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Encyclopedia > Michel Tremblay

Michel Tremblay (born June 25, 1942) is an important Quebec novelist and playwright. June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower White garden lily Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 1,183... Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe; title page of 1719 newspaper edition A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended fictional narrative in prose. ... It has been suggested that Drama (art form) be merged into this article or section. ...

Born in Montreal, Tremblay grew up in the French-speaking part of the Plateau in Montreal, whose working-class character and joual dialect would heavily influence his work. Tremblay's first play, Les Belles-Sœurs, was written in 1965 and premiered at the Théâtre du Rideau Vert on August 28, 1968. Its impact was huge, bringing down the old guard of Canadian theatre and introducing joual to the mainstream. It stirred up controversy by portraying the lives of working class women and attacking the strait-laced, deeply religious society of mid-20th century Quebec. City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... The Plateau or Plateau Mont-Royal is a neighbourhood of the city of Montreal, just north of downtown and east of Mount Royal. ... Joual is the name given by some to a working-class sociolect of Quebec French spoken in Montreal, after its pronunciation of the word cheval (horse). ... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Joual is the name given by some to a working-class sociolect of Quebec French spoken in Montreal, after its pronunciation of the word cheval (horse). ...


His work and its impact

The most profound and lasting effects of Tremblay's early plays, including Hosanna and La Duchesse de Langeais, were the barriers they toppled in Quebec society. Until the Quiet Revolution of the early 1960s, Tremblay saw Quebec as a poor, working-class province dominated by an English-speaking elite and the Catholic Church. Tremblay's work was part of a vanguard of liberal, nationalist thought that helped create an essentially modern society. Jean Lesage, Daniel Johnson Sr. ... The outrageously crowded Woodstock festival epitomized the popular antiwar movement of the 60s. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ...

His most famous plays are usually centered on female characters. The women are usually strong but possessed with demons they must vanquish. It is said he sees Quebec as a matriarchal society. He is considered one of the best playwrights for women.

In the late 1980s, Les Belles-Soeurs ("The Sisters-in-Law") was produced in Scotland in Scots, as The Guid-Sisters ("guid-sister" being Scots for "sister-in-law"). His work has been translated into many languages, including Yiddish, and including such works as Sainte-Carmen de la Main, Ç'ta ton tour, Laura Cadieux, and Forever Yours, Marilou (À toi pour toujours, ta Marie-Lou). The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Scots is an Anglic variety spoken in Scotland, where it is sometimes called Lowland Scots to distinguish it from Scottish Gaelic spoken by some in the Highlands and Islands (especially the Hebrides). ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ...

He has always been openly gay, and he has written many novels (The Duchess and the Commoner, La nuit des princes charmants) and plays (Hosanna, La duchesse de Langeais) centred on gay characters. In a 1987 interview with Shelagh Rogers for CBC Radio's The Arts Tonight, he remarked that he has always avoided behaviours he has considered masculine; for example, he does not smoke and he noted that he was 45 years old and did not know how to drive a car. "I think I am a rare breed," he said, "A homosexual who doesn't like men." In modern society, gay is a word which can be used as either a noun or adjective. ... Shelagh Rogers (born 1956) is a Canadian radio broadcaster. ... CBC Radio is the English language radio division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...

His latest play to receive wide acclaim is For The Pleasure Of Seeing Her Again, a funny and nostalgic play, centered on the memories of his mother.

He later published the Plateau Mont-Royal Chronicles, a cycle of six novels including The Fat Woman Next Door is Pregnant (La grosse femme d'à côté est enceinte, 1978) and The Duchess and the Commoner (La duchesse et le roturier, 1982).

The second novel of this series, Therese and Pierrette and the Little Hanging Angel (Thérèse et Pierrette à l'école des Saints-Anges, 1980), was one of the novels chosen for inclusion in the French version of Canada Reads, Le combat des livres, broadcast on Radio-Canada in 2005, where it was championed by union activist Monique Simard. Canada Reads is an annual battle of the books competition organized and broadcast by Canadas public broadcaster, the CBC. Overview During Canada Reads, five personalities champion five different books, each champion extolling the merits of one of the titles over a series of five programs. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the countrys national radio and television broadcaster. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...

Tremblay is currently working on a television series entitled Le Cœur découvert ("The Open Heart"), about the lives of a gay couple in Quebec, for the French-language TV network Radio-Canada.

He recently completed a new cycle of books, the Cahiers (Cahier noir, Cahier Rouge, Cahier Bleu), reflecting the changes happening in 1960s Montreal during the Quiet Revolution. City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Jean Lesage, Daniel Johnson Sr. ...

Politicial views

For many years, Tremblay has believed that the only reasonable solution for Quebec is to separate from Canada. Once the Parti Québécois was elected in Quebec, he softened his views on allowing his plays to be produced in English there. He made it clear, however, that that didn't mean that he agreed with bilingualism, calling it "stupid" and stating that he thought it ridiculous to expect a housewife in Vancouver to be fluent in both English and French.[1] The Parti Québécois or PQ is a political party that advocates national sovereignty for Quebec from Canada, as well as social democratic policies and has traditionally had support from the labour movement though unlike other social democratic parties it has no formal ties with labour. ... Bilingual (English/French) sign for Preston Street (rue Preston) in Ottawas Little Italy Bilingualism in Canada refers to laws and policies of the federal government – and some other levels of government – mandating that certain services and communications be available to the public in both English and French. ... Vancouver (pronounced ) is a Canadian city in the province of British Columbia. ...

Despite his often outspoken views in public, Tremblay's treatment of politics in his plays is subtle. Speaking of politics and the theatre in an CBC interview in 1978, Tremblay said: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Cipher-block chaining ...

"I know what I want in the theatre. I want a real political theatre, but I know that political theatre is dull. I write fables."[1]

In April 2006 he declared that he did not support the arguments put forward for the separation of Quebec. But he clarified his thoughts some time later by saying he was still a supporter of Quebec sovereignty, though critical of the actual state of the debate, which in his opinion was too much focused on economic issues. In response to this, the columnist Marc Cassivi of La Presse wrote that "there was only one closet a Quebec artist could never exit and that was the federalist one." [2] The Quebec sovereignty movement is a political movement aimed at attaining sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the Canadian federation. ... La Presse, founded in 1884, is a large-circulation French-language daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec. ...

Awards and honours

Tremblay has received numerous awards in recognition of his work. These include the Prix Victor-Morin (1974), the Prix France-Québec (1984), the Chalmers Award (1986) and the Molson Prize (1994). In the game of baseball, both amateur and professional, it is tradition to annually recognize the one player in the league who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ... The Molson Prize for the Arts is awarded by The Canada Council for the Arts. ...

He received the Lieutenant-Governor's award for Ontario in 1976 and 1977. Tremblay was named the "Montréalais le plus remarquable des deux dernières décennies dans le domaine du théâtre" (the most remarkable Montrealer of the past two decades in theatre) (1978). In 1991 he was appointed Officier de l'Ordre de France, and in the same year, Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Québec. He is also a recipient of the Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres de France (1994). The National Order of Quebec (French: Ordre national du Québec) is an order of merit bestowed by the government of Quebec, Canada. ...

In 1999, he received a Governor General's Award for the Performing Arts. This produced controversy when several well-known Quebec nationalists suggested that he should refuse the award. While he did not do this, he did admit, for the first time, that he had refused the Order of Canada in 1990. In 2000, Encore une fois, si vous le permettez (For The Pleasure of Seeing Her Again) won a Chalmers Award and a Dora Mavor Moore Award.[3] Since their creation in 1937, the Governor Generals Literary Awards have become one of Canadas most prestigious prizes, awarded in both French and English in seven categories: Fiction, Non-fiction, Poetry, Drama, Childrens Literature-Text, Childrens Literature-Illustration, and Translation. ... The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means Desiring a better country. ... The Dora Mavor Moore Award (also known as the Dora Award) is a Canadian award presented annually which honours Canadian theatre and dance productions given in five major categories: General Theatre, Independent Theatre, Dance, Opera, and Theatre for Young Audiences. ...

Works about Tremblay

  • Renate Usmiani, Michel Tremblay. Douglas and McIntyre, 1982, ISBN 0295958634
  • Gilbert David and Pierre Lavoie, eds., "Le Monde de Michel Tremblay". Cahiers de Théâtre JEU/Éditions Lansman, 1993.
  • Craig Walker, "Michel Tremblay: Existential Mythopoeia," The Buried Astrolabe: Canadian Dramatic Imagination and Western Tradition. McGill-Queen's UP, 2001, ISBN B0008IQX3M

1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pygmalion with Craig Walker and Peter Aston Craig Stewart Walker (born September 25, 1964) is a Canadian writer, theatre director, actor and educator. ...


  1. ^ a b L'enfant terrible no more CBC March 28, 1978
  2. ^ The belief that dares not speak its nom, Globe and Mail, April 15, 2006
  3. ^ Tremblay, Michel Canadian Theatre Encyclopedia 2005-02-04

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Cipher-block chaining ... The Globe and Mail is a large Canadian English language national newspaper based in Toronto. ...

See also

Joual is the name given by some to a working-class sociolect of Quebec French spoken in Montreal, after its pronunciation of the word cheval (horse). ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower White garden lily Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 1,183... In Canadian English, a Québécois (IPA: ), or in the feminine Québécoise (IPA: ), is a francophone native or resident of the province of Quebec, Canada. ... Jean Lesage, Daniel Johnson Sr. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
CBC.ca Arts - Michel Tremblay disillusioned with sovereignty (1500 words)
Michel Tremblay accepted the Governor General's Performing Arts Award from Adrienne Clarkson in 1999, but he had earlier turned down an Order of Canada.
Tremblay, who once objected to English-language productions of his plays in Quebec, has seen his work translated into 20 languages and performed around the world.
Despite his political about-face, Tremblay applauded the "open-mindedness" of Quebeckers in embracing André Boisclair as the head of the sovereigntist Parti Québécois.
Michel Tremblay - Canadian Writers (479 words)
If Michel Tremblay's biography includes more titles than events, it is quite simply because his life has been almost exclusively dedicated to writing.
Tremblay's exploration of the world of his childhood would take the form of a series of autobiographical stories -- from Vues animées [Bambi and Me] (1990) to Un Ange cornu avec des ailes de tôle (1994) -- that mask a deeper exploration of identity.
Michel Tremblay's plays have been translated into over twenty-five languages and presented on stages around the world.
  More results at FactBites »



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