educated and highly skilled, making it attractive to companies. Michigan's infrastructure gives it a competitive edge; Michigan has 38 deep water ports.[30] Detroit Metropolitan Airport is one of the nation's most recently expanded and modernized airports with six major runways and large aircraft maintenance facilities capable of servicing and repairing the Boeing 747. Michigan's schools and colleges rank among the nation's best. Michigan is a leading grower of fruit, including cherries, blueberries, apples, grapes, and peaches. It produces wines and a multitude of food products. Some of the major industries/products/services include automobiles (General Motors, Ford, Chrysler), Amway, cereal (Kellogg's, Post Cereals), information technology (Google, Covansys), computer software (Compuware, IBM), pharmaceuticals (Pfizer, Perrigo), medical products (Stryker), aerospace systems equipment (Smith Aerospace, Eaton Aerospace), military equipment (General Dynamics, Raytheon), lasers (Rofin-Sinar), financial services (Quicken Loans, National City Bank), energy equipment (DTE Energy, Uni-Solar), fuel cells (Next Energy) seating (Lear, Irwin Seating, American Seating), copper, iron, and furniture (Steelcase, Herman Miller, and La-Z-Boy). “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... Michigan State University (MSU) is a co-educational public research university in East Lansing, Michigan USA. Founded in 1855, it was the pioneer land-grant institution and served as a model for future land-grant colleges in the United States under the 1862 Morrill Act. ... For College in Nebraska, see Wayne State College. ... Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport, also called Detroit Metro Airport, is an airport in Romulus, Michigan, near Detroit, Michigan. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Headquarters in Ada, Michigan Amway is a multi-level marketing, or network marketing, company founded in 1959 by Jay Van Andel and Rich DeVos. ... Grain redirects here. ... Kellogg Company (often referred to as simply Kellogg or Kelloggs) is an American multinational producer of breakfast foods, snack foods, cookies, and crackers, with corporate headquarters in Battle Creek, Michigan, USA. Kellogg trades under the ticker symbol NYSE: K. Revenues in 2006 were $10. ... Post Cereals, formerly Postum Cereals was founded by C. W. Post. ... This article is about the corporation. ... Covansys Corporation (NASDAQ:CVNS) is a global consulting and technology services company hadquartered in Michigan. ... Compuware World Headquarters on Campus Martius Park in Detroit Compuware Corporation NASDAQ: CPWR is a software company with products aimed at the information technology (IT) departments of large businesses. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Pfizer Incorporated (NYSE: PFE) is the worlds largest research-based pharmaceutical company[1].[1] The company is based in New York City. ... The L. Perrigo Company was founded in 1887 in Allegan, Michigan, United States, by Luther Perrigo. ... For other uses, see Stryker (disambiguation). ... General Dynamics Corporation (NYSE: GD) is a defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2006 it is the sixth largest defense contractor in the world[2]. The company has changed markedly in the post-Cold War era of defense consolidation. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major American defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in defense systems and defense and commercial electronics. ... Quicken Loans Corporation is a retail home mortgage lending firm in the US. Quicken Loans Inc. ... The National City Corporation (NYSE: NCC) is one of the ten largest banks in America (among others, in terms of deposits). ... DTE Energy Co. ... Lear Corporation (NYSE: LEA), headquartered in Southfield, Michigan, USA is a Fortune 500 company, engaged in the business of manufacturing and distribution of automotive interiors systems. ... American Seating Inc. ... Copper has played a significant part in the history of mankind, which has used the easily accessible uncompounded metal for nearly 10,000 years. ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... For the UK band, see Furniture (band). ... Steelcase (NYSE: SCS) is an international office furniture company. ... Herman Miller, Inc. ... This article is about the company. ...


Michigan has a thriving tourist industry. Visitors spend $17.5 billion a year in the state supporting 193,000 tourism jobs and Michigan's tourism website ranks among the busiest in the nation.[31] Destinations such as Traverse City, Mackinac Island, Ludington, Muskegon, Saugatuck, the Upper Peninsula, Frankenmuth, Grand Haven, Grand Rapids, and Detroit draw vacationers, hunters, and nature enthusiasts from across the United States and Canada. Michigan is fifty percent forest land, much of it quite remote. Both the forests and thousands of miles of beaches are top attractions. Tourists also flock to many of the museums, particularly those in Metro Detroit, including The Henry Ford, the Detroit Institute of Arts and the Arab American National Museum. The Metro Detroit area offers four major casinos, MGM Grand Detroit, Greektown, Motor City, and Casino Windsor; moreover, Detroit is the largest city to offer casino gambling. Traverse City is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Mackinac Island (pronounced or MACK-in-aw) is an island covering 3. ... The Clock Tower Park. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... View of downtown Saugatuck and the Kalamazoo River from atop Mt. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Frankenmuth is the name of a city and a township in Saginaw County, Michigan: Frankenmuth Frankenmuth Township This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Grand Haven is a city located in Ottawa County, Michigan. ... Grand Rapids is the name of several places in the United States of America: Grand Rapids, Michigan Grand Rapids, Minnesota Grand Rapids, Ohio Grand Rapids, Wisconsin is the former name of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin Grand Rapids is also the name of a town in Canada: Grand Rapids, Manitoba. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This article is about a community of trees. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... A Ford Model T, used for giving tourist rides, is shown above at Greenfield Village. ... The Detroit Institute of Arts (DIA), originally named the Detroit Museum of Art, has one of the largest, most significant art collections in the United States. ... The Arab American National Museum, located in Dearborn, Michigan, is the first of its kind and opened May 5, 2005. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


Hunting is a major component of Michigan's economy. Michigan ranks first in the nation in licensed hunters (over one million) who contribute $2 billion annually to its economy. Over three-quarters of a million hunters participate in white-tailed deer season alone. Many K-12 school districts in rural areas of Michigan go so far as to cancel school on the opening day of rifle season, because of both safety and attendance concerns. This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... USD redirects here. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America and northern portions of South America as far south as Peru. ...


Michigan's Department of Natural Resources manages the largest dedicated state forest system in the nation. The forest products industry and recreational users contribute $12 billion and 200,000 associated jobs annually to the state's economy. Michigan has more than 90 native species of trees, more than all of Europe combined. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Michigan's gross state product in 2004 was $372 billion.[32] Per capita personal income in 2003 was $31,178 and ranked twentieth in the nation. USD redirects here. ...


Although Michigan's tax rate on personal income of 3.90 percent was raised to 4.36 percent on October 1, 2007, the state still has one of the lowest top brackets in the nation. Some cities impose additional income taxes. Michigan's state sales tax is 6 percent. On October 1, 2007, along with the increase in the state income tax rate, the sales tax was extended to over 50 services as well. The state does not allow city or local sales taxes. Property taxes are assessed on the local, not state, level. In 2007, Michigan repealed its Single Business Tax (SBT) and replaced it with an all new Michigan Business Tax (MBT) in order to stimulate job growth by reducing taxes for seventy percent of the businesses in the State.[33] The Bureau of Economic Analysis, recent growth in Michigan is 0.1%. [34] Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ...


Transportation

The Mackinac Bridge: a five-mile span connecting Michigan's two peninsulas
The Mackinac Bridge: a five-mile span connecting Michigan's two peninsulas

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 463 pixelsFull resolution (2487 × 1440 pixel, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of the Mackinac Bridge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 463 pixelsFull resolution (2487 × 1440 pixel, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture of the Mackinac Bridge. ...

Railroads

Main article: Michigan Services

The state is traversed by several railroads, with mileage amounting to several hundreds of miles. Michigan Services is an umbrella term used by Amtrak to encompass three separate routes which originate from Chicago, Illinois and run into southern and central Michigan. ...


Freight rail traffic represents the use of most of the railroads. An electric container freight train Freight wagons filled with limestone await unloading, at sidings in Rugby, Warwickshire, England An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992. ...


There is Amtrak passenger rail service in the state, connecting the cities of Detroit, East Lansing, Grand Rapids, Jackson, Ann Arbor, Kalamazoo, and Port Huron, among others, to Chicago, Illinois. There are plans for commuter rail for Detroit and its suburbs.[35][36] The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Restored passenger cars on display at the Mid-Continent Railway Museum in North Freedom, WI. A passenger car is a piece of railway rolling stock that is designed to carry passengers. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... East Lansing is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Grand Rapids is the name of several places in the United States of America: Grand Rapids, Michigan Grand Rapids, Minnesota Grand Rapids, Ohio Grand Rapids, Wisconsin is the former name of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin Grand Rapids is also the name of a town in Canada: Grand Rapids, Manitoba. ... Nickname: Location of Jackson within Jackson County, Michigan Country United States State Michigan County Jackson Government  - Mayor Jerry Ludwig Area  - City  11. ... Ann Arbor is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Kalamazoo is a city located in Kalamazoo County in southwest Michigan. ... A statue of Thomas Edison with the Blue Water Bridge in the background. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ...


AMTRAK passenger rail service no longer continues east of Port Huron to Toronto via Sarnia. Lengthy customs delays made it impossible for AMTRAK and VIA trains to maintain their schedules. AMTRAK trains originate and terminate at Port Huron. VIA trains terminate and originate at Sarnia.


Interstate highways

Interstate 75 is the main thoroughfare between Detroit and Flint, extending all the way to Sault Saint Marie and providing access to Sault Saint Marie, Ontario. The expressway crosses the Mackinac Bridge between the Lower and Upper Peninsulas. Branching highways include I-275 and I-375 in Detroit; I-475 in Flint; I-675 in Saginaw. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sault Ste. ... The Mackinac Bridge (pronounced , with a silent c), is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the non-contiguous Upper and Lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan. ...


Interstate 69 enters the state near the Michigan-Ohio-Indiana border, and it extends to Port Huron and provides access to the Blue Water Bridge crossing into Sarnia, Ontario. Interstate 69 just outside Indianapolis near Pendleton, Indiana Interstate 69 (I-69) is an Interstate Highway in the United States. ... A statue of Thomas Edison with the Blue Water Bridge in the background. ... The newer Blue Water Bridge is in the foreground, the older bridge is behind. ... Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). ...


Interstate 94 enters the western end of the state at the Indiana border, and it travels east to Detroit and then northeast to Port Huron and ties in with I-69. I-194 branches off from this freeway in Battle Creek. Interstate 94 (abbreviated I-94) is the northernmost east-west interstate highway, connecting the Great Lakes and Intermountain regions of the United States. ...


Interstate 96 runs east-west between Detroit and Muskegon. I-496 loops around Lansing. I-196 branches off from this freeway at Grand Rapids and connects to I-94 near Benton Harbor. I-696 branches off from this freeway at Novi and connects to I-94 near St Clair Shores and Eastpointe. Interstate 96 (abbreviated I-96) is an intrastate Interstate highway that is entirely within the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Interstate 196 (abbreviated I-196) is a long freeway spur route in the U.S. state of Michigan linking Grand Rapids, Holland, South Haven, and Benton Harbor. ... Public beach in St. ... Eastpointe is a city located in Macomb County, Michigan. ...


U.S. Routes

Include: US 2, US 8, US 10, US 12, US 23, US 24, US 31, US 41, US 45, US 127, US 131, US 141, US 223. United States Highway 2 is an east-west United States Highway. ... United States Route 8 is a United States highway that runs primarily east-west for 281 miles (452 km), mostly within the state of Wisconsin. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... U.S. Route 12, or US 12, is an east-west United States highway running from downtown Detroit almost 2500 miles (4000 km) to Grays Harbor on the Pacific Ocean in the state of Washington. ... U.S. Highway 23 is a long north-south U.S. highway between Mackinaw City, Michigan and Jacksonville, Florida. ... U.S. Route 24, a dual north-south/east-west route, is one of the original United States highways of 1926. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: U.S. Route 41 U.S. Route 41 is a north-south United States Highway that runs from the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to Miami, Florida. ... U.S. Highway 45 is a north-south United States highway. ... United States Highway 127 is a north-south United States highway. ... U.S. Highway 131 (US-131) is a north-south United States highway. ... U.S. Highway 141 is a north-south highway in the U.S. states of Michigan and Wisconsin. ... US 223 is a short, diagonal (northwest to southeast) highway lying in Michigan and Ohio, though the Ohio section is completely concurrent with US 23. ...


Major bridges include the Ambassador Bridge, Blue Water Bridge, Mackinac Bridge, and International Bridge. Michigan also has the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel crossing into Canada. The Ambassador Bridge is a privately owned suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan, in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario, in Canada. ... The newer Blue Water Bridge is in the foreground, the older bridge is behind. ... The Mackinac Bridge (pronounced , with a silent c), is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the non-contiguous Upper and Lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The International Bridge, or, more properly, the Sault Ste. ... The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel connects Detroit, Michigan in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario in Canada. ...


Important cities and townships

Detroit's downtown viewed from the Detroit River
Detroit's downtown viewed from the Detroit River
Further information: List of cities, villages, and townships in Michigan
The Grand Rapids skyline peppered with construction cranes.
The Grand Rapids skyline peppered with construction cranes.

The largest municipalities in Michigan are (according to 2005 census estimates):
Download high resolution version (2100x1510, 499 KB) From http://cgvi. ... Download high resolution version (2100x1510, 499 KB) From http://cgvi. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... This is a list of cities, villages and townships in Michigan, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 325 pixelsFull resolution (868 × 353 pixel, file size: 139 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Grand Rapids Skyline by Terry Johnston of Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 325 pixelsFull resolution (868 × 353 pixel, file size: 139 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Grand Rapids Skyline by Terry Johnston of Grand Rapids, Michigan. ...

Rank City Population
1 Detroit 871,121
2 Grand Rapids 193,083
3 Warren 134,589
4 Sterling Heights 127,991
5 Flint 117,068
6 Lansing 114,276
7 Ann Arbor 113,206
8 Clinton Township 96,781
9 Livonia 96,736
10 Dearborn 92,382
A Lansing Sunrise
A Lansing Sunrise
Downtown Flint as seen from the Flint River.
Ann Arbor skyline

Other important cities include: Detroit redirects here. ... Grand Rapids redirects here. ... Coordinates: , Country State County Macomb Incorporated 1957 Government  - Type Council-Strong Mayor  - Mayor Mark A. Steenbergh Area  - City  34. ... Sterling Heights is a city in Macomb County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Location of Flint within Genesee County, Michigan. ... Location in Ingham County, Michigan1 Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Ingham, Eaton Settled 1835 Incorporation 1859 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Virg Bernero (D) Area  - City  35. ... Ann Arbor redirects here. ... The Charter Township of Clinton, usually referred to as Clinton Township, is a charter township located in Macomb County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Livonia is a city located in the northwest part of Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Location in Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Government  - Mayor John B. O’Reilly, Jr. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1293x567, 147 KB) Summary Criticalthinker, Lansing skyline as seen from the east. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1293x567, 147 KB) Summary Criticalthinker, Lansing skyline as seen from the east. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2000x750, 181 KB) Photo taken by Connor Coyne, August 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2000x750, 181 KB) Photo taken by Connor Coyne, August 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3364x1272, 2381 KB) Summary A photograph of Ann Arbors downtown business district. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3364x1272, 2381 KB) Summary A photograph of Ann Arbors downtown business district. ...

Half of the wealthiest communities in the state are located in Oakland County, just north of Detroit. Another wealthy community is located just east of the city, in Grosse Pointe. Only three of these cities are located outside of Metro Detroit. Detroit, with a per capita income of $14,717, ranks 517th on the list of Michigan locations by per capita income. Benton Harbor is the poorest city in Michigan, with a per capita income of $8,965, while Barton Hills is the richest with a per capita income of $110,683. “Battle Creek” redirects here. ... Kellogg Company (often referred to as simply Kellogg or Kelloggs) is an American multinational producer of breakfast foods, snack foods, cookies, and crackers, with corporate headquarters in Battle Creek, Michigan, USA. Kellogg trades under the ticker symbol NYSE: K. Revenues in 2006 were $10. ... Benton Harbor is a city in Berrien County in the U.S. State of Michigan. ... Aerial view of the harbor at St. ... Whirlpool Corporation (NYSE: WHR) is the worlds leading manufacturer and marketer of major home appliances,with annual sales of approximately $18 billion, more than 73,000 employees, and more than 70 manufacturing and technology research centers around the world. ... Location in Michigan Coordinates: , Country State Counties Ingham, Clinton Incorporation 1907 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Samir Singh (D)  - City Manager Theodore J. Stanton Area  - City  11. ... Michigan State University (MSU) is a co-educational public research university in East Lansing, Michigan USA. Founded in 1855, it was the pioneer land-grant institution and served as a model for future land-grant colleges in the United States under the 1862 Morrill Act. ... Kalamazoo redirects here. ... Western Michigan University (abbr. ... Marquette is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Upper Peninsula of Michigan is the northern of the two major land masses that comprise the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Midland is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan in the Northern Lower Peninsula. ... The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW TYO: 4850) is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan. ... Dow Corning is a multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, USA. Dow Corning specializes in silicone-based technology and innovation, offering more than 7,000 products and services. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... --67. ... Pontiac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan named after the Ottawa Chief Pontiac. ... A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... A statue of Thomas Edison with the Blue Water Bridge in the background. ... The newer Blue Water Bridge is in the foreground, the older bridge is behind. ... Nickname: Location of Sault Ste. ... A Soo Lock vacant of ships The Sault Locks (usually called the Soo Locks) allow ships to travel between Lake Superior and the lower Great Lakes. ... The International Bridge, or, more properly, the Sault Ste. ... Location of Saginaw within Saginaw County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country State County Saginaw Settled 1819 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Type  - Mayor Carol B. Cottrell  - City Manager Darnell Earley Area  - City  18. ... Traverse City is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Nickname: Motto: Pride. ... Eastern Michigan University is a comprehensive, co-educational public university located in Ypsilanti, Michigan. ... Oakland County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Grosse Pointe Yacht Club St. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... Michigan is the fifteenth richest state in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $22,168 (2000). ... Benton Harbor is a city in Berrien County in the U.S. State of Michigan. ... Barton Hills is a village in Ann Arbor Charter Township of Washtenaw County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

Adrian College is a private, co-educational liberal arts college related to the United Methodist Church and located in the city of Adrian in the U.S. state of Michigan, located 45 minutes from Ann Arbor and Toledo, Ohio, and 90 minutes from Detroit, immediately south of the scenic Irish... Albion College is a small, private liberal arts college located in Albion, Michigan. ... Alma College is a selective, private, liberal arts college located in the small city of Alma in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Aerial view of Andrews University. ... Aquinas College logo Aquinas College, located on a 107-acre campus in Grand Rapids, Michigan, provides a liberal arts education with a global perspective. ... Ave Maria College is a private Catholic college that was founded on March 19, 1998: it currently offers undergraduate degrees in eight majors, and is home to a law school. ... Ave Maria School of Law, a Roman Catholic law school, is located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... Baker College is a private American college in Michigan, founded in 1911. ... This article is about a liberal arts college in the United States. ... Calvin Theological Seminary is a seminary affiliated with the Christian Reformed Church, located in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and very closely tied to Calvin College. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Central Michigan University (also known as CMU) is a coeducational state university located in Mount Pleasant in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Cleary Business College, circa 1905 Cleary University is a business college with campuses in Ann Arbor and Howell, Michigan. ... The College for Creative Studies in Detroit College for Creative Studies (CCS) is a leading arts education institution in the United States. ... Concordia University is a private liberal arts university in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... Cornerstone University is a private, independent, non-denominational Christian liberal arts college located on the east side of Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... The art museum and library of the Cranbrook Academy of Art, designed by world-renowned architect Eliel Saarinen. ... Davenport University is a private, non-profit, multi-location university offering masters degrees, bachelors degrees, associates degrees, diplomas, and certification programs in business, technology, health professions, and graduate studies (MBA). ... Eastern Michigan University is a comprehensive, co-educational public university located in Ypsilanti, Michigan. ... ==Ferris State University! Ferris State University is an institute of higher learning whose main campus is located in Big Rapids, Michigan, in Mecosta County, with a secondary campus in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and smaller programs located throughout the region. ... Finlandia University is a private university located in Hancock, Michigan, on the Keweenaw Peninsula. ... Grace Bible College Grace Bible College [1] (GBC) is a fundamentalist Christian College in the premillenial, dispensational tradition located in Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... Grand Rapids Theological Seminary (GRTS) of Cornerstone University [1] is an evangelical Christian seminary located in Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... Grand Valley State University (GVSU) is an American university located in Allendale, Michigan. ... Great Lakes Christian College (GLCC) is an Christian liberal arts college in Delta Township, Michigan near the state capital of Lansing. ... Hillsdale College is an independent, co-educational, nonsectarian, liberal arts college located on the north side of the city of Hillsdale in central-southern Michigan, United States. ... Hope College is a medium-sized (3,200 undergraduates), private, residential liberal arts college located in downtown Holland, Michigan, a few miles from Lake Michigan. ... Kalamazoo College (K College or K) is a private, highly selective liberal arts college located in Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States. ... Kendall College of Art and Design, of Ferris State University is a college of the visual arts in downtown Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States. ... Kettering University (formerly the General Motors Institute) is a university in Flint, Michigan, offering degrees in engineering, the applied sciences, and management. ... Kuyper College is a ministry-focused Christian leadership college located in Grand Rapids Charter Township, just northeast of the city of Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... Lake Superior State University is a small public university in Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan. ... Lawrence Technological University is a private university located in Southfield, Michigan. ... Lewis College of Business is the first historically African American college in Michigan. ... Madonna University is a private, non-profit, Catholic university located in suburban Livonia, Michigan, on the western perimeter of metropolitan Detroit. ... Marygrove College is an independent, Catholic, liberal arts college sponsored by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. ... Michigan State University (MSU) is a co-educational public research university in East Lansing, Michigan USA. Founded in 1855, it was the pioneer land-grant institution and served as a model for future land-grant colleges in the United States under the 1862 Morrill Act. ... Michigan Technological University (abbr. ... Michigan Theological Seminary is located in Plymouth, Michigan. ... Northern Michigan University is a four-year public university established in 1899 located in Marquette, in Michigans Upper Peninsula. ... Northwestern Michigan College, also known as NMC to local residents, is a community college in Traverse City, Grand Traverse County, Michigan. ... // Northwood Northwood University is a private university, with locations in many U.S. states. ... Oakland University is a public university located in Rochester, Michigan. ... Olivet College is a coeducational, Christian, liberal arts college located in Olivet, Michigan, 30 miles south of Lansing and 125 miles west of Detroit. ... Puritan Reformed Theological Seminary (PRTS) is a conservative reformed seminary located in Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... Rochester College Rochester College is a primarily undergraduate college in Rochester Hills, Michigan in the United States of America. ... SS. Cyril and Methodius Seminary is a four-year private Polish seminary in Orchard Lake, Michigan. ... Saginaw Valley State University, commonly known as SVSU, is a state university in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Siena Heights University is a private, coeducational Roman Catholic university located in Adrian in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Spring Arbor University, located in Spring Arbor, Michigan, United States is an evangelical Protestant university affiliated with the Free Methodist Church, with professional and graduate studies for about 3,700 students. ... Thomas M. Cooley Law School, located in Lansing, Michigan, is the largest law school in the United States. ... University of Detroit Mercy is the largest and most comprehensive Catholic University in Michigan. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... University of Michigan, Dearborn The University of Michigan-Dearborn, located in Dearborn, Michigan, is part of the University of Michigan system. ... The University of Michigan-Flint, located in Flint, Michigan, USA, is one of three campuses in the University of Michigan system. ... University of Phoenix (UOP) is a for-profit educational institution specializing in adult education, with campuses located throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. ... Walsh College of Accountancy and Business was started in 1922 by Mervyn B. Walsh. ... For College in Nebraska, see Wayne State College. ... Western Michigan University (abbr. ... Western Theological Seminary (WTS) is a professional and graduate school in Holland, Michigan affiliated with the Reformed Church in America. ... William Tyndale College, often simply Tyndale, used to be a nondenominational Christian college located in Farmington Hills, Michigan. ...

Community colleges and technical schools

Alpena Community College (ACC) is a public two-year college located in Alpena, Michigan and was founded in 1952. ... Bay Mills Community College is a tribal college chartered by the Bay Mills Indian Community of Michigan. ... Delta College is a two-year community college located near Bay City, Michigan U.S.A. With Saginaw Valley State University, established in 1964, it forms University Center, Michigan. ... Glen Oaks Community College is a community college located in the village of Centreville, Michigan, USA in Saint Joseph County. ... Grand Rapids Community College is a college offering an Associates degree, a variety of certification programs, occupational training, and other learning opportunities for the surrounding community. ... Henry Ford Community College (HFCC) is a two-year college located in Dearborn, Michigan. ... ITT Technical Institute (often shortened to ITT Tech) is a private, for-profit, nationally accredited technical institute with over 85 campuses in over 30 states of the United States. ... Jackson Community College (also known as JCC) is a community college located in Jackson County, Michigan. ... Kalamazoo Valley Community College is a two-year community college in southwest Michigan with locations in downtown Kalamazoo and southwest of town in Texas Township. ... Kellogg Community College is a two-year institution of higher learning which provides academic, occupational, general, and lifelong learning opportunities on campus in Battle Creek, Michigan as well as at off-campus sites and online. ... Lake Michigan College is a regional two year community college. ... Lansing Community College Lansing Community College is a two-year public college founded in 1957. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mid Michigan Community College Mid Michigan Community College (MMCC) is a two-year public college founded in 1969. ... Monroe County Community College Monroe County Community College (MCCC) is a public, two year community college, located in Monroe, Michigan, USA. It was founded in 1964. ... Montcalm Community College (MCC) is a two-year community college located in Sidney, Michigan, that was founded in 1965. ... Muskegon Community College is a community college in Muskegon, Michigan. ... NIT may stand for any of the following: National Invitation Tournament is a college basketball tournament operated by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. ... North Central Michigan College is a 2-year community college established in 1958 in Petoskey, Michigan. ... Northwestern Michigan College, also known as NMC to local residents, is a community college in Traverse City, Grand Traverse County, Michigan. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Olympia Career Training Institute is a system of two for-profit colleges in Grand Rapids and Kalamazoo, Michigan. ... Ross Medical Education Center is an allied-health school with ten locations in Michigan and two in the Atlanta, Georgia area. ... Saint Clair County Community College is located at 323 Erie St. ... Schoolcraft Community College is a two-year community college located in Livonia, Michigan and is named after an American geologist Henry Schoolcraft. ... Washtenaw Community College is a community college located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... West Shore Community College, or WSCC, is a community college located in Mason County, Michigan. ...

Professional sports teams

The new Comerica Park, home of the Detroit Tigers
The new Comerica Park, home of the Detroit Tigers

Most major league sports teams in Michigan are located in Metro Detroit, with the Detroit Tigers baseball team (MLB), Detroit Lions football team (NFL), and Detroit Red Wings ice hockey team (NHL) located within the city of Detroit. The Detroit Pistons men's basketball team of NBA and the Detroit Shock women's basketball team of the WNBA play at the Palace of Auburn Hills. (The Pistons played at Detroit's Cobo Arena until 1978, and at Pontiac's Silverdome until 1988) The Detroit Lions played at Tiger Stadium in Detroit until 1974, then moved out to the Pontiac Silverdome in Pontiac before moving back to Detroit's Ford Field in 2002. The Arena Football League's Grand Rapids Rampage is the state's other "major league" sports team. Eight-time Grand Slam champion Serena Williams was born in Saginaw. Professional hockey got its start in Houghton, Michigan in the U.P., when the Portage Lakers were formed. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The term major professional sports league is used to describe the most important and well regarded leagues in the biggest professional sports in a country or region. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... This article is about the sport. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... The Detroit Red Wings are a professional ice hockey team based in Detroit, Michigan. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Detroit Pistons are a team in the National Basketball Association based in the Detroit metropolitan area. ... This article is about the sport. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Detroit Shock is a Womens National Basketball Association team based in Detroit, Michigan. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... The Palace of Auburn Hills (a. ... Cobo Arena Cobo Arena is an indoor arena in Detroit, Michigan adjacent to the Cobo Conference Center. ... Pontiac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan named after the Ottawa Chief Pontiac. ... A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... Tiger Stadium with football configuration. ... A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... Pontiac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan named after the Ottawa Chief Pontiac. ... Ford Field is an indoor football stadium located in Detroit, Michigan that is the home of the Detroit Lions of the NFL. It is across the street from Comerica Park. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... Conference American Division Central Year founded 1998 Home arena Van Andel Arena City, State Grand Rapids, Michigan Head Coach Steve Thonn ArenaBowl championships 1: 2001 Conference titles none Division titles 1: 2001 Wild Card berths 4: 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003 The Grand Rapids Rampage is an Arena Football League team... Serena Jameka Williams, (born September 26, 1981) is an American former World No. ... Location of Houghton, Michigan Country United States State Michigan County Houghton County Area  - City  4. ...


Other notable sports teams include:

Club Sport League
Alpena IceDiggers Ice hockey North American Hockey League
Flint Generals Ice hockey International Hockey League
Grand Rapids Griffins Ice hockey American Hockey League
Kalamazoo Wings Ice Hockey International Hockey League
Marquette Rangers Ice Hockey North American Hockey League
Muskegon Fury Ice hockey International Hockey League
Plymouth Whalers Ice hockey Ontario Hockey League
Port Huron Flags Ice hockey International Hockey League
Saginaw Spirit Ice hockey Ontario Hockey League
Traverse City North Stars Ice hockey North American Hockey League
Lansing Lugnuts Baseball Minor League Baseball, Midwest League
Great Lakes Loons Baseball Minor League Baseball, Midwest League
Kalamazoo Kings Baseball Minor League Baseball
Traverse City Beach Bums Baseball Minor League Baseball
West Michigan Whitecaps Baseball Minor League Baseball, Midwest League
Michigan Mayhem Basketball Continental Basketball Association
Grand Rapids Rampage Arena football Arena Football League
Battle Creek Crunch Indoor football Great Lakes Indoor Football League
Motor City Reapers Indoor football Great Lakes Indoor Football League
Muskegon Thunder Indoor football Great Lakes Indoor Football League
Port Huron Pirates Indoor football Great Lakes Indoor Football League
Detroit Demolition Football Independent Women's Football League
Detroit Ignition Soccer Major Indoor Soccer League
Kalamazoo Kingdom Soccer USL Premier Development League
Michigan Bucks Soccer USL Premier Development League
Michigan Hawks Soccer W-League
Michigan Phoenix Soccer Women's Premier Soccer League
West Michigan Edge Soccer USL Premier Development League
West Michigan Firewomen Soccer W-League

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The North American Hockey League (NAHL) and the defunct America West Hockey League merged in 2003 to form a 21-team Junior A league, sanctioned by USA Hockey. ... The Flint Generals are a professional ice hockey team. ... The International Hockey League (IHL) is a professional ice hockey league with teams in the United States. ... The Grand Rapids Griffins are a hockey team in the American Hockey League. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Kalamazoo Wings began play in 2000-2001. ... The Marquette Rangers are a Junior A ice hockey team in the North American Hockey Leagues north division, and play out of the 3,100-seat Lakeview Arena in Marquette, Michigan. ... The North American Hockey League (NAHL) and the defunct America West Hockey League merged in 2003 to form a 21-team Junior A league, sanctioned by USA Hockey. ... The Muskegon Fury are a UHL ice hockey team located in Muskegon, Michigan. ... The Plymouth Whalers and Saginaw Spirit line up for a faceoff at the Compuware Sports Arena. ... OHL All-Star Game 2006 Opening Face Off. ... The Port Huron Fags are a professional ice hockey team located in Port Huron, Michigan. ... Conference: Western Division: West Founded: 1943 Home Ice: Wendler Arena at The Dow Event Center Capacity: 5,497 Ice Size: 192 x 85 City: Saginaw, Michigan, USA Colours: Midnight blue, red, silver, and yellow Head Coach: Bob Mancini General Manager: Bob Mancini The Saginaw Spirit are an ice hockey team... The Traverse City North Stars are a Junior A ice hockey team in the North American Hockey Leagues north division, and play out of Centre ICE Arena in Traverse City, Michigan. ... The Lansing Lugnuts are a Class A minor league baseball team, affiliated with the Toronto Blue Jays, that plays in the Midwest League. ... This article is about the sport. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... The Midwest League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the Midwestern United States. ... Class-Level A Minor League affiliations Midwest League Eastern Division Major League affiliation Los Angeles Dodgers Tampa Bay Devil Rays (2004-2005) New York Yankees (2003) Houston Astros (1999-2002) Boston Red Sox (1995-1998) St. ... The Kalamazoo Kings are a minor league baseball team based in Kalamazoo, Michigan. ... The Traverse City Beach Bums is a minor league baseball team located in Traverse City, Michigan. ... The West Michigan Whitecaps are a Class A minor league baseball team, affiliated with the Detroit Tigers, that plays in the Midwest League. ... The Michigan Mayhem is a minor league professional basketball team based in Muskegon, Michigan that competes in the Continental Basketball Association. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Continental Basketball Association (CBA) is a professional mens basketball league in the United States. ... Conference American Division Central Year founded 1998 Home arena Van Andel Arena City, State Grand Rapids, Michigan Head Coach Steve Thonn ArenaBowl championships 1: 2001 Conference titles none Division titles 1: 2001 Wild Card berths 4: 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003 The Grand Rapids Rampage is an Arena Football League team... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... The Battle Creek Crunch is a charter member of the Great Lakes Indoor Football League. ... Indoor football is a variation of American football with rules modified to make it suitable for play within ice hockey arenas. ... The Great Lakes Indoor Football League is a new indoor football league based along the Great Lakes region. ... The Motor City Reapers are a team of the Great Lakes Indoor Football League scheduled to begin play in 2007. ... The Muskegon Thunder is a team of the Great Lakes Indoor Football League scheduled to begin play in 2007. ... The Port Huron Pirates are a charter member of the Continental Indoor Football League. ... The Detroit Demolition are a womens professional American football team in the National Womens Football Association. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The Independent Womens Football League was founded in 2000, and began play in 2001. ... In April 2006, Greg Bibb, president of Hantz Group Sports and Entertainment, introduced the new Major Indoor Soccer League expansion team, the Detroit Ignition. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Major Indoor Soccer League is the top professional indoor soccer league in the USA. The league is a member of both the United States Soccer Federation and FIFA. The MISL replaced the NPSL which folded in 2001. ... The Kalamazoo Kingdom is a USL Premier Development League team based in Kalamazoo, Michigan. ... The USL Premier Development League (PDL) is the amateur league of the United Soccer Leagues in the United States and Canada, forming part of the American Soccer Pyramid. ... The Michigan Bucks are a USL Premier Development League team based in Detroit, Michigan. ... The W-League is the first modern womens soccer league in the United States pyramid. ... WPSL re-directs here; an alternate meaning is WPSL (AM) The Womens Premier Soccer League (WPSL) is a national amateur womens soccer league. ... The West Michigan Edge are a USL Premier Development League team based in Grand Rapids, Michigan. ... The West Michigan Firewomen are a W-League franchise based in Grand Rapids, Michigan. ...

Former professional teams

See also: List of Michigan sport championships
Club Sport League(s) Status
Detroit Gems Basketball National Basketball Association Moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota and became the Minneapolis Lakers, would move again to Los Angeles, California and are now the Los Angeles Lakers
Detroit (NFL) (Heralds/Tigers/Panthers/Wolverines) Football National Football League Defunct
Detroit Falcons (basketball) Basketball Basketball Association of America Defunct
Michigan Panthers Football USFL Defunct
Detroit Stars Baseball Negro National League, 2nd Negro National League, Negro American League The team ceased operations in 1960
Michigan Stags Ice Hockey World Hockey Association Moved to Baltimore, Maryland and became the Baltimore Blades for the rest of the team's existence
Detroit Vipers Ice Hockey International Hockey League Disbanded when IHL became AHL

1902 The University of Michigan Wolverines win the first-ever Rose Bowl (game). ... The Detroit Gems played one season in the National Basketball League, a predecessor organization to the National Basketball Association. ... NBA redirects here. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association team based in Los Angeles, California. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... Detroit, Michigan had four early teams in the National Football League before the Detroit Lions. ... NFL redirects here. ... The Detroit Falcons were a professional basketball team based in Detroit, Michigan. ... NBA official website NBA News from Pro Sports Daily Dougs NBA Statistics NBA Statistics from 82games. ... Michigan Panthers were a professional American football team that played in the United States Football League in the mid 1980s. ... The United States Football League was a professional American football league that played three seasons between 1983 and 1985, in the process presenting the rival National Football League with its greatest competitor since the 1960s version of the American Football League. ... The Detroit Stars were an American baseball team in the Negro Leagues. ... The Negro National League was one of the several Negro Leagues which were established during the period in the United States in which organized baseball was segregated. ... The second Negro National League was established in 1933, two years after the first Negro National League had disbanded. ... The Negro American League was one of the several Negro Leagues which were created during the time organized baseball was segregated. ... Michigan Stags Logo The Michigan Stags were an ice hockey team based out of Detroit, USA that played in the World Hockey Association. ... World Hockey Association logo The World Hockey Association (French: Association Mondiale de Hockey) was a professional ice hockey league that operated in North America from 1972 to 1979. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... The Baltimore Blades were a hockey team based out of Baltimore that played in the World Hockey Association. ... The Detroit Vipers were an International Hockey League team. ... The International Hockey League (IHL) was a professional ice hockey league in the United States and Canada from 1945 to 2001. ... The International Hockey League (IHL) was a professional ice hockey league in the United States and Canada from 1945 to 2001. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ...

Trivia

  • The Detroit-Windsor international border is the busiest border between the United States and Canada.
  • Michigan is simultaneously known for its cities, supported by heavy industry, and its pristine wilderness, home to more than 11,000 lakes. The clang and clamor of Metro Detroit's crowded thoroughfares and busy factories stand in vivid counterpoint to the tranquility found in virtually every corner of the state.
  • An individual from Michigan is called a "Michigander" or "Michiganian".[37] Also at times, but rarely, a "Michiganite".[38]
  • The canal and locks at Lake Huron were opened in 1855.
  • Michigan is nicknamed the "Great Lakes State", and also the "Wolverine State", from a nickname earned during the Toledo War.
  • Michigan has around 150 lighthouses, the most of any U.S. state. The first lighthouses in Michigan were built between 1818 and 1822. They were built to project light at night and to serve as a landmark during the day to safely guide the passenger ships and freighters traveling the Great Lakes. See Lighthouses in the United States.
  • Michigan has the most registered boats (over 1 million) of any state in the Union.
  • Michigan forestland covers nearly 52 percent of the state at 19.3 million acres.[40]
  • Michigan has the largest State Forest system in the nation.
  • Michigan has 4 National Forests. The Manistee, Hiawatha, Ottawa, and Huron, although the Manistee and Huron are administratively combined.
  • Michigan is home to more public golf courses than any other state.
  • The beverage Vernors was invented in Michigan in 1866, sharing the title of oldest soft drink with Hires Root Beer.
  • Because of their high concentration of confectionery shops, Northern Michigan residents often refer to tourists as "Fudgies".
  • Faygo was founded in Detroit on November 4, 1907.
  • Michigan is the largest producers of cherries of all the states.
  • Michigan is the 3rd leading grower of Christmas trees with 60,520 acres (245 km²) of land dedicated to Christmas tree farming.[41] [42]
  • Michigan ranks 1st in the nation in the number of registered snowmobiles.[43]
  • Michigan ranks 3rd in the nation in licensed hunters at over 750,000.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... Michigander (mish-uh-GAN-der) is a demonym for residents of the State of Michigan. ... Map of the Toledo Strip, the disputed region. ... Eddystone Lighthouse, one of the first wavewashed lighthouses For other uses, see Lighthouse (disambiguation). ... This United States has hundreds of lighthouses as well as light towers, range lights, and pierhead lights. ... A Soo Lock vacant of ships The Sault Locks (usually called the Soo Locks) allow ships to travel between Lake Superior and the lower Great Lakes. ... The Mackinac Bridge (pronounced , with a silent c), is a suspension bridge spanning the Straits of Mackinac to connect the non-contiguous Upper and Lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The Ambassador Bridge is a privately owned suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan, in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario, in Canada. ... The International Bridge, or, more properly, the Sault Ste. ... Nickname: Location of Sault Ste. ... Nickname: Motto: Naturally Gifted Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario District Algoma District Incorporated 1887 (town), 1912 (city) Government  - City Mayor John Rowswell  - Governing body The Corporation of the City of Sault Sainte Marie  - MPs Tony Martin  - MPPs David Orazietti Area  - City  276 sq mi (715 km²) Elevation  630 ft (192... The newer Blue Water Bridge is in the foreground, the older bridge is behind. ... A statue of Thomas Edison with the Blue Water Bridge in the background. ... This is the Point Edward village crest. ... Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). ... The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel connects Detroit, Michigan in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario in Canada. ... The Ambassador Bridge is a privately owned suspension bridge that connects Detroit, Michigan, in the United States, with Windsor, Ontario, in Canada. ... // Introduction The Detroit-Windsor Truck Ferry has been shuttling cars and trucks across the Detroit River for over 100 years. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... A statue of Thomas Edison with the Blue Water Bridge in the background. ... Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). ... Walpole Island is an island in southwestern Ontario, Canada on the border between Ontario and Michigan in the United States. ... Algonac is a city located in St. ... Walpole Island is an island in southwestern Ontario, Canada on the border between Ontario and Michigan in the United States. ... Marine City is a city located in St. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... A state forest is a forest that is protected by state laws, rather than by the federal government. ... This article is on national forests in the United States. ... There are two official Governors Residences in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Location in Ingham County, Michigan1 Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Ingham, Eaton Settled 1835 Incorporation 1859 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Virg Bernero (D) Area  - City  35. ... Mackinac Island (pronounced or MACK-in-aw) is an island covering 3. ... Detroits Vernors ginger ale is Americas oldest soft drink, invented in 1866 by James Vernor, a Detroit pharmacist. ... Faygo or Faygo Pop is a soft drink brand that is popular throughout the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. ... A cherry is both a tree and its fleshy fruit, a type known as a drupe with a single hard pit enclosing the seed. ... A Christmas tree in a German home One of the most popular traditions associated with the celebration of Christmas, the Christmas tree is normally an evergreen conifer tree that is brought in the house or used in the open, and is decorated with Christmas lights and colourful ornaments during the... A snowmobile tour at Yellowstone National Park. ... Hunting is, in its most general sense, the pursuit of a target. ...

State symbols

This is a list of U.S. state nicknames: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia External link Information about U.S. State Nicknames Categories: U.S. state insignia ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam, circumspice (Latin If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look around you) is a state motto of Michigan, adopted in 1835 and said to have been suggested by the tribute to architect Christopher Wren at Saint Pauls Cathedral in London, which reads Si monumentum requiris, circumspice... For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... Sir Christopher Wren, (20 October 1632–25 February 1723) was a 17th century English designer, astronomer, geometrician, and the greatest English architect of his time. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Each state in the United States (except New Jersey) has a state song, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1766 The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. ... A state mammal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... Binomial name Gulo gulo (Linnaeus, 1758) Wolverine range The Wolverine (Gulo gulo) is the largest land-dwelling species of the Mustelidae or weasel family (the Giant Otter is largest overall), and is the only species currently classified in the genus Gulo (meaning glutton). It is also called the Glutton or... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America and northern portions of South America as far south as Peru. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... This article is about the species of fish. ... This is a list of official U.S. state reptiles: Lists of U.S. state insignia ^ Official Alabama Reptile. ... Binomial name (Schneider, 1783) Subspecies - Eastern Painted Turtle - Southern Painted Turtle - Midland Painted Turtle - Western Painted Turtle Painted Turtle is also the name of an imprint of Wayne State University Press. ... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state dinosaurs be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the prehistoric elephant-like animal. ... This is a list of U.S. state flowers: List of U.S. state trees Lists of U.S. state insignia ^ State Flower of Alabama. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Binomial name Iris lacustris Nutt. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: | | ... Binomial name L. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) is a large pine native to eastern North America, occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota and southeastern Manitoba, and south along the Appalachian Mountains to the extreme north of Georgia. ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... A Petoskey stone A Petoskey stone is a rock, often pebble-shaped, that is composed of a fossilized coral, Hexagonaria percarinata. ... Extant Subclasses and Orders Alcyonaria    Alcyonacea    Helioporacea Zoantharia    Antipatharia    Corallimorpharia    Scleractinia    Zoanthidea [1][2]  See Anthozoa for details For other uses, see Coral (disambiguation). ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... Chlorastrolite, (variety of pumpellyite) is a green or bluish green stone, usually with finely radiated or stellate masses. ... Isle Royale is an island of the Great Lakes, located in the northwest of Lake Superior. ... The Keweenaw Peninsula is the most northern part of Michigans Upper Peninsula. ... This is a list of official U.S. state soils: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Kalkaska Sand was identified in 1927 and named after Kalkaska County located in the northern lower-peninsula of Michigan. ...

Sister states

Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Shiga Prefecture from outer space. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Sichuan (Chinese: 四川; pinyin: Sìchuān; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ch`uan; non-standard transliteration: Szechwan) is a province in central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...

See also

Michigan Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... This is a map of highways in the state of Michigan, however not all highways are in the map, nor are they all totally accurate. ... The boundaries of counties in the U.S. state of Michigan have not changed since 1897. ... This is a list of articles that have something substantive to do with the state of Michigan. ... // A list of notable people from the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The United States Census Bureau has defined 5 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 15 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 8 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)[3] in the State of Michigan. ... The Michigan State Police is the state police agency for the State of Michigan. ... It has been suggested that D-Bar-A Scout Ranch be merged into this article or section. ... The 2007 Michigan budget crisis occurred when the Michigan Senate and House could not come to an agreement on the new budget plan. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 6, 2006.
  2. ^ Michigan. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam Webster, Incorporated. Retrieved on 2007-08-25.
  3. ^ Michigan in Brief: Information About the State of Michigan (PDF). Michigan.gov. Retrieved on 2006-11-28.
  4. ^ Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary. Freelang.net.
  5. ^ NOAA Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ CADILLAC'S VILLAGE OR DETROIT UNDER CADILLAC.. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.
  8. ^ History Detroit 1701-2001. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.
  9. ^ Farmer, Silas [1889] (2005). "Legislatures and Laws", The history of Detroit and Michigan; or, The metropolis illustrated; a full record of territorial days in Michigan, and the annals of Wayne County. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Library, pp. 94. Retrieved on 2006-06-15. 
  10. ^ Bunkley, Nick. "Michigan Government Shutdown Ends", The New York Times, 2007-01-10. Retrieved on 2007-10-01. 
  11. ^ Article II, § 9 of state constitution
  12. ^ http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?scid=11&did=276
  13. ^ http://www.amnestyusa.org/abolish/event2/history.html
  14. ^ http://lists.compar.com/cuadpupdate/2005-March/000115.html
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/gf38.html
  17. ^ Funk, Josh (2006). Nebraska - Born, Ford Left State As Infant. Associated Press. Boston.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.
  18. ^ Land and Water Area of States, 2000
  19. ^ Michigan in Brief
  20. ^ [3] srh.noaa.gov. Last accessed November 1, 2006.
  21. ^ State Centers
  22. ^ Glenmary Research Center. Churches & Church Membership in U.S., 1990.
  23. ^ Detroit Expects Half of Iraqi Refugees
  24. ^ http://www.agiweb.org/gap/cvd/CVD04Michigan.pdf
  25. ^ MEDC (2006).Michigan: High Technology Focus State of Michigan
  26. ^ NSF 01-320 (2001).R&D Spending is Highly Concentrated in a Small Number of StatesNational Science Foundation
  27. ^ Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers (2006). From the 2003 Study "Contributions of the Automotive Industry to the U.S. Economy" University of Michigan and the Center for Automotive Research
  28. ^ MEDC (2005) Michigan #2 in the Nation for New Corporate Facilities and Expansions in 2004 Globeinvestor.com PR NEWS WIRE
  29. ^ MEDC 2006. Lifesciences Corridor State of Michigan.
  30. ^ MEDC (2006). Commercial PortsState of Michigan
  31. ^ Great Lakes IT Report. (May 3, 2007,).Michigan's Tourism Website No. 1 in the U.S. Retrieved on August 10, 2007.
  32. ^ http://www.bea.gov/bea/newsrel/gspnewsrelease.htm
  33. ^ Office of the Governor (June 15, 2007). New Michigan Business Tax Key to State's Economic Future State of Michigan.Retrieved on August 10, 2007.
  34. ^ Bureau of Economic Analysis
  35. ^ Freep
  36. ^ SOME COMMUTER RAIL SERVICE FACTS RELEVANT TO DETROIT
  37. ^ "Michiganian or Michigander?" Michigan.gov
  38. ^ Merriam Webster Dictionary
  39. ^ Detroit River International Crossing Study Website
  40. ^ "Michigan in Brief" Michigan.gov
  41. ^ [4] http://www.nass.usda.gov/census/census02/volume1/us/st99_2_035_036.pdf
  42. ^ http://www.christmastree.org/statistics_industry.cfm#findings
  43. ^ "Economic Impact - Natural Resources Boost Michigan's Economy" Michigan.gov
  44. ^ Michigan's State Songs
  45. ^ Birmingham Sister City Program
  46. ^ Briefing on Sichuan International Sister Cities Cooperation and Development Week 2005

is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • F. Clever Bald, Michigan in Four Centuries (1961),
  • William P. Browne and - Kenneth VerBurg. Michigan Politics & Government: Facing Change in a Complex State University of Nebraska Press. 1995.
  • Bureau of Business Research, Wayne State U. Michigan Statistical Abstract (1987)
  • Willis F. Dunbar and George S. May. Michigan: A History of the Wolverine State (1995)
  • Michigan, State of . Michigan Manual (annual), elaborate detail on state government
  • Michigan Historical Review Central Michigan University (quarterly).
  • Charles Press et al., Michigan Political Atlas (1984).
  • Public Sector Consultants. Michigan in Brief. An Issues Handbook (annual)
  • Wilbur Rich. Coleman Young and Detroit Politics: From Social Activist to Power Broker (Wayne State University Press, 1988).
  • Bruce A. Rubenstein and Lawrence E. Ziewacz. Michigan: A History of the Great Lakes State. (2002)
  • Richard Sisson ed. The American Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia (2006)
  • George Weeks, Stewards of the State: The Governors of Michigan (Historical Society of Michigan, 1987).

External links

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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

Coordinates: 44° N 85° Whi Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Largest metro area Little Rock Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Largest metro area Des Moines metropolitan area Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,350 sq mi (24,217 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Greater Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Largest metro area Greater Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem Gi Talo Gi Halom Tase(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifico(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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University of Michigan (0 words)
Public Research University: An institution of higher learning known for research, academics and athletics, the University of Michigan offers undergraduate and graduate programs.
A directory of websites and online resources available at the University of Michigan, a public research university.
Copyright © 2007 The Regents of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA 734-764-1817
Michigan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5158 words)
Michigan was explored and settled by French voyageurs in the 17th century.
Michigan's state universities are immune from control by the legislature, the governor and most aspects of the executive branch, and the cities in or near which they are located; but they are not immune from the authority of the courts.
Michigan was the first state in the Union to abolish the death penalty, in 1846.
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