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Encyclopedia > Michael Schwerner
Michael Schwerner
Michael Schwerner

Michael Schwerner (November 6, 1939June 21, 1964), called Mickey by friends and colleagues, was a CORE field worker killed in Philadelphia, Mississippi, by the Ku Klux Klan in response to the civil-rights work he coordinated, which included promoting registration to vote among Mississippi African Americans. Image File history File links See: Image:AndrewGoodman-JamesChaney-MichaelSchwerner. ... Image File history File links See: Image:AndrewGoodman-JamesChaney-MichaelSchwerner. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 20th century. ... Philadelphia is a city located in Neshoba County, Mississippi. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...

Born and raised in New York, he attended Michigan State University, originally intending to become a veterinarian. He transferred to Cornell University, however, and switched his major to sociology, going on after graduation to the School of Social Work at Columbia University. While an undergraduate at Cornell, he integrated the school's chapter of Alpha Epsilon Pi Fraternity. NY redirects here. ... Michigan State University (MSU) is a public university in East Lansing, Michigan. ... Look up veterinarian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cornell redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sociological inquiry. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Columbia University is a private university whose main campus lies in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... Alpha Epsilon Pi (ΑΕΠ or AEPi) is currently the only international Jewish college fraternity in the United States and Canada. ...

His passionate dedication to civil rights made him a marked man in Mississippi, and he had been a long-sought target of the Klan.

Schwerner's murder occurred near the town of Philadelphia, Mississippi, where he and fellow workers, James Chaney and Andrew Goodman, were undertaking field work for CORE. James Chaney James Earl Chaney (May 30, 1943 – June 21, 1964) was a civil rights worker who was murdered (along with Michael Schwerner and Andrew Goodman) by members of the Ku Klux Klan. ... Andrew Goodman Andrew Goodman (November 23, 1943 – June 21, 1964) was an American civil rights activist who was murdered by gunshot in 1964. ...

The three (Chaney, Schwerner and Goodman) were initially arrested by Deputy Sheriff Cecil Price for an alleged traffic violation and taken to the jail in Neshoba County. They were released that evening and on the way back to Meridian were stopped by two carloads of KKK members on a remote rural road. The men approached their car and then shot and killed Schwerner, then Goodman, and finally Chaney.

Their bodies remained undiscovered for nearly two months; in the meantime, the case of the missing civil-rights workers became a major national story. However, Schwerner's widow, Rita, who was herself involved in CORE, publicly expressed indignation at the way the story was handled, saying that she believed if only Chaney (who was black) were missing and not two white men along with him, the case would not have received nearly as much attention.

The film Mississippi Burning is loosely based on the murders and ensuing FBI investigation (as is the TV-movie Attack on Terror), and the events leading up to the deaths of Schwerner, Goodman and Chaney were dramatised in Murder in Mississippi. Mississippi Burning is a 1988 film based on the investigation into the real-life murders of three civil rights workers in Mississippi in 1964. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a Federal police force which is the principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... A television movie (also TV movie, TV-movie, made-for-TV movie, etc. ... Murder in Mississippi was a 1990 television movie which dramatised the last weeks of Civil Rights activist Michael Mickey Schwerner, and the events leading up to his disappearance (along with two other activists) and subsequent murder. ...

Journalist Jerry Mitchell, an award winning investigative reporter for the Jackson Clarion-Ledger had written extensively about the case for many years. Mitchell, who had already earned fame for helping secure convictions in several other high profile Civil Rights Era murder cases, including the assassination of Medgar Evers, the Birmingham Church Bombing, and the murder of Vernon Dahmer, developed new evidence, found new witnesses, and pressured the State to take action. Barry Bradford, an Illinois high school teacher, later famous for helping clear the name of Civil Rights martyr Clyde Kennard, and three students, Allison Nichols, Sarah Siegel, and Brittany Saltiel joined Mutchell's efforts. Their documentary, produced for the National History Day contest presented important new evidence and compelling reasons for reopening the case. They also obtained an interview with Edgar Ray Killen which helped convince the State to reinvestigate. Mitchell was able to determine the identity of "Mr. X" the mystery informer who had helped the FBI discover the bodies and smash the conspiracy of the Klan in 1964, in part using evidence developed by Bradford and the students. Vernon Ferdinand Dahmer (born March 10, 1908 in Forrest County, Mississippi - died January 11, 1966 in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, burns suffered from an arson fire) was a civil rights leader and president of the Forrest County, Mississippi chapter of the NAACP. // In late 1965, Dahmer set up a voter registration drive...

On January 7, 2005, Edgar Ray Killen, an outspoken white supremacist nicknamed "Preacher," pleaded "Not Guilty" to Schwerner's murder, but was found guilty of manslaughter on June 21, 2005. January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Edgar Ray (Preacher) Killen (born 17 January 1925) is an American former Ku Klux Klan organizer who conspired to kill several civil rights activists in 1964. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This article is becoming very long. ... The Mississippi Civil Rights Workers Murders were the 1964 slayings of three political activists during the Civil Rights Movement. ... Freedom Summer was a campaign in the United States launched during the summer of 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in the southern states. ...

External links

  • [1]
  • Biography of Michael Schwerner from University of Missouri - Kansas City Law School

  Results from FactBites:
Biography of Michael Schwerner (606 words)
Michael Schwerner, "Goatee" to the klan of Neshoba and Lauderdale counties, was the most despised civil rights worker in Mississippi.
It is not surprising that the first thing Schwerner wanted to do when he returned from Ohio with Chaney and Goodman on June 21 was to return to Longdale and meet with those who had been beaten and lost their church as a result of his efforts on their behalf.
Schwerner was the second of two sons of a father who operated a wig manufacturing plant and a mother who taught high school biology.
  More results at FactBites »



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