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Encyclopedia > Michel Bréal

Michel Jules Alfred Bréal (March 26, 1832 - 1915), French philologist, was born at Landau in Rhenish Bavaria, of French parents. He is often identified as a founder of modern semantics. March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (86th in leap years). ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Philology is the study of ancient texts and languages. ... Categories: Germany geography stubs ... With an area of 70,553 km² and 12. ... In general, semantics (from the Greek semantikos, or significant meaning, derived from sema, sign) is the study of meaning, in some sense of that term. ...


After studying at Weissenburg, Metz and Paris, he entered the Ecole Normale in 1852. In 1857 he went to Berlin, where he studied Sanskrit under Franz Bopp and Weber. On his return to France he obtained an appointment in the department of oriental manuscripts at the Bibliothéque Impériale. In 1864 he became professor of comparative grammar at the College de France, in 1875 member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres, in 1879 inspecteur général for higher education until the abolition of the office in 1888. In 1890 he was made commander of the Legion of Honour. Wissembourg (German: Weißenburg) is a small town and commune situated on the border between France and Germany, in the Alsace région, approximately 60 km north of Strasbourg. ... Location within France Rhine watershed Metz is a city in the North-East of France, capital of the Lorraine région and of the département of Moselle (57). ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Berlin (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,387,404 inhabitants (as of September 2004); down from 4. ... The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ... Franz Bopp (September 14, 1791 - October 23, 1867) was a German linguist known for extensive comparative work on Indo-European languages. ... The Coll ge de France is a higher education teaching and research establishment located in Paris, France. ... French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ...


Among his works, which deal mainly with mythological and philological subjects, may be mentioned:

  • L' Etude des origines de la religion Zoroastrienne (1862), for which a prize was awarded him by the Académie des Inscriptions
  • Hercule et Cacus (1863), in which he disputes the principles of the symbolic school in the interpretation of myths
  • Le Mythe d'œdipe (1864)
  • Les Tables Eugubines (1875)
  • Mélanges de mythologie et de linguistique (2nd. ed., 1882)
  • Leçons de mots (1882, 1886)
  • Dictionnaire étymologique latin (1885)
  • Grammaire latine (1890).
  • Essai de Sémantique (1897), on the signification of words, which has been translated into English by Mrs H. Cust with preface by J. P. Postgate.
  • a translation of Bopp's Comparative Grammar (1866-1874), with introductions, which is highly valued.

He has also written pamphlets on education in France, the teaching of ancient languages, and the reform of French orthography. In 1906 he published Pour mieux connaitre Homme. John Percival Postgate (October 24, 1853 - July 15, 1926) was an English classicist, professor of Latin at the University of Liverpool from 1909 to 1920. ...


Michel Bréal can also be credited with the invention of the marathon race. He made the suggestion to put this event on the programme of the first modern Olympics in Athens in 1896 to his friend Pierre de Coubertin. The event was to commemorate the Greek soldier Phidippides who, according to several legends, ran from the Battle of Marathon to either Athens or Sparta. Although marathon sometimes refers to any athletic event requiring great endurance, more specifically it refers to a long-distance track event of 42,195 km (26 miles and 385 yards). ... The Games of the I Olympics were held in 1896 in Greece. ... The Acropolis in central Athens, one of the most important landmarks in world history. ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Baron Pierre de Coubertin Baron Pierre de Coubertin (January 1, 1863-September 2, 1937), born as Pierre de Frédy, was a French pedagogue and historian, but is best known as the founder of the modern Olympic Games. ... Pheidippides (Greek: Φειδιππιδης, sometimes given as Phidippides or Philippides), hero of Ancient Greece, is the central figure in a myth which was the inspiration for the modern sporting event, the marathon. ... Battle of Marathon Conflict Persian Wars Date September, 490 BC Place Marathon, Greece Result Greek victory The Battle of Marathon (490 BC) was the culmination of King Darius I of Persias first major attempt to conquer the remainder of the Greeks and add them to the Persian Empire, thereby...


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


 
 

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