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Encyclopedia > Michelin guide
New York City 2006First Michelin Red Guide for North America
New York City 2006
First Michelin Red Guide for North America

The Michelin Guide (Le Guide Michelin) is a series of annual guide books published by Michelin for over a dozen countries. The term refers by default to the Michelin Red Guide, the oldest and best-known European hotel and restaurant guide, which awards the Michelin stars. Michelin also publishes Green Guides for travel and tourism, as well as several newer publications such as the Guide Voyageur Pratique (independent travel), Guide Gourmand (good-value eating-places), Guide Escapade (quick breaks) and Guide Coup de Cœur (hotels of character). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (660x1122, 35 KB) Summary Cover of the Michelin Guide New York City 2006, first Red Guide for North America Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (660x1122, 35 KB) Summary Cover of the Michelin Guide New York City 2006, first Red Guide for North America Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A guide book is a book for tourists or travelers that provides details about a geographic location, tourist destination, or itinerary. ... Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tire manufacturer. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...

Contents

History

In 1900, André Michelin published the first edition of a guide to France to help drivers maintain their cars, find decent lodging, and eat well while touring. It included addresses of gasoline distributors, garages, tire stockists, public toilets, etc. Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... André Michelin (16 January 1853 - 4 April 1931) was a French industrialist who, with his brother Édouard (1859-1940), founded the Michelin Tyre Company (Compagnie Générale Des Établissements Michelin) in 1888 in the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. ...


The guide was distributed free until 1920. According to a story told by the Michelin brothers, the charge was introduced after a pile of guides was found propping up a workbench in a garage, showing that a free gift would not be taken seriously. In 1926, the guide introduced the star to note good cooking; two and three stars were added in the early 1930s. The cover of the guide was originally blue, but since 1931 has been red.


As motoring became more widespread, the star system was developed and guides to other countries introduced. Today a series of twelve guides lists more than 45,000 hotels and restaurants across Europe, and the guide to France has sold 30 million copies since it was introduced. There is now a Red Guide covering France, Austria, Benelux, Italy, Germany, Spain and Portugal, Switzerland, the UK and Ireland, the "Main Cities of Europe". The first guides for cities outside of Europe were published in 2005 for New York City and 2006 for San Francisco. Satellite image of the Benelux countries Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg Benelux Benelux (or Bénélux) is an economic union in Western Europe comprising three neighbouring monarchies, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. ... New York, NY redirects here. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Red and Green Guides

The Michelin Red Guide has historically had many more listings than its rivals, relying on an extensive system of symbols to describe each establishment in as little as two lines. Restaurants rated with a star also listed three specialities. Recently, however, very short summaries (2-3 lines) have been added for many establishments, for example 9,000 in France. These short summaries are written in the language of the country for which it is published, but the symbols are universal. The Red Guide uses anonymous inspections and does not charge for entries, unlike some restaurant and hotel guides which are in effect little more than advertising.[1] Michelin claims to revisit establishments on average once every eighteen months in order to keep ratings up to date.


There is a Green Guide for each French region and many countries, regions, and cities outside France. Most Green Guides on France are available in several languages. They include background information and an alphabetical section describing points of interest. Like the Red Guide, they use a three-star system for recommending sights: three stars, "worth the trip"; two stars, "worth a detour"; one star, "interesting".


Michelin stars and other ratings

The guide's restaurant ratings using Michelin stars are probably the most recognized and influential culinary ratings in the world.[citation needed] Restaurant ratings identify restaurants according to quality, using various notations such as stars or other symbols, or numbers. ... The 4-star Manor House Hotel at Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England. ...


The guide awards one to three stars to a small number of restaurants of outstanding quality. Stars are awarded sparingly; for instance, in the UK and Ireland 2004 guide, out of 5,500 entries, there are 98 with one star ("a very good restaurant in its category"), 11 with two stars ("excellent cooking, worth a detour"), and only 3 with three stars ("exceptional cuisine, worth a special journey"). Michelin stars are taken very seriously in the restaurant business, where the addition or loss of a star can mean a difference in turnover of millions of euros. Some three-star restaurants are able to charge hundreds of euros for a meal on the strength of their reputation. For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation) or EUR (disambiguation). ...


Since 1955, the guide has also highlighted restaurants offering "good food at moderate prices", a feature now called "Bib Gourmand". They must have a menu priced at no more than £28 in the case of the UK, or €40 in the Republic of Ireland. The name comes from Bib (Bibendum), the Michelin Man, Michelin's logo for over a century. Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tire manufacturer. ...


Controversy

The Michelin Guides have been the centre of various controversies. Perhaps none too helpful has been the fact that the inspectors use secret criteria, unknown to even the most experienced chefs.


Loiseau affair

In February 2003, Bernard Loiseau, a prominent French chef with a history of bipolar disorder, committed suicide when his widely-admired restaurant Côte d'Or in Saulieu, Burgundy, was rumoured to be in danger of a downgrade by Michelin from three to two stars. However, most news reports attributed this suicide to a downgrade by the rival Gault Millau guide, the Michelin guide having stated he would not be downgraded. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bernard Loiseau (January 13, 1951 – February 24, 2003) was a French chef. ... For other uses, see Bipolar. ... It has been suggested that The Pros of suicide be merged into this article or section. ... Saint-Andoche basilica Saulieu is a commune of the Côte-dOr département in France. ... région of Bourgogne, see Bourgogne. ... Gault Millau is one of the most influential French restaurant guides. ...


Allegations of lax inspection standards

Pascal Rémy, a Michelin inspector, wrote a tell-all book in 2004, claiming that Michelin had become extremely lax in its standards. He gave evidence that, though the guide claims to visit all 4,000 reviewed restaurants every 18 months in order to keep the guide up to standards, they are actually visited about every 3.5 years, unless a specific complaint had been made.[2] Rémy was sacked. He brought a court case for unfair dismissal, which was unsuccessful.[3] 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Accusations of bias

As the Michelin Guide is published by a French company, some international food critics have denounced the rating system as inherently biased toward French Cuisine. When the Michelin Guide released the first edition of the New York City guide, many American media sources, including The New York Times, noted the complete omission of any stars for many otherwise highly reviewed restaurants, specifically Danny Meyer's Union Square Cafe. They also noted that over half of the restaurants that received two or more stars served French cuisine.[4] The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Daniel Danny Meyer (b. ... French cuisine is characterized by its extreme diversity. ...


Further reading

  • Trois étoiles au Michelin: Une histoire de la haute gastronomie française et européenne, by Jean-François Mesplède and Alain Ducasse, ISBN 2-7000-2468-0. Follows the 60-odd chefs who have been awarded three stars.
  • The Perfectionist: Life and Death in Haute Cuisine, by Rudolph Chelminski, ISBN 1-59240-107-4. The story of Bernard Loiseau.

See also

  • Category:Michelin Guide – a category containing articles about Michelin starred restaurants and chefs.

References

  1. ^ How does an inspector actually inspect an establishment?. michelin.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2006.
  2. ^ Rémy, Pascal (2004). L'inspecteur se met à table. Equateur. ISBN 2-84990-006-0. 
  3. ^ Michelin Red Guide: Cooked Story on "Brand Channel" includes discussion of Pascal Rémy case. Retrieved 11 October 2006
  4. ^ She's a Belle of the City, but the French Are Blasé. nytimes.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2006.

September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Michelin Guide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1011 words)
The Guide's restaurant ratings using Michelin stars are probably the most famous and influential gastronomic ratings in the world.
Michelin stars are taken very seriously in the restaurant business, where the addition or loss of a star can mean a difference in turnover of millions of euros.
As the Michelin guide is published by a French company, many international food critics have denounced the rating system as inherently biased toward French Cuisine.
Michelin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1025 words)
Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand, France in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer.
Michelin have had a difficult relationship with the sport's governing body (the FIA) since around 2003 and this escalated to apparent disdain between the two parties during the 2005 season.
Michelin criticised the FIA's intention to move to a single source (i.e one brand) tyre from 2008 and threatened to withdraw from the sport.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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