FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Michael Tippett

Sir Michael Kemp Tippett, OM (2 January 19058 January 1998) was one of the foremost English composers of the 20th century. The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ...

Contents

Biography

Tippett was born in London of English and Cornish stock. His mother was a charity worker and a suffragette,[1] and he was a cousin of suffragette leader Charlotte Despard.[2] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Charlotte Despard, the daughter of William French, a naval commander from Ireland, was born in Ripple in Kent in 1844. ...


Although he enjoyed his childhood, after losing their hotel business in southern France, his parents decided to travel through and live on the Continent, and Michael and his brother attended boarding schools in England. At that time, Tippett won a scholarship and studied in Fettes College, Edinburgh, but he soon moved to Stamford School after some extremely unhappy personal experience. This, combined with his discovering his homosexuality, contributed to making Tippett's teenage years lonely and rather stressful. Although he was open about his sexual orientation,[3] it seems that he started to feel emotional strain from a rather early age, and this later became a major motivation to his composition. Before his time at Stamford, Tippett hardly had any contact with music at all, let alone formal musical training. He recalled that it was in Stamford, where he had piano lessons and saw Malcolm Sargent conducting, that he decided to become a composer, although he did not know what it meant nor how to start. Fettes College is an independent boarding and day school in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Front of Stamford School House Main Field Stamford School is an English public school in the market town of Stamford, Lincolnshire. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... For other uses, see Coming out (disambiguation). ... Sir (Harold) Malcolm (Watts) Sargent (April 29, 1895 – October 3, 1967) was a British conductor, organist and composer. ...


He registered as a student in the Royal College of Music, where he studied composition with Charles Wood and C.H.Kitson, and the former's teaching on counterpoint had profound influence on Tippett's future compositional style, and many of his works, despite of the complicated sonority, are essentially contrapuntal. In RCM], Tippett also studied conducting with Adrian Boult and Malcolm Sargent. In the 1920s, living simply in Surrey, he plunged himself into musical life, conducting amateur choirs and local operas. Later, he taught at Morley College.[3] // This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Charles Wood may refer to: Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax. ... RCM is a three letter code that may stand for: Reliability Centered Maintenance Royal Conservatory of Music, Toronto, Ontario Royal Canadian Mint Regimental Corporal Major Royal College of Music, Kensington, London This page concerning a three letter acronym is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... Sir Adrian Cedric Boult CH (April 8, 1889 – February 22, 1983) was an English conductor. ... The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... This article is about the English county. ...


Unlike his contemporaries William Walton and Benjamin Britten, Tippett was a late developer as a composer and was severely critical of his early compositions. At the age of 30, he studied counterpoint and fugue with Reginald Owen Morris. His first mature compositions show a fascination with these aspects. Sir William Turner Walton, OM (March 29, 1902–March 8, 1983) was a British composer whose style was influenced by the works of Stravinsky, Sibelius and jazz. ... Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten, OM CH (November 22, 1913 Lowestoft, Suffolk - December 4, 1976 Aldeburgh, Suffolk) was a British composer, conductor, and pianist. ... For other uses, see Counterpoint (disambiguation). ... In music, a fugue (IPA: ) is a type of contrapuntal composition or technique of composition for a fixed number of parts, normally referred to as voices, irrespective of whether the work is vocal or instrumental. ... Reginald Owen Morris (March 3, 1886 – December 14, 1948), almost universally cited in sources and referred to even by his friends by his initials, as R.O. Morris, was a British composer whose compositions have been overshadowed by his formidable reputation as a teacher. ...


Formerly a member of the Communist Party, in 1935 Tippett broke with them to join the Trotskyist Bolshevik-Leninist Group.[2] His pacifist beliefs led to a prison sentence in World War II, and for many years his music was considered ungratefully written for voices and instruments, and therefore difficult to perform. An intense intellectual, he maintained a much wider knowledge and interest in the literature and philosophy of other countries (Africa, Europe) than was common among British musicians. His (sometimes quirky) libretti for his operas and other works reflect his passionate interest in the dilemmas of human society and the enduring strength of the human spirit. In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ... The Communist League was the first Trotskyist group in Britain. ... Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes or gaining advantage. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ...


From the mid-1960s until the early 1970s, Tippett had a close relationship with the Leicestershire Schools Symphony Orchestra (LSSO), conducting them regularly in the UK and on tour in Europe and generally supporting the state-funded musical education programme that had produced an orchestra of such high standards. He conducted the LSSO almost exclusively in twentieth-century music, including Gustav Holst's The Planets, Charles Ives's Three Places in New England (see external link to Putnam's Camp video below), Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue, Hindemith's Symphonic Metamorphoses and many new works by English composers. Under Tippett, the LSSO, an orchestra of ordinary secondary school children aged 14 to 18, regularly performed on BBC radio and TV, made commercial gramophone records and established new standards for music-making in an educational context. Many leading British performers had their first experience of orchestral music in the LSSO under Tippett. The Leicestershire Schools Symphony Orchestra (LSSO) is a youth orchestra based in Leicester, England. ... Gustav Holst Gustav Holst (September 21, 1874, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire - May 25, 1934, London) [1] [2] was an English composer and was a music teacher for over 20 years. ... This page is about the orchestral suite by Gustav Holst. ... This photo from around 1913 shows Ives in his day job. He was the director of a successful insurance agency. ... The Three Places in New England (Orchestral Set No. ... Gershwin redirects here. ... Cover of the original sheet music of the two piano version of Rhapsody in Blue. ... Paul Hindemith aged 28. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...


Tippett was knighted in 1966, and awarded the Order of Merit in 1983. He remained very active composing and conducting. His opera, New Year, received its premiere in 1989. Then came Byzantium, a piece for soprano and orchestra premiered in 1991. His autobiography, Those Twentieth Century Blues also appeared in 1991. A string quartet followed in 1992. In 1995 his ninetieth birthday was celebrated with special events in Britain, Canada and the US, including the premiere of his final work, The Rose Lake. In that year a collection of his essays, Tippett on Music, also appeared. The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... This article is about the voice-type. ... The resident string quartet of the Library of Congress in 1963 A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string instruments—usually two violins, a viola and cello—or a piece written to be performed by such a group. ...


In 1996, Tippett moved from Wiltshire to London. In 1997, in Stockholm for a retrospective of his concert music, he developed pneumonia. He was brought home where he died early in 1998. Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ...


Music

Tippett was never a prolific composer, and his works, completed slowly, comprised five string quartets, four concerti, four symphonies, five operas and a number of vocal and choral works. His music is typically seen as falling into four distinct periods. The first period (1935–1947) includes the first three quartets, the Concerto for Double String Orchestra, the oratorio A Child of Our Time (written to his own libretto at the encouragement of T. S. Eliot and first performed by Morley College Choir) and the First Symphony. This period is characterised by strenuous contrapuntal energy and deeply lyrical slow movements. The second period, from then until the late 1950s, includes the opera The Midsummer Marriage, the Fantasia Concertante on a Theme of Corelli, the Piano Concerto, and the Second Symphony; this period features rich textures and effervescent melody. The third period, the 1960s and '70s, is in stark contrast, and is characterised by abrupt statements and simplicity of texture, as in the opera King Priam, the Concerto for Orchestra and the Second Piano Sonata. The fourth period is a rich mixture of all these styles, using many devices, such as quotation (from Ludwig van Beethoven and Modest Mussorgsky, among others). The main works of this period were the Third Symphony, the operas The Ice Break and New Year, and the large-scale choral work The Mask of Time. The resident string quartet of the Library of Congress in 1963 A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string instruments—usually two violins, a viola and cello—or a piece written to be performed by such a group. ... The term Concerto (plural concertos or concerti) usually refers to a musical work in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an orchestra. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, vocal soloists and chorus. ... A Child of Our Time is an oratorio written by Michael Tippett between 1939 and 1941. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965), was a poet, dramatist and literary critic. ... Morley College Choir was founded by Gustav Holst, during the period he was teaching music at Morley College. ... The Midsummer Marriage is an opera in three acts by Michael Tippett, with a libretto by the composer. ... King Priam is an opera by Michael Tippett, to his own libretto based on Homers Iliad. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Russian: , Modest Petrovič Musorgskij, French: ) (March 9/21, 1839 – March 16/28, 1881), one of the Russian composers known as the Five, was an innovator of Russian music. ... The Ice Break is an opera by Michael Tippett, to an original English libretto by the composer. ...


Works

Stage

The Midsummer Marriage is an opera in three acts by Michael Tippett, with a libretto by the composer. ... King Priam is an opera by Michael Tippett, to his own libretto based on Homers Iliad. ... The Knot Garden is an opera in three acts by Michael Tippett to an original English libretto by the composer. ... The Ice Break is an opera by Michael Tippett, to an original English libretto by the composer. ... New Year is an opera in three acts by Michael Tippett. ...

Orchestral

  • Symphonies
    • Symphony No. 1 (1944-45)
    • Symphony No. 2 (1956-57)
    • Symphony No. 3 (1970-72)
    • Symphony No. 4 (1976-77)
  • Concerto for Double String Orchestra (1938-39)
  • Suite in D (written for the birthday of Prince Charles, 1948)
  • Fantasia Concertante on a Theme of Corelli (string orchestra, 1953)
  • Divertimento on Sellinger's Round (chamber orchestra, 1953-54)
  • Concerto for Orchestra (1962-63)
  • The Rose Lake (1991-93)

Concertante

  • Fantasia on a Theme of Handel (piano and orchestra, 1939-41)
  • Piano Concerto (1953-55)
  • Triple Concerto (violin, viola, cello and orchestra, 1978-79)

Choral/Vocal

  • A Child of Our Time (oratorio, 1939-41)
  • The Heart's Assurance (tenor and piano, 1951, premiered by Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears)
  • Crown of the Year (cantata, 1958)
  • Songs for Ariel (high voice and piano, 1962)
  • Songs for Achilles (tenor and guitar, related to King Priam)
  • The Vision of St Augustine (baritone, chorus and orchestra, 1963-65)
  • The Shires Suite (orchestra and chorus, 1965-70, written for the Leicestershire Schools Symphony Orchestra - see external links below)
  • Songs for Dov (tenor and chamber orchestra, 1970, related to The Knot Garden)
  • The Mask of Time (oratorio, 1980-82)
  • Byzantium (soprano and orchestra, 1988-90)
  • Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis Collegium Sancti Johannis Cantabrigiense (choir and organ, 1961), commissioned by George Guest for the Choir of St John's College, Cambridge.
  • Dance, Clarion Air (A Madrigal for Five Voices)

A Child of Our Time is an oratorio written by Michael Tippett between 1939 and 1941. ... The Visitation in the Book of Hours of the Duc of Berry For the David and the Giants album, see Magnificat (album) The Magnificat (also known as the Song of Mary) is a canticle frequently sung (or said) liturgically in Christian church services. ... The start of the Nunc dimittis in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry The Nunc dimittis (also Song of Simeon or Canticle of Simeon) is a canticle from a text in the second chapter of Luke (Luke 2:29–32) named after its first words in Latin. ... College name The College of Saint John the Evangelist of the University of Cambridge Motto Souvent me Souvient (Latin: I often remember) Named after The Hospital of Saint John the Evangelist Established 1511 Location St. ... George Guest (9 February 1924 - 20 November 2002) was organist and choirmaster of St Johns College, Cambridge, for four decades. ... St Johns College Chapel The Choir of St Johns College, Cambridge, is a collegiate choir of the English cathedral tradition. ...

Chamber/Instrumental

  • String Quartets
    • String Quartet No. 1 (1934-35, revised 1943)
    • String Quartet No. 2 in F sharp (1941-42)
    • String Quartet No. 3 (1945-46)
    • String Quartet No. 4 (1977-78)
    • String Quartet No. 5 (1990-91)
  • Piano Sonatas
    • Piano Sonata No. 1 (1936-37, revised 1942 and 1954), originally entitled Fantasy Sonata
    • Piano Sonata No. 2 (1962)
    • Piano Sonata No. 3 (1972-73)
    • Piano Sonata No. 4 (1983-84)
  • Sonata for Four Horns (1955)
  • The Blue Guitar (solo guitar, 1982-83)
  • Preludio al Vespro di Monteverdi (Organ Solo, 1946)

For the composer see Claudio Monteverdi For the Swiss automobile brand created by Peter Monteverdi, see Monteverdi (car) Monteverde Monte Verde Category: ...

Band

  • Praeludium (brass, bells and percussion, 1962)

Notes

  1. ^ Jessica Duchen, "A man of our time". New Statesman, 1 January 2005.
  2. ^ a b | Obituary of Michael Tippett by J. J. Plant in Revolutionary History, Vol. 7, No. 1 (1998)
  3. ^ a b Michael Berkeley, 'One must have a chaos inside'. The Guardian, 18 December 2004.

References

  • Kemp I (1984) "Tippett: the composer and his music, Eulenberg, London
  • "The selected letters of Michael Tippett" (2005), Schuttenhelm T (ed.), Faber and Faber, 2005

External links

  • "Official website" of Michael Tippett
  • Excerpt from audio interviews with Tippett from the BBC
  • Leicestershire Schools Symphony Orchestra website contains articles and a few photographs of Tippett, who was their patron and conducted them regularly in the UK and Europe. There are also some interesting Tippett memorabilia items on this site.
  • Shires Suite Information and short audio excerpts from various LSSO recordings
  • Suite in D Information and short audio excerpts from the 1967 Pye recording
  • [1] An exploration of the spiritual and psychological dimensions of Tippett's Midsummer Marriage

For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...

Videos


  Results from FactBites:
 
Michael Tippett at AllExperts (804 words)
Sir Michael Kemp Tippett (2 January 1905 – 8 January 1998) was one of the foremost English composers of the 20th century.
Tippett was regarded by many as an outsider in British music, a view that may have been related to his early conscientious objection and his homosexuality.
Tippett was never a prolific composer, and his works, completed slowly over the following six years, comprised five string quartets, four concerti, four symphonies, five operas and a number of vocal and choral works.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m