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Encyclopedia > Michelangelo Antonioni
This article is about a recently deceased person.
Some information, such as the circumstances of the person's death and surrounding events, may change rapidly as more facts become known.
Michelangelo Antonioni
Born September 29, 1912
Ferrara, Emilia Romagna, Italy
Died July 30, 2007 (aged 94)
Rome, Italy
Spouse(s) Letizia Balboni (1st wife)
Enrica Antonioni (2nd wife; 1986-2007)

Michelangelo Antonioni (September 29, 1912 - July 30, 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetics. Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... // The following is a list of notable deaths in 2007. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This article focuses on the cultural movement labeled modernism or the modern movement. See also: Modernism (Roman Catholicism) or Modernist Christianity; Modernismo for specific art movement(s) in Spain and Catalonia. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...

Contents

Early life

Michelangelo Antonioni was born in Ferrara, Emilia Romagna. Upon graduation from the University of Bologna with a degree in economics, he started writing for the local Ferrara newspaper Il Corriere Padano in 1935 as a film journalist. Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... The University of Bologna (Italian: , UNIBO) is the oldest continually operating degree-granting university in the world, and the second biggest university in Italy. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...


In 1940, Antonioni moved to Rome, where he worked for Cinema, the official Fascist film magazine edited by Benito Mussolini's son Vittorio. However, Antonioni was fired a few months afterward. Later that year he enrolled at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia to study film technique. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Italian fascism (in Italian, fascismo) was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. ...


First films

In 1942, he co-wrote Un pilota ritorna, together with Roberto Rossellini and worked as assistant director on Enrico Fulchignoni's I due Foscari. In 1943, Antonioni travelled to France to assist Marcel Carné on Les visiteurs du soir. Antonioni started shooting short films in the 1940s with Gente del Po, a story of poor fishermen of the Po valley on which he worked from 1943 until 1947. These films were neorealist in style, being semi-documentary studies of the lives of ordinary people.[1] Roberto Rossellini (May 8, 1906 - June 3, 1977), was an Italian film director. ... Marcel Carné (August 18, 1906 - October 31, 1996) was an important French film director. ... Les Visiteurs du Soir (The Night Visitors, a/k/a The Devils Envoys) is a 1942 film by French film director Marcel Carné, famous for his romatic tragedy, Les Enfants du Paradis. ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Italian neorealism is a film movement often considered to have started in 1943 with Ossessione and ended in 1952 with Umberto D. The movement is characterized by stories set amongst the poor and working class, filmed in long takes on location, frequently using nonprofessional actors for secondary and sometimes primary... A documentary is a work in a visual or auditory medium presenting political, scientific, social, or historical subjects in a factual and informative manner. ...


However, Antonioni's first full-length feature film Cronaca di un amore (1950) broke away from neorealism by depicting the middle classes. He continued to do so in a series of other films : I Vinti ("The Vanquished", 1952), a trio of stories, each set in a different country (France, Italy and England), about juvenile delinquency; La Signora Senza Camelie ("The Lady Without Camellias", 1953) about a young film star and her fall from grace; and Le Amiche ("The Girlfriends", 1955) about middle class women in Turin. Il Grido (The Cry, 1957) was a return to working class stories, depicting a factory worker and his daughter. Each of these stories is about social alienation.[2] Cronaca di un amore (Chronicle of a Love, Story of a Love Affair) is a 1950 Italian black-and-white drama film and the first full length feature film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni. ... I vinti (English: The Vanquished) is a 1953 Italian black-and-white drama film composed of three episodes. ... Il grido (English: The Outcry) is a 1957 Italian black-and-white drama film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, starring American actor Steve Cochran. ... In sociology and critical social theory, alienation refers to the individuals estrangement from traditional community and others in general. ...


International success

In Le Amiche, Antonioni had experimented with a radical new style that replaced conventional narrative with a series of apparently disconnected events, which which utilized the long take frequently.[3] This style is potentially frustrating due to its slow pacing and lack of forward omentum. However, Antonioni returned to the style in L'Avventura (1960), which was his first international success. Its response at the Cannes Film Festival was a mixture of cheers and boos, [4] but the film was popular in art house cinemas across the world. Antonioni followed it with La Notte (1961) and L'Eclisse (1962). These three films are commonly referred to as a trilogy because they are stylistically similar and all concerned with the alienation of man within the modern world. His first color film, Il Deserto Rosso (1964), deals with similar themes, and is sometimes considered the fourth film of the "trilogy". A long take is an uninterrupted shot in a film which lasts much longer than the conventional editing pace either of the film itself or of films in general, usually lasting several minutes. ... Lavventura (The Adventure) is an Italian film written and directed by Michelangelo Antonioni. ... Cannes Film Festival logo. ... La notte is a 1961 Italian feature film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, starring Marcello Mastroianni, Jeanne Moreau and Monica Vitti. ... Leclisse (The Eclipse) is a 1962 film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni. ... The red desert (Il deserto rosso in Italian) is a Michelangelo Antonioni movie filmed in 1964 starring Monica Vitti, Richard Harris and others. ...


Antonioni then signed a deal with producer Carlo Ponti that would allow artistic freedom on three films in English to be released by MGM. The first, Blowup (1966), which was set in England, was a major success. Although it dealt with the challenging theme of the impossibility of objective standards, it was a successful and popular hit with audiences, no doubt helped by its sex scenes, which were explicit for the time. It starred David Hemmings and Vanessa Redgrave. Carlo Ponti (born December 11, 1912, Magenta, Italy) is an Italian film producer. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Blowup (also rendered as Blow-Up) is an award-winning 1966 British-Italian art film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, his first English language film. ... David Hemmings in Blowup David Hemmings (18 November 1941 – 3 December 2003) was an English movie actor and director, whose most famous role was the photographer in Michelangelo Antonionis Blowup in 1966 (opposite Vanessa Redgrave), one of the films that best represented the spirit of the 1960s. ... Vanessa Redgrave, CBE (born 30 January 1937) is an Academy Award winning English actress and member of the Redgrave family, one of the enduring theatrical dynasties. ...


The second film, Zabriskie Point (1970), his first film set in America, was much less successful, even though its soundtrack incorporated popular artists such as Pink Floyd (who wrote new music specifically for the film), the Grateful Dead, and the Rolling Stones. Zabriskie Point is a 1970 film by Michelangelo Antonioni that depicts the U.S. counterculture movement of that time. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco, California. ... This article is about the rock band. ...


The third, The Passenger (1975), starring Jack Nicholson, received critical praise, but also did poorly at the box office. It was out of circulation for many years, but was re-released for a limited theatrical run in October 2005 and has subsequently been released on DVD. The Passenger (Professione: reporter) is a film directed and co-written by Michelangelo Antonioni, released in 1975, in which Jack Nicholson stars as a reporter in Africa who assumes the identity of a dead stranger. ... Nicholson as Wilbur Force in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960). ... DVD (Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ...


In 1972, in between Zabriskie Point and The Passenger, Antonioni was invited by the Government of the People's Republic of China in the aftermath of the Cultural Revolution to visit China. He made the documentary Chung Kuo/Cina, but it was severely denounced by the Chinese authorities as "anti-Chinese" and "anti-communist".[5] [6] State power within the government of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is divided among three bodies: the Communist Party of China, the state, and the Peoples Liberation Army, (PLA). ... The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Proletarian Cultural Great Revolution; often abbreviated to 文化大革命 wénhuà dà gémìng, literally Great Cultural Revolution, or even simpler, to 文革 wéngé, Cultural Revolution) in the Peoples Republic of China was a struggle for power within the...


In 1980, Antonioni made Il Mistero di Oberwald (The Mystery of Oberwald), an experiment in the electronic treatment of color, recorded in video and then translated to film, featuring Monica Vitti once again. It is based on Jean Cocteau's story L'aigle à deux têtes (The Eagle Has Two Heads). Actress Monica Vitti in Michelangelo Antonionis LAvventura (1960). ... Jean Cocteau Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (July 5, 1889 – October 11, 1963) was a French poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, boxing manager and filmmaker. ...


Identificazione di una donna (Identification of a Woman, 1982), filmed in Italy, deals one more time with the recursive subjects of his Italian trilogy.


Last films

In 1985, Antonioni suffered a stroke, which left him partly paralyzed and unable to speak. However, he continued to make films, including Beyond the Clouds (1995), for which Wim Wenders filmed some scenes. Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... © Makoto Shinkai / CoMix Wave Kumo no Mukou Yakusoku no Basho (雲のむこう、約束の場所, Beyond the Clouds, The Promised Place. ... Ernst Wilhelm (Wim) Wenders (born August 14, 1945) is a German film director, photographer, and producer. ...


In 1996, he was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Academy Award. It was presented to him by Jack Nicholson. Months later, the statuette was stolen by burglars and had to be replaced. Previously, he had been nominated for Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Screenplay for Blowup. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Nicholson as Wilbur Force in The Little Shop of Horrors (1960). ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Blowup (also rendered as Blow-Up) is an award-winning 1966 British-Italian art film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, his first English language film. ...


Antonioni's final film, made when he was in his 90s, was a segment of the portmanteau film Eros (2004), entitled "Il filo pericoloso delle cose" ("The Dangerous Thread of Things"). The short film's episodes are framed by dreamy paintings and the song "Michelangelo Antonioni", composed and sung by Caetano Veloso. [7] The U.S. DVD release of the film includes another 2004 short film by Antonioni, In Lo sguardo di Michelangelo (The Gaze of Michelangelo). A portmanteau film or omnibus film is a film consisting of several different short films, often tied together by only a single theme or premise. ... Eros film poster Eros is a 2004 film consisting of three short films: Wong Kar-wais The Hand, Steven Soderberghs Equilibrium and Michelangelo Antonionis The Dangerous Thread of Things. ... Caetano Veloso (born 7 August 1942) is one of the most popular and influential Brazilian composers and singers. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Antonioni died on July 30, 2007 in Rome, aged 94, the same day that another great film director, Ingmar Bergman, also died. is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...   (IPA: in Swedish, but usually IPA: in English) (July 14, 1918 – July 30, 2007) was a Swedish stage and film director. ...


Style

The neutrality of this article is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Antonioni's films tend to have spare plots and dialogue, and much of the screen time is spent lingering on certain settings - such as the ten-minute continuous take in The Passenger, or the many scenes in L'eclisse which show Vitti staring curiously at electrical posts accompanied by ambient sounds of wires clanking. His films are full of visual beauty, and are perfectly calculated to capture the alienation of the characters, often accomplished in a spare, slow-moving style. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ...


Trivia

He was referenced in an episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus, when Eric Idle, playing Inspector Baboon of Scotland Yard's Special Fraud Film Director Squad, Jungle Division, arrests someone accused of impersonating "Signor" Michelangelo Antonioni. He continues an academic discourse of Antonioni's film career as the credits begin to roll. [8] This article discusses the series itself. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is a British comedian, actor, author and writer of comedic songs. ...


Antonioni was referenced in the song Manchester England from the Broadway musical Hair and again in the song La Vie Boheme from the Broadway musical Rent[citation needed]. Hair, subtitled The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical, is a rock musical written during the anti-war sentiment and youth-sexual revolution of the 1960s. ... La Vie Boheme (French: the Bohemian life) is a song in the musical RENT. The second part of this song (La Vie Boheme B) ends the first act of the show. ... Rent is a American Tony Award- and Pulitzer Prize-winning rock musical, with music and lyrics by Jonathan Larson. ...


Filmography

  • Gente del Po (People of the Po, 1943)
  • Nettezza urbana (Dustmen, 1948)
  • Oltre l'oblio (1948)
  • Roma-Montevideo (1948)
  • L'amorosa menzogna (1949)
  • Sette cani e un vestito (1949)
  • Bomarzo (1949)
  • Ragazze in bianco (1949)
  • Superstizione (1949)
  • La villa dei mostri (The House of Monsters, 1950)
  • Cronaca di un amore (Chronicle of a Love, 1950)
  • La funivia del Faloria (1950)
  • I Vinti (The Vanquished) (1952)
  • La signora senza camelie (Camille Without Camellias) (1953)
  • "Tentato suicido" ("When Love Fails", episode in L'amore in Città, 1953)
  • Le amiche (The Girl Friends, 1955)
  • Il grido (The Outcry, 1957)
  • L'avventura (The Adventure, 1960)
  • La notte (The Night, 1961)
  • L'eclisse (The Eclipse, 1962)
  • Il deserto rosso (The Red Desert, 1964)
  • I Tre volti (The Three Faces of a Woman - "Il provino" segment, 1965
  • Blowup (1966)
  • Zabriskie Point (1970)
  • Chung Kuo (1972) (documentary)
  • Professione: reporter (The Passenger) (1975)
  • Il mistero di Oberwald (The Mystery of Oberwald, 1980)
  • Identificazione di una donna (Identification of a Woman, 1982)
  • Volcanoes and Carnival (1992)
  • Beyond the Clouds (Par Dela Les Nuages, 1995 - co-credited with Wim Wenders)
  • Eros (2004, segment "Il filo pericoloso delle cose"/"The Dangerous Thread of Things")
  • Lo sguardo di Michelangelo (2004)

Cronaca di un amore (Chronicle of a Love, Story of a Love Affair) is a 1950 Italian black-and-white drama film and the first full length feature film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni. ... I vinti (English: The Vanquished) is a 1953 Italian black-and-white drama film composed of three episodes. ... LAmore in Città (English: Love in the City) is a 1953 film composed of six different segments, each with a different writer or director. ... Il grido (English: The Outcry) is a 1957 Italian black-and-white drama film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, starring American actor Steve Cochran. ... Lavventura (The Adventure) is an Italian film written and directed by Michelangelo Antonioni. ... La notte is a 1961 Italian feature film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, starring Marcello Mastroianni, Jeanne Moreau and Monica Vitti. ... Leclisse (The Eclipse) is a 1962 film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni. ... The red desert (Il deserto rosso in Italian) is a Michelangelo Antonioni movie filmed in 1964 starring Monica Vitti, Richard Harris and others. ... Blowup (also rendered as Blow-Up) is an award-winning 1966 British-Italian art film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, his first English language film. ... Zabriskie Point is a 1970 film by Michelangelo Antonioni that depicts the U.S. counterculture movement of that time. ... Ernst Wilhelm (Wim) Wenders (born August 14, 1945) is a German film director, photographer, and producer. ... Eros film poster Eros is a 2004 film consisting of three short films: Wong Kar-wais The Hand, Steven Soderberghs Equilibrium and Michelangelo Antonionis The Dangerous Thread of Things. ...

References

  1. ^ David A. Cook, A History of Narrative Film, 4e (New York: Norton, 2001), 535.
  2. ^ David A. Cook, A History of Narrative Film, 4e (New York: Norton, 2001), 535.
  3. ^ David A. Cook, A History of Narrative Film, 4e (New York: Norton, 2001), 535.
  4. ^ [http://film.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/0,,2138557,00.html Penelope Houston, "Obituary: Michelangelo Antonioni", The Guardian, 31 July 2007]
  5. ^ Eco, Umberto & Christine Leefeldt, "De Interpretatione, or the Difficulty of Being Marco Polo [On the Occasion of Antonioni's China Film]", Film Quarterly 30.4, Special Book Issue, 8-12, 1977
  6. ^ Seymour Chatman, Antonioni, or The Surface of the World. L.A.: University of California Press, 1985, p.174. ISBN 0-520-05341-9
  7. ^ [http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/53/cronaca.htm Ian Johnston, "We’re Not Happy and We Never Will Be: On Cronaca di un amore ", Bright Lights Film Journal, #53, August 2006.
  8. ^ http://www.ibras.dk/montypython/episode29.htm

Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... Film Quarterly is a film journal published by the University of California Press. ... University of California Press, also known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing. ... Bright Lights Film Journal is a pre-eminent online quasi-academic film journal, with a left-wing critical orientation, based in Portland, Oregon. ...

Bibliographies

Books

  • Unfinished Business: Screenplays, Scenarios, and Ideas, ISBN 1-56886-051-X. (Introduction by Thomas J. Harrison)
  • Blow Up... and Other Exaggerations: The Autobiography of David Hemmings, by David Hemmings. ISBN 1-86105-789-X.
  • My Time With Antonioni: The Diary of an Extraordinary Experience, by Wim Wenders. ISBN 0-571-20076-1. (This is a diary of the filming of Antonioni's Beyond the Clouds. This is a small paperback edition. However, the French, German and Italian editions of this diary are expensive books with a great collection of beautifully printed pictures taken on the set by Wim Wenders and his wife Donata. See the next item)
  • Avec Michelangelo Antonioni. Chronique d'un film, by Wim Wenders. ISBN 2-85181-369-2. (This is the French edition of Wenders' book, including color and black and white pictures taken on the set by Wim Wenders and his wife Donata)
  • Antonioni, or, The Surface of the World, by Seymour Chatman. ISBN 0-520-05341-9.
  • The Films of Michelangelo Antonioni, by Peter Brunette. ISBN 0-521-38992-5.*
  • The Architecture of Vision. Writings & interviews on Cinema, by Michelangelo Antonioni. ISBN 1-56886-061-1
  • Antonioni. The Poet of Images, by William Arrowsmith. Edited by Ted Perry. ISBN 0-19-509270-8

David Hemmings in Blowup David Hemmings (18 November 1941 – 3 December 2003) was an English movie actor and director, whose most famous role was the photographer in Michelangelo Antonionis Blowup in 1966 (opposite Vanessa Redgrave), one of the films that best represented the spirit of the 1960s. ... © Makoto Shinkai / CoMix Wave Kumo no Mukou Yakusoku no Basho (雲のむこう、約束の場所, Beyond the Clouds, The Promised Place. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Michelangelo Antonioni - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (702 words)
Michelangelo Antonioni (born September 29, 1912, Ferrara, Emilia Romagna) is an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetic.
Antonioni's first major success was L'Avventura (1960), which was followed by La Notte (1961) and L'Eclisse (1962), which made up an informal trilogy on the theme of alienation.
Thus, despite his critics, Antonioni's films ruthlessly dissect the rich with a disapproving Marxist sensibility, even as his camerawork displays a fascination for the ornate settings of the wealthy class.
Michelangelo Antonioni - MSN Encarta (321 words)
Michelangelo Antonioni, born in 1912, Italian avant-garde motion-picture director and screenwriter, whose films are known for their haunting images of human isolation.
Antonioni was born in Ferrara and educated at the University of Bologna.
Antonioni is known—especially in his work of the early 1960s—for a unique cinematographic style that often employs lengthy tracking shots that transfix human figures against a barren natural landscape or a scene of urban sterility, or that otherwise emphasize human isolation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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