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Encyclopedia > Michelin
Michelin, S.A.
Type Public (Euronext: ML)
Founded 1888
Headquarters Clermont-Ferrand, France
Key people Michel Rollier (General Manager)
Industry Manufacturing and publishing
Products Tyres, travel assistance services
Revenue 15.59 billion (2005)
Employees 127,000 (2005)
Website http://www.michelin.com

Michelin (full name: Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin) (Euronext: ML) based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France, is primarily a tyre manufacturer. However, it is also famous for its Red and Green travel guides, for the Michelin stars the Red Guide awards to restaurants for their cooking, for its road maps, and for its historic emblem, the Michelin Man. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (932x307, 13 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Euronext N.V. is a pan-European stock exchange based in Paris[1] and with subsidiaries in Belgium, France, Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Clermont-Ferrand is a city of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of approximately 140,000. ... Michel Rollier ([né en 1944) was a French industrialist and one of the foremost pioneers of the automobile industry. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “EUR” redirects here. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Euronext N.V. is a pan-European stock exchange based in Paris[1] and with subsidiaries in Belgium, France, Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom. ... Clermont-Ferrand is a city of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of approximately 140,000. ... Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... This article is about pneumatic tires. ... New York City 2006 First Michelin Red Guide for North America The Michelin Guide (Le Guide Michelin) is a series of annual guide books published by Michelin for over a dozen countries. ... New York City 2006 First Michelin Red Guide for North America The Michelin Guide (Le Guide Michelin) is a series of annual guide books published by Michelin for over a dozen countries. ... A roadmap, originally a travel itinerary, is now used more often to designate a simplified policy, strategy or action plan. ...


The tyre manufacturing subsidiary is officially called Manufacture Française des Pneumatiques Michelin, "Michelin tyre manufacturing company of France". Michelin's North American headquarters are located in Greenville, South Carolina. The company-wide headquarters are located in Clermont-Ferrand, 424 kms south of Paris, France. Greenville is the third largest city in the state of South Carolina. ...

Contents

Tyres

History

Two brothers, Édouard and André Michelin, ran a rubber factory in Clermont-Ferrand, France. One day, a cyclist whose pneumatic tyre needed repair turned up at the factory. The tyre was glued to the rim. It took over three hours to remove and repair the tyre, which then needed to be left overnight to dry. The next day, Édouard Michelin took the repaired bicycle into the factory yard to test. After only a few hundred meters, the tyre failed. Despite the setback, Édouard was enthusiastic about the pneumatic tyre and along with his brother, worked on creating their own, one which did not need to be glued to the rim. Edouard Michelin, b. ... André Michelin (16 January 1853 - 4 April 1931) was a French industrialist who, with his brother Édouard (1859-1940), founded the Michelin Tyre Company (Compagnie Générale Des Établissements Michelin) in 1888 in the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. ... Clermont-Ferrand is a city of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of approximately 140,000. ...


Michelin was incorporated on May 28, 1888. In 1891, they took out their first patent for a removable pneumatic tyre. May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the toll-free telephone number see Toll-free telephone number Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Michelin has made a number of innovations to tyres, including in 1946 the radial tyre (then known as the "X" tyre).[1] This tyre was developed with the front wheel drive Citroen Traction Avant and Citroen 2cv in mind. Michelin had bought the then bankrupt Citroen in the 1930s. This tyre is still available for the 2cv. A radial tire (more properly, a radial-ply tire) is a particular design of automotive tire (in British English, tyre). ... A black Traction Avant 1934 Traction Avant 11CV The term traction avant is literal French for pull from the front or front wheel drive. ... 1960 2CV. Notice suicide doors The 2CV (deux chevaux - French, literally two horses, from the tax power rating) was a popular French car made by Citroën. ...


In 1988, Michelin acquired the tyre and rubber manufacturing divisions of the American B.F. Goodrich Company founded in 1870. Two years later, they bought out Uniroyal Inc., founded in 1892 as the United States Rubber Company, Uniroyal Australia had already been purchased by Bridgestone in 1980. The Goodrich Corporation (formerly the B.F. Goodrich Company) NYSE: GR, based in Charlotte is an American aerospace manufacturing company. ... The United States Rubber Company was a rubber manufacturer founded by Charles R. Flint in 1892. ... Bridgestone Corporation ) (TYO: 5108 ) is a Japanese rubber conglomerate founded in 1931 by Shojiro Ishibashi ) in the city of Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan. ...


Michelin is currently the world's second largest tyre manufacturer after Bridgestone, although it was in first position in 2005.[2] Bridgestone Corporation ) (TYO: 5108 ) is a Japanese rubber conglomerate founded in 1931 by Shojiro Ishibashi ) in the city of Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan. ...


Formula One

See also: Tyres in Formula One

Michelin first competed in the 1977 Formula One season when Renault started development of their turbocharged car in the series. Michelin introduced radial tyre technology to Formula One and won the Formula One Drivers Championship with Brabham before withdrawing in 1984. Tyres in Formula One play a significant role in the performance a Formula One car. ... The 1977 Formula One season was the 28th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... “Turbo” redirects here. ... A radial tire (more properly, a radial-ply tire) is a particular design of automotive tire (in British English, tyre). ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... Brabham - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


The company returned to Formula One in 2001. In that first year they supplied Williams, Jaguar, Benetton (renamed Renault in 2002), Prost and Minardi. Toyota joined F1 in 2002 with Michelin tyres and McLaren also signed up with the company. Michelin's tyres were initially uncompetitive but in the 2005 season were totally dominant. This was partly because the new regulations stated that tyres must last the whole race distance (and qualifying) and partly because only one top team (Ferrari) was running Bridgestones and so had to do much of the development work. Michelin in contrast had much more testing and race data provided by the larger number of teams running their tyres. The 2001 Formula One season was the 52nd FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... Ralf Schumacher driving for the WilliamsF1 team at the 2003 United States Grand Prix WilliamsF1, formerly Williams Grand Prix Engineering, is a Formula One racing team formed and run by Sir Frank Williams and Patrick Head. ... Jaguar Racing was a Formula One team that competed in the FIA Formula 1 World Championship from 2000 to 2004. ... Benetton Formula Ltd. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... Olivier Panis driving for the Prost Grand Prix team in Montreal in 1998 Prost Grand Prix was a Formula 1 racing team managed by former world champion Alain Prost. ... Minardi was an automobile racing team and constructor founded in 1979 by Giancarlo Minardi. ... Toyota F1 is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Toyota and based in Cologne, Germany. ... McLaren, founded in 1963 by Bruce McLaren (1937–1970), is a racing team based in Woking, England, which is best known as a Formula One constructor but has also competed in the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race, Canadian-American Challenge Cup, and 24 Hours of Le Mans. ... 2005 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Following the 2005 United States Grand Prix, where because of safety concerns Michelin would not allow the teams it supplies to race, Michelin's share price fell by 2.5% (though it recovered later the same day). On June 28, Michelin announced that it would offer compensation to all race fans who had bought tickets for the Grand Prix. The company committed to refunding the price of all tickets for the race. Additionally, they announced that they would provide 20,000 complimentary tickets for the 2006 race to spectators who had attended the 2005 event. The 2005 United States Grand Prix, was a Formula One motor race held on June 19, 2005 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Michelin have had a difficult relationship with the sport's governing body (the FIA) since around 2003 and this escalated to apparent disdain between the two parties during the 2005 season. The most high profile disagreement was at the United States Grand Prix and the acrimony afterwards. Michelin criticised the FIA's intention to move to a single source (i.e. one brand) tyre from 2008 and threatened to withdraw from the sport. In a public rebuke FIA President Max Mosley wrote "There are simple arguments for a single tyre and if [Michelin boss Édouard Michelin] is not aware of this he shows an almost comical lack of knowledge of modern Formula One." Another bone of contention has been the reintroduction of tyre changes during pit-stops from 2006. Michelin criticised the move claiming "this event illustrates F1's problems of incoherent decision-making and lack of transparency." The Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, is a non-profit association established on June 20, 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and motor car users. ... 2005 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Max Rufus Mosley (born 1940, London, England) is currently serving his fourth term as president of the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile. ... Édouard Michelin (August 13, 1963 - May 26, 2006), managing partner and CEO of the Michelin Group. ...


In December 2005, and as a result of the difficult relationship with the sport's governing body, Michelin announced they would not extend their involvement in Formula One beyond the 2006 season.[3] Bridgestone has since then been the sole supplier of tyres to Formula One. December 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → 31 December 2005 (Saturday) 25-year-old Scottish human rights worker Kate Burton and her parents are freed unharmed in the Gaza Strip by the Palestinian gunmen who kidnapped them two days earlier. ... Bridgestone Corporation ) (TYO: 5108 ) is a Japanese rubber conglomerate founded in 1931 by Shojiro Ishibashi ) in the city of Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan. ...


The last race won on Michelin Tyres in Formula One was the 2006 Japanese Grand Prix, Fernando Alonso benefitting after the Ferrari engine of Michael Schumacher failed during the race. This gave Michelin a second consecutive Constructors Championship win with the 2005 and 2006 after Bridgestone's seven-year winning streak and brought to a total of four the number of wins for Michelin since this event's inception back in the 1958 Formula One season; Michelin's other wins were in the 1979 and 1984 seasons. The 2006 Japanese Grand Prix was the seventeenth race of the 2006 Formula One season. ... Fernando Alonso Díaz (born on July 29, 1981 in Oviedo, Asturias, Spain) is a Spanish Formula One racing driver and reigning, two-time, world champion. ... Scuderia Ferrari is the name for the Gestione Sportiva, the division of the Ferrari automobile company concerned with racing. ... Michael Schumacher (pronounced / /, born January 3, 1969, in Hürth Hermülheim, Germany)[1] is a former Formula One driver, and seven-time world champion. ... The Formula One World Constructors Championship (WCC) is awarded by the FIA to the most successful Formula One constructor over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... 2005 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 2006 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The 1958 Formula One season was the 9th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... The 1979 Formula One season was the 30th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ... The 1984 Formula One season was the 35th FIA Formula One World Championship season. ...


Recent Developments

Pax System, Tweel, X One Promotional photo of the Tweel The Tweel in action The Tweel (a portmanteau of tire and wheel) is a prototype tire designed by Michelin. ...


Other products

Tour guides

Main article: Michelin Guide

Michelin has long published two guidebook series, the Red Guides to hotels and restaurants and the Green Guides for tourism. It now publishes several additional guides as well as digital map and guide products. The city maps in both the Red and the Green guides are of high quality, and are linked to the smaller-scale road maps. New York City 2006 First Michelin Red Guide for North America The Michelin Guide (Le Guide Michelin) is a series of annual guide books published by Michelin for over a dozen countries. ... For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ...


Maps

Michelin publishes various series of road maps, mostly of France but also on European countries, Africa, Thailand and the United States.


Online Mapping

ViaMichelin is a wholly owned subsidiary of Michelin Group and was started in 2001 to represent Michelin’s digital mapping services. ViaMichelin currently generates 400 million maps and routes per month on its main website.[4] Image:ViaMichelin. ...


ViaMichelin provides mapping and travel solutions for internet, mobile and satellite navigation products with street level coverage of Europe, USA, Australia and parts of Asia and South America.


Bibendum

Bibendum (The Michelin Man) as he looked in the early 1990s

The company's symbol is Bibendum,[5] the Michelin Man, introduced in 1898 by French artist O'Galop (pseudonym of Marius Rossillon), and one of the world's oldest trademarks. André Michelin apparently commissioned the creation of this jolly, rotund figure after his brother, Édouard, observed that a display of stacked tyres resembled a human form. Today, Bibendum is one of the world's most recognized trademarks, representing Michelin in over 150 countries. image of the Michelin Man from a modern Michelin map, scanned by the uploader This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... image of the Michelin Man from a modern Michelin map, scanned by the uploader This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... André Michelin (16 January 1853 - 4 April 1931) was a French industrialist who, with his brother Édouard (1859-1940), founded the Michelin Tyre Company (Compagnie Générale Des Établissements Michelin) in 1888 in the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. ...


The 1898 poster showed him offering the toast Nunc est bibendum ("Cheers!" or "Now is the time to drink" in Latin) to his scrawny competitors with a glass full of road hazards, with the title and the tag C'est à dire: À votre santé. Le pneu Michelin boit l'obstacle ("That is to say, to your health: The Michelin tyre drinks up obstacles"). It is unclear when the word "Bibendum" came to be the name of the character himself. At the latest, it was in 1908, when Michelin commissioned Curnonsky to write a newspaper column signed "Bibendum". Maurice Edmond Sailland (Angers, France October 12, 1872 – Paris, July 22, 1956), better known by his pen-name Curnonsky (nicknamed Cur), and dubbed the Prince of Gastronomy, was the most celebrated writer on gastronomy in France in the 20th century. ...


The name of the plump tyre-man has entered the language to describe the appearance of someone obese or wearing comically bulky clothing: "How can I wrap up warm without looking like a Michelin Man?".


In Spain, michelín[6] has acquired the meaning of the "tyres" or folds of fatty skin around the waist.


His shape has changed over the years. O'Galop's logo was based on bicycle tyres, and wore glasses and smoked a cigar. By the 1980s Bibendum was being shown as a running Bib, and in 1998, his 100th anniversary, a slimmed-down version became the company's new logo; his vision had improved, and he had long since given up smoking. The slimming of the logo reflected both lower-profile, smaller tyres on sport compact automobiles and a more athletic, slimmer, and trimmer Bib.


Bibendum made a brief guest appearance in the Asterix series as the chariot-wheel dealer in certain translations, including the English one, of Asterix in Switzerland. (The original French version used the Gaulish warrior mascot of French service-station company Antar.) The image also plays a key role in William Gibson's novel Pattern Recognition. Michelin sued the performance artist Momus for releasing a song about the trademarked Michelin Man. For other uses, see Asterix (disambiguation). ... Asterix in Switzerland is the sixteenth volume of the Asterix comic book series, by René Goscinny (stories) and Albert Uderzo (illustrations). ... The term Antar can refer to several articles: Antar, a 6th century pre-Islamic Arab chief of half African descent, was a subject of romance and distinguished as a warrior and poet. ... There are a number of people who have been (or are) named William Gibson. ... Book cover Pattern Recognition (G. P. Putnams Sons 2003, ISBN 0-425-19293-8) is William Gibsons eighth novel, the first to be set in the contemporary world. ... Momus Nick Currie (born February 11, 1960 in Paisley, Scotland), more popularly known under the artist name Momus (after the Greek god of mockery), is a songwriter, blogger and a journalist for Wired. ...


Michelin Challenge Bibendum

The Michelin Challenge Bibendum is an annual major sustainable mobility event. The Michelin Challenge Bibendum is a major annual sustainable mobility event, sponsored by the French tire company Michelin. ...


Management

From 1999 the company was headed by CEO Édouard Michelin. On May 26, 2006, Édouard drowned while fishing near the island of Sein, off the coast of Brittany.[7] Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Édouard Michelin (August 13, 1963 - May 26, 2006), managing partner and CEO of the Michelin Group. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The ÃŽle de Sein is a French island in the Atlantic Ocean, off Finistère, 8 kilometres from pointe du Raz (Raz meaning tidal race), from which it is separated by the raz de Sein. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ...


The death of Édouard Michelin brought a non-member of the Michelin family, Michel Rollier, to the head of the company.[8] Michel Rollier ([né en 1944) was a French industrialist and one of the foremost pioneers of the automobile industry. ...


Trivia

Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, founded in 1919 by André Citroën. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of Normandy Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region in northern France. ... The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between the German forces occupying Western Europe and the invading Allies. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Clemson University is a public, coeducational, land-grant, research university located in Clemson, South Carolina, United States. ... Original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, is a term that refers to a situation in which one company purchases a manufactured product from another company and resells the product as its own, usually as a part of a larger product it sells. ... Volvo Cars is the luxury car maker using the Volvo Trademark. ... Original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, is a term that refers to a situation in which one company purchases a manufactured product from another company and resells the product as its own, usually as a part of a larger product it sells. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Bibendum chair by Eileen Gray E1027 table by Eileen Gray Early photograph of Eileen Grays E-1027 table and Block screen. ... André Michelin (16 January 1853 - 4 April 1931) was a French industrialist who, with his brother Édouard (1859-1940), founded the Michelin Tyre Company (Compagnie Générale Des Établissements Michelin) in 1888 in the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. ... Official website www. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... There are a number of people who have been (or are) named William Gibson. ... Book cover Pattern Recognition (G. P. Putnams Sons 2003, ISBN 0-425-19293-8) is William Gibsons eighth novel, the first to be set in the contemporary world. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.senat.fr/basile/visio.do?id=a/commission/fin/Fin991120.html&idtable=a/commission/fin/Fin991120.html#toc18
  2. ^ http://gestdoc.webmichelin.com/repository/backoffice/DocumentRepositoryServlet?codeDocument=292&codeRepository=MICHCORP&codeRubrique=CORP
  3. ^ http://newsonf1.net/2005/news/12/dec14m.htm
  4. ^ http://www.viamichelin.com
  5. ^ http://www.michelin.com/corporate/front/templates/affich.jsp?codeRubrique=99&lang=EN
  6. ^ Diccionario de la Real Academia Española.
  7. ^ http://www.forbes.com/business/feeds/afx/2006/05/26/afx2776441.html
  8. ^ http://online.wsj.com/article/SB114866900467864406.html?mod=home_whats_news_us
  9. ^ http://pistehors.com/backcountry/wiki/Massif-Central/Super-Besse

The Real Academia Española (Spanish for Royal Spanish Academy, RAE) is the institution responsible for regulating the Spanish language. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Michelin
  • Official global website
  • Michelin UK & Ireland website
  • Michelin US website
  • Michelin guide website
  • Michelin Sport website
  • Digital mapping services
  • Michelin UK maps and Guides website
  • Michelin maps (in French)

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Data

  • Yahoo! - Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin Company Profile

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